MOSDAC BULLETIN

This bulletin contains information for events on today's church service. Also information on health issues and helpful tips on every day living and things.

SABBATH SERVICE

Title of Sermon: " God's Grace and Mercy"

Sabbath Speaker: Elder Penny Rodgers

Scripture: TBA

Musical Guest: MOSDAC PRAISE TEAM

COME OUT AND ENJOY A AWESOME SERVICE

PARENTS

PARENTS with all the evil things going on in this world we need you to PLEASE, PLEASE pay attention to where your KIDS are during service. That includes making sure that they are accompanyed to the bathroom, getting a drink of water or anything where they might be leaving your sight. WE NEED TO PROTECT OUR FUTURE.

SABBATH SCHOOL

WE NEED YOUR ATTENDANCE!

Our Adult SABBATH SCHOOL DEPARTMENT invites you to join us each and every SABBATH MORNING at 9:30 a.m. in the SANCTUARY. Become apart of one of our small, insightful, Biblical Lesson Study groups.

MOSDAC CYT SABBATH SCHOOL

CHILDREN, YOUTH, TEENS

Don't forget Bible study is from 9:30 am till 10:30 am each Sabbath. Parents, grand-parents, and guardians, we are depending on you to bring your children! We can hardly wait to see you!

TITHE AND OFFERINGS RECEIPTS

Tithe and Offerings Receipts are now ready to be picked up. You are only able to pick them up on Wednesday evenings.

Thank You!!!

JANUARY 2020 CALENDAR OF EVENTS

1/4 - SIX HOUR PRAYER SERVICE

1/5 - COMMUNITY SERVICE - Exercise Class - 10 am

1/11 - PASTOR COLBY A. MATLOCK AND FAMILY'S FAREWELL

1/18 - TBA

1/19 - COMMUNITY SERVICE - Exercise Class - 10 am

1/25 - TBA

* Prayer Meeting has been changed to 6:30 pm. (Still on Wednesday)

AWARENESS FOR JANUARY!!!

NATIONAL HUMAN TRAFFICKING AWARENESS 2020!!!

THINK ABOUT THIS EVERYDAY!!!

BE VERY CAREFUL EVERYDAY!!!

GOD BLESS YOU ALL!!!!!!!!!!!

*National Human Trafficking Awareness Day is observed every year on January 11.

*This observance was started in 2011 by Presidential Proclamation of National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month.

In 2011 President Barack Obama issued a Presidential Proclamation, designating each January to be National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month. The anniversary of this proclamation became known as National Human Trafficking Awareness Day.

Slavery was officially abolished in the USA by the Thirteenth Amendment in December 1865 however sadly human trafficking is growing at an alarming rate and despite the USA being a first world country, human trafficking has become a lucrative business for some members of our society.

The victims affected and forced into modern day slavery can be of foreign nationalities or the citizens of the USA, but they are all subjected to the horrific injustices of human trafficking, including sex trafficking, forced labor, involuntary servitude, forced marriage and debt bondage.

Many of the anti trafficking organizations arrange awareness raising campaigns all year round, but particularly in January when this awareness day is recognised and publicity is at its peak. It is important to know the signs of human trafficking and who you can contact should your suspicions be raised. The National Human Trafficking Resource Center Hotline, a resource that anyone can call to submit a tip about potential incidents of trafficking, received 20,424 calls and had 5,748 cases of trafficking reported in 2016 alone with figures increasing every year. Help raise awareness and potentially save peoples lives by educating yourself more about the despicable act of human trafficking and what you can do if you suspect anyone of being a victim or organizer of this terrifying act.

QUIPS AND QUOTES FOR JANUARY

Welcome to January – the month of new beginnings!

This is the time of year most of us stop and take stock of our lives – a good practice to do more than once every twelve months.

  • Treat every day like it’s a new year because it is!
  • "The object of a new year is not that we should have a new year. It is that we should have a new soul." – G. K. Chesterton
  • "Be always at war with your vices, at peace with your neighbors, and let each new year find you a better person." - Benjamin Franklin
  • LEARN from YESTERDAY, LIVE for TODAY, HOPE for TOMORROW." - Albert Einstein
  • "Cheers to a new year and another chance for us to get it right. " – Oprah Winfrey

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THE HOLIDAY BLUES CAN LAST LONG AFTER THE HOLIDAYS HAVE PASSED
HOLIDAY BLUES

Feelings of sadness, loneliness, depression and anxiety in and around the holidays, caused by loss of family and loved ones through divorce or distance from the childhood home or place where the holidays were most enjoyed in years past.

How to Deal with Stress and Depression During the Holidays

Understanding the holiday blues

The holiday season can trigger depression for a number a reasons. You may not be able to make it home for the holidays, or you may be in a rough financial situation. If you’re going through a difficult time, it can be tough to see others with extra joy in their lives.

Seasonal depression is more common than you may think. Approximately 14 percentTrusted Source of Americans experience the “winter blues.”

These blues can be especially overwhelming during a time of change. Christmas and New Year’s Eve often present challenging demands, from never-ending parties to family obligations. These events can come with higher levels of stress.

If you’re dealing with feelings of stress or depression, know that you aren’t alone. There are ways to manage your symptoms and get the help you need.

NINE WAYS TO MANAGE THE HOLIDAY BLUES

There are many things that can contribute to the holiday blues. Whether it’s something as simple as overscheduling yourself or a deeper emotional need, it’s possible to work through your feelings and start anew.

Here are nine ways to deal with the holiday blues:

  1. Limit alcohol – Limit your alcohol intake, and try not to keep it readily available around your house. If you’re attending a party and you know alcohol will be accessible, limit yourself to one or two drinks. Drinking to excess can affect your mood and amplify any negative feelings that you may have.
  2. Get plenty of sleep – Try to go to bed at a specific time each night. Being well-rested can improve your mood and help you feel ready to take on the day.
  3. Learn to say “no” – Overscheduling and not making time for yourself can lead to emotional breakdowns. Learn how to say “no,” and stay firm on your decision.
  4. Be open to new traditions – You may have an image of what you think the holiday should consist of, and this may not be what’s actually happening. Instead of holding on to what the holiday should have been, allow new traditions to unfold.
  5. Get support when mourning a loved one – If you’ve experienced the loss of a loved one, the holidays can be especially tough. Although it can be tempting to isolate yourself and grieve, it can be beneficial to spend time with your friends and family. They can support you through this difficult time.
  6. Spend time with your loved ones – Instead of spending the holidays alone at home, get your friends or family together for a dinner party at your place. The more the merrier! You can spruce things up with lively decorations and add welcoming floral arrangements to your living spaces.
  7. Exercise regularly – Plug in your headphones and pop out for a walk around the block a couple of times a day. A quick 10-minute walk will get your heart rate up and release mood-boosting endorphins.
  8. Do something fun to get over a recent breakup – It can be difficult to be alone when you’re nursing an aching heart. Instead of sitting at home, fill up your calendar with activities. Websites such as meetup.com offer group outings, such as dinners and dancing, almost every night of the week.
  9. Avoid overeating – Before heading out to social events, fill up on veggies. You can even fill up a small sandwich bag and snack in the car. Holiday outings can often lead to overeating, which can affect your mood and overall well-being.

The holidays can be an especially difficult time for older adults. If you’re unable to be with friends or family this holiday, look for volunteer opportunities that allow you to be around others. Some non-profits will even come pick you up if you’re unable to drive.

Dealing with post-holiday depression

If you’re still feeling depressed after the holidays are over, you may be dealing with more than just a case of the holiday blues. You should speak with your doctor about your symptoms. They can help you determine the cause and develop a treatment plan.

What you can do now

The holiday blues are real and can disrupt your life in a serious manner. You may be able to ease your symptoms by making a few lifestyle changes, such as limiting your alcohol intake and scheduling time with friends and family. If lifestyle changes aren’t relieving your symptoms, you should speak with your doctor.

You may also benefit from prescribed antidepressant medication. The side effects of these medications can vary, and you may need to try out a few different brands before settling on one that works well for you. If you find that medications do not lessen your depression, your doctor can work with you on other treatment options.

REMEMBER THE VETERANS IN 2020

Did you remember a Vet on November 11th or during the Christmas Holidays? They have done so much for us to be able to have the freedom we have today. Also remember the Vets who lost an arm, or a leg, or those who are stressed out and can't think the right way. In addition, remember the one's who lost their lives as well!

In case you forgot, please remember our veterans during this 2020 New Year!!! They will be BLESSED and so will YOU!!!

When 'Uncle Tom' Became an Insult

Today nobody wants to be called an Uncle Tom, but 150 years ago, it was a compliment. In Harriet Beecher Stowe's abolitionist 1852 novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin, Uncle Tom is a martyr, not a sell-out. His devotion to his fellow slaves is so unshakable that he sacrifices a chance for freedom and, ultimately, his life to help them.

How did a term of high praise become the ultimate black-on-black insult? Until recently, scholars believed that "Uncle Tom" was first used as an epithet in 1919 by Rev. George Alexander McGuire, a supporter of the radical black nationalist Marcus Garvey.

Addressing the first convention of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, McGuire declared, "the Uncle Tom nigger has got to go, and his place must be taken by the new leader of the Negro race … not a black man with a white heart, but a black man with a black heart." In the event's opening parade, marchers held protest signs that hopefully proclaimed, "Uncle Tom's dead and buried."

The irony of Uncle Tom's change in meaning was how far whites lagged behind. At the same time that Uncle Tom was becoming an undesirable model for many in the black community, the Daughters of the Confederacy lobbied Southern legislatures to outlaw performances of Uncle Tom's Cabin, because, they insisted, the play slandered the South in its harsh depiction of slavery. The truth about slavery remained a fraught political battleground, in which the Uncle Tom that was too submissive for many blacks seemed, at the same time, deeply dangerous to Southern whites.

Southern whites didn't want Uncle Tom in their towns, but neither, as it turned out, did Northern blacks. During the Great Migration, as Southern migrants began to come to the North in increasingly large numbers, sectional tensions erupted within the race. In 1910, when a black Georgia woman tried to put together a petition for segregated schools in Chicago, the Chicago Defender castigated her as another "southern white folks' lover" who was bringing Southern customs where they weren't welcome: "When we are in touch with Mrs. Johnson, we will show her the back door to Chicago and have her beat it back to her dear old southern home, where all the Uncle Toms and Topsys should be."

he problem with Uncle Tom was not that he existed, but that he was coming North and taking some of the best jobs away from more progressive men. Railroad porter positions, in particular, seemed to be increasingly filled by Uncle Tom types who brought a submissive Southern sensibility with them. "Too much South," concluded the Defender in 1911, adapting the language of white supremacists: "Brand them and send them back to the uncut timber and sage bushes and let them juggle cocoanuts with their brothers."

In this battle between the Old South and the New North, the modern black man was "the NEW Negro, and NOT of the 'Uncle Tom' class, the passing of whom so many white citizens regret," as Spanish War veteran R.P. Roots asserted in a 1915 letter to Secretary of War Lindley M. Garrison.

erhaps spurred by the death of the accommodationist leader Booker T. Washington in 1915, derogatory uses of Uncle Tom flourished in the subsequent years, especially in the pages of the Defender. Uncle Tom was part of an old racial program, one that had argued for abolition but had not pushed on to demand equal treatment under the law. In 1916, the paper used the term to describe a Dallas educator who supported segregation: "Like Uncle Tom of ‘Cabin' Fame This Man is Ready to Submit to Anything a White Man Tells Him—Men of This Stripe Not Even Fitted to Train Skunks Much Less Children."

Segregation, not slavery, was the new evil now that the slavery days had passed. The time was near, one anonymous letter to the Defender contended, "when the Black man must wipe off his humble submissive ‘Uncle Tom' smile: then, henceforth stand up and demand justice." The Uncle Tom of the slavery past had been too subservient to whites, but the rising generation of New Negroes would more aggressively assert its rights.

When Garvey's black nationalists announced Uncle Tom's death in their parade posters, they certainly spoke too soon. More than 150 years after his birth in Stowe's novel, Uncle Tom is still alive and well in America, popping up everywhere, from politics to sports to rap music. President Obama and RNC Chairman Michael Steele have both been called Uncle Toms, so have Tiger Woods, T-Pain, and Colin Powell—not to mention the usual suspects like Clarence Thomas and Condoleezza Rice. Ultimately, the Uncle Tom figure indicates an intense racial mistrust and a belief that the interests of blacks and of whites in America are deeply different. As long as racial inequalities in this country persist, Uncle Tom is likely to stick around for a long time yet.

