This bulletin contains information for events on today's church service. Information on health issues, helpful tips on every day living, as well as, other topics are also included.


TODAY'S SABBATH SERVICE -"When God Says Iam Speaking" - MOSDAC Communications Day

Speaker for the Day: Mrs. Latasha Hewitt-AEC Communication Director

The Call To Worship: Miss Angelina Morrow

The Welcome: MOSDAC Praise Team

Children's Story: Grace link Video By - Jennifer Eugene " A Black History Moment"

Intercessory Prayer: Elder Darryl Johnson

Special Music: MOSDAC PRAISE TEAM, Standford Talisman Alumni Choir, Camille Aragones

Pastoral Remarks: Pastor Robert Best


PLEASE LISTEN to our SABBATH SCHOOL DISCUSSION @ 9:30 AM on the PRAYER LINE. The number is 712-775-8968 Pass Code: 909676.





Our Adult SABBATH SCHOOL DEPARTMENT invites you to join us each and every SABBATH MORNING at 9:30 a.m. in the SANCTUARY. Become a part of one of our small, insightful, Biblical Lesson Study groups.

DURING THIS COVID-19 PANDEMIC, Please listen to our SABBATH SCHOOL DISCUSSION @ 9:30 AM on the PRAYER LINE. The number is 712-775-8968 Pass Code: 909676.



Don't forget Bible study is from 9:30 am till 10:30 am each Sabbath. Parents, grand-parents, and guardians, we are depending on you to bring your children! We can hardly wait to see you!



PARENTS with all the evil things going on in this world we need you to PLEASE, PLEASE pay attention to where your KIDS are during service. That includes making sure that they are accompanied to the bathroom, getting a drink of water or anything where they might be leaving your sight. WE NEED TO PROTECT OUR FUTURE.







O Lord, we come this morning knee bowed and body bent before thy throne of grace. We come this morning Lord, like empty pitchers before a full fountain, realizing that many who are better by nature than we are by practice have passed into that great beyond; and yet you have allowed us your humble servants to plod along just a few days longer here in this howling wilderness. We thank thee Lord that we arose this morning, and that our bed was not a cooling board, and our sheet was not a winding shroud. We are not gathered here for form or fashion, but we come in our humble way to serve thee. We thank thee Lord that we are clothed in our right mind– bless the sick and afflicted– those who are absent through no fault of their own. And when I have done prayed my last prayer and sung my last song, and when I’m done climbing the rough side of the mountain, when I come down to tread the steep and prickly banks of Jordan, meet me with thy rod and staff and bear me safely over. All these things I ask in Jesus’ name, world without end. Amen. –An Old Prayer from the African-American Church

History of the Seventh-day Adventist Church

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The Seventh-day Adventist Church had its roots in the Millerite movement of the 1830s to the 1840s, during the period of the Second Great Awakening, and was officially founded in 1863. Prominent figures in the early church included Hiram Edson, James Springer White (Husband to Ellen G. White), Joseph Bates, and J. N. Andrews. Over the ensuing decades the church expanded from its original base in New England to become an international organization. Significant developments such the reviews initiated by evangelicals Donald Barnhouse and Walter Martin, in the 20th century led to its recognition as a Christian denomination.

Foundations, 1798–1820s[edit]

The Second Great Awakening, a revival movement in the United States, took place in the early 19th century. The Second Great Awakening was stimulated by the foundation of the many Bible Societies which sought to address the problem of a lack of affordable Bibles. The spread of Bibles allowed many who had not had one to be able to purchase and study it themselves rather than just hear it preached, and led to the establishment of many reform movements designed to remedy the evils of society before the anticipated Second Coming of Jesus Christ.[1] Many religious minority movements formed out of the Congregational, Presbyterian, and the Baptist and Methodist churches. Some of these movements held beliefs that would later be adopted by the Seventh-day Adventists.

An interest in prophecy was kindled among some Protestants groups following the arrest of Pope Pius VI in 1798 by the French General Louis Alexandre Berthier. Forerunners of the Adventist movement believed that this event marked the end of the 1260-day prophecy from the Book of Daniel.[2][3][4] Certain individuals began to look at the 2300 day prophecy found in Daniel 8:14.[2] Interest in prophecy also found its way into the Roman Catholic church when an exiled Jesuit priest by the name of Manuel de Lacunza published a manuscript calling for renewed interest in the Second Coming of Christ. His publication created a stirring but was later condemned by Pope Leo XII in 1824.[2]As a result of a pursuit for religious freedom, many revivalists had set foot in the United States, aiming to avoid persecution.

Millerite roots, 1831–44[edit] Main article: Great Disappointment

The Seventh-day Adventist Church formed out of the movement known today as the Millerites. In 1831, a Baptist convert, William Miller, was asked by a Baptist to preach in their church and began to preach that the Second Advent of Jesus would occur somewhere between March 1843 and March 1844, based on his interpretation of Daniel 8:14. A following gathered around Miller that included many from the Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian and Christian Connection churches. In the summer of 1844, some of Miller's followers promoted the date of October 22. They linked the cleansing of the sanctuary of Daniel 8:14 with the Jewish Day of Atonement, believed to be October 22 that year. By 1844, over 100,000 people were anticipating what Miller had called the "Blessed Hope". On October 22 many of the believers were up late into the night watching, waiting for Christ to return and found themselves bitterly disappointed when both sunset and midnight passed with their expectations unfulfilled. This event later became known as the Great Disappointment.

Pre-denominational years, 1844–60[edit] Edson and the Heavenly Sanctuary[edit]

After the disappointment of October 22 many of Miller's followers were left upset and disillusioned. Most ceased to believe in the imminent return of Jesus. Some believed the date was incorrect. A few believed that the date was right but the event expected was wrong. This latter group developed into the Seventh-day Adventist Church. One of the Adventists, Hiram Edson (1806–1882) wrote "Our fondest hopes and expectations were blasted, and such a spirit of weeping came over us as I never experienced before. It seemed that the loss of all earthly friends could have been no comparison. We wept, and wept, till the day dawn."[6] On the morning of October 23, Edson, who lived in Port Gibson, New York was passing through his grain field with a friend. He later recounted his experience:

"We started, and while passing through a large field I was stopped about midway of the field. Heaven seemed opened to my view, and I saw distinctly and clearly that instead of our High Priest coming out of the Most Holy of the heavenly sanctuary to come to this earth on the tenth day of the seventh month, at the end of the 2300 days [calculated to be October 22, 1844], He for the first time entered on that day the second apartment of that sanctuary; and that He had a work to perform in the Most Holy before coming to the earth."[7]

Edson shared his experience with many of the local Adventists who were greatly encouraged by his account. As a result, he began studying the bible with two of the other believers in the area, O.R.L. Crosier and Franklin B. Hahn, who published their findings in a paper called Day-Dawn. This paper explored the biblical parable of the Ten Virgins and attempted to explain why the bridegroom had tarried. The article also explored the concept of the day of atonement and what the authors called "our chronology of events".[8][9]

The findings published by Crosier, Hahn and Edson led to a new understanding about the sanctuary in heaven. Their paper explained how there was a sanctuary in heaven, that Christ, the High Priest, was to cleanse. The believers understood this cleansing to be what the 2300 days in Daniel was referring to.[10]

George Knight wrote, "Although originally the smallest of the post-Millerite groups, it came to see itself as the true successor of the once-powerful Millerite movement."[11] This view was endorsed by Ellen White. However, Seeking a Sanctuary sees it more as an offshoot of the Millerite movement.

The "Sabbath and Shut Door" Adventists were disparate, but slowly emerged. Only Joseph Bates had had any prominence in the Millerite movement.[12]

Adventists viewed themselves as heirs of earlier outcast believers such as the Waldenses, Protestant Reformers including the Anabaptists, English and Scottish Puritans, evangelicals of the 18th century including Methodists, Seventh Day Baptists, and others who rejected established church traditions.[13]

Sabbath observance develops and unites[edit] Main article: Sabbath and Seventh-day Adventism § History

A young Seventh Day Baptist layperson named Rachel Oakes Preston living in New Hampshire was responsible for introducing Sabbath to the Millerite Adventists. Due to her influence, Frederick Wheeler, a local Methodist-Adventist preacher, began keeping the seventh day as Sabbath, probably in the early spring of 1844. Several members of the Washington, New Hampshire church he occasionally ministered to also followed his decision. These included William and Cyrus Farnsworth. T. M. Preble soon accepted it either from Wheeler or directly from Oakes. These events were shortly followed by the Great Disappointment.

Preble promoted Sabbath through the February 28, 1845 issue of the Hope of Israel. In March he published his Sabbath views in tract form. Although he returned to observing Sunday in the next few years, his writing convinced Joseph Bates and J. N. Andrews. These men in turn convinced James and Ellen White, as well as Hiram Edson and hundreds of others.[14]

Bates proposed that a meeting should be organised between the believers in New Hampshire and Port Gibson. At this meeting, which occurred sometime in 1846 at Edson's farm, Edson and other Port Gibson believers readily accepted Sabbath and at the same time forged an alliance with Bates and two other folk from New Hampshire who later became very influential in the Adventist church, James and Ellen G. White. Between April 1848, and December 1850 twenty-two "Sabbath conferences" were held in New York and New England. These meetings were often seen as opportunities for leaders such as James White, Joseph Bates, Stephen Pierce and Hiram Edson to discuss and reach conclusions about doctrinal issues.[15]

While initially it was believed that Sabbath started at 6 pm, by 1855 it was generally accepted that Sabbath begins at Friday sunset.[16]

The Present Truth (see below) was largely devoted to Sabbath at first. J. N. Andrews was the first Adventist to write a book-length defense of Sabbath, first published in 1861.Sabbath observance develops and unites[edit] Main article: Sabbath and Seventh-day Adventism § History

A young Seventh Day Baptist layperson named Rachel Oakes Preston living in New Hampshire was responsible for introducing Sabbath to the Millerite Adventists. Due to her influence, Frederick Wheeler, a local Methodist-Adventist preacher, began keeping the seventh day as Sabbath, probably in the early spring of 1844. Several members of the Washington, New Hampshire church he occasionally ministered to also followed his decision. These included William and Cyrus Farnsworth. T. M. Preble soon accepted it either from Wheeler or directly from Oakes. These events were shortly followed by the Great Disappointment.

Preble promoted Sabbath through the February 28, 1845 issue of the Hope of Israel. In March he published his Sabbath views in tract form. Although he returned to observing Sunday in the next few years, his writing convinced Joseph Bates and J. N. Andrews. These men in turn convinced James and Ellen White, as well as Hiram Edson and hundreds of others.[14]

Bates proposed that a meeting should be organised between the believers in New Hampshire and Port Gibson. At this meeting, which occurred sometime in 1846 at Edson's farm, Edson and other Port Gibson believers readily accepted Sabbath and at the same time forged an alliance with Bates and two other folk from New Hampshire who later became very influential in the Adventist church,


Fasting, by definition, is going without food and/or drink for a period of time. Typically, fasting is done for religious reasons and involves a person refraining from both food and drink (Esther 4:16). However, there are variations that may be done for health reasons (a juice fast, for example, where one would refrain from eating and only drink juice for a period of time).

Fasting in the Bible

The practice of fasting is mentioned numerous times in the Bible as a reaction to various circumstances.

Fasting was an act of repentance, as when the king of Nineveh ordered a fast after the preaching of Jonah (Jonah 3:5-9). The prophet Joel also connects fasting and prayers of repentance in Joel 2:12-13: “‘Now therefore,’ says the LORD, ‘turn to Me with all your heart, with fasting, with weeping, and with mourning.’ So rend your heart, and not your garments; return to the LORD your God, for He is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness; and He relents from doing harm.”

Fasting was also a reaction to intense grief, as when the bones of Saul and his sons were buried (1 Samuel 31:13). Nehemiah also expressed his grief about the conditions facing the Jews and Jerusalem with fasting and prayer: “So it was, when I heard these words, that I sat down and wept, and mourned for many days; I was fasting and praying before the God of heaven” (Nehemiah 1:4).

We also find people fasting when God’s deliverance was needed, as when King Jehoshaphat was approached by a large invading army. “And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah. So Judah gathered together to ask help from the LORD; and from all the cities of Judah they came to seek the LORD” (2 Chronicles 20:3-4).

In the New Testament, Anna, the prophetess, is described as serving God day and night with fasting and prayers (Luke 2:37). We read that John the Baptist taught his disciples to fast and Jesus Christ said His disciples would fast after His death (Mark 2:18-20).

Paul and Barnabas prayed and fasted when they ordained elders in the Church (Acts 14:23). In fact, Paul said his sacrifice and service to the Church was often “in labors, in sleeplessness, in fastings” (2 Corinthians 6:5). And Jesus Christ fasted 40 days and nights before facing Satan in an epic battle of spiritual will (Matthew 4:2).

Instructions about fasting

The Bible also gives instructions about the attitude and approach we should have in fasting. Jesus warned about hypocritical fasting, trying to show off or make others feel sorry for us (Matthew 6:16-17). Instead we should not “appear to men to be fasting, but to your Father who is in the secret place” (verse 18).

Isaiah also contrasts selfish fasting with godly fasting marked by care and concern for others (Isaiah 58:3-10). Instead of fasting “for strife and debate” and fasting to try to make God hear and do what we want (verse 4), we need a very different perspective. God said, “Is this not the fast that I have chosen: to loose the bonds of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, to let the oppressed go free, and that you break every yoke?” (verse 6).

Benefits of fasting and prayer

Why should we fast? There are many reasons to fast and many spiritual benefits of fasting. We see from the biblical examples that fasting should be used as a means to humble ourselves before God and seek His forgiveness, comfort, help, guidance, strength and His will. Fasting allows us to draw closer to God.

In the Bible there is a strong connection between fasting and prayer.

When Daniel realized that the prophesied 70 years of “desolations of Jerusalem” were almost completed, he urgently reached out to God. “Then I set my face toward the Lord God to make request by prayer and supplications, with fasting, sackcloth, and ashes [signs of mourning]. And I prayed to the LORD my God, and made confession” (Daniel 9:3-4). What follows in Daniel 9 is one of the most powerful prayers in the Bible.

Jesus also connected fasting and prayer. When His disciples discovered they were unable to cast out an unclean spirit, they asked Jesus, “‘Why could we not cast it out?’ So He said to them, ‘This kind can come out by nothing but prayer and fasting’” (Mark 9:28-29). Fasting and prayer help us humbly access the awesome power of God.





GOD BLESS YOU ALL!!!!!!!!!!!

*National Human Trafficking Awareness Day is observed every year on January 11.

*This observance was started in 2011 by Presidential Proclamation of National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month.

In 2011 President Barack Obama issued a Presidential Proclamation, designating each January to be National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month. The anniversary of this proclamation became known as National Human Trafficking Awareness Day.

Slavery was officially abolished in the USA by the Thirteenth Amendment in December 1865 however sadly human trafficking is growing at an alarming rate and despite the USA being a first world country, human trafficking has become a lucrative business for some members of our society.

The victims affected and forced into modern day slavery can be of foreign nationalities or the citizens of the USA, but they are all subjected to the horrific injustices of human trafficking, including sex trafficking, forced labor, involuntary servitude, forced marriage and debt bondage.

Many of the anti trafficking organizations arrange awareness raising campaigns all year round, but particularly in January when this awareness day is recognised and publicity is at its peak. It is important to know the signs of human trafficking and who you can contact should your suspicions be raised. The National Human Trafficking Resource Center Hotline, a resource that anyone can call to submit a tip about potential incidents of trafficking, received 20,424 calls and had 5,748 cases of trafficking reported in 2016 alone with figures increasing every year. Help raise awareness and potentially save peoples lives by educating yourself more about the despicable act of human trafficking and what you can do if you suspect anyone of being a victim or organizer of this terrifying act.

The Reason Black History Month Is in February

February was selected to align with President Lincoln and Frederick Douglass's birthdays.

Two years later, despite Omega Psi Phi's efforts, Woodson still wanted to make a bigger impact. So in 1926, he and the ASALH officially declared the second week of February to be "Negro History Week," announcing the news through a press release, according to Scott.

"This was celebrated for years and was chosen because of the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln on February 12th, and Frederick Douglass on February 14th," says Zebulon Miletsky, the co-chair of the marketing and PR committee for ASALH.

Both Lincoln and Douglass had long been celebrated by the Black community in the years before "Negro History Week" was created. Since his assassination, Lincoln's birthday was honored by both African Americans and Republicans alike, so the ASALH only solidified this tradition. And Douglass was already revered as a change-making abolitionist and orator whose legacy would now be cemented with festivities that honored the people he fought so hard for.

President Gerald Ford declared Black History Month official.

In the 50 years that followed, according to, clubs, schools, and communities across the country began taking part in the week-long celebration. Slowly, more and more U.S. cities (like New York and Chicago), declared official recognition of "Negro History Week." Particularly in the 1960s, during the civil rights movement, with wider public knowledge of the trials and triumphs of African Americans, a mere seven days turned into a month-long recognition.

"In the 1940s, efforts began slowly within the Black community to expand the study of Black history in the schools. In the South, Black teachers often taught Negro History as a supplement to United States history," Scott says. "During the civil rights movement in the South, the Freedom Schools incorporated Black history into the curriculum to advance social change. The Negro History movement was an intellectual insurgency that was part of every larger effort to transform race relations."Consequentially, the ASALH expanded the recognition to Black History Month. To solidify this change, in 1976, President Ford declared February "Black History Month" in a commemorative speech. He urged citizens to "seize the opportunity to honor the too-often neglected accomplishments of Black Americans in every area of endeavor throughout our history."Today, Black History Month continues to be widely celebrated.

The observations live on as we take the time to honor greats such as Martin Luther King Jr., James Baldwin, Maya Angelou, and our very own Oprah Winfrey. In the years following Ford's speech, congress passed a law in 1986 that deemed February "National Black (Afro-American) History Month.” Both presidents Ronald Reagan and Bill Clinton issued their own proclamations recognizing it as a national observance, and every POTUS has issued one annually since 1996.

But as time goes on, just like Woodson's idea of highlighting people of color went from a single organization to an entire month of recognition, many—like the O of O—feel that again, we need to think bigger when it comes to appreciating Black lives. In fact according to Scott, before his death in 1950, Woodson himself wished to see the acknowledgment of African Americans' past become a regular daily occurrence rather than be relegated to a single month.

"I have a wonderful phrase that Maya Angelou wrote in one of her poems," Oprah said in an Instagram post. "It said 'I come as one, but I stand as 10,000.' I'm doing that right now... I don't reserve it for one month. I believe that Black history is a part of every day, every life, every year, all the time."

Jane Bolin (1908–2007)

Jane Bolin was a trailblazing attorney who became the first African American female judge in the United States, serving on New York's Family Court for four decades.Who Was Jane Bolin?

Jane Bolin graduated from Yale Law School and, after relocating to New York City, became sworn in by Mayor Fiorello La Guardia as the first African American female judge in the U.S. She served on the Family Court bench for four decades, advocating for children and families via outside institutions as well. She died at age 98 on January 8, 2007.


Jane Matilda Bolin was born in Poughkeepsie, New York, on April 11, 1908, to an interracial couple, Matilda Ingram Emery and Gaius C. Bolin. Her father was an attorney who headed the Dutchess County Bar Association and cared for the family after his wife's illness and death, which occurred when Bolin was a child.A Diligent Scholar

Bolin was a superb student who graduated from high school in her mid-teens and went on to enroll at Wellesley College. Though facing overt racism and social isolation, she graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1928 and was officially recognized as one of the top students of her class. She then attended Yale Law School, contending with further social hostilities, yet nonetheless graduating in 1931 and thus becoming the first African-American woman to earn a law degree from the institution.

Bolin worked with her family's practice in her home city for a time before marrying attorney Ralph E. Mizelle in 1933 and relocating to New York. As the decade progressed, after campaigning unsuccessfully for a state assembly seat on the Republican ticket, she took on assistant corporate counsel work for New York City, creating another landmark as the first African-American woman to hold that position.

First African American Female Judge

On July 22, 1939, a 31-year-old Bolin was called to appear at the World's Fair before Mayor Fiorello La Guardia, who — completely unbeknownst to the attorney — had plans to swear her in as a judge. Thus Bolin made history again as the first African American female judge in the United States.

Having already been assigned to what would be known as Family Court, Bolin was a thoughtful, conscientious force on the bench, confronting a range of issues on the domestic front and taking great care when it came to the plight of children. She also changed segregationist policies that had been entrenched in the system, including skin-color based assignments for probation officers. Additionally, Bolin worked with first lady Eleanor Roosevelt in providing support for the Wiltwyck School, a comprehensive, holistic program to help eradicate juvenile crime among boys.

Bolin faced personal challenges, as well. Her first husband died in 1943, and she raised their young son, Yorke, for several years on her own. She remarried in 1950 to Walter P. Offutt Jr.

Later Career and Death

Bolin was reinstated as a judge for three additional terms, 10 years each, after her first, also serving on the boards of several organizations, including the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and the New York Urban League. Though she preferred to continue, Bolin was required to retire from the bench at the age of 70, subsequently working as a consultant and school-based volunteer, as well as with the New York State Board of Regents. She died in Long Island City, Queens, New York, on January 8, 2007, at the age of 98.


Alice Allison Dunnigan was the first African American female correspondent at the White House and the first black female member of the Senate and House of Representatives press galleries.

Dunnigan was born April 27, 1906, in Russellville, Kentucky, to Willie and Lena Pitman Allison. Her father worked as a tobacco sharecropper, and her mother took in laundry for a living. At the age of four, she began attending school one day a week and learned to read before entering the first grade. She started writing one-sentence news items for the local Owensboro Enterprise newspaper at age thirteen and completed the ten years of education available to blacks in the segregated Russellville school system.

In 1925 Dunnigan married a tobacco farmer; however, she felt burdened by the farming lifestyle and soon left the marriage. She began teaching in the Todd County School System in Russellville while taking courses in journalism at Tennessee A&I University. She quickly realized that her students were almost completely unaware of the historical contributions that African Americans had made to the state of Kentucky, so she began preparing Kentucky fact sheets to supplement the required texts. The sheets were later collected and turned into a manuscript in 1939 but weren’t published until 1982 under the title The Fascinating Story of Black Kentuckians: Their Heritage and Tradition.

In 1936 at the onset of World War II, Dunnigan juggled a freelance writer position for the Chicago, Illinois branch of the American Negro Press (ANP) and night courses at Howard University in statistics and economics. In 1946 she took a job writing for the Chicago Defender. She started working full-time at the ANP and eventually secured a capitol press pass. With it, she was able to cover news events of the Congress, which was generally kept off limits to most reporters, the public, and especially women and African Americans. She became the first African American to gain a Congressional press pass.

In 1948 Dunnigan was one of three African Americans and one of two women in the press corps that covered the campaign of President Harry S. Truman. During her years of covering the White House, she frequently asked questions regarding the burgeoning civil rights movement and the plight of black America. In 1953 Dunnigan was barred from covering a speech given by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in a whites-only theater and was forced to sit with the servants to cover Ohio Senator Robert A. Taft’s funeral.

In 1960 Dunnigan officially left the American Negro Press galleries for a full-time position on Lyndon B. Johnson’s campaign for the Democratic nomination. She worked for Johnson when he served as vice president and later in the Johnson Administration. Between 1966 and 1967, for example, she was an information specialist for the Department of Labor. Dunnigan also served as an associate editor with the President’s Commission on Youth Opportunity in 1967. She retired from government service in 1970.

After retirement, Dunnigan wrote her autobiography, A Black Woman’s Experience: From Schoolhouse to White House, which was published in 1974. She published The Fascinating Story of Black Kentuckians in 1982.

Alice Allison Dunnigan died on May 6, 1983, in Washington, D.C. She was seventy-seven.

Amanda Gorman

Wordsmith. Change-maker.

Amanda Gorman is the youngest inaugural poet in U.S. history, as well as an award-winning writer and cum laude graduate of Harvard University, where she studied Sociology. She has written for the New York Times and has three books forthcoming with Penguin Random House.

Born and raised in Los Angeles, she began writing at only a few years of age. Now her words have won her invitations to the Obama White House and to perform for Lin-Manuel Miranda, Al Gore, Secretary Hillary Clinton, Malala Yousafzai, and others. Amanda has performed multiple commissioned poems for CBS This Morning and she has spoken at events and venues across the country, including the Library of Congress and Lincoln Center. She has received a Genius Grant from OZY Media, as well as recognition from Scholastic Inc., YoungArts, the Glamour magazine College Women of the Year Awards, and the Webby Awards. She has written for the New York Times newsletter The Edit and penned the manifesto for Nike's 2020 Black History Month campaign. In 2017, Amanda Gorman was appointed the first-ever National Youth Poet Laureate by Urban Word – a program that supports Youth Poets Laureate in more than 60 cities, regions and states nationally. She is the recipient of the Poets & Writers Barnes & Noble Writers for Writers Award, and is the youngest board member of 826 National, the largest youth writing network in the United States.

Thomas L. Jennings – Inventor of Dry Cleaning

Thomas L. Jennings was an African-American tradesman and abolitionist in New York City, New York. He operated and owned a tailoring business. In 1821 he was one of the first African Americans to be granted a patent for his method of dry cleaning. With the proceeds of his invention, he bought his wife and children’s freedom, then continued his civil rights work.

Thomas Jennings became active in working for civil rights for the African-American community. In 1831, he was selected as assistant secretary to the First Annual Convention of the People of Color in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, which met in June of that year. He helped arrange legal defense for his daughter, Elizabeth Jennings, in 1854 when she challenged a private streetcar company’s segregation of seating and was arrested. She was defended by the young Chester Arthur and won her case the next year.

With two other prominent African-American leaders, Jennings organized the Legal Rights Association in 1855 in New York, which raised challenges to discrimination and organized legal defense for court cases. He founded and was a trustee of the Abyssinian Baptist Church, a leader in the Black community.Biography

Thomas L. Jennings was born free to a free African-American family in New York City. As a youth, he learned a trade as a tailor. He built a business and married a woman named Elizabeth, who was born in 1798 in Delaware into slavery and died March 5, 1873. Under New York’s gradual abolition law of 1799, she was converted to the status of an indentured servant and was not eligible for full emancipation until 1827. It freed slave children born after July 4, 1799, but only after they had served “apprenticeships” of twenty-eight years for men and twenty-five for women (far longer than traditional apprenticeships, designed to teach a young person a craft), thus compensating owners for the future loss of their property.

He and his wife had three children: Matilda Jennings (b. 1824, d. 1886), Elizabeth Jennings (b. March 1827 d. June 5, 1901), and James E. Jennings (b. 1832). Matilda Jennings was a dressmaker and wife of James A. Thompson, a Mason. Elizabeth Jennings was the wife of Charles Graham, whom she married on June 18, 1860. James E. Jennings was a public school teacher.

Jennings built a business as a tailor and was well-respected in the community. He spent his early earnings on legal fees to purchase his wife and some of their children out of slavery. Their daughter Elizabeth Jennings was born free on July 11, 1827, and became a schoolteacher and church organist.

Jennings also supported the abolitionist movement and became active in working for the civil rights of free African-Americans. He was active on issues related to emigration to other countries; opposing colonization in Africa, as proposed by the American Colonization Society; and supporting the expansion of suffrage for African-American men.Civil rights activism

Jennings was a leader in the cause of abolitionism and African-American civil rights. After his daughter, Elizabeth Jennings, was forcibly removed from a “whites only” streetcar in New York City, he organized a movement against racial segregation in public transit in the city; the services were provided by private companies. Elizabeth Jennings won her case in 1855. Along with James McCune Smith and Rev. James W.C. Pennington, her father created the Legal Rights Association in 1855, a pioneering minority-rights organization. Its members organized additional challenges to discrimination and segregation and gained legal representation to take cases to court. A decade after Elizabeth Jennings won her case, New York City streetcar companies stopped practicing segregation.

Frederick McKinley Jones

Anytime you see a truck on the highway transporting refrigerated or frozen food, you're seeing the work of Frederick McKinley Jones.

One of the most prolific Black inventors ever, Jones patented more than 60 inventions in his lifetime. While more than 40 of those patents were in the field of refrigeration, Jones is most famous for inventing an automatic refrigeration system for long haul trucks and railroad cars.

Before Jones' invention, the only way to keep food cool in trucks was to load them with ice. Jones was inspired to invent the system after talking with a truck driver who lost his whole cargo of chicken because he couldn't reach his destination before the ice melted. As a solution, the African-American inventor developed a roof-mounted cooling system to make sure food stayed fresh.

In addition to that refrigerator invention, Jones also invented an air-conditioning unit for military field hospitals, a refrigerator for military field kitchens, a self-starting gas engine, a series of devices for movie projectors and box-office equipment that gave tickets and made change. Jones was posthumously awarded the National Medal of Technology in 1991 – the first Black inventor to ever receive such an honor.


Elijah McCoy (May 2, 1844–October 10, 1929) was a Black American inventor who received more than 50 patents for his inventions during his lifetime. His most famous invention was a cup that feeds lubricating oil to machine bearings through a small tube. Machinists and engineers who wanted genuine McCoy lubricators might have used the expression "the real McCoy"—a term meaning "the real deal" or "the genuine article."Career

At the age of 15, McCoy left the United States for a mechanical engineering apprenticeship in Edinburgh, Scotland. After becoming certified, he returned to Michigan to pursue a position in his field. However, McCoy—like other Black Americans at the time—faced racial discrimination that prevented him from earning a position appropriate to his level of education. The only job he could find was that of a locomotive fireman and oiler for the Michigan Central Railroad. The fireman on a train was responsible for fueling the steam engine and for maintaining the oiler, which lubricated the engine\'s moving parts as well as the train\'s axles and bearings.

Because of his training, McCoy was able to identify and solve the problems of engine lubrication and overheating. At that time, trains needed to periodically stop and be lubricated to prevent overheating. McCoy developed a lubricator for steam engines that did not require the train to stop. His automatic lubricator used steam pressure to pump oil wherever it was needed. McCoy received a patent for this invention in 1872, the first of many he would be granted for his improvements to steam engine lubricators. These advancements improved transit by allowing trains to travel farther without pausing for maintenance and re-oiling.McCoy\'s device not only improved train systems; versions of the lubricator eventually appeared in oil-drilling and mining equipment as well as in construction and factory tools. According to the patent, the device "provid[ed] for the continuous flow of oil on the gears and other moving parts of a machine in order to keep it lubricated properly and continuous and thereby do away with the necessity of shutting down the machine periodically." As a result, the lubricator improved efficiency in a variety of fields.

In 1868, Elijah McCoy married Ann Elizabeth Stewart, who died four years later. A year later, McCoy married his second wife, Mary Eleanora Delaney. The couple had no children.

McCoy continued to improve on his automatic lubricator design and make designs for new devices. Railroad and shipping lines began using McCoy’s new lubricators and the Michigan Central Railroad promoted him to an instructor in the use of his new inventions. Later, McCoy became a consultant to the railroad industry on patent matters. McCoy also obtained patents for some of his other inventions, including an ironing board and a lawn sprinkler, which he had designed to reduce the work involved in his household tasks.In 1922, McCoy and his wife Mary were in a car accident. Mary later died from her injuries, and McCoy experienced severe health problems for the rest of his life, complicating his professional obligations.


Fast Facts: Garrett Morgan

  • Known For: Invention of safety hood (early gas mask) and mechanical traffic signal
  • Born: March 4, 1877 in Claysville, Kentucky
  • Parents: Sydney Morgan, Elizabeth Reed
  • Died: July 27, 1963 in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Education: Up to sixth grade
  • Published Works: The "Cleveland Call," a weekly African American newspaper that he established in 1916, which became the still-published "Cleveland Call and Post" in 1929
  • Awards and Honors: Recognized at the Emancipation Centennial Celebration in Chicago, Illinois, in August 1963; schools and streets named in his honor; included in the 2002 book, "100 Greatest African Americans" by Molefi Kete Asante; honorary member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity
  • Spouse(s): Madge Nelson, Mary Hasek
  • Children: John P. Morgan, Garrett A. Morgan, Jr., and Cosmo H. Morgan
  • Notable Quote: “If you can be the best, then why not try to be the best?”

“Almost totally missing from the traditional history of the American West is the role of the Black cowboy as well as other Black pioneers who traveled through and settled during the nineteenth century in the vast territory west of the Mississippi,” writes Bennie J. McRae, Jr. in a 1996 book, Lest We Forget.

History books and Hollywood manage to expunge blacks from the historic record of the West, write McRae. He adds that of the estimated 35,000 cowboys that worked the ranches and rode the trails, about one-third (between five and nine thousand) were said to have been African American.

Many rode the Goodnight-Loving Trail in the late nineteenth century, yet the well-loved movie, Red River, depicts not a single black cowboy.

If there is one that is remembered, it is Bill Pickett who was both cowboy and performer. He showed tremendous skill with horses, and achieved fame for a technique he developed for steer wrestling, called “bulldogging.

Bill Pickett: Growing Up

Bill Pickett’s actual birth year is uncertain, but he was the second of 13 children born to Thomas Jefferson Pickett, a former slave, and Mary “Janie” Gilbert. The family’s ancestry was African, white and Cherokee.

The family lived in an area of Texas known as Jenks Branch Community. The land was settled by a family named Miller who then opened the land for other African Americans to come there after the Civil War.

Bill Pickett attended school through the fifth grade, after which he got a job on a ranch where he became a great rider and ranch hand. Legend has it that Bill Pickett, was 5’7” and weighed only 145 pounds. He must have been all muscle.

Ranch Life

In 1890 Pickett married Maggie Turner, a former slave and daughter of a white southern plantation owner. The couple had nine children.

By 1888, Pickett and his brothers started their own horse-breaking and cowboy services company in Taylor, Texas. The company was known as the Pickett Brothers Bronco Busters and Rough Riders Association. Their advertisements promised: “catching and taming wild cattle a specialty.”

Invented the Art of Bulldogging

Bill Pickett frequently performed in local rodeos and became well known for “bulldogging.” Pickett developed this method based on the fact that bulldogs were sometimes used to help stop a runaway steer. The dog used its teeth to clamp down on the steer’s upper nose and lip. This is a sensitive area on cattle. Once the dog snaps down on the lip, the steer doesn’t move after that.

Pickett decided that if a bulldog could bring down a steer, so could he. He practiced by riding after a steer, springing from his horse, and wrestling the steer to the ground. He then bit and held the steer’s lip himself until the steer held still. He became known as the “bulldogger.”

Pickett gave exhibitions in Texas and throughout the West usually riding his horse Spradley. In 1905, he signed on with the 101 Ranch Show (similar to Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show) . In 1907, he joined the 101 Ranch full time.

The show was based in Oklahoma, so Bill and his family moved onto property owned by the 101. During the off-season Pickett worked as a cowboy and competed in rodeos around the West.

Performing Career Winds Down

The American fascination for Wild West shows and rodeos faded after World War I, and the 101 Ranch Show closed in 1931.

Pickett died in 1932 from injuries sustained while working the cattle on a ranch. He is buried near a 14-foot stone monument on Monument Hill in Kay County, Oklahoma.

Inducted into Hall of Fame 1971

Thirty-nine years after his death, Bill Pickett was inducted into the National Rodeo Cowboy Hall of Fame (1971), the first African American to receive this honor.

He was also honored by being selected to be featured on a 1994 U.S. postage stamp. Experts say the stamp actually depicts one of his brothers.

Billie "Buckwheat" Thomas

Billie Thomas first appeared in the 1934 Our Gang shorts For Pete's Sake!, The First Round-Up, and Washee Ironee as a background player. The "Buckwheat" character was a female at this time, portrayed by Our Gang kid Matthew "Stymie" Beard's younger sister Carlena in For Pete's Sake!, and by Willie Mae Walton in three other shorts.

Thomas began appearing as "Buckwheat" with 1935's Mama's Little Pirate. Despite Thomas being a male, the Buckwheat character remained a female—dressed as a Topsy-esque image of the African-American "pickaninny" stereotype with bowed pigtails, a large hand-me-down sweater and oversized boots. After Stymie's departure from the series later in 1935, the Buckwheat character slowly morphed into a boy, first referred to definitively as a "he" in 1936's The Pinch Singer. This is similar to the initial handling of another African-American Our Gang member, Allen "Farina" Hoskins, who worked in the series during the silent and early sound eras.[1]

Despite the change in the Buckwheat character's sex, Billie Thomas's androgynous costuming was not changed until his appearance in the 1936 film Pay as You Exit. This new costuming — overalls, striped shirt, oversized shoes, and a large unkempt Afro — was retained for the series until the end. The reason for the change in appearance was so he could portray, in the 1936 Our Gang feature film General Spanky, a five-year-old slave asking men on a riverboat and, subsequently, shoeshine boy Spanky, "You be my master?".[1] In his Classic Movie Guide write-up for the film, Leonard Maltin surmises that "Buckwheat's role as slave in search of a master may displease contemporary audiences."[2]

Thomas remained in Our Gang for ten years, appearing in all but one of the shorts, Feed 'em and Weep (due to sickness when Philip Hurlic filled in for him), made from Washee Ironee in 1934 through the series' end in 1944. During the first half of his Our Gang tenure, Thomas's Buckwheat character was often paired with Eugene "Porky" Lee as a tag-along team of "little kids" rallying against (and often outsmarting) the "big kids", George "Spanky" McFarland and Carl "Alfalfa" Switzer. Thomas had a speech impairment as a young child, as did Lee, who became Thomas's friend both on the set and off. The "Buckwheat" and "Porky" characters both became known for their collective garbled dialogue, in particular their catchphrase, "O-tay!" originally uttered by Porky, but soon used by both characters.[1]

Thomas remained in Our Gang when the series changed production from Hal Roach Studios to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1938. Thomas was the only cast member to appear in all 52 of the MGM-produced entries and was the only holdover from the Hal Roach era to remain in the series until its end in 1944. By 1940, Thomas had grown out of his speech impairment, and with Lee having been replaced by Robert Blake, Thomas's Buckwheat character was written as an archetypal black youth. He was twelve years old when the final Our Gang film, Dancing Romeo, was completed in November 1943.