Adena Spingarn is a graduate student in English literature at Harvard University.

10 Things God Wants You To Always Remember

1. You Don’t Have To Figure Everything Out

It's so easy for us to want to try and figure out all of the details of our life. We try and control as much as we can and get so frustrated and scared whenever we lose that control.

Well, God wants you to know that you can stop trying so hard. Learn to let go and hold on to the one who already knows exactly how your life will turn out. When you stop trying so hard to figure things out, you’ll discover a peace in your heart knowing that God is with you and will never leave your side.

2. You Are More Precious Then Rubies (Proverbs 31:10)

Don’t let anyone make you feel as though you aren’t important or that you don’t have a purpose in life. God wants you to know in your heart that you are precious, that there is no one like you and that He has great plans for your life.

3. God Thinks About You A lot (Psalm 139:17-18)

When your going through a really tough time, God is thinking about you.

When your sitting and watching television with your family, God is thinking about you.

When you experience a huge joy in your life, God is thinking about you.

When you lay down to rest at night, God is thinking about you.

God is constantly thinking about you and He does this because He really loves and cares about you.

4. With Faith Truly Anything Is Possible (Matthew 17:20)

God formed the entire universe, He knitted you together in your womb, and He made an eternal heaven for all of those who believe in Him.

Why did He do all of these things?

To show us His glory! To let us know that nothing is impossible with Him and since the Holy spirit is inside of you and I, that glory can be unlocked through the power of faith.

5. God Loves You More Then Any Other Person Could (John 3:16)

Tortured, beat, and hanged on a cross. God showed his immaculate love for you by sending His perfect son to die. I can’t think of any greater sacrifice then the one Jesus made for you and I. When we focus on His sacrifice, what He has done for us, we should never doubt how much God truly loves each one of us.

6. Your Good Works Will Not Go Unnoticed (Hebrews 6:10)

You know, it can be really hard sometimes when we put ourselves out there to help someone. Maybe you feel as though you don’t get any credit or that others don’t appreciate just how much time and effort you are putting in to help.

Don’t worry about all of that stuff. God sees every thing and He definitely sees your good works. For all of that hard work, God will one day call you and tell you, “My child, job well done good and faithful servant.”

7. Life Is Not About How Much You Can Make, How Popular You Are, Or Other Material Things (Matthew 6:19-21)

You may never be popular like Kim Kardashian or rich like Bill Gates, but you will have something even greater to look forward to and that is the moment when God finally calls you to be in His amazing presence.

I can guarantee you this moment will be more beautiful, more incredible, and filled with more joy then anything we could possibly imagine. We might think to ourselves on that day, “Why did I spend so much time pursuing all of those other things in life.”

8. God Is In Control Of Your Life (Proverbs 19:21)

God is in control, God is in control, God is in control. You need to really know that no matter what you’re going through right now.

Even if you think your life is falling apart, God is still in control! Trust Him, trust that He knows what is best for you, and have faith that His plans are greater than yours and will ultimately prevail.

9. A Relationship With God Is Really Important (Matthew 22:37)

If someone looked at your life what would they say is most important to you? Would it be your relationship with God? Or would it be another relationship you have? Maybe your job? Money? Car? House? Education?

Even though some of these things like your relationship with your husband or wife or children are very important, God always wants you to know that a relationship with Him is far more important…by a long shot.

Nobody can take care of you like Him, no one knows you better then the one who created you, and no one knows the intimate details of your life like the one who created your plan and purpose in life.

10. Loving Others As Yourself Is Also Really Important (Philippians 2:1-4)

Lets admit it, people can be really difficult to deal with, they can betray you, hurt you in unimaginable ways, and can clash with your beliefs.

It doesn’t matter. We are still called to love every single one of them as Jesus Christ loved us.

Jesus Christ clearly set an example of how we should love others and that meant loving them just as much as we love ourselves.

History of the Seventh-day Adventist Church

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The Seventh-day Adventist Church had its roots in the Millerite movement of the 1830s to the 1840s, during the period of the Second Great Awakening, and was officially founded in 1863. Prominent figures in the early church included Hiram Edson, James Springer White (Husband to Ellen G. White), Joseph Bates, and J. N. Andrews. Over the ensuing decades the church expanded from its original base in New England to become an international organization. Significant developments such the reviews initiated by evangelicals Donald Barnhouse and Walter Martin, in the 20th century led to its recognition as a Christian denomination.

Foundations, 1798–1820s[edit]

The Second Great Awakening, a revival movement in the United States, took place in the early 19th century. The Second Great Awakening was stimulated by the foundation of the many Bible Societies which sought to address the problem of a lack of affordable Bibles. The spread of Bibles allowed many who had not had one to be able to purchase and study it themselves rather than just hear it preached, and led to the establishment of many reform movements designed to remedy the evils of society before the anticipated Second Coming of Jesus Christ.[1] Many religious minority movements formed out of the Congregational, Presbyterian, and the Baptist and Methodist churches. Some of these movements held beliefs that would later be adopted by the Seventh-day Adventists.

An interest in prophecy was kindled among some Protestants groups following the arrest of Pope Pius VI in 1798 by the French General Louis Alexandre Berthier. Forerunners of the Adventist movement believed that this event marked the end of the 1260-day prophecy from the Book of Daniel.[2][3][4] Certain individuals began to look at the 2300 day prophecy found in Daniel 8:14.[2] Interest in prophecy also found its way into the Roman Catholic church when an exiled Jesuit priest by the name of Manuel de Lacunza published a manuscript calling for renewed interest in the Second Coming of Christ. His publication created a stirring but was later condemned by Pope Leo XII in 1824.[2]As a result of a pursuit for religious freedom, many revivalists had set foot in the United States, aiming to avoid persecution.

Millerite roots, 1831–44[edit] Main article: Great Disappointment

The Seventh-day Adventist Church formed out of the movement known today as the Millerites. In 1831, a Baptist convert, William Miller, was asked by a Baptist to preach in their church and began to preach that the Second Advent of Jesus would occur somewhere between March 1843 and March 1844, based on his interpretation of Daniel 8:14. A following gathered around Miller that included many from the Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian and Christian Connection churches. In the summer of 1844, some of Miller's followers promoted the date of October 22. They linked the cleansing of the sanctuary of Daniel 8:14 with the Jewish Day of Atonement, believed to be October 22 that year. By 1844, over 100,000 people were anticipating what Miller had called the "Blessed Hope". On October 22 many of the believers were up late into the night watching, waiting for Christ to return and found themselves bitterly disappointed when both sunset and midnight passed with their expectations unfulfilled. This event later became known as the Great Disappointment.

Pre-denominational years, 1844–60[edit] Edson and the Heavenly Sanctuary[edit]

After the disappointment of October 22 many of Miller's followers were left upset and disillusioned. Most ceased to believe in the imminent return of Jesus. Some believed the date was incorrect. A few believed that the date was right but the event expected was wrong. This latter group developed into the Seventh-day Adventist Church. One of the Adventists, Hiram Edson (1806–1882) wrote "Our fondest hopes and expectations were blasted, and such a spirit of weeping came over us as I never experienced before. It seemed that the loss of all earthly friends could have been no comparison. We wept, and wept, till the day dawn."[6] On the morning of October 23, Edson, who lived in Port Gibson, New York was passing through his grain field with a friend. He later recounted his experience:

"We started, and while passing through a large field I was stopped about midway of the field. Heaven seemed opened to my view, and I saw distinctly and clearly that instead of our High Priest coming out of the Most Holy of the heavenly sanctuary to come to this earth on the tenth day of the seventh month, at the end of the 2300 days [calculated to be October 22, 1844], He for the first time entered on that day the second apartment of that sanctuary; and that He had a work to perform in the Most Holy before coming to the earth."[7]

Edson shared his experience with many of the local Adventists who were greatly encouraged by his account. As a result, he began studying the bible with two of the other believers in the area, O.R.L. Crosier and Franklin B. Hahn, who published their findings in a paper called Day-Dawn. This paper explored the biblical parable of the Ten Virgins and attempted to explain why the bridegroom had tarried. The article also explored the concept of the day of atonement and what the authors called "our chronology of events".[8][9]

The findings published by Crosier, Hahn and Edson led to a new understanding about the sanctuary in heaven. Their paper explained how there was a sanctuary in heaven, that Christ, the High Priest, was to cleanse. The believers understood this cleansing to be what the 2300 days in Daniel was referring to.[10]

George Knight wrote, "Although originally the smallest of the post-Millerite groups, it came to see itself as the true successor of the once-powerful Millerite movement."[11] This view was endorsed by Ellen White. However, Seeking a Sanctuary sees it more as an offshoot of the Millerite movement.

The "Sabbath and Shut Door" Adventists were disparate, but slowly emerged. Only Joseph Bates had had any prominence in the Millerite movement.[12]

Adventists viewed themselves as heirs of earlier outcast believers such as the Waldenses, Protestant Reformers including the Anabaptists, English and Scottish Puritans, evangelicals of the 18th century including Methodists, Seventh Day Baptists, and others who rejected established church traditions.[13]

Sabbath observance develops and unites[edit] Main article: Sabbath and Seventh-day Adventism § History

A young Seventh Day Baptist layperson named Rachel Oakes Preston living in New Hampshire was responsible for introducing Sabbath to the Millerite Adventists. Due to her influence, Frederick Wheeler, a local Methodist-Adventist preacher, began keeping the seventh day as Sabbath, probably in the early spring of 1844. Several members of the Washington, New Hampshire church he occasionally ministered to also followed his decision. These included William and Cyrus Farnsworth. T. M. Preble soon accepted it either from Wheeler or directly from Oakes. These events were shortly followed by the Great Disappointment.

Preble promoted Sabbath through the February 28, 1845 issue of the Hope of Israel. In March he published his Sabbath views in tract form. Although he returned to observing Sunday in the next few years, his writing convinced Joseph Bates and J. N. Andrews. These men in turn convinced James and Ellen White, as well as Hiram Edson and hundreds of others.[14]

Bates proposed that a meeting should be organised between the believers in New Hampshire and Port Gibson. At this meeting, which occurred sometime in 1846 at Edson's farm, Edson and other Port Gibson believers readily accepted Sabbath and at the same time forged an alliance with Bates and two other folk from New Hampshire who later became very influential in the Adventist church, James and Ellen G. White. Between April 1848, and December 1850 twenty-two "Sabbath conferences" were held in New York and New England. These meetings were often seen as opportunities for leaders such as James White, Joseph Bates, Stephen Pierce and Hiram Edson to discuss and reach conclusions about doctrinal issues.[15]

While initially it was believed that Sabbath started at 6 pm, by 1855 it was generally accepted that Sabbath begins at Friday sunset.[16]

The Present Truth (see below) was largely devoted to Sabbath at first. J. N. Andrews was the first Adventist to write a book-length defense of Sabbath, first published in 1861.Sabbath observance develops and unites[edit] Main article: Sabbath and Seventh-day Adventism § History

A young Seventh Day Baptist layperson named Rachel Oakes Preston living in New Hampshire was responsible for introducing Sabbath to the Millerite Adventists. Due to her influence, Frederick Wheeler, a local Methodist-Adventist preacher, began keeping the seventh day as Sabbath, probably in the early spring of 1844. Several members of the Washington, New Hampshire church he occasionally ministered to also followed his decision. These included William and Cyrus Farnsworth. T. M. Preble soon accepted it either from Wheeler or directly from Oakes. These events were shortly followed by the Great Disappointment.

Preble promoted Sabbath through the February 28, 1845 issue of the Hope of Israel. In March he published his Sabbath views in tract form. Although he returned to observing Sunday in the next few years, his writing convinced Joseph Bates and J. N. Andrews. These men in turn convinced James and Ellen White, as well as Hiram Edson and hundreds of others.[14]

Bates proposed that a meeting should be organised between the believers in New Hampshire and Port Gibson. At this meeting, which occurred sometime in 1846 at Edson's farm, Edson and other Port Gibson believers readily accepted Sabbath and at the same time forged an alliance with Bates and two other folk from New Hampshire who later became very influential in the Adventist church,

ELLEN G. WHITE "THE DESIRE OF AGES"

Chapter 3: "The Fullness of the Time"

"When the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth His Son, . . . to redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons." Galatians 4:4, 5.