The character of Buckwheat in later years became synonymous with the derogatory "pickaninny" stereotype. However, the work of Thomas and the other black cast members as actors is credited with helping the cause of race relations by playing alongside white children as equals in a desegregated show during the height of the Jim Crow Era. According to Julia Lee, author of Our Gang: A Racial History of The Little Rascals, Thomas and the others were "considered saviors in many ways" by the black community as the most popular black stars in the United States during the 1920s and 1930s. Later, during the 1950s and 1960s, the NAACP fought against the tired and demeaning racial stereotypes and moved to have the television series ended.

Phillis Wheatley American poet

Phillis Wheatley, (born c. 1753, present-day Senegal?, West Africa—died December 5, 1784, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.), the first black woman poet of note in the United States.The young girl who was to become Phillis Wheatley was kidnapped and taken to Boston on a slave ship in 1761 and purchased by a tailor, John Wheatley, as a personal servant for his wife, Susanna. She was treated kindly in the Wheatley household, almost as a third child. The Wheatleys soon recognized her talents and gave her privileges unusual for a slave, allowing her to learn to read and write. In less than two years, under the tutelage of Susanna and her daughter, Phillis had mastered English; she went on to learn Greek and Latin and caused a stir among Boston scholars by translating a tale from Ovid. Beginning in her early teens she wrote exceptionally mature, if conventional, verse that was stylistically influenced by Neoclassical poets such as Alexander Pope and was largely concerned with morality, piety, and freedom.Wheatley’s first poem to appear in print was “On Messrs. Hussey and Coffin” (1767), but she did not become widely known until the publication of “An Elegiac Poem, on the Death of the Celebrated Divine…George Whitefield” (1770), a tribute to Whitefield, a popular preacher with whom she may have been personally acquainted. The piece is typical of Wheatley’s poetic oeuvre both in its formal reliance on couplets and in its genre; more than one-third of her extant works are elegies to prominent figures or friends. A number of her other poems celebrate the nascent United States of America, whose struggle for independence was sometimes employed as a metaphor for spiritual or, more subtly, racial freedom. Though Wheatley generally avoided the topic of slavery in her poetry, her best-known work, “On Being Brought from Africa to America” (written 1768), contains a mild rebuke toward some white readers: “Remember, Christians, Negroes, black as Cain / May be refined, and join th’ angelic train.” Other notable poems include “To the University of Cambridge, in New England” (written 1767), “To the King’s Most Excellent Majesty” (written 1768), and “On the Death of Rev. Dr. Sewall” (written 1769).Phillis was escorted by the Wheatleys’ son to London in May 1773. Her first book, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, where many of her poems first saw print, was published there the same year. Wheatley’s personal qualities, even more than her literary talent, contributed to her great social success in London. She returned to Boston in September because of the illness of her mistress. At the desire of friends she had made in England, she was soon freed. Both Mr. and Mrs. Wheatley died shortly thereafter. In 1778 she married John Peters, a free black man who eventually abandoned her. Though she continued writing, fewer than five new poems were published after her marriage. At the end of her life Wheatley was working as a servant, and she died in poverty.

Anthony Benezet 1713 - 1784

When Anthony Benezet died in 1784 at the age of seventy-one, 400 of Philadelphia's black citizens turned out to mourn his passing. Known for his humility and tireless devotion to the education and uplift of the black population, this gentle Quaker was known as "the single most prolific antislavery writer and the most influential advocate of the Negro's rights on either side of the Atlantic."

Benezet immigrated to Philadelphia in 1731 and became a schoolmaster, teaching a day school for Quaker children, and tutoring slave and free blacks in the same subjects at night. He was one of the few white men of his era who did not subscribe to the theory of black inferiority, nor to the idea that Africa was a barbaric continent, citing a variety of sources to document the notable cultures that it had produced.

Unlike many abolitionists, Benezet spent time among Philadelphia's blacks; he knew and was known by most of the black population. In 1767 Benezet wrote that he, as "teacher of a school...for many years, had opportunity of knowing the temper and genius of the Africans," and could "with truth and sincerity declare amongst them as a great a variety of talents, equally capable of improvement, as amongst a like number of whites."

It was largely due to Benezet's efforts that the Quakers established and supported a school for free blacks in 1773. Over the next six years, the school served about 250 black students, accepting enslaved children when there were not enough free children to fill the classes.

With friend and fellow Quaker John Woolman, Benezet convinced the Philadelphia [Quaker] Yearly Meeting to take an official position against the practice of buying and selling slaves, and eventually to disown Quakers who would not comply. It was Benezet who issued the call for the first meeting of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society in 1775, and he assisted black Philadelphians in their petitions to defeat an amendment to the 1780 gradual emancipation act that would return unregistered blacks to slavery.

For twenty-five years, Benezet wrote and published numerous letters and pamphlets in opposition to slavery, and persuaded others to do likewise. His correspondents included such notables as Benjamin Franklin, Granville Sharp and John Wesley.

Even after his death, Benezet continued to have a profound effect on his contemporaries: the appearance of his ghost in a dream prompted slaveowner Benjamin Rush to devote himself to the cause of abolition.


Answering God’s Call during the Covid-19 Pandemic

Written by Marie Lloyd-MOSDAC Media

On Wednesday, March 18, 2020, the Mount Olivet Seventh-day Adventist Church (MOSDAC), answered the call to provide care packages for the senior members of the church as well as anyone in the community who were in need of food, toiletries, or supplies. Celia Archie (Deaconess), Sharmaine Edwards (Community Service), and George Jenkins (Deacon) from MOSDAC were joined by several volunteers who helped prepare, bag, and distribute the items to the community.

Sharmaine and her team regularly distribute food to the community every Wednesday and every second and fourth Thursday. However the distribution on Wednesday was different.

Because of the Covid-19 crisis, it was determined that there was a need to serve a targeted group of seniors, single parents, and single members of the church, as well as the broader community. That is when Celia Archie and her team of deaconesses got to work making phone calls to find out who in this targeted group needed food and personal items.

Celia acquired toiletries and teamed up with Community Services, Sharmaine Edwards, to prepare care packages. They enlisted help from Deacon George Jenkins, who didn’t hesitate to lend a helping hand. He loaded the church van with food and supplies and delivered care packages to everyone that was on the targeted list.

Even though the number of people who are being affected by the pandemic increases daily, Sharmaine is still determined to provide food to the community for as long as possible. Celia, filling bags with toiletries, says, that the “feeling of doing something good for the community and the sense of accomplishment to be there for our seniors and community in their time of need,” is a good feeling as a Christian.

According to George, the challenges they faced with “orderly distribution and the language barrier” within the community were minor in light of the gratification they experienced in doing “something good for someone else” and putting the needs of others before their own. About 100 care packages were prepared for distribution to the community, not including all the care packages that were prepared and delivered to the targeted group of seniors, and singles with or without children. MOSDAC is heeding the call in this time of need. “As a deaconess, we are called to do this as part of the job”, said Celia.” “This is not a one-time thing. God has called us to look out for one another.”

MOSDAC was also able to assist the Williamstown Seventh-day Adventist church by providing enough food to fill two trucks which enabled them to service their community. With a community that is scared and filled with fear, MOSDAC is answering the call and is reaching out to fulfill a need and to provide hope by making that fear a little more bearable.

Celia points to Psalm 91 as encouragement to deal with fear. There shall no evil befall thee, neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling. He shall call upon me, and I will answer him.

All three described the collaboration as a success. The need is great, and Mount Olivet is answering the call.

Coronavirus Variants: How Much Do You Need to Worry?

First: What exactly is a SARS-CoV-2 variant?

The virus that causes COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, has about 30,000 letters in its genome (the total genetic material of the virus). When it replicates, some of these letters change by mistake. “Any single letter change is a variant,” explains Dr. Osmundson. Most of these changes won’t make a difference in how the virus behaves. “Some mutations may lead to an inactive virus,” Dr. Osmundson says. “Very rare variants may act measurably different from the original strain.” The original strain is typically referred to as the “wild type” virus. Sometimes, a variant that behaves differently can provide the virus with an advantage over its wild type counterpart, like being able to spread more easily.

While a virus with even a single mutation is technically a new variant, many variants contain multiple mutations. These are identified by sequencing the entire genome of the virus and looking for places that don’t match up with the wild type virus. A letter may be different or missing altogether. Viruses that have the same collection of mutations are then given names to distinguish them from the wild type. “Other viruses that are sampled and that have the same mutations are considered part of that 'variant,’” Dr. Hodcroft explains.What variants are out there right now, and why are they concerning?

We’re currently looking at an alphabet soup of different variants in SARS-CoV-2. There are two garnering the most attention. One concerning variant was first found in the U.K. and is known as B.1.1.7 and sometimes as 501Y.V1 (the latter designation refers to one of the key mutations it contains). The B.1.1.7 variant contains 23 mutations that differentiate it from the wild type virus. Another variant that's causing concern, 501Y.V2, recently emerged in South Africa and has at least 21 mutations that have changed from the wild type. (Unlike B.1.1.7, it hasn't yet been detected in the U.S.)

Both of these coronavirus variants have mutations in the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein, which is a key coronavirus protein. The spike protein is what enables the virus to get into a person’s cells and replicate, causing infection. The B.1.1.7 variant has received the lion’s share of attention to date because it appears to increase viral transmission compared to the wild type. Dr. Hodcroft notes that this variant (and 501Y.V2, to a lesser extent), have been “associated with worrying rises in cases.” Dr. Osmundson agrees with this concern. “Epidemiological data from different populations show an increase in the transmission of 50-70%,” he says. “This has yet to be confirmed in animal models and across broader epidemiological data. It's strong preliminary data.” A Centre for Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Diseases study released from the U.K. (but not yet peer-reviewed) suggests that the B.1.1.7 variant is “56% more transmissible” than pre-existing SARS-CoV-2 viruses in the country, but Dr. Osmundson notes we don’t know yet exactly why the virus is easier to spread. “Tighter binding to host cells? Higher viral titers in the nose or throat leading to more shedding? Faster/better viral replication? We have no data here whatsoever.”Will COVID-19 vaccines still work against these variants?

The authorized vaccines from Pfizer/BioNtech and Moderna target that important spike protein using mRNA technology. Since the B.1.1.7 and 501Y.V2 variants involve mutations to the spike protein, some experts are concerned that the variants may be able to prevent immunity, either from natural infection or from immunization. The most concerning spike protein mutation in the B.1.1.7 variant from the U.K. is dubbed N501Y, while the 501Y.V2 variant first found in South Africa has a spike protein mutation labeled E484K. In a not-yet-published study, researchers found that in 21 of 44 people who got coronavirus in the first wave of infection in South Africa, their antibodies didn’t recognize 501Y.V2. Though this isn’t definitive proof that this variant can escape immunity, it bears watching and additional testing.

Pfizer has already tested a number of spike protein mutations and recently reported that their vaccine seemed to still be effective against the most worrisome spike protein mutation in B.1.1.7. They also tested 15 other spike protein mutations, and “none of them have really had any significant impact” on the vaccine’s effectiveness, a Pfizer vaccine scientist told Reuters. (Moderna is currently carrying out similar testing with their vaccine). Notably, Pfizer hasn’t yet tested the spike protein mutation in 501Y.V2, and there is some preliminary data (not yet peer-reviewed) suggesting that mutation may be a better candidate for escaping immunity. But Dr. Hodcroft cautions: “It is hard to predict how lab results translate to real life, as the systems are much more complex.”

The next two vaccines that seem likely to get authorized—one from Johnson & Johnson, the other from Oxford/AstraZeneca—work differently from the Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna vaccines. But they both rely on the viral spike protein, meaning mutations to that protein could theoretically affect these vaccines’ effectiveness similarly.

Should we worry about other variants?

While the B.1.1.7 and 501Y.V2 variants may be the most scrutinized currently, we’ve seen other variants come and go—a pattern likely to persist as the pandemic continues. Dr. Hodcroft worked on an analysis of a variant in Spain, 20A.EU1, that spread across Europe in summer 2020. In that case, the increased spread of the variant seemed to be unrelated to any particular mutation in the virus that made it more transmissible. Instead, researchers chalked it up to human behavior, including travel. Dr. Hodcroft notes, “this shows that human behavior is incredibly important. [20A.EU1] is the most prevalent variant in Europe right now, and it didn't need higher transmission to get there.”

Another variant experts are examining is one from Brazil, B.1.1.28. This variant contains the same E484K mutation as the variant from South Africa and appears to have caused COVID-19 reinfection in a health care worker in Brazil. “Home-grown” variants appear to have originated in California and Ohio as well and may be linked to increased transmission, but those variants need additional testing and characterization for us to know for sure.

What Could Happen If You Miss Your Second Covid-19 Vaccine Dose?

Dr. Rebecca Wurtz

Infectious disease physician and population health expert at the University of Minnesota

So what could happen if you miss your second dose of the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines? What is the right/best schedule? I wouldn’t miss the second dose willfully—not, say because you had to run an errand to the hardware store. But if a second dose isn’t available when it’s time or there’s a snow storm or some other event which prevents it, then I would get the next dose when it’s possible, ideally within days or a few weeks of the previously scheduled dose. Until then, you have less protection—although still some—from infection and serious illness and you may shed virus if you do get infected, in contrast to better protection and less shedding if you are completely immunized. And it’s almost certain that you will get significant protection even if you get the 2nd dose weeks late. Alternate dosing schedules are being studied

I’d make a distinction between the initial dosing schedule (2 doses given a few weeks apart for the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines) and a “booster” dose, which is usually given at a much later date to boost the waning immune response to the initial vaccine series. Tetanus booster doses are given every 10 years after the initial vaccine series in childhood. The protection afforded by the authorized covid vaccines as the initial immune response wanes is unknown but is being studied. Booster doses may become routine.

Recent data suggest that if you have had covid, a single dose of the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine (acting in essence as a booster dose) is sufficient to stimulate antibody levels to what are thought to be a protective level. This had been shown in individuals with a history of highly symptomatic, test-positive cases of covid. Clearly, many months have passed between illness and vaccination and yet people still get a strong antibody boost. No one knows—yet—what kind of immune response is provoked by a single dose of vaccine in people who previously had asymptomatic (possibly undiagnosed) covid. Do those people have lower doses of antibody at baseline, and therefore less of a response to a single dose?

Four Signs That Your Face Mask Doesn't Fit Correctly

This year's must have accessory is one nobody would have expected: the face mask. No, not the face mask you don on self-care Sunday or the one you slip on to hit the slopes. We're talking about face coverings—the masks that help protect you and those around you from germs and viruses like COVID-19. Though inherently different from your other favorite accessories, there are some important characteristics to look for when shopping for the right one.What kind of face mask is best?

Selecting the right type of face mask is essential. The top three most effective face masks are fitted N95, surgical masks, and cotton/poly or poly/pro, says Dr. Niket Sonpal, an internist and gastroenterologist in New York City. "Out of those three, medical-grade N95 masks—exhalation valve or not—have proven to be the most effective at preventing the spread of COVID-19, but due to limited resources, the CDC does not recommend the general public to wear these and instead, save them for health care

Surgical masks are the second most effective, are single-use only, and are made to protect the wearer's nose and mouth from contact with sprays, droplets, and splashes that may contain germs, Dr. Sonpal explains. They also filter out large air particles. Another good option aside from masks intended for medical professionals is a mask made from two layers of cotton and one synthetic material layer, he says.

Are there any face masks you should avoid?

"The two least effective masks are bandanas and gaiters," says Dr. Sonpal. "The neck gaiters are the worst offenders and should not be considered safe to protect against COVID. Unfortunately, investigators with Duke University also found that neck gaiters provide no protection against COVID-19, and that wearing them may be worse than wearing no face covering at all to prevent infection."

"Wearing the correct size mask is essential for effective comfort and filtration," says Dr. Sonpal. Unfortunately, though, unlike most things we purchase to wear on our body, there's no correlation between common body measurements that link to a face's mask size. Purchasing a mask in a different size will depend on the individual vendor you purchase from, and many big-box retailers only sell "one size fits all" masks. As a result, you'll have to do a little bit of trial and error to find the right mask.

Not sure your mask fits just right? There are a number of signs that your mask doesn't fit correctly.

Related: How to Maximize the Efficacy of Your Face Mask During the Coronavirus Pandemic

It doesn't sit snugly on your face.

A mask that fits properly should be worn from the bridge of your nose to under the chin for maximum protection. "Wearing a mask under your chin as a 'chin strap' is useless, since your nose is exposed," says Dr. Sonpal. There shouldn't be any gaps, and the sides of the mask should sit flat against your cheeks. If you need to make your mask tighter, shorten the ear loops for a closer fit, says Dr. Sonpal. You can do this by tying a knot in each ear loop or twisting the ear straps around your ears twice. There are air pockets.

"If there are any gaps for air particles to get through, that makes the wearer susceptible to bacteria and germs, and you could be spreading your germs to others unknowingly," the pro says. If your mask is leaking air—especially around the bridge of the nose for a nasal or full-face mask—it's time to try a different mask size, says Dr. Sonpal.

You have to constantly adjust it.

Your mask should also sit comfortably on the nose without having to constantly readjust it. As a general rule of thumb, those with smaller faces and heads should consider a face mask with straps that can be tightened to fit snugly on your face, which will help you avoid any constant touching, says Dr. Sonpal.

You can blow out a flame.

"If you want to do a simple test to see if your mask is effective, hold a cigarette lighter in front of your face while wearing your mask. If you can blow out the lighter through your mask, that mask is not effective," Dr. Sonpal suggests.

How to double your mask effectively

Fuller filtration—to a point

The added benefit of layering one mask over another is the added filtration potential. The more filters between your airways and the outside world, the less likely you are to encounter a pathogen-containing particle.

These benefits are additive. “It’s increasing your protection by the added benefit of that surgical mask,” says Christopher Zangmeister, a scientist who studies aerosols at the US National Institutes of Standards and Technology. Put another way, a double-layer cloth mask with a surgical mask could have roughly the same kind of filtration as a three-layered cloth mask akin to the ones the World Health Organization has previously recommended. Depending on the protection provided by your original mask, it may meaningfully increase your filtration—or it may not.

But at a certain point, there’s a tradeoff between more filtration

and overall protection. For one thing, more layers may be less comfortable—which could lead to dubious face-touching or adjusting. The more you touch your face, the more likely a particle on your hands could reach its way into your airways.

And there’s another problem: too much filtration becomes unbreathable. “Are you breathing through the material, or are you breathing through the gaps in the material?” Zangmeister says. If you’re breathing through the gaps in between the mask and your face, you’re not getting any filtration production at all. In lab settings, Zangmeister and his team have found these areas where air escapes tend to be behind the cheeks, or right above the bridge of the nose, which can look like a droplet exhalation geyser, he says.

There’s a simple test to see if your masks aren’t actually working as a filter, Zangmeister says. Go outside on a cold day, and wear either glasses or sunglasses and breathe for 30 seconds. If your breath fogs the glasses, too much air may be leaving (and therefore coming in) above your nose, rather than through the mask itself.Standardizing filtration

It’s frustrating that at this point in the pandemic, we still don’t have an ideal mask. Masks vary widely depending on who manufacturers them. Some even fraudulently boast they can filter more than they actually do.

The problem is there is no universal standardization for commercial masks. In the US, the Food and Drug Administration approves medical-grade masks while the Occupational Safety and Health Administration certifies and tests professional grade masks for people like firefighters or construction workers. But there’s no single authority that makes an easy-to-read standard for masks for the general public.

ASTM International[qz-footnote number=“1”]ASTM stands for “American Society for Testing and Materials” but the group serves the global community[/qz-footnote], a global regulatory agency that comes up with all kinds of guidelines, is currently working on these standards. Zangmeister, whose current research could support their ultimate decisions, says the group could release a set of standards by mid-March. They’d appear like a simple number or lettering system on mask packaging to guarantee a certain level of protection.

It may feel late in the pandemic for a set of global, commercial mask standards, but normally this process takes years, not months. When making these considerations, scientists have to consider the diversity of face shapes as well as mask materials. All those differences mean there’s no easy way to determine exactly which material will offer what specific level of protection.

If You’re Wearing a Face Mask All Day Here's How To Take Care

While a lot of us only wear a face mask while outside, essential workers are required to wear one for the entire day. The point of face masks is to keep bacteria and germs contained, which is extremely important when it comes to keeping a pandemic contained. The downside to that is that it stays around your face. That can cause your skin to, well, freak out. It can cause irritation and breakouts, all of which can be addressed with a skincare routine. We’ve rounded up a few picks that can help with different skin care issues caused by wearing face masks all day.

FOR FACE WASH Cetaphil Gentle Skin Cleanser

FOR SPOT TREATMENT Mighty Patch Original

I love these acne spots, which target larger pimples directly at the source. These hydrocolloid patches help eliminate acne-causing infection and bacteria. Just slap one of these on and you can wear them all day under your mask without worrying about it.

FOR MOISTURIZERKiehl’s Ultra Facial Cream

While this moisturizer looks thick, it’s extremely lightweight and non-greasy. It gives you 24-hour hydration, which can help keep your skin from becoming dry and flaky and will help keep oil production at bay.


One of my favorite face masks to use after a day in the sun (or a day wearing a face mask) is this one. Face masks can cause all sorts of irritation to sensitive skin and this face mask, packed with rose for toning and cucumber extract and aloe vera gel, helps immediately cool and soothe skin.


We’re all not getting enough sleep, but essential workers more so. This gel can help combat dark circles and signs of aging, things that can all happen from lack of sleep


The global pandemic that began in Wuhan, China in November 2019 has led to the lockdown of businesses, schools, restaurants, and recreational centers, leaving a huge impact on the world. Current studies as of September 4, 2020, indicate the confirmed number of cases globally is 26,472,012, the number of deaths is 873,229, and the number of recoveries is 18,664,866. Although a few cases of children have been registered, they are believed to be less vulnerable to the COVID-19 pandemic, except those with underlying health conditions such as asthma.

Studies so far indicate that the pandemic could have negative effects on children’s physical and mental health, and yet parents do not have the appropriate mental health or counseling skills to help their children or themselves. However, due to uncertainties surrounding the outbreak and ongoing scientific research, it’s estimated that 220 million Chinese children are at a risk of facing mental health issues due to potential prolonged school closure and home containment.

Additionally, the fear that the psychological impact on children and adolescents could potentially be neglected has exacerbating effects. During the first months of the outbreak in China, studies revealed that the average posttraumatic scores were four times higher among children who were quarantined than those who were not. This implies that, due to restrictions to routine lifestyle, psychosocial stress caused by home confinement or isolation could further exacerbate the harmful effects on the child’s physical and mental health.

Studies show that the mental health needs of COVID-19 patients are on the rise and yet poorly met. Research indicates that the mental health needs of patients with confirmed COVID-19, patients with suspected infection, quarantined family members, including medical personnel have been poorly managed.

Although these studies were originally conducted in China, the nations that are currently getting new cases of COVID-19 should learn from China’s experience. For instance, home confinement restricts children from their normal lifestyles which has effects on their physical and mental health. Since children are constantly exposed to COVID-19 related news which could alleviate their anxiety and panic, parents need to create direct conversations with children about these issues to avoid panic and reduce anxiety. This could also create opportunities to develop close and open communication with children so that any physical and psychological concerns are addressed.It’s important that the health authorities establish multidisciplinary mental health taskforce teams compromised of professional psychiatrists, psychiatric nurses, clinical psychologists, and other mental health workers at regional and national levels to provide mental health support to patients. Professionals with specialized skills should collaborate and work with religious clergy to bring specialized treatments and appropriate mental health services to families and patients, including those who have been isolated.

Six distinct 'types' of COVID-19 identified

Analysis of data from the COVID Symptom Study app, led by researchers from King’s College London, reveals that there are six distinct ‘types’ of COVID-19, each distinguished by a particular cluster of symptoms.

Moreover, the team found that these types differed in the severity of the disease and the need for respiratory support during hospitalisation.

The findings have major implications for clinical management of COVID-19, and could help doctors predict who is most at risk and likely to need hospital care in a second wave of coronavirus infections.

Although continuous cough, fever and loss of smell (anosmia) are usually highlighted as the three key symptoms of COVID-19, data gathered from app users shows that people can experience a wide range of different symptoms including headaches, muscle pains, fatigue, diarrhea, confusion, loss of appetite, shortness of breath and more. The progression and outcomes also vary significantly between people, ranging from mild flu-like symptoms or a simple rash to severe or fatal disease.

To find out whether particular symptoms tend to appear together and how this related to the progression of the disease, the research team used a machine learning algorithm to analyse data from a subset of around 1,600 users in the UK and US with confirmed COVID-19 who had regularly logged their symptoms using the app in March and April.

The analysis revealed six specific groupings of symptoms emerging at characteristic timepoints in the progression of the illness, representing six distinct ‘types’ of COVID-19. The algorithm was then tested by running it on a second independent dataset of 1,000 users in the UK, US and Sweden, who had logged their symptoms during May.

All people reporting symptoms experienced headache and loss of smell, with varying combinations of additional symptoms at various times. Some of these, such as confusion, abdominal pain and shortness of breath, are not widely known as COVID-19 symptoms, yet are hallmarks of the most severe forms of the disease.

The six clusters are as follows:

  1. (‘flu-like’ with no fever): Headache, loss of smell, muscle pains, cough, sore throat, chest pain, no fever.
  2. (‘flu-like’ with fever): Headache, loss of smell, cough, sore throat, hoarseness, fever, loss of appetite.
  3. (gastrointestinal): Headache, loss of smell, loss of appetite, diarrhea, sore throat, chest pain, no cough.
  4. (severe level one, fatigue): Headache, loss of smell, cough, fever, hoarseness, chest pain, fatigue.
  5. (severe level two, confusion): Headache, loss of smell, loss of appetite, cough, fever, hoarseness, sore throat, chest pain, fatigue, confusion, muscle pain.
  6. (severe level three, abdominal and respiratory): Headache, loss of smell, loss of appetite, cough, fever, hoarseness, sore throat, chest pain, fatigue, confusion, muscle pain, shortness of breath, diarrhea, abdominal pain.

    Next, the team investigated whether people experiencing particular symptom clusters were more likely to require breathing support in the form of ventilation or additional oxygen.

    They discovered that only 1.5% of people with cluster 1, 4.4% of people with cluster 2 and 3.3% of people with cluster 3 COVID-19 required breathing support. These figures were 8.6%, 9.9% and 19.8% for clusters 4,5 and 6 respectively. Furthermore, nearly half of the patients in cluster 6 ended up in hospital, compared with just 16% of those in cluster 1.

    Broadly, people with cluster 4,5 or 6 COVID-19 symptoms tended to be older and frailer, and were more likely to be overweight and have pre-existing conditions such as diabetes or lung disease than those with type 1,2 or 3.

    The researchers then developed a model combining information about age, sex, BMI and pre-existing conditions together with symptoms gathered over just five days from the onset of the illness.

    This was able to predict which cluster a patient falls into and their risk of requiring hospitalisation and breathing support with a higher likelihood of being correct than an existing risk model based purely on age, sex, BMI and pre-existing conditions alone.

    Given that most people who require breathing support come to hospital around 13 days after their first symptoms, this extra eight days represents a significant ‘early warning’ as to who is most likely to need more intensive care.

    “These findings have important implications for care and monitoring of people who are most vulnerable to severe COVID-19,” said Dr Claire Steves from King’s College London. “If you can predict who these people are at day five, you have time to give them support and early interventions such as monitoring blood oxygen and sugar levels, and ensuring they are properly hydrated - simple care that could be given at home, preventing hospitalisations and saving lives.”

    Lead researcher Dr Carole Sudre from King’s College London said: ”Our study illustrates the importance of monitoring symptoms over time to make our predictions about individual risk and outcomes more sophisticated and accurate. This approach is helping us to understand the unfolding story of this disease in each patient so they can get the best care.”

    “Being able to gather big datasets through the app and apply machine learning to them is having a profound impact on our understanding of the extent and impact of COVID-19, and human health more widely,” said Sebastien Ourselin, professor of healthcare engineering at King’s College London and senior author of the study.

    Professor Tim Spector added: ”Data is our most powerful tool in the fight against COVID-19. We urge everyone to get in the habit of using the app daily to log their health over the coming months, helping us to stay ahead of any local hotspots or a second wave of infections.”*Researchers have now identified skin rash as a key symptom of COVID-19 in up to one in ten cases. However, it was not recognised as a symptom during the time when the data was gathered for this analysis so it is currently unknown how skin rashes map on to these six clusters

Fight Back Against COVID Scammers

America is currently facing a grave public health emergency that is having a serious impact on our economy. As our hospitals, health care workers and every American across the country continue to adapt to the impact of COVID-19, the last thing anyone should need to worry about is being charged excessive prices for basic essentials, equipment and supplies or becoming the victim of scammers.

What is Price Gouging?

An excessive price increase under NJ law is defined as charging more than 10% higher than the price at which merchandise was sold during the normal course of business prior to the State of Emergency.

Price gouging should never happen and especially not during a crisis when people need these products for protection.

How I'm Fighting Back

Last week, I urged Attorney General William Barr to have the Department of Justice take aggressive action to protect American consumers from price gouging during the COVID-19 pandemic.

In addition, last week, we in Congress passed H.R. 748, Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, a $2 trillion relief package to provide resources to our health systems and protect workers and businesses during the current COVID pandemic, however, there is still work to be done.

How to Report Price Gouging

New Jersey Government has set up a hotline to report COVID-19 related fraud: (866) 720-5721.

NJ businesses and consumers who believe they have been cheated or scammed by a business, or suspect any other form of consumer abuse, can file an online complaint with the Division of Consumer Affairs here.

New Jersey Government has additional information and resources on reporting price gouging and other scammers here.

Avoid Coronavirus Scams

Scammers are taking advantage of fears surrounding the Coronavirus in more ways than just price gouging. Here are some tips to help you avoid the scammers:

  • The government will not charge you to receive a relief payment. It will not ask you to pay anything up front to get this money. No fees, charges, or anything else. Anyone who does is a scammer.
  • The government will not ask you for your Social Security Number, bank account, or credit card number. Anyone who does is a scammer.
  • Hang up on robocalls. Do not press any numbers. Scammers are using illegal robocalls to pitch everything from scam coronavirus treatments to work-at-home schemes. The recording might say that pressing a number will let you speak to a live operator or remove you from their call list, but it might lead to more robocalls, instead.
  • Don’t click on links from sources you don’t know. They could download viruses onto your computer or device.
  • Take basic steps to protect your home computer, network and passwords, such as backing up your data, using multi-factor authentication and purchasing security software.
  • Report scams. If you either spot a scam or receive a suspicious inquiry, please report to the Federal Trade Commission at

    More information on avoiding scammers and what the federal government is doing to help can be found here.

    Additional Resources:

    • The New Jersey Government has a COVID-19 website with live updates and resources here.
    • All residents with questions or concerns about COVID-19 and resources available to them can call 2-1-1. NJ 211 is New Jersey’s statewide, comprehensive, information and referral service operated by United Ways of New Jersey.
    • Residents call also text NJCOVID to 898-211 to receive text information and stay informed. To receive live text assistance, residents can text their zip code to 898-211.
    • The Center for Disease Control has a resource page here.
    • My office has a resource page here.
    • Please make sure to follow me on Facebook and Twitter, and visit our website for updates.
    • To receive updates from my office, sign up here.

      It is an honor to serve this community and we will get through this, together.


      Donald Norcross
      Member of Congress

Are ongoing pandemic conditions increasing crime in America?

Violent crime stats and trends during the pandemic

  • Preliminary FBI data for the first six months of 2020 shows murder and non-negligent homicide as up nearly 15% compared to the same time period last year.
  • A report by the Council on Criminal Justice (CCJ) paints an even more dire picture—showing a 53% jump in homicides in 27 major US cities this summer, compared to the last.
  • FBI data also shows a 4.6% jump in aggravated assaults between January and June 2020, versus the same period in 2019.
  • Aggravated assault rose 14% summer over summer, according to the CCJ analysis.
  • Gun violence has been relentless for much of 2020, particularly in major cities like Chicago, New York City, and Philadelphia.
  • As of September 28, the Gun Violence Archive (GVA) has recorded 13,641 homicides, murders, and unintentional gun-related deaths for 2020. That’s almost 90% of the total recorded for all of 2019.

It’s not all bad news, though. There are plenty of other crimes that have dropped dramatically amid stay at home orders, physical distancing, and other pandemic conditions.

  • Counts of rape have dropped, according to FBI data—falling almost 18% year over year.
  • Robberies have also been on the decline, dropping 7% for the first half of 2020.
  • Overall, property crimes have been on a downward trajectory this year.
  • Property crime stats and trends during the pandemic:
    • According to a preliminary FBI report, property crime saw an 8% decrease nationwide between January and June 2020, compared to the same timeframe last year.
    • The FBI shows burglaries down across the board by nearly 8% year over year, although cities like Seattle and San Francisco have seen drastic increases.
    • Larceny thefts also dropped by nearly 10% in the first half of 2020, according to FBI data.
    • Car thefts and break-ins have been on the rise during the pandemic. The FBI shows a 6% climb in vehicle thefts between January and June 2020, compared to the same time in 2019.
    • Cities like Los Angeles, Denver, and Scarsdale, New York have broken records for the number of cars stolen so far in 2020.
    • The FBI also reports a drastic jump of 19% in arson offenses nationwide. The majority (52%) of that increase came from cities with more than one million residents.
How to Clean Your Home With Coronavirus in Mind

    • If you’re one of those people who always keeps a spotless home, the influx of new coronavirus cases might have kicked you into a coronavirus cleaning frenzy. Even if you’re someone who thinks cleaning is more of a chore than a calling, the news that the new coronavirus appears to be able to survive on physical surfaces for varying lengths of time may have you looking for a few house-cleaning tips.

      First, a big disclaimer: Based on what we know so far, the new coronavirus is transmitted primarily through respiratory droplets, not contact with contaminated surfaces, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) explains. The new coronavirus can spread when people are in close contact with each other—typically within six feet—and someone with the new coronavirus disease (also known as COVID-19) coughs, sneezes, or talks. These actions produce droplets that can land on the noses and mouths of other people, thereby spreading the infection, Marc Lipsitch, D.Phil., professor of epidemiology at Harvard University T.H. Chan School of Public Health, tells SELF. (It may also be possible to just inhale the droplets before they land on your body.)

      Even though SARS-CoV-2 (the pathogen that causes the new coronavirus disease) appears to spread mainly via those droplets, experts think you can also get COVID-19 by touching a surface contaminated with the virus, then touching your eyes, nose, or mouth, the CDC says. What’s more, as we referenced, emerging evidence indicates that SARS-CoV-2 can live on some surfaces for several hours or even days.

      Researchers, including infectious disease experts from the National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), published a recent study that suggests the new coronavirus can potentially live on copper surfaces for up to four hours, on cardboard for around 24 hours, and on plastic and stainless steel for up to four days. These findings haven’t yet been peer reviewed, which means experts will need more time before they can say exactly how long the virus can live on surfaces under real-world conditions (outside of a lab). But working from this premise, you can see why it’s extra important that we’re all really on top of cleaning and disinfecting right now (in addition to things like regularly washing our hands). So let’s get right to the cleaning Qs and As.

    • How often do I need to clean my home right now?
    • First things first: There’s a difference between cleaning, which means removing visible traces of dirt, and disinfecting, which involves killing germs with chemicals, the CDC explains.

      Provided that you regularly clean and disinfect your home, you’re starting from a great place. Regularly is a relative word, but in general, you should aim to clean your home at least once a week, Philip Tierno, Ph.D., clinical professor in the departments of microbiology and pathology at NYU Langone Medical Center, tells SELF. Yes, even in non-pandemic times.

      To increase your protection against the new coronavirus, the CDC recommends daily cleaning and disinfecting of “high-touch areas,” which, as you probably guessed, are the surfaces of your home that you’re always touching for one reason or another. Since your hands are great at transferring bacteria, viruses, and the like, these spots tend to be among the germiest places in your home. They include doorknobs, light switches, tables, remotes, handles, desks, toilets, sinks, and chairs. Basically, anything you or the people you live with touch even somewhat frequently deserves a lot of your attention right now, especially if it’s a hard surface. (Viruses generally live longer on hard surfaces than on soft, more porous ones, according to the Mayo Clinic.

    • What should I use to clean and disinfect?
    • It depends on if you’re talking about hard or soft surfaces.

      For hard surfaces, the CDC says you can use regular soap and water for cleaning (or a special cleanser if the material calls for it), then you can use a few different options for disinfection. One is a household disinfectant like the type you buy in a store. If you’re determined to use the most effective disinfectant possible to account for the new coronavirus, take a look at this list of products that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has approved for combating emerging pathogens, including the new coronavirus. The list is by no means exhaustive, but you’ll find products from several well-known brands on it, including Lysol, Clorox, and Purell. In other words, many of the products on this list aren’t obscure cleaners that only pros know about.If your local store doesn’t have many disinfectant options at the moment, you can also disinfect surfaces with alcohol solutions that contain at least 70% alcohol (which you might have lying around as an antiseptic), or you can make a diluted bleach solution (four teaspoons of bleach per quart of water), the CDC says. Tierno is a strong proponent of bleach and considers it “the cheapest and most effective disinfectant that money can buy,” he previously told SELF. So, if all else fails (or your favorite disinfectant wipes are temporarily out of stock), a paper towel and your household disinfectant of choice will do the trick. Just remember to wear disposable gloves if you can while you’re cleaning (so you can toss them when you’re done), the CDC says. And be sure to follow the instructions on the label of whatever you’re using.We’ve talked a great deal about hard surfaces, but some of us have carpets, curtains, and other softer spots around the house that need to be cleaned as well. First, the CDC says to remove any visible dirt or grime, then clean those areas with products that are made for those surfaces. After you’ve done that, the CDC recommends dropping the items in the laundry (which we’ll get to next), if you can.