The Saviour's coming was foretold in Eden. When Adam and Eve first heard the promise, they looked for its speedy fulfillment. They joyfully welcomed their first-born son, hoping that he might be the Deliverer. But the fulfillment of the promise tarried. Those who first received it died without the sight. From the days of Enoch the promise was repeated through patriarchs and prophets, keeping alive the hope of His appearing, and yet He came not. The prophecy of Daniel revealed the time of His advent, but not all rightly interpreted the message. Century after century passed away; the voices of the prophets ceased. The hand of the oppressor was heavy upon Israel, and many were ready to exclaim, "The days are prolonged, and every vision faileth." Ezekiel 12:22. [32]

But like the stars in the vast circuit of their appointed path, God's purposes know no haste and no delay. Through the symbols of the great darkness and the smoking furnace, God had revealed to Abraham the bondage of Israel in Egypt, and had declared that the time of their sojourning should be four hundred years. "Afterward," He said, "shall they come out with great substance." Genesis 15:14. Against that word, all the power of Pharaoh's proud empire battled in vain. On "the self-same day" appointed in the divine promise, "it came to pass, that all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt." Exodus 12:41. So in heaven's council the hour for the coming of Christ had been determined. When the great clock of time pointed to that hour, Jesus was born in Bethlehem.

"When the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth His Son." Providence had directed the movements of nations, and the tide of human impulse and influence, until the world was ripe for the coming of the Deliverer. The nations were united under one government. One language was widely spoken, and was everywhere recognized as the language of literature. From all lands the Jews of the dispersion gathered to Jerusalem to the annual feasts. As these returned to the places of their sojourn, they could spread throughout the world the tidings of the Messiah's coming.

At this time the systems of heathenism were losing their hold upon the people. Men were weary of pageant and fable. They longed for a religion that could satisfy the heart. While the light of truth seemed to have departed from among men, there were souls who were looking for light, and who were filled with perplexity and sorrow. They were thirsting for a knowledge of the living God, for some assurance of a life beyond the grave.

As the Jews had departed from God, faith had grown dim, and hope had well-nigh ceased to illuminate the future. The words of the prophets were uncomprehended. To the masses of the people, death was a dread mystery; beyond was uncertainty and gloom. It was not alone the wailing of the mothers of Bethlehem, but the cry from the great heart of humanity, that was borne to the prophet across the centuries,—the voice heard in Ramah, "lamentation, and weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children, and would not be comforted, because they are not." Matthew 2:18. In "the region and shadow of death," men sat unsolaced. With longing eyes they looked for the [33] coming of the Deliverer, when the darkness should be dispelled, and the mystery of the future should be made plain.

Outside of the Jewish nation there were men who foretold the appearance of a divine instructor. These men were seeking for truth, and to them the Spirit of Inspiration was imparted. One after another, like stars in the darkened heavens, such teachers had arisen. Their words of prophecy had kindled hope in the hearts of thousands of the Gentile world.

For hundreds of years the Scriptures had been translated into the Greek language, then widely spoken throughout the Roman Empire. The Jews were scattered everywhere, and their expectation of the Messiah's coming was to some extent shared by the Gentiles. Among those whom the Jews styled heathen were men who had a better understanding of the Scripture prophecies concerning the Messiah than had the teachers in Israel. There were some who hoped for His coming as a deliverer from sin. Philosophers endeavored to study into the mystery of the Hebrew economy. But the bigotry of the Jews hindered the spread of the light. Intent on maintaining the separation between themselves and other nations, they were unwilling to impart the knowledge they still possessed concerning the symbolic service. The true [34] Interpreter must come. The One whom all these types prefigured must explain their significance.

LOOK FOR MORE INFO NEXT WEEK!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

MORNING PRAYER

DEAR HEAVENLY FATHER,

Thank YOU for another day to wake up to give YOU praise.

Thank YOU for all my blessings and for loving me and forgiving me because YOU are GOD who understands me.

Please forgive me every day for anything I have done, said or thought that is not pleasing to YOU.

I ask now for YOUR forgiveness.

Thank YOU for keeping me safe from all dangers and harm.

In Jesus' name I pray.

AMEN.

31 REASONS TO CELEBRATE IN JANUARY

The following are celebrated throughout the month of January.

  • January 1: New Year's Day.
  • January 2: Swiss Cheese Day.
  • January 3: Women Rock! Day.
  • January 4: National Spaghetti Day.
  • January 5: National Bird Day.
  • January 6: Bean Day.
  • January 7: National Tempura Day.
  • January 8: Bubble Bath Day.
  • January 9: National Apricot Day.
  • January 10: Houseplant Appreciation Day
  • January 11: National Hot Toddy Day
  • January 12: National Marzipan Day
  • January 13: National Peach Melba Day
  • January 14: Organize Your Home Day
  • January 15: Strawberry Ice Cream Day
  • January 16: International Hot and Spicy Food Day
  • January 17: Hot Buttered Rum Day
  • January 18: National Gourmet Coffee Day
  • January 19: National Popcorn Day
  • January 20: National Cheese Lovers Day
  • January 21: Martin Luther King Jr. Day
  • January 22: Answer Your Cat's Questions Day
  • January 23: National Pie Day
  • January 24: Beer Can Appreciation Day
  • January 25: National Irish Coffee Day
  • January 26: National Peanut Brittle Day
  • January 27: Thomas Crapper Day
  • January 28: Daisy Day
  • January 29: National Puzzle Day
  • January 30: National Croissant Day
  • January 31: Eat Brussels Sprouts Day
  • NOTE: On the days that celebrate the use of alcoholic beverages, Christians and non-drinkers can use non-alcoholic choices, such as, sparkling cider, sparkling water with lemon, limes, berries, etc.
JANUARY NATIONAL AWARENESS MONTH
JANUARY AWARENESS MONTH - Continued
JANUARY AWARENESS MONTH - Continued
JANUARY AWARENESS MONTH - Continued
AWARENESS 2020: SECRET-WEAPON FOR STRESS

SIP AWAY STRESS!!!

Sidestep health hassels with sweet delights that brim with body-healing ginger!

HOW GINGER REVITALIZES

+ Fights Colds and Flu

A ginger-spiked drink can help shore up your immune defenses within three hours, report experts from the American Medical Association. Credit goes to potent antiviral compounds that double the production of the proteins lining the lungs, making breathing easier and helping to quickly eliminate viruses.

+Nixes GI Upset

Compounds in ginger can help ease indigestion and prevent stomach upset. So say Taiwanese researchers, who found that ginger triggers muscle contractions to speed the passage of food through the GI tract, preventing posy-meal bloat and nausea.

THE PAYOFF: Study subjects who took ginger capsules digested their food 30% faster than those who were given a placebo, reducing the likelihood of stomach woes.

+Erasrs Aches And Pains

Enjoying just 1 tsp. of ginger daily relieves chronic aches and stiffness in 63% of sufferers in just one week, according to research in the Journal of Arthritis.

THE REASON: The gingerols suppress the production of enzymes responsible for pain-triggering inflammation.

This should be the drink of choice for this 2020 New Year!!!

Look below on the right side, and you will find other suggestions, uses, and beverages using ginger!!!

HAPPY HUNTING!!!

FOLIC ACID - YOU NEED IT!!!

Folic acid is a friend to any woman of childbearing age. Folic Acid Awareness Week, observed during the second week of January, brings attention to a vitamin crucial to all of us, especially women who are either pregnant or may become pregnant. An essential B vitamin, folic acid supports cardiovascular, brain, and neural health. Our bodies use folic acid to produce new cells, thus making it important in the development of a strong, healthy fetus.

FOLIC ACID AWARENESS WEEK TIMELINE:

January 1998 - Folic acid was added to food

Folic acid began to make an appearance in enriched flour, rice, pasta, and bread in the U.S.

1970s - Multivitamins got a folic acid boost

Some companies started launching vitamins that contained folic acid — perfect for women of childbearing age.

1931 - Folate was discovered

Dr. Lucy Wills fist discovered that folate was needed in order to prevent anemia in pregnancy, thus launching further research into the importance of folic acid.

1600s - Spina bifida appeared in a textbook for the first time

The textbook, "Observationes Medicae," written by Dr. Nicholas Tulp, mentioned spina bifida for the first time in print.

2020 MEN'S HEALTH AWARENESS

THAT'S RIGHT! IT WAS MOVEMBER FOR NOVEMBER!!!

NOW IT'S JANUARY, AND WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO ABOUT YOUR HEALTH...MEN?

Our fathers, partners, brothers and friends face a health crisis that isn’t being talked about. Men are dying too young. We can’t afford to stay silent.

That’s why we’re taking action. We’re the only charity tackling men’s health on a global scale, year round. We’re addressing some of the biggest health issues faced by men: prostate cancer, testicular cancer, and mental health and suicide prevention.

We know what works for men, and how to find and fund the most innovative research to have both a global and local impact. We’re independent of government funding, so we can challenge the status quo and invest quicker in what works. In 13 years we’ve funded more than 1,200 men’s health projects around the world.

By 2030 we’ll reduce the number of men dying prematurely by 25%. Help us stop men dying too young. Join the movement.We believe in taking action.

We’re creating positive change for men’s health by raising awareness and educating men year-round, and through our take-over of the month formerly known as November.

Moustaches In Movember

For 30 days your moustache turns you into a walking, talking billboard for men’s health.

MOVE In Movember. TAKE THE MOVE CHALLENGE

MOVE is a 30-day physical fitness challenge. Champion men’s health this Movember, starting with your own.

We invest strategically in three key focus areas to have an everlasting impact on men’s health.
We work year-round with our global men’s health partners and academic and clinical institutions to ensure our programmes accelerate improvements to some of the biggest health issues faced by men. In particular, we focus on:

Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men in the UK.

Testicular Cancer
Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in men aged 25-49.

Poor Mental Health
On average, 13 men each day take their life by suicide in the UK.

We report on every initiative we fund so you can see the effect your donations are having.
Thanks to the support of Mo Bros, Mo Sistas and donors we’ve funded more than 1,000 projects to improve men’s health. These initiatives are as diverse as they are vital, spanning everything from local health programmes to groundbreaking international collaborative research.

THE WORK WE FUND

From 30 moustaches to 5 million, we couldn’t have done it without you.
From humble beginnings back in 2003 the Movember movement has grown to be a truly global one, inspiring support from over 5 million Mo Bros and Mo Sistas.

The Movember Foundation wouldn’t be where it is without the enthusiasm of all of those men and women around the globe. We’re committed to keeping things fresh, keeping the community informed, and always being transparent and accountable in our practices.

CHILDHOOD OBESITY AWARENESS

Childhood Obesity Facts

Childhood obesity is a serious problem in the United States putting children and adolescents at risk for poor health. Obesity prevalence among children and adolescents is still too high.

For children and adolescents aged 2-19 years1:

  • The prevalence of obesity was 18.5% and affected about 13.7 million children and adolescents.
  • Obesity prevalence was 13.9% among 2- to 5-year-olds, 18.4% among 6- to 11-year-olds, and 20.6% among 12- to 19-year-olds. Childhood obesity is also more common among certain populations.
  • Hispanics (25.8%) and non-Hispanic blacks (22.0%) had higher obesity prevalence than non-Hispanic whites (14.1%).
  • Non-Hispanic Asians (11.0%) had lower obesity prevalence than non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics.
  • Obesity and Socioeconomic Status
    • The prevalence of obesity decreased with increasing level of education of the household head among children and adolescents aged 2-19 years.
    • Obesity prevalence was 18.9% among children and adolescents aged 2-19 years in the lowest income group, 19.9% among those in the middle income group, and 10.9% among those in the highest income group.
    • Obesity prevalence was lower in the highest income group among non-Hispanic Asian and Hispanic boys.
    • Obesity prevalence was lower in the highest income group among non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic Asian, and Hispanic girls. Obesity prevalence did not differ by income among non-Hispanic black girls.
AWARENESS - WHAT IS A BULLY?

Bullying

Bullying is the use of force, coercion, or threat, to abuse, aggressively dominate or intimidate. The behavior is often repeated and habitual. One essential prerequisite is the perception (by the bully or by others) of an imbalance of physical or social power. This imbalance distinguishes bullying from conflict. Bullying is a subcategory of aggressive behavior characterized by the following three minimum criteria: (1) hostile intent, (2) imbalance of power, and (3) repetition over a period of time. Bullying is the activity of repeated, aggressive behavior intended to hurt another individual, physically, mentally, or emotionally.

Bullying ranges from one-on-one, individual bullying through to group bullying, called mobbing, in which the bully may have one or more "lieutenants" who may be willing to assist the primary bully in their bullying activities. Bullying in school and the workplace is also referred to as "peer abuse". Robert W. Fuller has analyzed bullying in the context of rankism. The Norwegian researcher Dan Olweus says bullying occurs when a person is "exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more other persons", and that negative actions occur "when a person intentionally inflicts injury or discomfort upon another person, through physical contact, through words or in other ways". Individual bullying is usually characterized by a person behaving in a certain way to gain power over another person.

A bullying culture can develop in any context in which humans interact with each other. This may include school, family, the workplace, the home, and neighborhoods. The main platform for bullying in contemporary culture is on social media websites. In a 2012 study of male adolescent American football players, "the strongest predictor [of bullying] was the perception of whether the most influential male in a player's life would approve of the bullying behavior."

Bullying may be defined in many different ways. In the United Kingdom, there is no legal definition of bullying, while some states in the United States have laws against it. Bullying is divided into four basic types of abuse – psychological (sometimes called emotional or relational), verbal, physical, and cyber.

Types

Individual

Individual bullying tactics can be perpetrated by a single person against a target or targets.

Physical

This is any bullying that hurts someone's body or damages their possessions. Stealing, shoving, hitting, fighting, and destroying property all are types of physical bullying. Physical bullying is rarely the first form of bullying that a target will experience. Often bullying will begin in a different form and later progress to physical violence. In physical bullying the main weapon the bully uses is their body when attacking their target. Sometimes groups of young adults will target and alienate a peer because of some adolescent prejudice. This can quickly lead to a situation where they are being taunted, tortured, and beaten-up by their classmates. Physical bullying will often escalate over time, and can lead to a detrimental ending, and therefore many try to stop it quickly to prevent any further escalationVerbal

This is any bullying that is conducted by speaking. Calling names, spreading rumors, threatening somebody, and making fun of others are all forms of verbal bullying. Verbal bullying is one of the most common types of bullying. In verbal bullying the main weapon the bully uses is their voice. In many cases, verbal bullying is common in both genders, but girls are more likely to perform it. Girls, in general, are more subtle with insults than boys. Girls use verbal bullying, as well as social exclusion techniques, to dominate and control other individuals and show their superiority and power. However, there are also many boys with subtlety enough to use verbal techniques for domination, and who are practiced in using words when they want to avoid the trouble that can come with physically bullying someone else.

Relational

This is any bullying that is done with the intent to hurt somebody's reputation or social standing which can also link in with the techniques included in physical and verbal bullying. Relational Bullying is a form of bullying common amongst youth, but particularly upon girls. Relational bullying can be used as a tool by bullies to both improve their social standing and control others. Unlike physical bullying which is obvious, relational bullying is not overt and can continue for a long time without being noticed.

Cyber-bullying

Cyber bullying is the use of technology to harass, threaten, embarrass, or target another person. When an adult is involved, it may meet the definition of cyber-harassment or cyberstalking, a crime that can have legal consequences and involve jail time. This includes email, instant messaging, social networking sites (such as Facebook), text messages, and cell phones.

AWARENESS - TEACHING PEOPLE ABOUT KWANZAA

"EVEN THOUGH KWANZAA JUST PASSED AFTER NEW YEARS DAY, YOU CAN STILL PARTICIPATE IN SOME OF THESE ACTIVITIES DURING THIS 2020 NEW YEAR!!!"

USE SOME OF THESE IDEAS DURING THE MONTH OF FEBRUARY, WHICH IS BLACK HISTORY MONTH!!!

Kwanzaa is an annual celebration of life observed for seven days from December 26 to January 1 by people of African descent to honor their heritage. The week-long celebration may include songs, dances, African drums, storytelling, poetry reading, and a large feast on December 31, called a Karamu. A candle on the Kinara (candleholder) representing one of the seven principles on which Kwanzaa is founded, called the Nguzo Saba, is lit every one of the seven nights. Each day of Kwanzaa emphasizes a different principle. There are also seven symbols associated with Kwanzaa. The principles and symbols reflect the values of African culture and promote community among African-Americans. Establishment of Kwanzaa

Kwanzaa was created in 1966 by Dr. Maulana Karenga, professor and chairman of black studies at California State University, Long Beach, as a way to bring African-Americans together as a community and help them reconnect with their African roots and heritage. Kwanzaa celebrates family, community, culture, and heritage. As the Civil Rights Movement transitioned into black nationalism in the late 1960s, men such as Karenga were searching for ways to reconnect African-Americans with their heritage.

Kwanzaa is modeled after the first harvest celebrations in Africa, and the meaning of the name Kwanzaa comes from the Swahili phrase "matunda ya kwanza" which means the "first fruits" of the harvest. Although East African nations were not involved in the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, Karenga's decision to use a Swahili term to name the celebration is symbolic of the popularity of Pan-Africanism.

Kwanzaa is celebrated mostly in the United States, but Kwanzaa celebrations are also popular in Canada, the Caribbean and other parts of the African Diaspora.

Karenga said his purpose for establishing Kwanzaa was to "give Blacks an alternative to the existing holiday and give Blacks an opportunity to celebrate themselves and their history, rather than simply imitate the practice of the dominant society."

In 1997 Karenga stated in the text Kwanzaa: A Celebration of Family, Community and Culture, "Kwanzaa was not created to give people an alternative to their own religion or religious holiday." Instead, Karenga argued, the purpose of Kwanzaa was to study Nguzu Saba, which were the seven principles of African Heritage.

Through the seven principles recognized during Kwanzaa participants honor their heritage as people of African descent who lost a great deal of their heritage through enslavement.Nguzu Saba: The Seven Principles of Kwanzaa

The celebration of Kwanzaa includes an acknowledgment and honoring of its seven principles, known as Nguzu Saba. Each day of Kwanzaa emphasizes a new principle, and the evening candle-lighting ceremony provides an opportunity to discuss the principle and its meaning. The first night the black candle in the center is lit and the principle of Umoja (Unity) is discussed.

The principles include:

  1. Umoja (Unity): maintaining unity as a family, community and race of people.
  2. Kujichagulia (Self-Determination): defining, naming and creating and speaking for ourselves.
  3. Ujima (Collective Work and Responsibility): building and maintaining our community--solving problems together.
  4. Ujamaa (Cooperative Economics: building and maintaining retail stores and other businesses and to profit from these ventures.
  5. Nia (Purpose): work collectively to build communities that will restore the greatness of African people.
  6. Kuumba (Creativity): to find new, innovative ways to leave communities of African descent in more beautiful and beneficial ways than the community inherited.
  7. Imani (Faith): the belief in God, family, heritage, leaders and others that will leave to the victory of Africans around the world.
HEALTHY AGING AWARENESS

Healthy Aging

Adopting healthy habits and behaviors, staying involved in your community, using preventive services, managing health conditions, and understanding all your medications can contribute to a productive and meaningful life.

Staying Active

Go4Life: Exercise and Physical Activity
Staying physically active is an important part of a healthy lifestyle. Get help fitting exercise and physical activity into your daily life.

Older Drivers
Getting older does not necessarily mean a person’s driving days are over. Plan ahead to ensure you and your loved ones are safe on the road.

Aging at Home: A Guide for Home Improvements - PDF
Tips for modifying your home to be more accessible helps prevent falls and injuries, and provides peace of mind for you and those around you.

Staying Connected to Your Community

Senior Corps
Senior Corp connects adults 55+ with the people and organizations that need you most. Find volunteer opportunities near you.

Senior Community Service Employment Program (SCSEP)
SCSEP is a community service and work-based job training program for low-income, unemployed older Americans. See if you qualify.

Aging Network Volunteer Resource Center
Offers online resources, staff and volunteer training, and opportunities for leaders to exchange best practices to increase the number of older adult volunteers and enrich the experience of these volunteers.

National Aging and Disability Transportation Center
Working to increase transportation options for older adults to support their ability to live independently in their homes and communities.

Nutrition for Older Adults

Food and Nutrition
Nutrition is important at every stage of life. Find information and resources in your area to achieve good health.

Young at Heart: Tips for Older Adults
As you age, your body and life change. So does what you need to stay healthy. Healthy eating and regular physical activity are your keys to good health.

Meals on Wheels America
Meals on Wheels, along with more than two million volunteers, delivers the nutritious meals, friendly visits and safety checks that enable America’s seniors to live nourished lives with independence and dignity.

Nutrition for Seniors
Studies show that a good diet in your later years reduces your risk of osteoporosis, high blood pressure, heart diseases, and certain cancers. Get tips for eating for overall health.

What's On Your Plate? Smart Food Choices for Healthy Aging
Stay healthy with nutrient-focused guides for healthy eating and grocery shopping.

Weight Management
If you are overweight or obese, you have a greater risk of developing many diseases including Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and some types of cancer. Learn how to manage your weight successfully.

Food Safety for Older Adults
Adults 65 and older are at a higher risk for hospitalization and death from foodborne illness. Learn how to keep yourself safe.

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)
SNAP offers nutrition assistance to eligible, low-income individuals and families and provides economic benefits to communities.

Locating Benefits & Finding Care

Benefits.gov: Your Path to Government Benefits
Locate benefits you may be eligible for using the official benefits website of the U.S. government.

Medicare.gov
Sign up for Medicare benefits, find out if a service is covered, submit a Medicare claim, and more.

Preventive Services
Medicare covers many preventive and screening services to keep you healthy and help find problems early, when treatment is most effective.

Compare Medicare Providers
Find physicians, group practices, hospitals, home health agencies, and dialysis facilities based on star ratings, services offered, and quality of care.

Medicare and the Health Insurance Marketplace
Learn about the Health Insurance Marketplace and your Medicare benefits.

Replacement Medicare Cards
Learn how to get a replacement Medicare card.

Medicaid.gov
Your one-stop-shop for Federal policy and program information about Medicaid.

Eldercare Locator
Using your ZIP code or city and state, find resources in your community that provide information and assistance for older adults and caregivers.

Diseases, Conditions & Injuries Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia
Find links to authoritative, up-to-date information from agencies and organizations with expertise in Alzheimer’s disease and dementia.

Caregiving Tip Sheets and Resources
Caring for a person with Alzheimer’s disease can have high physical, emotional, and financial costs. These tips can help caregivers become informed and find support.

Arthritis

Understanding Arthritis
Arthritis is one of the most common diseases in the United States. Older people most often have osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or gout.

Cancer

NIH Senior Health: Cancer
Some cancers are more likely to occur with age. Read about breast cancer, colorectal cancer, prostate cancer, and more.

Cancer Facts for People Over 50
Cancer strikes people of all ages, but you are more likely to get cancer as you get older. Learn what cancer is, what to look for, and how it is treated.

Diabetes

Diabetes in Older People—A Disease You Can Manage
Diabetes is a serious disease that can lead to dangerous health problems, such as heart attack or stroke. There are things you can do, however, to take control and prevent problems.

Fall Prevention

Preventing Falls Among Older Adults

Each year, one in every 3 adults age 65 or older falls and 2 million are treated in emergency departments for fall-related injuries. However, many falls can be prevented.

Hearing

Hearing Loss
Hearing loss can have many different causes. Learn about common causes of hearing loss and when to see your doctor.

Heart & Lung Health

Heart Disease

In the United States, the most common type of heart disease is coronary heart disease, which can lead to heart attack. Learn the signs and symptoms of a heart attack and how you can prevent it.

Hearing

Hearing Loss
Hearing loss can have many different causes. Learn about common causes of hearing loss and when to see your doctor.

Heart & Lung Health

Heart Disease

In the United States, the most common type of heart disease is coronary heart disease, which can lead to heart attack. Learn the signs and symptoms of a heart attack and how you can prevent it.

HIV/AIDS

Aging with HIV/AIDS
New medications and treatments have increased the life expectancy of people with HIV. Learn how aging affects living with HIV.

HIV: Know the Risks. Get the Facts.
HIV risk doesn’t stop at 50. In fact, men and women over age 50 account for 17% of all new HIV and AIDS diagnosis. Learn how to prevent HIV.

HIV, AIDS, and Older People
You may have thought HIV was something only younger people have to worry about, but anyone at any age can get it. Learn more about HIV/AIDS.