    • MORE COMMING NEXT WEEK and BE SAFE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Nutrition and Immunity

During the flu season or times of illness, people often seek special foods or vitamin supplements that are believed to boost immunity. Vitamin C and foods like citrus fruits, chicken soup, and tea with honey are popular examples. Yet the design of our immune system is complex and influenced by an ideal balance of many factors, not just diet, and especially not by any one specific food or nutrient. However, a balanced diet consisting of a range of vitamins and minerals, combined with healthy lifestyle factors like adequate sleep and exercise and low stress, most effectively primes the body to fight infection and disease.

What Is Our Immune System?

On a daily basis, we are constantly exposed to potentially harmful microbes of all sorts. Our immune system, a network of intricate stages and pathways in the body, protects us against these harmful microbes as well as certain diseases. It recognizes foreign invaders like bacteria, viruses, and parasites and takes immediate action. Humans possess two types of immunity: innate and adaptive.

Innate immunity is a first-line defense from pathogens that try to enter our bodies, achieved through protective barriers. These barriers include:

  • Skin that keeps out the majority of pathogens
  • Mucus that traps pathogens
  • Stomach acid that destroys pathogens
  • Enzymes in our sweat and tears that help create anti-bacterial compounds
  • Immune system cells that attack all foreign cells entering the body
  • Other conditions that trigger an immune response

    Antigens are substances that the body labels as foreign and harmful, which triggers immune cell activity. Allergens are one type of antigen and include grass pollen, dust, food components, or pet hair. Antigens can cause a hyper-reactive response in which too many white cells are released. People’s sensitivity to antigens varies widely. For example, an allergy to mold triggers symptoms of wheezing and coughing in a sensitive individual but does not trigger a reaction in other people.

    Inflammation is an important, normal step in the body’s innate immune response. When pathogens attack healthy cells and tissue, a type of immune cell called mast cells counterattack and release proteins called histamines, which cause inflammation. Inflammation may generate pain, swelling, and a release of fluids to help flush out the pathogens. The histamines also send signals to discharge even more white blood cells to fight pathogens. However, prolonged inflammation can lead to tissue damage and may overwhelm the immune system.

    Autoimmune disorders like lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, or type 1 diabetes are partly hereditary and cause hypersensitivity in which immune cells attack and destroy healthy cells.

    Immunodeficiency disorders can depress or completely disable the immune system, and may be genetic or acquired. Acquired forms are more common and include AIDS and cancers like leukemia and multiple myeloma. In these cases, the body’s defenses are so reduced that a person becomes highly susceptible to illness from invading pathogens or antigens.What factors can depress our immune system?

    • Older age: As we age, our internal organs may become less efficient; immune-related organs like the thymus or bone marrow produce less immune cells needed to fight off infections. Aging is sometimes associated with micronutrient deficiencies, which may worsen a declining immune function.
    • Environmental toxins (smoke and other particles contributing to air pollution, excessive alcohol): These substances can impair or suppress the normal activity of immune cells.
    • Excess weight: Obesity is associated with low-grade chronic inflammation. Fat tissue produces adipocytokines that can promote inflammatory processes. [1] Research is early, but obesity has also been identified as an independent risk factor for the influenza virus, possibly due to the impaired function of T-cells, a type of white blood cell. [2]
    • Poor diet: Malnutrition or a diet lacking in one or more nutrients can impair the production and activity of immune cells and antibodies.
    • Chronic diseases: Autoimmune and immunodeficiency disorders attack and potentially disable immune cells.
    • Chronic mental stress: Stress releases hormones like cortisol that suppresses inflammation (inflammation is initially needed to activate immune cells) and the action of white blood cells.
    • Lack of sleep and rest: Sleep is a time of restoration for the body, during which a type of cytokine is released that fights infection; too little sleep lowers the amount of these cytokines and other immune cells.


By Trista --- Reviewed By Gillian May, MSN --- Updated: Apr 08, 2020

Eating a well-balanced diet and exercising on a regular basis is essential to good health. Including more alkaline foods in your diet increase the alkaline content in the blood, which decreases the acid content. A more alkaline blood pH helps protect healthy cells and balance essential mineral levels. Alkaline diets protect bone density and muscle mass, lowering the risk of chronic pain and inflammation and improving immune function. Many high-alkaline foods are a delicious contribution to a healthy body.

1. Cucumbers

2. Seeded Watermelon

3. Avocado

4. Cayenne Peppers

5. Bell Peppers

6. Spinach

7. Kale

8. Bananas

9. Broccoli

10. Celery

NOTE: Not only is celery alkaline, but it also has extremely high water content and lots of vitamin C, which helps support the immune system, reduce inflammation, and improve cardiovascular health. Potassium and sodium also help rid the body of excess fluids. Celery is also very high in fiber, which can reduce constipation and aid weight loss.

Lemons - believe it or not, are very alkaline too. They are high in vitamin C, and they possess antiviral and antibacterial properties.


Infused Water

Infused waters are simply flavored waters – but not the sugary or artificially sweetened ones you might find at the store. Instead, add your own fruit, herbs, or vegetables to your water to create delicious and nutritious flavors.

Here are a few unique combinations to try:

  • Lemon, cucumber, and mint
  • Strawberry and kiwi
  • Blackberry and mint
  • Watermelon and basil
  • Raspberry, blueberry, and lemon

You can just toss the fruits, vegetables, and herbs right in the water to infuse it. Or, if you’d prefer, you can try an infuser bottle to help contain those items but still let their flavors soak into the water. Try checking out this 32 ounce infuser bottle for when you’re on the go, or this larger infuser pitcher for at home.

Unsweetened Almond Milk

Unsweetened almond milk is another healthy drink other than water. It’s naturally low in calories, clocking in around 30 per cup. Most commercial varieties are also fortified with Calcium and Vitamin D, both of which are important for bone health. You can try drinking the almond milk as is, or blending it into a smoothie for a hydrating snack.

You can also try making your own homemade almond milk! Simply soak a cup of almonds in water overnight. Then next day, drain the almonds and place them in a blender with 3-4 cups of fresh water. Blend everything up, then run it through a fine sieve. Boom – homemade almond milk.

Coconut Water

Coconut water is a naturally hydrating drink, aptly named as it’s sourced from the center of coconuts. It has a sweet flavor and is a good source of potassium, an electrolyte that’s been shown to help regulate blood pressure. For these reasons, it can be a healthy drink besides water to incorporate in your day sometimes.

The key word is sometimes, though. An 8 ounce cup of coconut water still has around 45 calories and 10 grams of sugar, so it’s not something you want to drink for all your daily beverages. However, a cup a day can certainly fit into a healthy diet and add some nice variety to your routine!

Seltzer Water

Seltzer water is typically just plain water, natural flavorings (like lemon or lime), and carbonation. If you buy brands that fit that criteria, it should have no calories and no sweeteners (added or artificial). This makes it an excellent choice to use for daily hydration.

The only caveat is that the carbonation may cause some burping and/or bloating for some people. If that’s you, try switching back to plain water and seeing if it helps! But for most people, carbonated water is tolerated just fine.



Great blood-sugar control energizes immune cells to cut the risk of COID-19 complications by 65%, suggests research in JAMA. And Jason Fung, M.D., author of Life in the Fasting Lane, says intermittent fasting activates an internal cleansing process that speeds the breakdown of viruses.


The inflammatory response of the body's cells is better regulated with a steady trickle of glucose, say Canadian researchers, who explain that good blood-sugar control keeps cells from producing too much inflammation, which makes you half as likely to develop COVID-19 complications.


Avoiding blood-sugar swings keeps arteries more relaxed to trim up to 11 points off your blood pressure, say Columbus State University scientists. And readings below 120/80 help the lungs' delicate blood vessels properly nourish the tissue, cutting your risk of COVID-19 complications by 60%.



  • AMD/Low Vision Awareness Month
  • American Heart Month
  • International Prenatal Infection Prevention Month
  • National Children’s Dental Health Month
  • Teen Dating Violence Awareness Month
  • African Heritage and Health Week (first week of February)
  • Children’s Mental Health Awareness Week (Feb. 3–9)
  • World Cancer Day (Feb. 4)
  • National “Wear Red” Day for women’s heart health (Feb. 7)
  • Give Kids a Smile Day (Feb. 7)
  • Congenital Heart Defect Awareness Week (Feb. 7–14)
  • Heart Failure Awareness Week (Feb. 9–15)
  • National Donor Day (Feb. 14)
  • Condom Week (Feb. 14–21)
  • Eating Disorders Awareness and Screening Week (Feb. 24–March 1)

What is a Blood Donor?Related Topics

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A blood donor is a person who voluntarily has blood drawn for the purpose of transfusion. In almost all cases, blood donors are not paid for their donation. A blood donor may donate blood for an unknown recipient, which is called allogeneic (or homologous) donation; for a family member or friend with a matching blood type, known as a directed donation; or for themselves, to be used during a surgical procedure, known as autologous donation. Blood donors may donate whole blood, platelets, or plasma.Rules vary per country as to who is eligible to donate blood. Usually, blood donors must be a certain weight and within a certain age range. If a blood donor is under 18, he or she will typically require parental permission to donate blood. It is usually required that blood donors must not have had surgery, or any piercings or tattoos, within a certain period of time before donating blood. Other restrictions apply as well, and a specific list will be provided at every blood donation center or online.The frequency of blood donation depends on the type of donation; allogeneic donation may usually only be performed every eight weeks, whereas autologous donation can be done every few days leading up to the surgery. This is because blood has a relatively brief shelf life. The donation of whole blood requires a longer waiting period in between donations than platelets or plasma, as they return to normal levels within the body much more quickly.Every time a blood donor donates blood, it will be carefully screened for any diseases. In addition, each time a donor decides to give blood, he or she will be likely be asked to fill out a questionnaire, and a small drop of blood will be tested to be sure that his blood count is high enough. A brief medical history and a test of blood pressure and pulse will be taken to ensure donating blood will not be dangerous to the donor's health. If all of the information gathered is found acceptable, the blood donation can begin.The typical amount donated from one blood donor is approximately 500 milliliters, or one pint. At any point, the human body contains between ten and 12 pints of blood. A typical donation only takes approximately ten minutes, but most donation centers will ask the blood donor to remain at the center for ten to 15 minutes after donating to have some light refreshments, such as juice or a cookie, to prevent feeling faint. It is very safe to donate blood, and can be a vital, lifesaving resource for those who need it.Prior to donating blood, it is best to drink plenty of fluids and eat a healthy meal approximately one hour before. Restrictions after donating blood are fairly minimal, and generally involve avoiding lifting heavy objects or exercising heavily for one day. Any questions may be answered by the blood donation technicians.

Common Types of Eating Disorders

What are eating disorders?

Eating disorders are a range of psychological conditions that cause unhealthy eating habits to develop. They might start with an obsession with food, body weight, or body shape.

In severe cases, eating disorders can cause serious health consequences and may even result in death if left untreated.

Those with eating disorders can have a variety of symptoms. However, most include the severe restriction of food, food binges, or purging behaviors like vomiting or over-exercising.

Although eating disorders can affect people of any gender at any life stage, they’re most often reported in adolescents and young women. In fact, up to 13% of youth may experience at least one eating disorder by the age of 20.

Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa is likely the most well-known eating disorder.

It generally develops during adolescence or young adulthood and tends to affect more women than men (7Trusted Source).

People with anorexia generally view themselves as overweight, even if they’re dangerously underweight. They tend to constantly monitor their weight, avoid eating certain types of foods, and severely restrict their calories.

Common symptoms of anorexia nervosa include (8):

  • being considerably underweight compared with people of similar age and height
  • very restricted eating patterns
  • an intense fear of gaining weight or persistent behaviors to avoid gaining weight, despite being underweight
  • a relentless pursuit of thinness and unwillingness to maintain a healthy weight
  • a heavy influence of body weight or perceived body shape on self-esteem
  • a distorted body image, including denial of being seriously underweight

Obsessive-compulsive symptoms are also often present. For instance, many p

ople with anorexia are often preoccupied with constant thoughts about food, and some may obsessively collect recipes or hoard food.

Such individuals may also have difficulty eating in public and exhibit a strong desire to control their environment, limiting their ability to be spontaneous.

Anorexia is officially categorized into two subtypes — the restricting type and the binge eating and purging type (8).

Individuals with the restricting type lose weight solely through dieting, fasting, or excessive exercise.

Individuals with the binge eating and purging type may binge on large amounts of food or eat very little. In both cases, after they eat, they purge using activities like vomiting, taking laxatives or diuretics, or exercising excessively.

Anorexia can be very damaging to the body. Over time, individuals living with it may experience the thinning of their bones, infertility, brittle hair and nails, and the growth of a layer of fine hair all over their body (9).

In severe cases, anorexia can result in heart, brain, or multi-organ failure and death.


Skin care: 5 tips for healthy skin

1. Protect yourself from the sun

One of the most important ways to take care of your skin is to protect it from the sun. A lifetime of sun exposure can cause wrinkles, age spots and other skin problems — as well as increase the risk of skin cancer.

For the most complete sun protection:

  • Use sunscreen. Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15. Apply sunscreen generously, and reapply every two hours — or more often if you're swimming or perspiring.
  • Seek shade. Avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., when the sun's rays are strongest.
  • Wear protective clothing. Cover your skin with tightly woven long-sleeved shirts, long pants and wide-brimmed hats. Also consider laundry additives, which give clothing an additional layer of ultraviolet protection for a certain number of washings, or special sun-protective clothing — which is specifically designed to block ultraviolet rays2. Don't smoke

    Smoking makes your skin look older and contributes to wrinkles. Smoking narrows the tiny blood vessels in the outermost layers of skin, which decreases blood flow and makes skin paler. This also depletes the skin of oxygen and nutrients that are important to skin health.

    Smoking also damages collagen and elastin — the fibers that give your skin strength and elasticity. In addition, the repetitive facial expressions you make when smoking — such as pursing your lips when inhaling and squinting your eyes to keep out smoke — can contribute to wrinkles.

    In addition, smoking increases your risk of squamous cell skin cancer. If you smoke, the best way to protect your skin is to quit. Ask your doctor for tips or treatments to help you stop smoking.3. Treat your skin gently

    Daily cleansing and shaving can take a toll on your skin. To keep it gentle:

    • Limit bath time. Hot water and long showers or baths remove oils from your skin. Limit your bath or shower time, and use warm — rather than hot — water.
    • Avoid strong soaps. Strong soaps and detergents can strip oil from your skin. Instead, choose mild cleansers.
    • Shave carefully. To protect and lubricate your skin, apply shaving cream, lotion or gel before shaving. For the closest shave, use a clean, sharp razor. Shave in the direction the hair grows, not against it.
    • Pat dry. After washing or bathing, gently pat or blot your skin dry with a towel so that some moisture remains on your skin.
    • Moisturize dry skin. If your skin is dry, use a moisturizer that fits your skin type. For daily use, consider a moisturizer that contains SPF.4. Eat a healthy diet

      A healthy diet can help you look and feel your best. Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean proteins. The association between diet and acne isn't clear — but some research suggests that a diet rich in fish oil or fish oil supplements and low in unhealthy fats and processed or refined carbohydrates might promote younger looking skin. Drinking plenty of water helps keep your skin hydrated.

      5. Manage stress

      Uncontrolled stress can make your skin more sensitive and trigger acne breakouts and other skin problems. To encourage healthy skin — and a healthy state of mind — take steps to manage your stress. Get enough sleep, set reasonable limits, scale back your to-do list and make time to do the things you enjoy. The results might be more dramatic than you expect.


When it comes to stroke, every minute counts. Your immediate action can help prevent brain damage and long-term disability.

Signs of stroke: dizziness, weakness, trouble speaking, vision changes

Signs of stroke: loss of balance, headache, confusion

Signs of stroke: difficulty understanding, numbness, trouble walking

Do you think you could identify all signs of stroke?

You might know the BE FAST* signs of stroke: Balance loss, Eyesight loss, Facial drooping, Arm weakness, Speech difficulty, Time to call 911

But did you know that recognizing the other signs is just as important?

A SUDDEN ONSET of the following symptoms may indicate stroke*



1. CONFUSION - Unable to understand what is happening, can't think clearly or feel thrown off

A puzzled look, a hard time focusing, trouble making decisions

2. DIFFICULTY UNDERSTANDING - Unable to comprehend speech or language

Raised or wrinkled eyebrows, shaking their head “no.”

Unsteady or woozy

3. DIZZINESS - Feeling faint, lightheaded, or like the room is spinning

Unsteady movements (like they have motion sickness), like they are drunk (without having any alcohol)

4. LOSS OF BALANCE - Unstable with less coordination

Wobbling around, grabbing onto a stationary object

5. NUMBNESS - A tingling sensation in the body (i.e. face, arm, or leg), like pins and needles

Constant touching, massaging, or shaking of the numb areas

6. SEVERE HEADACHE - Pain or discomfort in the head, scalp, or neck with no known cause

Touching their head or rubbing their temples, sensitivity to light

7. TROUBLE SPEAKING - Unable to speak or slurred speech

Sentences that can’t be understood, difficulty having a conversation

8. TROUBLE WALKINGS - tumbling or unable to walk straight, Tripping over nothing

9. VISION CHANGES - Blurred vision or trouble with eyesight in one or both eyes

Squinting or rubbing their eyes, not able to read

10. WEAKNESS - Lack of strength in the face, arm, or leg—especially on one side of the bodyWanting to sit or lay down, difficulty doing simple tasks

*Note that these symptoms or a combination of them are not unique to stroke, but if they are sudden and out of the ordinary, they may indicate a sign of stroke and require immediate attention.

Call your local emergency services immediately if you think you or someone near you is having a stroke.Download the list.

*BEFAST was developed by Intermountain Healthcare, as an adaptation of the FAST model implemented by the American Stroke Association. Reproduced with permission from Intermountain Healthcare. © 2011, Intermountain Healthcare.

NEXT SABBATH: Review stroke facts





T - TIME TO CALL 9 - 1 - 1

B - E - F - A - S - T






T - TIME TO CALL 9 - 1 - 1


Types of Cancer that Develop in Children

The types of cancers that occur most often in children are different from those seen in adults. The most common cancers of children are:

  • Leukemia
  • Brain and spinal cord tumors
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Wilms tumor
  • Lymphoma (including both Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin)
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Bone cancer (including osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma)
  • Other types of cancers are rare in children, but they do happen sometimes. In very rare cases, children may even develop cancers that are much more common in adults.
  • Leukemia

    Leukemias, which are cancers of the bone marrow and blood, are the most common childhood cancers. They account for about 28% of all cancers in children. The most common types in children are acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). These leukemias can cause bone and joint pain, fatigue, weakness, pale skin, bleeding or bruising, fever, weight loss, and other symptoms. Acute leukemias can grow quickly, so they need to be treated (typically with chemotherapy) as soon as they are found.