Vision

Aging and Your Eyes
Protect your vision and eye health as you age. Learn about glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration, presbyopia, detached retina, and other problems.

Back to top

Managing Medication & Treatment

Medicare Prescription Drug Coverage
Medicare offers prescription drug coverage to help senior citizens get the prescription drugs they need. Learn more about Medicare’s prescription drug coverage options.

Ways to Save on Drug Costs
If you meet certain income and resource limits, you may qualify for extra help from Medicare to pay the costs of Medicare prescription drug coverage.

Generic Drugs: Questions and Answers
Learn about generic drugs–from their safety to their effectiveness.

Pillbox: Identify or Search for a Pill
Use Pillbox’s image explorer to sort a variety of pills by color, shape, size, scoring, or the text printed on the pill.

Dietary Supplement Label Database
Check the full label contents of dietary supplement products sold in the United States.

Senior Vaccine Schedule
People 65 and older may need one or more vaccines, even if you received vaccines as a child or young adult. Learn more and then talk to your doctor about which vaccines are right for you.

MAY WAS PURPLE - ACTION ON STROKE MONTH BUT...

YOU DON'T HAVE TO WAIT UNTIL MAY AGAIN!!!

May was Purple - Action On Stroke Month and it runs throughout May and is an annual awareness event arranged by the Stroke Association. The month is to raise awareness of Strokes and their impact on sufferers and their friends and families as well as educating the general public on the signs and symptoms of strokes, what causes strokes, what happens during a stroke and what to do in the event of someone suffering a stroke.

The main theme of the Month is wearing purple to raise sponsorship for the Stroke Association’s work. Some people even dye their hair purple for the month in order to raise extra sponsorship, while purple parties, purple to work days, purple games and bake sales and other purple events are held. Participants sign up with the Stroke Association to receive a purple event fundraising pack.

A stroke is an attack on the brain, it happens when blood supply to part of the brain is cut off, causing death of that part of the brain, the effects of the stroke vary depending on which part of the brain is affected and how severe the stroke is. Strokes can also cause bleeding on the brain. The effects of stroke can be permanent although some people make a very good recovery, and a sufferer is vulnerable to further strokes. Often care and treatment is needed, and in serious cases, hospitalisation is needed and a stroke can cause immediate death or death through subsequent secondary strokes.

The Stroke Association’s Awareness Month raises vital funds for the stroke association to provide support to sufferers and to get information into the community to prevent stroke and make sure correct action is taken in the event of strokes.

REMEMBER - A STROKE CAN HAPPEN ANYTIME!!! BE AWARE!!!

IS IT A STROKE? ACT F.A.S.T.

F - FACE DROOPING

A - ARM/LEG WEAKNESS

S - SPEECH DIFFICULTY

T - TIME TO CALL 9 - 1 - 1

B - E - F - A - S - T

B - BALANCE

E - EYES - SUDDEN LOSS OR BLURRED

F - FACE DROOPING

A - ARM/LEG WEAKNESS

S - SPEECH DIFFICULTY

T - TIME TO CALL 9 - 1 - 1

STROKE AWARENESS

When it comes to stroke, every minute counts. Your immediate action can help prevent brain damage and long-term disability.

Signs of stroke: dizziness, weakness, trouble speaking, vision changes

Signs of stroke: loss of balance, headache, confusion

Signs of stroke: difficulty understanding, numbness, trouble walking

Do you think you could identify all signs of stroke?

You might know the BE FAST* signs of stroke: Balance loss, Eyesight loss, Facial drooping, Arm weakness, Speech difficulty, Time to call 911

But did you know that recognizing the other signs is just as important?

A SUDDEN ONSET of the following symptoms may indicate stroke*

SYMPTOMS A LOVED ONE MAY EXPERIENCE

SIGNS YOU MAY NOTICE

1. CONFUSION - Unable to understand what is happening, can't think clearly or feel thrown off

A puzzled look, a hard time focusing, trouble making decisions

2. DIFFICULTY UNDERSTANDING - Unable to comprehend speech or language

Raised or wrinkled eyebrows, shaking their head “no.”

Unsteady or woozy

3. DIZZINESS - Feeling faint, lightheaded, or like the room is spinning

Unsteady movements (like they have motion sickness), like they are drunk (without having any alcohol)

4. LOSS OF BALANCE - Unstable with less coordination

Wobbling around, grabbing onto a stationary object

5. NUMBNESS - A tingling sensation in the body (i.e. face, arm, or leg), like pins and needles

Constant touching, massaging, or shaking of the numb areas

6. SEVERE HEADACHE - Pain or discomfort in the head, scalp, or neck with no known cause

Touching their head or rubbing their temples, sensitivity to light

7. TROUBLE SPEAKING - Unable to speak or slurred speech

Sentences that can’t be understood, difficulty having a conversation

8. TROUBLE WALKINGS - tumbling or unable to walk straight, Tripping over nothing

9. VISION CHANGES - Blurred vision or trouble with eyesight in one or both eyes

Squinting or rubbing their eyes, not able to read

10. WEAKNESS - Lack of strength in the face, arm, or leg—especially on one side of the bodyWanting to sit or lay down, difficulty doing simple tasks

*Note that these symptoms or a combination of them are not unique to stroke, but if they are sudden and out of the ordinary, they may indicate a sign of stroke and require immediate attention.

Call your local emergency services immediately if you think you or someone near you is having a stroke.Download the list.

*BEFAST was developed by Intermountain Healthcare, as an adaptation of the FAST model implemented by the American Stroke Association. Reproduced with permission from Intermountain Healthcare. © 2011, Intermountain Healthcare.

NEXT SABBATH: Review stroke facts

HERBAL/ PRESCRIPTION INTERACTION AWARENESS

Herbal/Prescription Interaction Awareness

We Need To Be Careful AT All Times!!!

From vitamins to herbs, dietary supplements have become increasingly popular in recent years, particularly among Americans age 60 and older. In fact, according to a recent study published in theJournal of Nutrition, 70 percent of older adults take at least one supplement daily, and 29 percent take four or more each day.

What's the big deal, you might be thinking? After all, supplements are made of natural ingredients, so they must be safe–right? Not necessarily. Not only can supplements have potentially harmful effects, but when taken in conjunction with prescription medications the ensuing interactions can prove very dangerous.

Considering that those 65 to 69 years old take some 14 prescriptions annually, and individuals ages 80 to 84 take an average of 18 prescriptions per year, supplement safety is a serious issue. July is Herbal/Prescription Interaction Awareness Month, and ATRIO Health Plans is supporting this educational effort by increasing awareness–especially among seniors–that supplements should not be taken without first consulting with a healthcare provider who can determine if any supplements pose a danger when taken with your prescription medications.

Potential Problems

While the following list is by no means comprehensive, it provides a sobering sampling of the potentially serious problems that can occur when mixing supplements with prescription medications:

  • Coenzyme Q-10 and ginseng–Can decrease the effectiveness of warfarin.
  • Danshen (also known as red sage)–Significantly increases bleeding risk for those taking a blood thinner. If you're taking a calcium channel blocker, danshen raises the risk of dangerously low blood pressure.
  • Chamomile, cranberry, evening primrose, garlic, ginger, gingko biloba, ginseng, green tea, and saw palmetto–All may increase bleeding risk for those on blood thinners or an aspirin regimen.
  • St. John's wort–Reduces the effectiveness of calcium channel blockers, blood thinners, and statins; also, should not be taken with antidepressants.
  • Echinacea–Has been known to negatively interact with some chemotherapy agents.
  • Fish oil–May cause problematic interactions with birth control pills, blood thinners, hypertension medication, and Xenical (treats obesity).

Avoid Interactions

Central to preventing potentially dangerous drug-supplement interactions is keeping an up-to-date record of all prescription and over-the-counter medications you consume, as well as of all vitamins and/or herbal supplements you take.

It's also essential to share this information with your healthcare professional. If he or she okays your supplements and prescriptions, be sure to follow dosing instructions carefully. Also, be watchful for any unusual signs or symptoms that you could be experiencing a potentially dangerous drug interaction, such as rapid heartbeat and/or changes in blood pressure.

Sources:

https://www.aarp.org/health/drugs-supplements/info-2017/dietary-vitamin-use-older-americans-fd.html

https://www.consumerhealthdigest.com/health-awareness/herbal-prescription-interaction-awareness-month.html

https://hearthungerblog.wordpress.com/2015/07/29/july-is-herbal-prescription-interaction-awareness-month/

https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/consumer-health/in-depth/herbal-supplements/art-20046488

CANCER AWARENESS MONTH CALENDER
CERVICAL CANCER AWARENESS

January is Cervical Health Awareness Month.

What is Cervical Health Awareness Month?

The United States Congress designated January as Cervical Health Awareness Month. More than 13,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer each year, but the disease is preventable with vaccination and appropriate screening.

During January, NCCC and its many local chapters across the country highlight issues related to cervical cancer, HPV disease and the importance of early detection. While NCCC chapters host events throughout the year, January is a month with a special focus as chapters celebrate Cervical Health Awareness Month and work to spread the word in their communities.

NCCC and the American Sexual Health Association (ASHA) also offer a range of resources (listed below) to educate the public and healthcare providers about cervical health, from fact sheets to episodes of ASHA’s Sex+Health podcast.

What Can You Do?

As someone who is interested in educating and advocating for increased knowledge of cervical cancer and HPV disease, you can do a lot. You can contact your local media to encourage coverage of Cervical Health Awareness Month, offering this ASHA/NCCC press release. You can also send this proclamation to your mayor, or local legislative office to publicly recognize Cervical Health Awareness Month.

You can also check out the resources on this page, from fact sheets to episodes of ASHA’s Sex+Health podcast, to educate yourself and others. Download, display and distribute our cervical cancer awareness month posters and help NCCC and ASHA get the word out on social media.

VACCINATION

HPV vaccines can help prevent infection from both high risk HPV types that can lead to cervical cancer and low risk types that cause genital warts. The CDC recommends all boys and girls get the HPV vaccine at age 11 or 12 as the vaccine produces a stronger immune response when taken during the preteen years. For this reason, up until age 14, only two doses are the vaccine are required. The vaccine is available for all males and females through age 45 but, for those 15 and older, a full three-dose series is needed.

TESTING

A Pap test can find cell changes to the cervix caused by HPV. HPV tests find the virus and help healthcare providers know which women are at highest risk for cervical cancer. Pap and HPV tests (either alone or in combination) are recommended for women over 30: each woman should ask her health care provider how often she should be screened and which tests are right for her.

Facebook Live

The HPV vaccine is now approved for males and females through age 45 and NCCC hosted a Facebook live discussion to cover what you need to know about the expanded age range.

Promote Cervical Health on Social Media

You can help NCCC promote the importance of cervical health and cervical cancer prevention by sharing prevention messages throughout the month that cervical cancer is preventable!

  • January is Cervical Health Awareness Month. Visit NCCC to learn more. Get involved and make a difference! http://ow.ly/MdJb30760xc
  • During Cervical Health Month in January ASHA is offering a free download of the fact sheet Ten Things to Know About HPV. Get yours today. http://ow.ly/VKdY307APzi
  • During Cervical Health Month in January you can download free posters and more from NCCC. For more go to NCCC. Get involved, make a difference! http://ow.ly/jgj730760D4
  • Not one single woman ever needs to die from cervical cancer. We have the tools we need to prevent this disease so let’s use them. Get involved. Make a difference! Visit the National Cervical Cancer Coalition online http://ow.ly/jgj730760D4

Downloadable Content

ASHA’s Sex+Health Podcast

The Sex+Health podcast covers a range topics of topics in sexual health, including HPV and cervical cancer prevention. The episodes will feature interviews with experts in the field discussing all aspects of HPV and cervical cancer prevention.

HPV Tests Take Center Stage

It used to be so simple: go for an annual Pap! The venerable Pap is now frequently used as a co-test along with a test for the Human papillomavirus (HPV), the virus that causes almost all cases of cervical cancer. In this episode Dr. Latoya Patterson breaks down the current approaches to screening for cervical cancer including the newest option, HPV primary screening, where an HPV test is used without being paired with a Pap test. The Pap test still has a role, though, so tune in to find out all about it!

JANUARY IS THYROID CANCER AWARENESS MONTH

Thyroid cancer occurs in the cells of the thyroid — a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of your neck, just below your Adam's apple. Your thyroid produces hormones that regulate your heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature and weight.

Although thyroid cancer isn't common in the United States, rates seem to be increasing. Doctors think this is because new technology is allowing them to find small thyroid cancers that may not have been found in the past.

Most cases of thyroid cancer can be cured with treatment.

Symptoms

Thyroid cancer typically doesn't cause any signs or symptoms early in the disease. As thyroid cancer grows, it may cause:

  • A lump that can be felt through the skin on your neck
  • Changes to your voice, including increasing hoarseness
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Pain in your neck and throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes in your neck
  • Causes

    It's not clear what causes thyroid cancer.

    Thyroid cancer occurs when cells in your thyroid undergo genetic changes (mutations). The mutations allow the cells to grow and multiply rapidly. The cells also lose the ability to die, as normal cells would. The accumulating abnormal thyroid cells form a tumor. The abnormal cells can invade nearby tissue and can spread throughout the body.

    Types of thyroid cancer

    The type of thyroid cancer you have determines treatment and prognosis. Types of thyroid cancer include:

    • Papillary thyroid cancer. The most common form of thyroid cancer, papillary thyroid cancer arises from follicular cells, which produce and store thyroid hormones. Papillary thyroid cancer can occur at any age, but most often it affects people ages 30 to 50.
    • Follicular thyroid cancer. Follicular thyroid cancer also arises from the follicular cells of the thyroid. It usually affects people older than age 50. Hurthle cell cancer is a rare and potentially more aggressive type of follicular thyroid cancer.
    • Medullary thyroid cancer. Medullary thyroid cancer begins in thyroid cells called C cells, which produce the hormone calcitonin. Elevated levels of calcitonin in the blood can indicate medullary thyroid cancer at a very early stage. Certain genetic syndromes increase the risk of medullary thyroid cancer, although this genetic link is uncommon.
      • Anaplastic thyroid cancer. Anaplastic thyroid cancer is a rare and rapidly growing cancer that is very difficult to treat. Anaplastic thyroid cancer typically occurs in adults age 60 and older.
      • Thyroid lymphoma. Thyroid lymphoma is a rare form of thyroid cancer that begins in the immune system cells in the thyroid and grows very quickly. Thyroid lymphoma typically occurs in older adults.Prevention

        Doctors aren't sure what causes most cases of thyroid cancer, so there's no way to prevent thyroid cancer in people who have an average risk of the disease.

        Prevention for people with a high risk

        Adults and children with an inherited gene mutation that increases the risk of medullary thyroid cancer are often advised to have thyroid surgery to prevent cancer (prophylactic thyroidectomy). Discuss your options with a genetic counselor who can explain your risk of thyroid cancer and your treatment options.

        Prevention for people near nuclear power plants

        Fallout from an accident at a nuclear power plant could cause thyroid problems in people living nearby. If you live within 10 miles of a nuclear power plant in the United States, you may be eligible to receive a medication (potassium iodide) that blocks the effects of radiation on the thyroid. If an emergency were to occur, you and your family could take the potassium iodide tablets to help prevent thyroid problems. Contact your state or local emergency management department for more information.

COLORECTAL CANCER

What is colorectal cancer?

Colorectal cancer is a cancer that starts in the rectum or colon. Both of these organs are in the lower portion of your digestive system. The colon is also known as the large intestine. The rectum is at the end of the colon.

The American Cancer Society estimates 1 in 22 men and 1 in 24 women will develop colorectal cancer during their lifetime.

Your doctor may use staging as a guideline to figure out how far along the cancer is. It’s important for your doctor to know the stage of the cancer so they can come up with the best treatment plan for you and give you an estimate of your long-term outlook.

Stage 1 colorectal cancer is the earliest stage. The stages progress up to stage 4, which is the most advanced stage. Here are the stages of colorectal cancer:

  • Stage 1. The cancer has penetrated the lining, or mucosa, of the colon or rectum but hasn’t spread to the organ walls.
  • Stage 2. The cancer has spread to the walls of the colon or rectum but hasn’t affected the lymph nodes or nearby tissues yet.
  • Stage 3. The cancer has moved to the lymph nodes but not to other parts of the body yet. Usually, one to three lymph nodes are involved at this stage.
  • Stage 4. The cancer has spread to other distant organs, such as the liver or lungs.

What are the symptoms of colorectal cancer?

Colorectal cancer may not present any symptoms, especially in the early stages. If you do experience symptoms during the early stages, they may include:

  • constipation
  • diarrhea
  • changes in stool color
  • changes in stool shape, such as narrowed stool
  • blood in the stool
  • bleeding from the rectum
  • excessive gas
  • abdominal cramps
  • abdominal pain

If you notice any of these symptoms, make an appointment with your doctor to discuss getting a colon cancer screening.

Stage 3 or 4 symptoms (late stage symptoms)

Colorectal cancer symptoms are more noticeable in the late stages (stages 3 and 4). In addition to the above symptoms, you might also experience:

  • excessive fatigue
  • unexplained weakness
  • unintentional weight loss
  • changes in your stool that last longer than a month
  • feeling like your bowels don’t completely empty
  • vomiting

If colon cancer spreads to other parts of your body, you may also experience:

  • jaundice (yellow eyes and skin)
  • swelling in hands or feet
  • breathing difficulties
  • chronic headaches
  • blurry vision
  • bone fractures

Types of colorectal cancer

While colorectal cancer sounds clear-cut, there’s actually more than one type of cancer. Such differences have to do with the types of cells that turn cancerous as well as where they form.

The most common type of colon cancer starts from adenocarcinomas. According to the American Cancer Society, adenocarcinomas make up 96 percent of all colon cancer cases. Unless your doctor specifies otherwise, your colon cancer is likely this type. Adenocarcinomas form within mucus cells in either the colon or rectum.

Less commonly, colorectal cancers are caused from other types of tumors, such as:

  • lymphomas, which can form in lymph nodes or in the colon first
  • carcinoids, which start in hormone-making cells within your intestines
  • sarcomas, which form in soft tissues such as muscles in the colon
  • gastrointestinal stromal tumors, which can start off as benign and then become cancerous (These usually form in the digestive tract, but rarely in the colon.)

What causes colorectal cancer?

Researchers are still studying the causes of colorectal cancer. While there’s a growing list of risk factors, they act alone or in combination to increase one’s risk for developing colorectal cancer.

Precancerous growths

Abnormal cells accumulate in the lining of the colon, forming polyps. These are small, benign growths. Removing these growths through surgery is a common preventive method. Untreated polyps can become cancerous.

Gene mutations

Sometimes colorectal cancer occurs in family members. This is due to a gene mutation that passes from parent to child. These mutations don’t guarantee you’ll develop colorectal cancer, but they do increase your chances.

Who’s at risk for colorectal cancer?

There are some factors that may increase your risk of developing colorectal cancer:

Unavoidable factors

Some factors that increase your risk of developing colorectal cancer are unavoidable and can’t be changed. Age is one of them. Your chances of developing this cancer increase after you reach the age of 50.

Some other unavoidable risk factors are:

  • a prior history of colon polyps
  • a prior history of bowel diseases
  • a family history of colorectal cancer
  • having a genetic syndrome, such as familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)
  • being of Eastern European Jewish or African descent

Avoidable factors

Other risk factors are avoidable. This means you can change them to decrease your risk of developing colorectal cancer. Avoidable risk factors include:

  • being overweight or obese
  • smoking
  • heavy drinking of alcohol
  • having type 2 diabetes
  • having a sedentary lifestyle
  • consuming a diet high in processed foods or red meats

How is colorectal cancer diagnosed?

An early diagnosis of colorectal cancer gives you the best chance of curing it.

Your doctor will start by getting information about your medical and family history. They’ll also perform a physical exam. They may press on your abdomen or perform a rectal exam to determine the presence of lumps or polyps.

Blood testing

Your doctor may run some blood tests to get a better idea of what’s causing your symptoms. Though there’s no blood test that specifically checks for colorectal cancer, liver function testsand complete blood count tests can rule out other diseases and disorders.

Colonoscopy

A colonoscopy involves the use of a long tube with a small, attached camera. This procedure allows your doctor to see inside your colon and rectum to check for anything unusual.

During a colonoscopy, your doctor can also remove tissue from abnormal areas. These tissue samples can then be sent to a laboratory for analysis.

X-ray

Your doctor may order an X-ray using a radioactive contrast solution that contains the metallic element barium. Your doctor will insert this liquid into your bowels through the use of an enema. Once in place, the barium solution coats the lining of the colon. This helps improve the quality of the X-ray images.

CT scan

CT scans provide your doctor with a detailed image of your colon. When used in diagnosing colorectal cancer, another name for a CT scan is a virtual colonoscopy.

What are the treatment options for colorectal cancer?

Treatment of colorectal cancer depends on a variety of factors. The state of your overall health and the stage of your colorectal cancer will help your doctor create a treatment plan.

Surgery

In the earliest stages of colorectal cancer, it might be possible for your surgeon to remove cancerous polyps through surgery. If the polyp hasn’t attached to the wall of the bowels, you’ll likely have an excellent outlook.

If your cancer has spread into your bowel walls, your surgeon may need to remove a portion of the colon or rectum, along with any neighboring lymph nodes. If at all possible, your surgeon will reattach the remaining healthy portion of the colon to the rectum.

If this isn’t possible, they may perform a colostomy. This involves creating an opening in the abdominal wall for the removal of waste. A colostomy may be temporary or permanent.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. In the case of colorectal cancer, chemotherapy is a common treatment after surgery to destroy any remaining cancerous cells. Chemotherapy also controls the growth of tumors.

While chemotherapy provides some symptom relief in late-stage cancer, it often comes with side effects that need to be controlled with additional medication.

Radiation

Radiation uses a powerful beam of energy, similar to that used in X-rays, to target and destroy cancerous cells before and after surgery. Radiation therapy commonly occurs alongside chemotherapy.

Medication

In September 2012, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the drug regorafenib (Stivarga) to treat metastatic, or late-stage, colorectal cancer that doesn’t respond to other types of treatment and has spread to other parts of the body. This drug works by blocking enzymes that promote the growth of cancer cells.

Prognosis

Having a colorectal cancer diagnosis can be frightening, but the fact is that this type of cancer is extremely treatable, especially when caught early.

Treatment measures have also come a long way for more advanced cases of colon cancer. According to the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, the average survival rate for stage 4 colon cancer is around 30 months. This is up from the 6 to 8 months that was the average during the 1990s.

At the same time, doctors are now seeing colon cancer in younger patients. This is likely due to poor lifestyle choices that are more common than decades earlier. The American Cancer Society says that, while colon cancer deaths have decreased overall, related deaths in patients younger than 55 have increased 1 percent per year between 2007 and 2016.

Prevention

Certain risk factors for colon cancer, such as family history and age, aren’t preventable. However, lifestyle factors that may contribute colorectal cancer are preventable, and may help reduce your overall risk of developing this disease.

You can take steps now to reduce your risk by:

  • decreasing the amount of red meat you eat
  • avoiding processed meats, such as hot dogs and deli meats
  • eating more plant-based foods
  • decreasing dietary fat in your diet
  • exercising daily
  • losing weight, if your doctor recommends it
  • quitting smoking
  • reducing alcohol consumption
  • decreasing stress
  • controlling preexisting diabetes

Another preventive measure is to make sure you get a colonoscopy after the age of 50 — even if you don’t have risk factors for colon cancer. The earlier the cancer is detected, the better the outcome.

What’s the long-term outlook?

When it’s caught early, colorectal cancer is treatable and often curable. With early detection, most people live at least another five years after diagnosis. If the cancer doesn’t return in that time, you’re considered cured, especially if you’re in the first three stages of the disease.

FEEDBACK: Medically reviewed by Christina Chun, MPH on February 7, 2019 — Written by Carmella Wint and Jennifer Nelson

BREAST CANCER AWARENESS

What Is Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer starts when cells in the breast begin to grow out of control. These cells usually form a tumor that can often be seen on an x-ray or felt as a lump. The tumor is malignant (cancer) if the cells can grow into (invade) surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to distant areas of the body. Breast cancer occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get breast cancer, too.Cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer and can spread to other areas. To learn more about cancer and how all cancers start and spread, see Cancer Basics.Where breast cancer starts

Breast cancers can start from different parts of the breast. Most breast cancers begin in the ducts that carry milk to the nipple (ductal cancers). Some start in the glands that make breast milk (lobular cancers). There are also other types of breast cancer that are less common.