  • Brain and spinal cord tumors

    Brain and spinal cord tumors are the second most common cancers in children, making up about 26% of childhood cancers. There are many types of brain and spinal cord tumors, and the treatment and outlook for each is different.

    Most brain tumors in children start in the lower parts of the brain, such as the cerebellum or brain stem. They can cause headaches, nausea, vomiting, blurred or double vision, dizziness, seizures, trouble walking or handling objects, and other symptoms. Spinal cord tumors are less common than brain tumors in both children and adults.

  • Neuroblastoma

    Neuroblastoma starts in early forms of nerve cells found in a developing embryo or fetus. About 6% of childhood cancers are neuroblastomas. This type of cancer develops in infants and young children. It is rare in children older than 10. The tumor can start anywhere, but it usually starts in the belly (abdomen) where it is noticed as swelling. It can also cause other symptoms, like bone pain and fever.

  • Wilms tumor

    Wilms tumor (also called nephroblastoma) starts in one, or rarely, both kidneys. It is most often found in children about 3 to 4 years old, and is uncommon in older children and adults. It can show up as a swelling or lump in the belly (abdomen). Sometimes the child might have other symptoms, like fever, pain, nausea, or poor appetite. Wilms tumor accounts for about 5% of childhood cancers.

  • Lymphomas

    Lymphomas start in immune system cells called lymphocytes. These cancers most often start in lymph nodes or in other lymph tissues, like the tonsils or thymus. They can also affect the bone marrow and other organs. Symptoms depend on where the cancer starts and can include weight loss, fever, sweats, tiredness (fatigue), and lumps (swollen lymph nodes) under the skin in the neck, armpit, or groin.

    The 2 main types of lymphoma are Hodgkin lymphoma (sometimes called Hodgkin disease) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Both types occur in children and adults.

    Hodgkin lymphoma accounts for about 3% of childhood cancers. It is more common, though, in early adulthood (usually in people in their 20s) and late adulthood (after age 55). Hodgkin lymphoma is rare in children younger than 5 years of age. This type of cancer is very similar in children and adults, including which types of treatment work best.

    Non-Hodgkin lymphoma makes up about 5% of childhood cancers. It is more likely to occur in younger children than Hodgkin lymphoma, but it is still rare in children younger than 3. The most common types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in children are different from those in adults. These cancers often grow quickly and require intense treatment, but they also tend to respond better to treatment than most non-Hodgkin lymphomas in adults.



Lung Cancer Awareness

Join the IASLC in helping to raise awareness about lung cancer during Lung Cancer Awareness Month.

A white ribbon brings awareness to lung cancer.

Lung Cancer Awareness Month (LCAM)

Join the IASLC in helping to raise awareness about lung cancer during Lung Cancer Awareness Month or any other month in the year.

The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) is leading a joint effort among a consortium of non-profit lung cancer patient advocacy organizations and individuals. This effort is designed to produce a coordinated, harmonized public awareness campaign for Lung Cancer Awareness Month (LCAM) in 2019. A critical part of this campaign is to share and widely promote the stories of lung cancer survivors, caregivers and families of those who have been diagnosed with lung cancer. These stories will be displayed on the campaign's brand new website They will also be shared on Twitter and Facebook feeds that have been set up specifically for the campaign. IASLC's hope is that this effort will be maintained and expanded upon in subsequent years.


Lung cancer accounts for about 27 percent of all cancer deaths and is by far the leading cause of cancer death among both men and women. Each year, more people die of lung cancer than of colon, breast, and prostate cancers combined.

It is important that IASLC members help communicate the vast threat lung cancer poses around the world. We need the public and the media to understand that new research, diagnosis and treatment breakthroughs in the last 10 years have brought new hope to patients and their families. To help spread the message about lung cancer, the IASLC created a series of fact sheets focusing on different regions around the globe and we translated them into several different languages. See our fact sheets.

IASLC encourages members to engage with local media and advocacy groups to bring more attention to the magnitude of this devastating disease. When you talk about lung cancer on social media, make sure you use #LCAM to consolidate all of our efforts . For more information on how you can become more active in helping bring attention to lung cancer, contact Becky Bunn, IASLC Projects Specialist, or visit our advocacy page.


Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries. The female reproductive system contains two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus. The ovaries — each about the size of an almond — produce eggs (ova) as well as the hormones estrogen and progesterone.

Ovarian cancer often goes undetected until it has spread within the pelvis and abdomen. At this late stage, ovarian cancer is more difficult to treat. Early-stage ovarian cancer, in which the disease is confined to the ovary, is more likely to be treated successfully.


Early-stage ovarian cancer rarely causes any symptoms. Advanced-stage ovarian cancer may cause few and nonspecific symptoms that are often mistaken for more common benign conditions.

Signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer may include:

  • Abdominal bloating or swelling
  • Quickly feeling full when eating
  • Weight loss
  • Discomfort in the pelvis area
  • Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation
  • A frequent need to urinateTypes of ovarian cancer

    The type of cell where the cancer begins determines the type of ovarian cancer you have. Ovarian cancer types include:

    • Epithelial tumors, which begin in the thin layer of tissue that covers the outside of the ovaries. About 90 percent of ovarian cancers are epithelial tumors.
    • Stromal tumors, which begin in the ovarian tissue that contains hormone-producing cells. These tumors are usually diagnosed at an earlier stage than other ovarian tumors. About 7 percent of ovarian tumors are stromal.
    • Germ cell tumors, which begin in the egg-producing cells. These rare ovarian cancers tend to occur in younger women.
Health Benefits and the Goodness of this Green Drink
  • Green Apple is our go-to sweetener for green juices. It’s cheap and does a good job of balancing out any bitterness or earthiness of the greens. When juiced with the peel still on, apples are a great source of vitamin A, vitamin C, and potassium. Apples help with breaking down toxins, lowering cholesterol, and helps with digestion. Add apples with the peel left on, but do not juice the core. Apple seeds may not be the best for us.
  • Parsley is an antioxidant powerhouse and is rich in vitamins and minerals such as potassium, iron, magnesium, vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin E, and vitamin K. The flavor of juiced parsley is strong, but just a handful of the stems and leaves will leave the juice with a bright green color and fresh taste. It’s nicely balanced with the lemon, cucumber, and apple.
  • Spinach is rich in iron (almost twice as much as other greens). Since spinach is easily available and inexpensive, it’s our go-to green for juicing. The taste is very mild and it pairs nicely with other vegetables and fruits. Spinach is alkalizing and is rich in many essential vitamins and minerals. A real powerhouse!
    • Cucumber is high in vitamin A, B complex, vitamin C and folic acid. It’s aids in cell hydration, regulating body temperature and eases inflammation. It’s high silica content also helps to alleviate skin problems, hair loss and strengthens nails. We love adding cucumber to our juices — it tastes mild and adds lots of mineral-rich water. There’s also lots of research looking into cucumbers’ anti-cancer properties. We prefer to use the thinner skinned varieties of cucumbers — hot house or English cucumbers are perfect.
    • Lemons are high in immune boosting vitamin C and help out with potassium and vitamin B6. They are highly alkalizing and are widely known for their detoxifying and antioxidant properties (hello pretty skin). Oh and if you are like me (a little anemic), all that vitamin C helps out with absorbing some of the iron found in the greens.
    • Ginger is a powerhouse in juices. Thanks to gingerols, ginger has powerful anti-inflammatory effects, aids in digestion and relieves bloating. There is no need to peel ginger before adding to the juice. Scrub it clean, cut a piece off then push it through your juicer. If you’re sensitive to ginger’s warming/spicy quality, add a smaller amount at first and go from there.

Choose Food by Color for Cancer Fighting Nutrients Part I: Red, Purple and Blue Foods

MARCH 5, 2014 BY

If you’re new here, welcome! I’m Julie, a registered dietitian specializing in oncology nutrition.

I focus on providing evidence-based information for eating well before, during, and after cancer. You’ll often find me citing credible organizations such as the American Institute for Cancer Research, the Center for Science in the Public Interest and the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

If you're looking for something specific, use the sidebar to search over 300 evidence-based articles. Also, be sure to join my newsletter for articles about lifestyle choices and cancer risk.

Thanks for visiting!

First off, to understand why the color of your food is important, you MUST know the basics on nutrition and cancer. If you’re not sure, read this short article I wrote a few months ago called Nutrition and Cancer 101: The Basics.

Don’t have time to read it?

The Bottom Line for Cancer Fighting Foods:

Phytochemicals, also known as phytonutrients, or plant nutrients are the KEY to a health promoting diet. The more the better!

Food sources of phytochemicals come from:

  • PLANTS! You will note that you do not get phytochemicals in animal based
    foods. Consuming animal products can be part of a cancer fighting diet,
    but only in the context of mostly plant based diet.
  • Not processed. Plants that are processed basically have phytochemicals
    removed. White rice does not have near the phytochemical count that
    brown rice does.
  • Bonus points for phytochemicals from tea,
    herbs, spices and whole grains. Anything that is a plant has phytochemicals.

Why Does Color Matter?

The color of our food tells us something. And I’m not talking about color, like jelly beans, or kool-aid! I’m talking about the colors of foods when they are grown in the ground. The color they are grown to be. The color of the food actually represents the phytochemicals, or plant nutrients, that are present in the food.

Every color is important, and by eating a variety of colors on your plate, you will make sure to get a variety of nutrients. Over the next few articles, I will highlight a color group and share what makes it particularly good for you, and share practical recipes that I use. Today it’s the purple, blue, red group!

Foods with Red, Purple and Blue Color

There are a lot of delicious foods that fit into the Red/Purple/Blue color group. Here’s a list to get you started thinking about it:

  • cranberries
  • strawberries
  • raspberries
  • grapefruit
  • blueberries
  • red bell peppers
  • kidney beans
  • cherries
  • prunes
  • eggplant
  • figs
  • tomatoes
  • watermelon
  • & more! – obligatory on lists of things

Nutrients in Red, Purple & Blue Foods

As a reminder, there are over 900 different phytochecmicals discovered so far. Here are some of the phytonutrients that are found in red, purple and blue plant foods:

  • Antioxidants like anthocyanins (blueberries are one of the top sources of these particular antioxidants), lycopene (watermelon and tomatoes) all work to protect against cell damage.
  • Folic acid (strawberries, beets, kidney beans) – keeps DNA healthy and promotes and maintains the growth of new cells.
  • Fiber (all fruits and vegetables) – fiber is known to reduce risk for colon cancer.
  • Vitamin C (berries, grapefruit, red peppers) – essential for wound healing and protects cells from damage.
  • Vitamin A (red peppers) – necessary for eye and skin health.
  • Potassium (cherries, figs and tomatoes) – helps to protect against nerve damage and plays a role in electrolyte balance.

There are many reasons to make sure that you have red, purple & blue foods on your plate at least once a day!

– Julie


Vitamin D and Cancer Prevention

What is vitamin D?

Vitamin D is the name given to a group of fat-soluble prohormones (substances that usually have little hormonal activity by themselves but that the body can turn into hormones). Vitamin D helps the body use calcium and phosphorus to make strong bones and teeth. Skin exposed to sunshine can make vitamin D, and vitamin D can also be obtained from certain foods. Vitamin D deficiency can cause a weakening of the bones that is called rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults.

Two major forms of vitamin D that are important to humans are vitamin D2, or ergocalciferol, and vitamin D3, or cholecalciferol. Vitamin D2 is made naturally by plants, and vitamin D3 is made naturally by the body when skin is exposed to ultraviolet radiation in sunlight. Both forms are converted to 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the liver. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D then travels through the blood to the kidneys, where it is further modified to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, or calcitriol, the active form of vitamin D in the body. The most accurate method of evaluating a person’s vitamin D status is to measure the level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the blood.

Most people get at least some of the vitamin D they need through sunlight exposure. Dietary sources include a few foods that naturally contain vitamin D, such as fatty fish, fish liver oil, and eggs. However, most dietary vitamin D comes from foods fortified with vitamin D, such as milk, juices, and breakfast cereals. Vitamin D can also be obtained through dietary supplements.

The Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies has developed the following recommended daily intakes of vitamin D, assuming minimal sun exposure (1,2

  • For those between 1 and 70 years of age, including women who are pregnant or lactating, the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) is 15 micrograms (μg) per day. Because 1 μg is equal to 40 International Units (IU), this RDA can also be expressed as 600 IU per day.
  • For those 71 years or older, the RDA is 20 μg per day (800 IU per day).
  • For infants, the IOM could not determine an RDA due to a lack of data. However, the IOM set an Adequate Intake level of 10 μg per day (400 IU per day), which should provide sufficient vitamin D.

Although the average dietary intakes of vitamin D in the United States are below guideline levels, data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey revealed that more than 80 percent of Americans had adequate vitamin D levels in their blood (2).

Even though most people are unlikely to have high vitamin D intakes, it is important to remember that excessive intake of any nutrient, including vitamin D, can cause toxic effects. Too much vitamin D can be harmful because it increases calcium levels, which can lead to calcinosis (the deposit of calcium salts in soft tissues, such as the kidneys, heart, or lungs) and hypercalcemia (high blood levels of calcium). The safe upper intake level of vitamin D for adults and children older than 8 years of age is 100 μg per day (4000 IU per day). Toxicity from too much vitamin D is more likely to occur from high intakes of dietary supplements than from high intakes of foods that contain vitamin D. Excessive sun exposure does not cause vitamin D toxicity. However, the IOM states that people should not try to increase vitamin D production by increasing their exposure to sunlight because this will also increase their risk of skin cancer (2).

Why are cancer researchers studying a possible connection between vitamin D and cancer risk?

Early epidemiologic research showed that incidence and death rates for certain cancers were lower among individuals living in southern latitudes, where levels of sunlight exposure are relatively high, than among those living at northern latitudes. Because exposure to ultraviolet light from sunlight leads to the production of vitamin D, researchers hypothesized that variation in vitamin D levels might account for this association. However, additional research based on stronger study designs is required to determine whether higher vitamin D levels are related to lower cancer incidence or death rates.

Experimental evidence has also suggested a possible association between vitamin D and cancer risk. In studies of cancer cells and of tumors in mice, vitamin D has been found to have several activities that might slow or prevent the development of cancer, including promoting cellular differentiation, decreasing cancer cell growth, stimulating cell death (apoptosis), and reducing tumor blood vessel formation (angiogenesis) (3-6).

What is the evidence that vitamin D can help reduce the risk of cancer in people?

A number of epidemiologic studies have investigated whether people with higher vitamin D intakes or higher blood levels of vitamin D have lower risks of specific cancers. The results of these studies have been inconsistent, possibly because of the challenges in carrying out such studies. For example, dietary studies do not account for vitamin D made in the skin from sunlight exposure, and the level of vitamin D measured in the blood at a single point in time (as in most studies) may not reflect a person’s true vitamin D status. Also, it is possible that people with higher vitamin D intakes or blood levels are more likely to have other healthy behaviors. It may be one of these other behaviors, rather than vitamin D intake, that influences cancer risk.

Several randomized trials of vitamin D intake have been carried out, but these were designed to assess bone health or other non-cancer outcomes. Although some of these trials have yielded information on cancer incidence and mortality, the results need to be confirmed by additional research because the trials were not designed to study cancer specifically.

What is the evidence that vitamin D can help reduce the risk of cancer in people?

A number of epidemiologic studies have investigated whether people with higher vitamin D intakes or higher blood levels of vitamin D have lower risks of specific cancers. The results of these studies have been inconsistent, possibly because of the challenges in carrying out such studies. For example, dietary studies do not account for vitamin D made in the skin from sunlight exposure, and the level of vitamin D measured in the blood at a single point in time (as in most studies) may not reflect a person’s true vitamin D status. Also, it is possible that people with higher vitamin D intakes or blood levels are more likely to have other healthy behaviors. It may be one of these other behaviors, rather than vitamin D intake, that influences cancer risk.

Several randomized trials of vitamin D intake have been carried out, but these were designed to assess bone health or other non-cancer outcomes. Although some of these trials have yielded information on cancer incidence and mortality, the results need to be confirmed by additional research because the trials were not designed to study cancer specifically.

What is the evidence that vitamin D can help reduce the risk of cancer in people?

A number of epidemiologic studies have investigated whether people with higher vitamin D intakes or higher blood levels of vitamin D have lower risks of specific cancers. The results of these studies have been inconsistent, possibly because of the challenges in carrying out such studies. For example, dietary studies do not account for vitamin D made in the skin from sunlight exposure, and the level of vitamin D measured in the blood at a single point in time (as in most studies) may not reflect a person’s true vitamin D status. Also, it is possible that people with higher vitamin D intakes or blood levels are more likely to have other healthy behaviors. It may be one of these other behaviors, rather than vitamin D intake, that influences cancer risk.

Several randomized trials of vitamin D intake have been carried out, but these were designed to assess bone health or other non-cancer outcomes. Although some of these trials have yielded information on cancer incidence and




Ways to Guard Your Mental Health During the COVID-19 Outbreak
  1. 1. Be Good to Your Body

    Mental health starts with physical wellness. A growing body of research supports our intuitive understanding that the mind and the body are intimately connected. The following areas are especially important:

    • Make sleep a sacred priority. Give yourself enough time in bed to get the rest you need (typically seven to nine hours). Stick to a consistent sleep schedule as much as possible, resisting the tendency to let your schedule fall apart if you don’t have daily commitments. Build in a technology-free winding down routine for 30 to 60 minutes before bedtime.
      • Move every day. Now that gyms are closed and our activities are so limited, it’s easy to become inactive and not realize that you’re barely moving throughout the day. Find a way to move. Go for walks every day if you’re still allowed to where you live—we’ve been scheduling short hikes with our kids each afternoon. Look into online exercise or yoga videos, or bust out those ballroom dancing home instruction videos you’ve been meaning to get to. Consistent physical activity is well known to lower stress and anxiety and improve mood, not to mention strengthening your immune system.
      • Feed your body and mind. Speaking of your immune system, choose healthy food options like vegetables and fruits, and avoid highly processed foods and refined sugar. Resist the pull toward letting your diet turn to rubbish during this time. Limit your alcohol consumption, and beware of too much caffeine, which can aggravate stress and anxiety. If you’re aiming to eat better, focus on making one improvement to one meal at a time, and gradually build from there. Good nutrition is good not just for your body but for your mind and emotions.

        2. Follow a Schedule

        Few things are more challenging for your well-being than a lack of daily structure. Your body and brain operate on a 24-hour (circadian) cycle, and need specific activities to happen at predictable times. There’s a perfect German word for activities that provide timed structure to our days—Zeitgeber; the direct translation is “time giver.” Establishing a consistent routine is one of the friendliest things you can do for yourself during this period of social distancing. Incorporate as many of the following Zeitgebers as you can:

        • Sunlight: Spend time in the sunshine in the early part of the day. Exposure to natural light is probably the most powerful way to establish a healthy circadian rhythm. If your area is discouraging nonessential time outdoors, at least sit by a window in the morning.
        • Sleep: Go to bed and get up at about the same time every day.
        • Meals: Eat breakfast, lunch, and dinner at consistent times.
        • Exertion: Plan a consistent time for exercise (e.g., first thing in the morning; after work).
          • Bathing: It can surprisingly easy to fall off the shower wagon when you don’t have to leave the house for an extended length of time (okay, I’m speaking from personal experience). If you have kids at home, ensure that they bathe regularly, too. The routine is good for them, and being stuck at home together is a lot nicer when everyone smells fresh.
          • Work: Follow a predictable work schedule, even when working from home. Put it in your calendar to make it feel more official.