A small number of cancers start in other tissues in the breast. These cancers are called sarcomas and lymphomas and are not really thought of as breast cancers.

Although many types of breast cancer can cause a lump in the breast, not all do. Many breast cancers are found on screening mammograms which can detect cancers at an earlier stage, often before they can be felt, and before symptoms develop. There are other symptoms of breast cancer you should watch for and report to a health care provider.It’s also important to understand that most breast lumps are benign and not cancer (malignant). Non-cancerous breast tumors are abnormal growths, but they do not spread outside of the breast and they are not life threatening. But some benign breast lumps can increase a woman's risk of getting breast cancer. Any breast lump or change needs to be checked by a health care professional to determine if it is benign or malignant (cancer) and if it might affect your future cancer risk.How breast cancer spreads

Breast cancer can spread when the cancer cells get into the blood or lymph system and are carried to other parts of the body.

The lymph system is a network of lymph (or lymphatic) vessels found throughout the body that connects lymph nodes (small bean-shaped collections of immune system cells). The clear fluid inside the lymph vessels, called lymph, contains tissue by-products and waste material, as well as immune system cells. The lymph vessels carry lymph fluid away from the breast. In the case of breast cancer, cancer cells can enter those lymph vessels and start to grow in lymph nodes. Most of the lymph vessels of the breast drain into:

  • Lymph nodes under the arm (axillary nodes)
  • Lymph nodes around the collar bone (supraclavicular [above the collar bone] and infraclavicular [below the collar bone] lymph nodes)
  • Lymph nodes inside the chest near the breast bone (internal mammary lymph nodes)

    If cancer cells have spread to your lymph nodes, there is a higher chance that the cells could have traveled through the lymph system and spread (metastasized) to other parts of your body. The more lymph nodes with breast cancer cells, the more likely it is that the cancer may be found in other organs. Because of this, finding cancer in one or more lymph nodes often affects your treatment plan. Usually, you will need surgery to remove one or more lymph nodes to know whether the cancer has spread.

    Still, not all women with cancer cells in their lymph nodes develop metastases, and some women with no cancer cells in their lymph nodes develop metastases later.

LUNG CANCER AWARENESS

REMEMBER: ANYONE CAN GET LUNG CANCER EVEN IF YOU DO NOT SMOKE!!!

Lung Cancer Awareness

Join the IASLC in helping to raise awareness about lung cancer during Lung Cancer Awareness Month.

A white ribbon brings awareness to lung cancer.

Lung Cancer Awareness Month (LCAM)


Join the IASLC in helping to raise awareness about lung cancer during Lung Cancer Awareness Month or any other month in the year.

The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) is leading a joint effort among a consortium of non-profit lung cancer patient advocacy organizations and individuals. This effort is designed to produce a coordinated, harmonized public awareness campaign for Lung Cancer Awareness Month (LCAM) in 2019. A critical part of this campaign is to share and widely promote the stories of lung cancer survivors, caregivers and families of those who have been diagnosed with lung cancer. These stories will be displayed on the campaign's brand new website www.lcam.org. They will also be shared on Twitter and Facebook feeds that have been set up specifically for the campaign. IASLC's hope is that this effort will be maintained and expanded upon in subsequent years.

Summary:

Lung cancer accounts for about 27 percent of all cancer deaths and is by far the leading cause of cancer death among both men and women. Each year, more people die of lung cancer than of colon, breast, and prostate cancers combined.

It is important that IASLC members help communicate the vast threat lung cancer poses around the world. We need the public and the media to understand that new research, diagnosis and treatment breakthroughs in the last 10 years have brought new hope to patients and their families. To help spread the message about lung cancer, the IASLC created a series of fact sheets focusing on different regions around the globe and we translated them into several different languages. See our fact sheets.

IASLC encourages members to engage with local media and advocacy groups to bring more attention to the magnitude of this devastating disease. When you talk about lung cancer on social media, make sure you use #LCAM to consolidate all of our efforts . For more information on how you can become more active in helping bring attention to lung cancer, contact Becky Bunn, IASLC Projects Specialist, or visit our advocacy page.

FOODS THAT PREVENT VARIOUS CANCERS!

GREAT NEWS: RESEARCH PROVES THAT YOU REALLY CAN POWER UP YOUR PROTECTION AGAINST BREAST, OVARIAN AND OTHER CANCERS JUST BY EATING MORE OF A FEW COMMON FOODS!

1. PROTECT BREASTS WITH PEACHES!

Fresh or frozen, peaches pack loads of compounds that help block the growth of suspicious breast cells, reveals Texas A&M University research. No wonder eating just three cups of peaches weekly cuts breast cancer risk 33%!

Eggplant, plums, and blueberries are also rich in these protective plant acids.

2. CUT OVARIAN CANCER RISK 50% WITH SALAD GREENS!

Eating a cup a day of leafy greens, such as romaine lettuce, spinach, kale, watercress and endive slashes ovarian cancer risk as much as 50%, reports the British Journal of Cancer. The pigments that give those foods their color are also anti-oxidants that help keep ovarian cells normal, explains study coauthor Sue Larsson, Ph.D.

3. AVOID CERVICAL CANCER WITH PINK GRAPEFRUIT!

Enjoying half a pink grapefruit daily could cut your odds of both CERVICAL and ENDOMETRIAL CANCERS 25%! In the journal Food and Chemical Toxicology reveals that pink grapefruit is rich in two cancer-fighting nutrients (NARINGIN and LYCOPENE), which prod precancerous cells to self destruct. TOMATOES are another good source of these protective nutrients.

4. SAFEGUARD YOUR COLON WITH NUTS!

Snacking on a handful of cashews, almonds, pecans or walnuts daily can lower your risk of colon cancer 42%--even if you have a history of the disease! The reason? The healthy minerals and fats in tree nuts help heal damaged intestinal cells, which is a key to keeping them cancer-free.

5. APPLES GET AN A+ FOR LUNG CANCER!

Simply eating an apple a day slashes your risk of lung cancer a whopping 60%, European research shows. The credit goes to FLAVONOIDS, a type of antioxidant in apples, which rein in lung-damaging inflammation!

BONUS: That same apple helps shield you from lung-related winter ills, such as colds, bronchitis, and even pneumonia!

6. CANCER-FIGHTING POWER OF BRAZIL NUTS

NFCR-sponsored researchers have been investigating the links between nutrition and cancer prevention for decades. The latest research from Dr. Helmut Sies focuses specifically on the role of selenium, a nutrient that may play a critical role in reducing the risk of certain cancers. So what can we eat to add selenium to our diets? Brazil nuts.

Brazil nuts contain the richest source of natural selenium. They also make a great pesto (RECIPE BELOW). Add a dollop to some roasted broccoli, whole-grain pasta or salmon and voila! You now have a delicious, nutritious, cancer-fighting meal for dinner tonight. Try it…. And let us know what you think. Post your comments below.

9 SUPRISING HEALTH BENEFITS OF BRAZIL NUTS

  • AIDS IN DIGESTION
  • HELPS IN TREATING ACNE
  • BENEFICIAL IN WEIGHT LOSS
  • AIDS IN MAINTAINING HEALTHY SKIN
  • BOOSTS IMMUNE SYSTEM AND OVERALL HEALTH
  • HELPS IN PROPER FUNCTIONING OF THE THYROID GLAND
  • HELPS TO PREVENT ATHEROSCLEROSIS AND HEART ATTACK
  • HELPS IN CELLULAR GROWTH, REPAIR AND WOUND HEALING
  • HELPS TO PREVENT CONSTIPATION, BLOATING, AND COLON CANCER

BRAZIL-NUT PESTO

INGREDIENTS:

1/2 cup coarsely chopped flat-leaf parsley
1/4 cup Brazil nuts, coarsely chopped
2 Tbsp water
1 Tbsp chopped tarragon
1 large garlic clove, chopped
1/2 tsp finely grated lemon zest
5 Tbsp extra-virgin olive oil
3 Tbsp freshly grated Parmesan cheese
Salt and freshly ground pepper

HOW TO MAKE THIS RECIPE:

In a mini food processor, combine the parsley with the Brazil nuts, water, tarragon, garlic and lemon zest and pulse to a coarse paste. Add 3 tablespoons of the olive oil and the Parmesan and process to a slightly smooth paste. Season with salt and pepper.

MAKE AHEAD OF TIME:

This pesto can be refrigerated overnight. Bring to room temperature before using.

FOODS THAT COULD LOWER YOUR RISK OF CANCER

Foods That Could Lower Your Risk of Cancer

What you eat can drastically affect many aspects of your health, including your risk of developing chronic diseases like heart disease, diabetes and cancer.

The development of cancer, in particular, has been shown to be heavily influenced by your diet.

Many foods contain beneficial compounds that could help decrease the growth of cancer.

There are also several studies showing that a higher intake of certain foods could be associated with a lower risk of the disease.

This article will delve into the research and look at foods that may lower your risk of cancer.

BROCCOLI:

Broccoli contains sulforaphane, a plant compound found in cruciferous vegetables that may have potent anticancer properties.

One test-tube study showed that sulforaphane reduced the size and number of breast cancer cells by up to 75% (1Trusted Source).

Similarly, an animal study found that treating mice with sulforaphane helped kill off prostate cancer cells and reduced tumor volume by more than 50% (2Trusted Source).

Some studies have also found that a higher intake of cruciferous vegetables like broccoli may be linked to a lower risk of colorectal cancer.

One analysis of 35 studies showed that eating more cruciferous vegetables was associated with a lower risk of colorectal and colon cancer (3Trusted Source).

Including broccoli with a few meals per week may come with some cancer-fighting benefits.

However, keep in mind that the available research hasn’t looked directly at how broccoli may affect cancer in humans.

Instead, it has been limited to test-tube, animal and observational studies that either investigated the effects of cruciferous vegetables, or the effects of a specific compound in broccoli. Thus, more studies are needed.

SUMMARY: Broccoli contains sulforaphane, a compound that has been shown to cause tumor cell death and reduce tumor size in test-tube and animal studies. A higher intake of cruciferous vegetables may also be associated with a lower risk of colorectal cancer.

FOR CANCER - COLOR MATTERS! RED, PURPLE AND BLUE

Choose Food by Color for Cancer Fighting Nutrients Part I: Red, Purple and Blue Foods

MARCH 5, 2014 BY

If you’re new here, welcome! I’m Julie, a registered dietitian specializing in oncology nutrition.

I focus on providing evidence-based information for eating well before, during, and after cancer. You’ll often find me citing credible organizations such as the American Institute for Cancer Research, the Center for Science in the Public Interest and the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

If you're looking for something specific, use the sidebar to search over 300 evidence-based articles. Also, be sure to join my newsletter for articles about lifestyle choices and cancer risk.

Thanks for visiting!

First off, to understand why the color of your food is important, you MUST know the basics on nutrition and cancer. If you’re not sure, read this short article I wrote a few months ago called Nutrition and Cancer 101: The Basics.

Don’t have time to read it?

The Bottom Line for Cancer Fighting Foods:

Phytochemicals, also known as phytonutrients, or plant nutrients are the KEY to a health promoting diet. The more the better!

Food sources of phytochemicals come from:

  • PLANTS! You will note that you do not get phytochemicals in animal based
    foods. Consuming animal products can be part of a cancer fighting diet,
    but only in the context of mostly plant based diet.
  • Not processed. Plants that are processed basically have phytochemicals
    removed. White rice does not have near the phytochemical count that
    brown rice does.
  • Bonus points for phytochemicals from tea,
    herbs, spices and whole grains. Anything that is a plant has phytochemicals.

Why Does Color Matter?

The color of our food tells us something. And I’m not talking about color, like jelly beans, or kool-aid! I’m talking about the colors of foods when they are grown in the ground. The color they are grown to be. The color of the food actually represents the phytochemicals, or plant nutrients, that are present in the food.

Every color is important, and by eating a variety of colors on your plate, you will make sure to get a variety of nutrients. Over the next few articles, I will highlight a color group and share what makes it particularly good for you, and share practical recipes that I use. Today it’s the purple, blue, red group!