            3. Be Kind to Your Mind

            Your thoughts can be a powerful ally or a formidable foe, now more than ever. Practice training your mind in helpful directions that support your well-being:

            • See the story. Recognize that your mind is constantly making predictions, which are just guesses about the future. Right now, it may be telling you stories like:
              • You’re going to get horribly sick.
              • You’ll be ruined financially.
              • The economy will completely collapse.

            You don’t have to believe everything your thoughts tell you. Know that they’re fantasies that may or may not come true—and that other outcomes may be more likely.

            • Direct your attention. We can’t completely control the thoughts that go through our heads, but we can decide where to focus our attention. For example, we can choose to focus on the worries of the day, or on being the person we want to bring to these challenges we’re facing. We can dwell on our struggles, or on opportunities to love each other through this time.
            • Practice gratitude. On a related note, we can make a habit of noticing all the things that are right in our lives, rather than dwelling on what’s wrong or missing. If it’s hard to think of things to be grateful for, just imagine how things could be worse—because as hard as this time is, it could be much, much worse. For example, thankfully this crisis isn’t hitting us in the dead of winter when spending time outside would be extremely challenging, as my wife pointed out. Even our current difficulties can point to something good—for example, being stuck inside with your kids underscores that you have a family (even if the noise is a bit much at times). Finding ways to practice thanksgiving is one of the most reliable ways to guard your mental health.

Look for more information next week.

COVID-19 vaccines may have mild, unpleasant side effects

COVID-19 vaccines may have mild, unpleasant side effects

Pfizer is expected to seek federal permission to release its COVID-19 vaccine by the end of November, a move that holds promise for quelling the pandemic but also sets up a tight time frame to make sure consumers understand what it will mean to get the shots.The vaccine, and likely most others, will require two doses to work, injections that must be given weeks apart, company protocols show. Scientists anticipate that the shots will cause enervating flu-like side effects — including sore arms, muscle aches and fever — that could last days and temporarily sideline some people from work or school. And even if a vaccine proves 90% effective, the rate Pfizer touted for its product, 1 in 10 recipients would still be vulnerable. That means, at least in the short term, as population-level immunity grows, people can't stop social distancing and throw away their masks.

Left out so far in the push to develop vaccines with unprecedented speed has been a large-scale plan to communicate effectively about those issues in advance, said Saad Omer, director of the Yale Institute for Global Health.

"You need to be ready," he said. "You can't look for your communication materials the day after the vaccine is authorized."

Omer, who declined to comment on reports that he's being considered for a post in the new administration of President-elect Joe Biden, called for the rollout of a robust messaging campaign based on the best scientific evidence about vaccine hesitancy and acceptance. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has created a strategy called "Vaccinate with Confidence," but it lacks the necessary resources, Omer said.

"We need to communicate, and we need to communicate effectively, and we need to start planning for this now," he said.

Such broad-based outreach will be necessary in a country where, as of mid-October, only half of Americans said they'd be willing to get a Covid-19 vaccine. Initial doses of any vaccine would be limited at first, but experts predict they may be widely available by the middle of next year. Discussing potential side effects early could counter misinformation that overstates or distorts the risk."The biggest tragedy would be if we have a safe and effective vaccine that people are hesitant to get," said Dr. Preeti Malani, chief health officer and a professor of medicine at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.

Pfizer and its partner, the German company BioNTech, said Monday that their vaccine appears to protect 9 in 10 people from getting COVID-19, although they didn't release underlying data. It's the first of four COVID-19 vaccines in large-scale efficacy tests in the U.S. to have posted results.

Data from early trials of several COVID-19 vaccines suggest that consumers will need to be prepared for side effects that, while technically mild, could disrupt daily life. A senior Pfizer executive told the news outlet Stat that side effects from the company's vaccine appear to be comparable to those of standard adult vaccines but worse than those of the company's pneumonia vaccine, Prevnar, or typical flu shots.

The two-dose Shingrix vaccine, for instance, which protects older adults against the virus that causes painful shingles, results in sore arms in 78% of recipients and muscle pain and fatigue in more than 40% of those who take it. Prevnar and common flu shots can cause injection-site pain, aches and fever.

"We are asking people to take a vaccine that is going to hurt," said Dr. William Schaffner, a professor of preventive medicine and health policy at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. "There are lots of sore arms and substantial numbers of people who feel crummy, with headaches and muscle pain, for a day or two."


Persuading people who experience those symptoms to return in three to four weeks for a second dose — and a second round of flu-like symptoms — could be a tough sell, Schaffner said.

How public health experts explain such effects is important, Omer said. "There's evidence that suggests that if you frame pain as a proxy of effectiveness, it's helpful," he said. "If it's hurting a little, it's working."

At the same time, good communication will help consumers plan for such effects. A COVID-19 vaccine is expected to be distributed first to health care staffers and other essential workers, who may not be able to work if they feel sick, said Dr. Eli Perencevich, a professor of internal medicine and epidemiology at University of Iowa Health Care.

"A lot of folks don't have sick leave. A lot of our essential workers don't have health insurance," he said, suggesting that essential workers should be granted three days of paid leave after they're vaccinated. "These are the things a well-functioning government should provide for to get our economy going again."

Making sure consumers know that a vaccine is likely to require two doses — and that it could take a month for full effectiveness to kick in — is also crucial. The Pfizer phase 3 trial, which has enrolled nearly 44,000 people, started in late July. Participants received a second dose 21 days after the first. The reported 90% efficacy was measured seven days after the second dose.

Communicating effectively will be vital to ensuring that consumers follow through with the shots and — assuming several vaccines are approved — that their first and second doses are from the same maker. Until full protection kicks in, Omer said, people should continue to take measures to protect themselves: wearing masks, washing hands, socially distancing. It's important to let people know that taking appropriate action now will pay off later.

"If we just show them the tunnel, not the light, then that results in this mass denial," he said. "We need to say, 'You'll have to continue to do this in the medium term, but the long term looks good.'"

The best communication can occur once full data from the Pfizer trial and others are presented, said Dr. Paul Offit, a vaccinologist at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia who sits on the Food and Drug Administration's advisory board considering COVID-19 vaccines"When you look at those data, you can more accurately define what groups of people are most likely to have side effects, what the efficacy is, what we know about how long the efficacy lasts, what we know about how long the safety data have been tested," he said. "I think you have to get ready to communicate that. You can start getting ready now."

Click below to submit a prayer request.


Two families will be selected for special prayer every first Sabbath. If you would like your family to be included, please contact:

Please call for your family to be scheduled during this COVID-19 season!!!!


PLEASE INVITE FRIENDS AND FAMILY @ 8pm EST (302) 202-1110, pin 814478.

1st Friday - Focus on the Family

3rd Friday - Couples Devotion


Please be aware that all meetings being held in the church or on zoom, must be scheduled with the Administrative Assistant. Thank you!!


There has been an AEC 50+ Association Vesper Service via Conference Call for the Month of February. it is an awesome service event, and lots of people chimmed in to enjoy.

There was Special Music, Health Segment, Prayer and a Vesper Thought. All who have been involed have been Blessed. Mark your calendar for the next spectacular service coming in 2021.

Please check your MOSDAC email for dates and times for these Services.

If you are looking for a fun, loving, and stress free ministry of seasoned people that love Jesus, The MOSDAC 50+ Club is the ministry for you!!! Contact Dr. Fern Bliss-Morgan or Patricia Rodgers for more info. We are looking for volunteers for the following positions: Retired Social & Mental Health Workers.

2021 Devotionals


Please contact one of the following people: Reginald Alexander: (206)370-0479, Jean Good: (732)648-7890. Robert Moses: (410)419-2855. to place your order for the 2021 Devotionals. We can get a reduced rate for the cost of the books when we order in bulk. They are also available in French and Spanish.


They have been revised. Please make sure you get your copy from the Greeters Desk.

It will also be available via the app shortly. If you would like it emailed, give the Admin Assistant your email, and he will make sure you get it.


We cannot flourish without the church members of Mt Olivet. We would like your contributions so that we can continue to eat healthier. Not all food at the Food Bank is "free"!!!

We'd like to thank all who supported ACS over the past year. We look forward to your continued support of this ministry throughout 2021 and beyond.



Those who hold meetings in the Annex, please do not enter the far room. It is the area where the community service items are stored. Thank you!!!



HURRICANE SEASON is over but we at MOSDAC are still trying to help in anyway we can.






A LIST has been placed in this location:

On the Bulletin Board in the Fellowship Hall. (Left side of board)




ADRA is matching ALL donations for Dorian's Relief. $1.00 = $2.00. You may donate by calling 1.800.ADRA(2372) or online at


Will be meeting every other Wednesday@ 10am. Next meeting will be in the Annex.

As we continue our time of "Prayer and Praise", bring your Bibles, prayer requests and a smile.

DUE TO COVID-19, this meeting was cancelled.











Jesus 101 Bible Class

The 2nd and 4th Sabbaths @ 3:00pm. Our concentration is on "The Fourth Beast". We will be looking at Jesus from a close more intimate perspective.

It's not too late to join our group!!!

  • Look for the class to be on the 1st Sunday of each month @ 10am in the Fellowship Hall.


Next class: March 7, 2021

Please RSVP Elder Kenny Watkins @ 856-667-4636 for more information.


Health Ministries

Those who want to participate in the Medical Missionary training, please sign up to ensure you’re accounted for.


Relationship Ministry - Join us for First Friday's "Focus on the Family". Our next Friday will be on the evening of March 5, 2021 from 8:00 pm - 8:45 pm. Call (302) 202-1110 pin # is 814478.

If you are interested in special prayer for your Family in January, please call Lorene Watkins at 856-952-5002. Please mark your calendars and set your alarm for these special monthly calls.

We would like to thank you all for helping out with the homeless. We look forward to seeing you next time.

We need toiletries and zip lock bags. Also if you have gently used clothing we would love to have them. Any questions or concerns please contact Lorene Watkins at 856-952-5002.

Register today!

Invite your non-Christian family and friends to register as well!



MOSDAC Family Worship resumed on January 8, 2021 from 7:30-8:30 pm, and will be every 2nd and 4th Friday of the month. We will have Family Worship, led out by our Personal Ministries Leader, Whitney Allen.

Please join us again in February 2021.

Details below:
Topic: MOSDAC Family Worship
Time: 7:30-8:30 pm 2nd & 4th Friday evenings

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Meeting ID: 829 5616 0671
Passcode: 816878

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Have a blessed day!

AEC Master Guide

Bay Area Master Guide Classes have begun. MOSDAC'S new class has began already too. Please keep our new candidates in prayer too!!!

For information about this class, please contact Elder Dillon Waterman.







The best way to explain the vegan concept is to quickly define what vegan means, and then look at how and why the word came into existence.

A vegetarian diet is commonly understood to forbid meat and fish, but to allow both eggs and dairy. The word vegan takes this concept to the next level, cutting out every item of animal origin. Vegan refers to anything that’s free of animal products: no meat, milk, eggs, wool, leather, honey and so forth. Your sandwich, your shampoo, and your car seats are examples of items that could be vegan.

Veganism carries at least three potential advantages:

  1. avoidance of animal mistreatment and slaughter
  2. elimination of certain health risks
  3. reduction of environmental footprint

Can you become a vegan through diet alone? Absolutely, since, as we will see in the next section, vegan was originally defined purely in dietary terms.

A handful of vegans (sometimes abrasively) insist that veganism is not merely a diet, but extends into every corner of your lifestyle. In other words, you don’t get to join the vegan club until you go beyond food to purge your life of leather, wool, and animal-derived cosmetics. Oftentimes, these vegans are doing the animals a grave disservice by defining the vegan concept in the most rigid and exclusionary way possible. These are people would love to revoke your vegan membership card if they find out you haven’t yet taken your 10-year-old leather winter boots to the thrift store.

The entire question of who gets to call themselves a vegan is annoying and not worth much attention. Rather than think of veganism as an identity, it’s wisest to use it as a concept that can inspire you to remove animal products from your life, wherever you can easily do it. And it’s almost always easy. Oftentimes, it’s not readily apparent whether a given food or cosmetics ingredient comes from animals, so you can use our animal ingredients list to familiarize yourself with the most common animal-derived substances.

No matter the degree to which you ultimately embrace the vegan concept, it makes sense to begin your transition by emphasizing dietary choices. After all, unless you buy a new fur coat every winter, the overwhelming majority of animal use associated with your life almost certainly arises from your food choices.

To learn more about vegan living, check these compelling advantages of a vegan diet, as well as our our information on making an easy transition. You can learn everything you need to quickly and easily go vegan by reading just one or two books—check out But I Could Never Go Vegan! or The Ultimate Vegan Guide.


Donald Watson coined the term vegan in 1944 in Great Britain. Here’s Watson from that year, in the first issue of The Vegan News, proposing that his readers either embrace the word, or come up with a better one, as the basis for a new social movement:

We should all consider carefully what our Group, and our magazine, and ourselves, shall be called. ‘Non-dairy’ has become established as a generally understood colloquialism, but like ‘non-lacto’ it is too negative. Moreover it does not imply that we are opposed to the use of eggs as food. We need a name that suggests what we do eat, and if possible one that conveys the idea that even with all animal foods taboo, Nature still offers us a bewildering assortment from which to choose. ‘Vegetarian’ and ‘Fruitarian’ are already associated with societies that allow the ‘fruits’ (!) of cows and fowls, therefore it seems we must make a new and appropriate word. As this first issue of our periodical had to be named, I have used the title “The Vegan News”. Should we adopt this, our diet will soon become known as a VEGAN diet, and we should aspire to the rank of VEGANS. Members’ suggestions will be welcomed. The virtue of having a short title is best known to those of us who, as secretaries of vegetarian societies have to type or write the word vegetarian thousands of times a year!

Watson’s article was immensely important, but he kept it short, since he only sought to cover what vegan means, and why the word deserved to be coined.

The questions of why and how to go vegan require much more space to properly answer, and over the years these answers have grown fuller and more compelling, as the wisdom of the vegan concept has grown more evident. These topics are covered at length in our “Why Choose Vegan?” and “How to Go Vegan” pages.

Finally, you may wish to explore the history of plant-based eating and veganism. If you want to discover how veganism went from an obscure World War II-era concept to one of the most influential ideas surrounding diet and food politics, check out A Vegan History: 1944-2010





Suicide in Children — What Every Parent Must Know

African American children are taking their lives at roughly twice the rate of their white counterparts, according to a new study that shows a widening gap between the two groups.

The 2001-2015 data, published Monday in the journal JAMA Pediatrics, confirm a pattern first identified several years ago when researchers at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Ohio found that the rate of suicides for black children ages 5 to 12 exceeded that of young whites. The results were seen in both boys and girls.

Although suicide is rare among young children, the latest findings reinforce the need for better research into the racial disparities, lead author Jeffrey Bridge said Monday. Suicide is one of the leading causes of death for older children and adolescents in the United States.

“We can’t assume any longer that suicide rates are uniformly higher in white individuals than black,” said Bridge, an epidemiologist who directs the Center for Suicide Prevention and Research at the Columbus hospital. “There is this age-related disparity, and now we have to understand the underlying reasons. … Most of the previous research has largely concerned white suicide. So we don’t even know if the same risk and protective factors apply to black youth.”

Historically, suicide rates in the United States have been higher for whites than blacks across all age groups. That remains the case for adolescents, ages 13 to 17, according to the new study. White teens continue to have a 50 percent higher rate of suicide than black teensOverall between 1999 and 2015, more than 1,300 children ages 5 to 12 took their own lives in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Those numbers translate into an average of one child 12 or younger dying by suicide every five days. The pace has actually accelerated in recent years, CDC statistics indicate.

The researchers based their latest analysis on the CDC's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System, which does not include geographical or socioeconomic data.

Although the study was unable to provide a cultural context for the racial difference in suicide rates, psychiatrist Samoon Ahmad thinks a number of reasons could account for the disparity.

“To me, the 5-12 range is more related to developmental issues and the possible lack of a family network, social network and cultural activities,” said Ahmad, a clinical associate professor at the NYU School of Medicine who was not involved in the research. “And with the introduction of social media, there is more isolation with children, not as much neighborhood play. Kids are more socially in their own vacuum.”

“No one talks about that with them. We tend to put them in silos, and don’t discuss these things because we think it’s too traumatic,” he said. “Instead, there must be a slow and steady flow of communication.”

Previous studies have looked at some of the characteristics and circumstances surrounding children's suicides.

In 2017, research by Bridge and colleagues found that among children, ages 5 to 11, and young adolescents, ages 12 to 14, those who took their own lives were more likely to be male, African American and dealing with stressful relationships at home or with friends. Children who had a mental health problem at the time of death were more likely than young adolescents to have been diagnosed with attention-deficit disorder or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

ATTENTION!!! - How to Stop a Bully

“How can we stop a bully?” I urgently asked myself when my kid fell victim to one. “What is there to do?” Our school’s policy is simple, “Tell on the bully. We need names and details to make a case in order to confront him or her.” After the information was given – with fear of being seen as a weakling, a weirdo or a snitch --the bully was summoned and cried, seemingly remorsefully. But in reality, there was little change. She neither repaired or even attempted to repair the trail of damaged relationships nor did she completely stop the bullying. Before I suggest a more effective response to a bully, let’s become clear about why this cruel behavior exists in the first place.

Nobody likes a bully, so why do we have so many? And why do we enable and even get a kick out of bullies, both in the political arena and in social settings such as schools? Most of us choose to stay away from bullies. After all, we could be next, right after the bully is finished with the public shaming, pushing, hitting, and shushing her or his chosen victim(s) and opponent(s). Nevertheless, we have more bullies than ever, male and female, who can unleash their hostility with new, technological weapons that can stab a person in the heart without a trace of real blood on social media. It’s good to be a bully when you can text and delete instead of box and run.

Just to clarify, bullying is not just any aggressive behavior, such as when someone cuts in front of your car, even when your very life is endangered. Bullying is an aggressive behavior with the aim to intimidate and harm another, repeatedly over time and with a more powerful person or group attacking a less powerful one. While it happens more frequently in countries that promote violence and that are intolerant of inter-individual differences, bullying is everywhere. Even in other species: chimpanzees do it; dogs do it; mice do it.

We bully when we feel threatened by someone who stands out and/or who seems to have a competitive edge over so-perceived limited resources. Anybody who is different from the group is a potential target. Hogan Sherrow writes for the Scientific American:

“Individuals whose behavior challenges, disrupts or are considered unusual are often the targets of aggression, and that aggression continues until those individuals change their behavior. (…) Bullying-like behaviors are used to enhance an individual or coalition’s competitive ability, or to coerce others into changing their behavior to conform to the rest of the community. Bullying-like behaviors provide the individuals who engage in them with advantages over their targets, through enhanced status or access to resources, or both.”1

So, nobody likes a bully, but everybody likes to be empowered or be in the shadow of a person who is. Power equals access to resources, which can be sexual attention (I want to be wanted), attention from a peer group and powerful adults (I want status and favors), attention period (I want to be famous), economic opportunities and money (I want to be rich and powerful). If human beings feel insecure and believe that they can get away with bullying themselves to power, they will.

I don’t think that the primitive survival strategy of bullying can be eradicated by placing the burden solely on the victim. In other words, it is not enough to ask the bullied person to step forward and be courageous. While this rudimentary response might suffice in some cases, it does not in many others, while also blaming those who do not step forward.

Never Put These Things on Your Resume

Criticism of past employers

A sure way to put off a potential employer is to waste space on your resume criticizing past employers or supervisors. You may feel perfectly justified in your criticism, but the purpose of a resume is to showcase talents and abilities, not to air grievances.

Don’t give prospective employers the impression that you are disloyal or generally disgruntled. Instead, write about your positive relationships and accomplishments. Tell people about the good things you can bring to their business if they give you the opportunity.

Excuses for past problems

If you have been laid off or dismissed from a job, you may feel the need to explain the situation in your resume. It’s natural to want to tell your side of the story, especially if you feel that you were not at fault.

However, it’s easy to spend too much time discussing disappointments and missed opportunities. You may give the impression you aren’t taking responsibility for your own mistakes.

A better approach is to write about past successes. If you are called upon to explain a layoff or dismissal in an interview, be honest, but brief. Let people know that your focus is on the future.

Irrelevant skills

When a job applicant lists skills unrelated to job performance, it can appear that he or she has no valuable skills to showcase. Instead, describe things that you’ve learned that have improved your performance on the job. For example:

  • Do you have great internet skills?
  • Did you pursue special training to enhance your contribution in past jobs?
  • Are you attending school to earn an advanced degree or certificate?
  • Old achievements

    Focus on recent achievements in your resume. If something happened 10 or 15 years ago, prospective employers may get the impression your successes are behind you.

    So, leave out that Cub Scout merit badge.

  • Poor grammar and spelling

    If you submit a resume with misspellings, typos or grammatical errors, you are unlikely to score a job interview. Even if you are in a field where the proper use of language seems unimportant, most employers want to know that their hires have good communication skills.

    Grammatical mistakes on your resume can signal you’re careless and possibly unreliable. A resume free of errors lets recruiters know you’re serious about the job.

  • Too much information

    Recruiters have a limited amount of time to sort through applications. So, keep it brief.

    When screening applicants, recruiters look for experience, training and past employment. If you write in great detail about every job you’ve ever had, you may overwhelm. Worse, the information that makes you stand out as an applicant might get overlooked.

    In most cases, submitting one or two pages worth of information is adequate. You can expand on your qualifications once you get to the interview stage.

  • Anything that isn’t true

    You may be tempted to exaggerate skills, training or accomplishments. However, doing so always is a mistake. Once you put something in writing, you can’t take it back. Even if it helps you land a job, the lie may resurface years later and damage your reputation or career.

    So don’t exaggerate qualifications. If you don’t have a college degree, describe the training you’ve received on the job. The best way to get a resume filled with accomplishments is to do work that you’re proud of.


The good Lord didn't create anything without a purpose, but mosquitoes come close.

The Bible tells us to love our neighbors, and also to love our enemies; probably because they are generally the same people

I was thinking about how people seem to read the Bible a whole lot more as they get older; then it dawned on me... they're cramming for their final exam.

God loves everyone, but probably prefers "fruits of the spirit" over "religious nuts!"

I have wondered at times what the Ten Commandments would have looked like if Moses had run them through the U.S. Congress.

In the Lord's Prayer, the first petition is for daily bread. No one can worship God or love his neighbor on an empty stomach.

Going to church doesn't make you a Christian any more than standing in a garage makes you a car.

Love your enemies. They'll go crazy trying to figure out what you're up to.

Give your troubles to God. He'll be up all night anyhow.

Complaining is to the devil, what praise is to God.

Too blessed to be stressed.

Stop, drop and roll will not work in hell.

No need to worry if you're drowning, our lifeguard walks on water.



This is the QUESTION that JESUS asked HIS DISCIPLES.





A CHANCE to be a better person,

A CHANCE to enjoy life to its fullest,

A CHANCE to correct mistakes,

A CHANCE to forgive and ask for forgiveness,

A CHANCE to love and be loved.

Don't miss the CHANCE you received from GOD as you wake up this day and every day!







Don't Forget to Stay Six Feet Apart, Wear Your Mask, and PLEASE, PLEASE, DON'T FORGET TO WASH YOUR HANDS!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

WHAT CAN WE DO !!!!!!!!!!!!!!

If you have any questions about the broadcast or anything to to do with improvement of any kind please contact a MOSDAC MEDIA TEAM MEMBER .


View Here

Sunset begins at 5:49 PM February 26, 2021!!!


















"MUSIC Speaks what cannot be Expressed.

SOOTHES the Mind and gives it Rest.

Enjoy this month of February.

Take time to listen to some of the music and songs that helped to shape the world.


*The Holy Scriptures are the inspired Word of God * 2 Tim. 3:16.

*In the Trinity:God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.*Heb. 1:-3, John 15:16.

* In regeneration and the birth, through the acceptance of the Gospel.*2 Cor. 5:17.

*That man by nature is mortal and eternal life is a gift of God through Christ.*John 14:1-33, Acts 1:11, Matt. 24:30.

*In the resurrection of the dead.*1 Thess. 4:16 & 17, John 5:29, 11:25, 1 Cor. 15.

*In the ultimate final destruction of sin and the wicked.*Malachi 4:1-3.

*In justification by faith through Christ.*Rom. 4:3-5.

*That God's law, the Ten Commandments, including the seventh-day Sabbath command is the rule of life for Christians.*Ex. 20:3-17, James 2:10-12.

*In baptism by immersion. In the Communion of the Lord's supper preceded by the ordinance of cleansing.*Romans 6:3-5, Mark 1:9 & 10, John 13:4-17, 1 Cor. 11:23-26.

*In the gifts of the Holy spirit.*Eph. 4:8-11.

*In the support of the gospel through tithes and offerings.*Malachi 3:8-11, Matt. 23:23.

*In discarding unhealthy practices.*1 Cor. 3:16 & 17, Deut. 14:3-20.

*That Christians will be characterized by modesty in dress,conversation,deportment,and a high standard of social relationships.*1 Tim. 2:9 & 10, James 1:27.







Genesis 1:27

“So God created mankind in his own image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them.”

This truth is foundational. God created all human beings in His image. Gender, skin color, and other physical differences do not change that reality. (Also see Genesis 5:1.)

Matthew 28:19

“Therefore go and make disciples of all nations.”

Thankfully, the gospel is not just for one nationality, ethnicity or race. The gift of salvation is freely available to all. As Christ’s followers, our job is to proclaim this good news to the world. (Also see Luke 24:47.)Romans 10:12

“For there is no difference between Jew and Gentile — the same Lord is Lord of all and richly blesses all who call on him.”The Bible is clear that believers are one in Christ. We should view one another as God views us. (Also see Galatians 3:28 and Colossians 3:11.)Ephesians 2:14

“For he himself is our peace, who has made the two groups one and has destroyed the barrier, the dividing wall of hostility.”

God wants to reconcile people to himself. He also wants to reconcile us to one another. The ministry of reconciliation does not stop at the forgiveness of sins. It destroys walls that divide, including race. Racial reconciliation, therefore, is part of a full-gospel ministry

Family Life Bible Class

Join the JESUS 101 Bible class every 2nd and 4th Sabbath afternoons at 3:00 p.m. in the Sanctuary. Due to the things going on right now, we are unable to be in the church. But as soon as God tells us it's okay, we will be back . See you soon and remember GOD LOVES YOU and WE DO TOO!!!!!!!!!!

Looking forward to seeing you there!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Guess what? Please join us on Zoom. Contact Lonnie Watkins for the information required to log into Zoom.


Spirit of Abundance, God of Grace, Mother of Hope,
We pause now to remember those stories that are all around us,
But so often passed over,
Those stories that when told are shared because
Of what someone is, not who they are.
This month in our nation's character
Is Black History month.
Help us to realize that Black history is
All our histories.
May the day come when these stories
Are so wildly taught that no month need
Be separately divided.
We know this day will not come until we as a people
Make different choices.
We pray now for those new choices.
May we come to see a day where the prison system
Becomes redemptive, not punitive.
A day where the legal system learns to focus more squarely on the facts,
And the not colors of our skin.
A day where our schools are as well funded, as the needs demand.
May our role models be allowed to excel when they thrive,
And not be taken down for their rich heritage.
We know this will require a shift in power.
And this can be scary for some.
Give those full of fear - hope.
May we come to know grace,
So that our hearts will not be hardened to the pain around us.
There are so many beautiful stories needing to be told.
And we need to get the chance to hear them.
Widen our vision so that the history that is shared this month,
And every month,
Come to be known as our history too.
We are most human when we see the humanity in others.







Mon, Tues, Thurs, & Friday @ 5:30 am

(712) 775-8968, Pass Code: 909676

Youth prayer line is on Wednesday at 5-6 pm. Join us for encouragement and praise.


Still I Rise

By Maya Angelou

You may write me down in history
With your bitter, twisted lies,
You may tread me in the very dirt
But still, like dust, I'll rise.

Does my sassiness upset you?
Why are you beset with gloom?
'Cause I walk like I've got oil wells
Pumping in my living room.

Just like moons and like suns,
With the certainty of tides,
Just like hopes springing high,
Still I'll rise.

Did you want to see me broken?
Bowed head and lowered eyes?
Shoulders falling down like teardrops.
Weakened by my soulful cries.

Does my haughtiness offend you?
Don't you take it awful hard
'Cause I laugh like I've got gold mines
Diggin' in my own back yard.

You may shoot me with your words,
You may cut me with your eyes,
You may kill me with your hatefulness,
But still, like air, I'll rise.

Does my sexiness upset you?
Does it come as a surprise
That I dance like I've got diamonds
At the meeting of my thighs?

Out of the huts of history's shame
I rise
Up from a past that's rooted in pain
I rise
I'm a black ocean, leaping and wide,
Welling and swelling I bear in the tide.
Leaving behind nights of terror and fear
I rise
Into a daybreak that's wondrously clear
I rise
Bringing the gifts that my ancestors gave,
I am the dream and the hope of the slave.
I rise
I rise
I rise.



1. “Never be limited by other people’s limited imaginations.”
—Dr. Mae Jemison, first African-American female astronaut

2. “I refuse to accept the view that mankind is so tragically bound to the starless midnight of racism and war that the bright daybreak of peace and brotherhood can never become a reality…. I believe that unarmed truth and unconditional love will have the final word.”
—Martin Luther King, Jr.

3. “The cost of liberty is less than the price of repression.”
—W.E.B. Du Bois

4. “In recognizing the humanity of our fellow beings, we pay ourselves the highest tribute.”
—Thurgood Marshall, first African American U.S. Supreme Court member

5. “Hate is too great a burden to bear. It injures the hater more than it injures the hated.”
—Coretta Scott King

6. “Whatever we believe about ourselves and our ability comes true for us.”
—Susan L. Taylor, journalist

7. “Defining myself, as opposed to being defined by others, is one of the most difficult challenges I face.”
—Carol Moseley-Braun, politician and lawyer


Covid Poem

When this is over,
may we never again
take for granted
A handshake with a stranger
Full shelves at the store
Conversations with neighbors
A crowded theatre
Friday night out
The taste of communion
A routine checkup
The school rush each morning
Coffee with a friend
The stadium roaring
Each deep breath
A boring Tuesday
Life itself.

When this ends,
may we find
that we have become
more like the people
we wanted to be
we were called to be
we hoped to be
and may we stay
that way--better
for each other
because of the worst.

- Laura Kelley Fanucci










Sick - Shut In

Matthew 25:36 "... I was sick, and you visited me...."


Celia Archie's mother, Jalen Braxton, Cynthia Brown, Cindy Cassidy, Ertice Clark, Tejuan Clark, Blondel Dwyer, Sharmaine Edwards, Dora Elmandorf, Sharon Howard's mother, Lewis Jessup, Celeste Jones, Elaine Larmond, Trevor Larmond, Michelle Maldonado, Leslie Jackson Massenberg (Amelia Clements' daughter), Corrine Archie Nocho, Violet Parkinson, Carolyn "Tee Tee" Richardson, Willie Rogers, Renee Smallhorn (Rita Smith's daughter), David and Darlene Smith, Dudley Smith, Sedia Tatem, Henry Tuten, George Van Nockay, Kenny Watkins, Shirlene Williams, Roger Woolfolk (Rita Smith's brother), COVID-19 patients and recovered patients, Family of COVID-19 victims, all of our caregivers, 1st responders, military, the victims of Hurricanes Florence, Irma, and Michael, and the other ones up to Zeta, as well as, the various Tornadoes, Earthquakes, and Fire victims.

Also pray for the missing persons and victims of human trafficking, their love ones, for them having to deal with these situations.

Incarcerated Family,

Joel Glessma


Love you all!!!



Please Pray For Our MOSDAC Church Members, and their Families who have experienced the loss of a love one.


Our dear sister, Debbie Jessup, passed away on Tuesday afternoon, February 23, 2021. Please pray for her husband, Lewis Jessup, her children, grandchildren, siblings, cousin - Darlene (David) Smith, other relatives, friends, Deaconnesses and members of MOSDAC.


Our dear sister, Elsie Clark, has passed on from our midst. Please pray for her 5 daughters, Corrine Nocho, Bernadette, son, Sisters-in-law: Ertice Clark, Jackie Clark, and Sharon Clark; grandchildren: Tony Smith, Cindy Smith, Monique Smith; nephews: Darryl and Derryck Johnson; nieces: Darlinda Bayard, Pam Clark, Goddaughter: Angelique Archie, other nieces, nephews, great grandchildren, great great grandchildren, other relatives, friends (Tee-Tee Richardson), and MOSDAC Family. Elsie was funeralized Tuesday, February 16, 2021.


George Jenkins. Debbie, Jabria, Jamar and Family in the loss of their, Uncle George Waters (late Katherine Water's husband), which occurred Saturday, January 23, 2021. George was funeralized on Monday, February 15, 2021.


Daniel Thompson Sr. in the loss of his wife, Fay Francine Rogers-Thompson, which occurred on January 15, 2021. Please lift up their children: Daniel, Jr. (Jasmine), Demetrius; granddaughter, Serenity; mother, Gennet Rogers; mother-in-law, Eugenia Thompson; sisters-in-law: Latrice T. Kamando (James), Kee-Kee Thompson; brothers-in-law: Darryl (Prezel), Paul (Mailene), Robert (Sharise); her siblings, in-laws, godson, godbrother, godsisters, aunts, uncles, a host of cousins, nieces, nephews, relatives, friends, and her MOSDAC Family. Fay was funeralized on Friday, January 29, 2021.


Dillon, Charmaine, and Chayne Waterman in the loss of Dillon's mother. Please lift up his Sisters and other Family Members, and Friends.


Bil, Juanita Morgan and Family, in the death of their daughter, Vanessa. Please remember their extended family members and Vanessa's friends.


The Siblings and Family of our Dear Brother, Ivan Nock, who was funeralized on Monday, December 28, 2021.


George Van Nockay, Sylvia Van Nockay Vason, and Family in the loss of their daughter, Jenavisa Van Nockay Hardy, on November 2, 2020. Her husband, Emannuel Hardy; Children: Tamir, Omar, and Abbygail, Makalah; her grandfather, Mr. Raymond Edmonds; siblings, in-laws, nieces, nephews, great nieces, great nephews, cousins, and friends. Jenavisa was funeralized on Friday, November 13, 2020.


byJesse Wisnewski

Jesus’ church is built upon his life, death, burial, and resurrection. It is through the proclamation of this message—the gospel—that the church will either visibly rise or fall.

The gospel is of first importance for the church (1 Cor. 15:1–11). The Church may have a variety of differences, but there’s one common denominator between them all: We are justified by grace alone, through faith alone, in Christ alone.

The gospel renews people who are burdened with sin and discouraged by the struggles of life.

The gospel offers hope for those who have succumbed to the darkness of despair and helplessness.

And the gospel performs the greatest miracle of all:

It introduces people to Jesus who will transform them into new creations in him.

Jesus is inviting you to participate in his work.

One of the most significant ways we are called to participate in God’s work today is to pray for the Church.

We are to…

Pray for the Church.

Pray for our church family.

Pray for the body of Christ in our community and around the world.

Jesus’ church has stood the test of time. It cannot be stopped by force, political pressure, or even political correctness. It has weathered tumultuous years and lived through multiple heretical diseases and gets stronger over time.

Jesus will continue to build his church until he returns in glory to redeem his bride, and absolutely nothing or no one can stand in his way.



The next FOOD DISTRIBUTION DAY for members will be on Wednesday, March 3, 2021 from 2:00-4:00 PM.

Please PRAY for our COMMUNITY MEMBERS who are receiving food, that GOD will touch their hearts to want to learn more about HIM and HIS LOVE, MERCY, and SAVING GRACE!!!





! We discussed the new Christian reading book: "When Joy Came To Stay", by Karen Kingsbury. We recapped our previous book: "The Masterpiece" by Francine Rivers. Please contact Celia Archie or Women's Ministry Leader, Paula Fleming, if you still want to order these two books. Thanks very much and hope to see you at our next discusion! You missed an awesome time . AS OF RIGHT NOW WE WILL NOT BE MEETING IN PERSON, BECAUSE OF THE WAY THE WORLD IS NOW . AS SOON AS THINGS GET BACK TO NORMAL WE WILL LET YOU KNOW WHEN AND WHERE TO MEET ,UNTIL THEN STAY SAFE AND TRUST IN THE LORD !!!!!!!!!!!

Elder Paula Fleming, Women's Ministry Leader


MOSDAC WOMEN'S MINISTRY Chapter Chattin’ Book Club has read "When Joy Came To Stay", by Karen Kingsbury; and "The Masterpiece" by Francine Rivers.

Our new book is "Atonement Child", by Francine Rivers. This book will be discussed in March. Get your copy of the book now, and be involved in the discussion as soon as everybody is ready.

Books can be purchased at:,,


For the purchase of this new book, or any of the other books, please contact either Celia Archie, or Paula Fleming - Women's Ministry Leader.


Sign up today!

Would you like to be in the next Financial Peace class?

If you are interested, please contact Blondel Dwyer at and/or call Administrative Assistant duriing office hours to register.

Online Bulletin FYI...

PLEASE TAKE NOTE: All online Bulletin Announcements should be submitted no later than 9:00 p.m. on SUNDAYS. Voicemail messages can be left at (856) 365-6108, mailbox #1. You can also email Announcements to:

Announcements received by 6:00 p.m. Tuesdays, will be included in Thursday's posting.