Foods with Red, Purple and Blue Color

There are a lot of delicious foods that fit into the Red/Purple/Blue color group. Here’s a list to get you started thinking about it:

  • cranberries
  • strawberries
  • raspberries
  • grapefruit
  • blueberries
  • red bell peppers
  • kidney beans
  • cherries
  • prunes
  • eggplant
  • figs
  • tomatoes
  • watermelon
  • & more! – obligatory on lists of things

Nutrients in Red, Purple & Blue Foods

As a reminder, there are over 900 different phytochecmicals discovered so far. Here are some of the phytonutrients that are found in red, purple and blue plant foods:

  • Antioxidants like anthocyanins (blueberries are one of the top sources of these particular antioxidants), lycopene (watermelon and tomatoes) all work to protect against cell damage.
  • Folic acid (strawberries, beets, kidney beans) – keeps DNA healthy and promotes and maintains the growth of new cells.
  • Fiber (all fruits and vegetables) – fiber is known to reduce risk for colon cancer.
  • Vitamin C (berries, grapefruit, red peppers) – essential for wound healing and protects cells from damage.
  • Vitamin A (red peppers) – necessary for eye and skin health.
  • Potassium (cherries, figs and tomatoes) – helps to protect against nerve damage and plays a role in electrolyte balance.

There are many reasons to make sure that you have red, purple & blue foods on your plate at least once a day!

– Julie

VITAMIN SUPPLEMENTS AND CANCER

Vitamin D and Cancer Prevention

What is vitamin D?

Vitamin D is the name given to a group of fat-soluble prohormones (substances that usually have little hormonal activity by themselves but that the body can turn into hormones). Vitamin D helps the body use calcium and phosphorus to make strong bones and teeth. Skin exposed to sunshine can make vitamin D, and vitamin D can also be obtained from certain foods. Vitamin D deficiency can cause a weakening of the bones that is called rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults.

Two major forms of vitamin D that are important to humans are vitamin D2, or ergocalciferol, and vitamin D3, or cholecalciferol. Vitamin D2 is made naturally by plants, and vitamin D3 is made naturally by the body when skin is exposed to ultraviolet radiation in sunlight. Both forms are converted to 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the liver. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D then travels through the blood to the kidneys, where it is further modified to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, or calcitriol, the active form of vitamin D in the body. The most accurate method of evaluating a person’s vitamin D status is to measure the level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the blood.

Most people get at least some of the vitamin D they need through sunlight exposure. Dietary sources include a few foods that naturally contain vitamin D, such as fatty fish, fish liver oil, and eggs. However, most dietary vitamin D comes from foods fortified with vitamin D, such as milk, juices, and breakfast cereals. Vitamin D can also be obtained through dietary supplements.

The Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies has developed the following recommended daily intakes of vitamin D, assuming minimal sun exposure (1,2

  • For those between 1 and 70 years of age, including women who are pregnant or lactating, the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) is 15 micrograms (μg) per day. Because 1 μg is equal to 40 International Units (IU), this RDA can also be expressed as 600 IU per day.
  • For those 71 years or older, the RDA is 20 μg per day (800 IU per day).
  • For infants, the IOM could not determine an RDA due to a lack of data. However, the IOM set an Adequate Intake level of 10 μg per day (400 IU per day), which should provide sufficient vitamin D.

Although the average dietary intakes of vitamin D in the United States are below guideline levels, data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey revealed that more than 80 percent of Americans had adequate vitamin D levels in their blood (2).

Even though most people are unlikely to have high vitamin D intakes, it is important to remember that excessive intake of any nutrient, including vitamin D, can cause toxic effects. Too much vitamin D can be harmful because it increases calcium levels, which can lead to calcinosis (the deposit of calcium salts in soft tissues, such as the kidneys, heart, or lungs) and hypercalcemia (high blood levels of calcium). The safe upper intake level of vitamin D for adults and children older than 8 years of age is 100 μg per day (4000 IU per day). Toxicity from too much vitamin D is more likely to occur from high intakes of dietary supplements than from high intakes of foods that contain vitamin D. Excessive sun exposure does not cause vitamin D toxicity. However, the IOM states that people should not try to increase vitamin D production by increasing their exposure to sunlight because this will also increase their risk of skin cancer (2).

Why are cancer researchers studying a possible connection between vitamin D and cancer risk?

Early epidemiologic research showed that incidence and death rates for certain cancers were lower among individuals living in southern latitudes, where levels of sunlight exposure are relatively high, than among those living at northern latitudes. Because exposure to ultraviolet light from sunlight leads to the production of vitamin D, researchers hypothesized that variation in vitamin D levels might account for this association. However, additional research based on stronger study designs is required to determine whether higher vitamin D levels are related to lower cancer incidence or death rates.

Experimental evidence has also suggested a possible association between vitamin D and cancer risk. In studies of cancer cells and of tumors in mice, vitamin D has been found to have several activities that might slow or prevent the development of cancer, including promoting cellular differentiation, decreasing cancer cell growth, stimulating cell death (apoptosis), and reducing tumor blood vessel formation (angiogenesis) (3-6).

What is the evidence that vitamin D can help reduce the risk of cancer in people?

A number of epidemiologic studies have investigated whether people with higher vitamin D intakes or higher blood levels of vitamin D have lower risks of specific cancers. The results of these studies have been inconsistent, possibly because of the challenges in carrying out such studies. For example, dietary studies do not account for vitamin D made in the skin from sunlight exposure, and the level of vitamin D measured in the blood at a single point in time (as in most studies) may not reflect a person’s true vitamin D status. Also, it is possible that people with higher vitamin D intakes or blood levels are more likely to have other healthy behaviors. It may be one of these other behaviors, rather than vitamin D intake, that influences cancer risk.

Several randomized trials of vitamin D intake have been carried out, but these were designed to assess bone health or other non-cancer outcomes. Although some of these trials have yielded information on cancer incidence and mortality, the results need to be confirmed by additional research because the trials were not designed to study cancer specifically.

What is the evidence that vitamin D can help reduce the risk of cancer in people?

A number of epidemiologic studies have investigated whether people with higher vitamin D intakes or higher blood levels of vitamin D have lower risks of specific cancers. The results of these studies have been inconsistent, possibly because of the challenges in carrying out such studies. For example, dietary studies do not account for vitamin D made in the skin from sunlight exposure, and the level of vitamin D measured in the blood at a single point in time (as in most studies) may not reflect a person’s true vitamin D status. Also, it is possible that people with higher vitamin D intakes or blood levels are more likely to have other healthy behaviors. It may be one of these other behaviors, rather than vitamin D intake, that influences cancer risk.

Several randomized trials of vitamin D intake have been carried out, but these were designed to assess bone health or other non-cancer outcomes. Although some of these trials have yielded information on cancer incidence and mortality, the results need to be confirmed by additional research because the trials were not designed to study cancer specifically.

What is the evidence that vitamin D can help reduce the risk of cancer in people?

A number of epidemiologic studies have investigated whether people with higher vitamin D intakes or higher blood levels of vitamin D have lower risks of specific cancers. The results of these studies have been inconsistent, possibly because of the challenges in carrying out such studies. For example, dietary studies do not account for vitamin D made in the skin from sunlight exposure, and the level of vitamin D measured in the blood at a single point in time (as in most studies) may not reflect a person’s true vitamin D status. Also, it is possible that people with higher vitamin D intakes or blood levels are more likely to have other healthy behaviors. It may be one of these other behaviors, rather than vitamin D intake, that influences cancer risk.

Several randomized trials of vitamin D intake have been carried out, but these were designed to assess bone health or other non-cancer outcomes. Although some of these trials have yielded information on cancer incidence and

HEALTH ISSUES

CHECK OUT THE INFORMATION ON THE VARIOUS HEALTH PROBLEMS LISTED BELOW.

ALOPECIA AND HAIR LOSS FOR WOMEN

Five Things Black Women Need To Know About Alopecia

Jada Pinkett Smith is just one of many us who struggles with hair loss.

Kellee Terrell, Contributing Writer, Posted June 3, 2019

Last year, Jada Pinkett Smith revealed on her Red Table Talk that her hair has been falling out because of alopecia. The 46-year-old actress shared that she was terrified when she first noticed her hair coming out in bundles in the shower.

“I was just like ‘Oh, my God. Am I going bald?’ It was one of those times in my life where I was literally shaking with fear,” she said. “That’s why I cut my hair and continued to cut it.”

CNN✔@CNN

Jada Pinkett Smith has opened up about her struggle with hair loss. The actress says it was terrifying when she first noticed she was losing "handfuls of hair" in the shower, calling it "one of those times in my life when I was literally shaking with fear" https://cnn.it/2IGpGkE

4467:01 AM - May 22, 2018 Twitter Ads info and privacy, 156 people are talking about this

We appreciate her courage. And we also know that Jada is not alone. It’s estimated that 40 percent of women over the age of 40 suffers from hair loss. Here are five facts you need to know.

1.) Alopecia Areata Is An Auto Immune Disorder

One form of alopecia is alopecia areata is classified as an auto immune disorder that attacks the hair follicles. This causes one’s hair to come out, often in clumps the size and shape of a quarter, Wed MD reported. Folks with this disorder can have hair that falls out in patches or they can lose a lot of hair.

Alopecia areata is occasionally associated with other autoimmune conditions such as thyroid disease, vitiligo, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and ulcerative colitis, MedicineNet.com noted.

It’s not know if this is the type of alopecia that Jada has. CNN noted that the tests she took have yet to uncover a medical explanation for her hair loss. However, some of her friends believe her condition is to due to stress.

2.) Traction Alopecia Is More Common Among Black Women

Traction Alopecia are the most common forms of alopecia that affects Black women. This type of hair loss is a result of the tension from our styles such as weaves, braids, extensions and wigs. It’s happens when the follicle is inflamed from the hair being pulled too tight for too long.

This hair loss can occur anywhere on the scalp, but we see it a lot on a woman’s hairline, the kitchen and from the front to behind our ears.

One important thing to keep in mind: Traction alopecia doesn’t happen over night either. As the New York Times point out, it comes in stages starting with pain and little bumps around the follicles, gradual thinning and then scarring causing permanent hair loss in that area.

Growing your hair back isn’t going to happen over night either. Allure noted that it can take 3-9 months to see any progress with treatment, which can include steroid shots, follicle serums, vitamins and growth cremes like Rogaine. So just be patient.

3.) Loosen Up Those Braids, Weaves And Relaxers

In some cases, alopecia can be genetic, but for many Black women, traction caused by how we style our hair seems to be a huge cause. So one way to prevent and/or alleviate hair loss can include the following:

  • Making sure your braids are so tight, especially around the hairline. Don’t be afraid to let the braider know that you’re uncomfortable
  • If you can, stretch out your relaxers a bit or relax the areas where there is hair loss, less often than the rest of your scalp.
  • Keep in mind that your protective style, may not be protecting your hair. So pay attention.
  • Work with your stylist on a hairdo that won’t make your hair loss worse.

4.) Don’t Forget About Folliculitis Induced Alopecia

This type of alopecia occurs when bacteria seeps down into the scalp, causing inflammation of the hair follicles. According to Live Strong, there are different forms of folliculitis, including non-infectious and infectious. It’s believed that non-infectious forms are caused by greases and oils that are applied to the scalp and clog the hair follicles.

Treatment can include antibiotics and topical creams.

5.) Early Detection Is Best, So Go To The Dermatologist

As stated before, once the follicle is scarred, the damage IS NOT reversible, so please make an appointment with a dermatologist or doctor as soon as you can. From there, they will diagnosis you with what type of alopecia you have, what’s the best course of treatment and if its possible to reverse any hair loss you’ve already suffered.

Remember, you don’t have to suffer in silence. Just be as proactive as you can.

MEDICATION AND HAIR LOSS

Common Medications that Cause Hair Loss

It’s normal to lose some hair every day: the average person loses between 50 to 100 strands daily! But if you’re losing an excessive amount of hair, you may be taking medications that cause hair loss and not realize it. Among the medications that can cause hair loss are common ones like antibiotics and birth control pills.

Some medications cause only temporary hair loss. However, some medications and forms of treatment can lead to male or female pattern baldnessand permanent hair loss. Yikes!

It can be helpful to understand what medications cause hair loss. We’re all unique: not all medications with the potential to cause hair loss will affect everyone equally. The severity of the effects of drugs that cause hair loss can depend on the drug itself, the dosage you’re taking and your body’s sensitivity to the drug or treatment.

The Top 10 Medications that Cause Hair Loss

Wondering what medications cause hair loss? Here are 10 of the main medications that can cause temporary or permanent hair loss:

  1. Acne medications (that contain Vitamin A): The key ingredient in many acne medications is Vitamin A, but in its processed form (retinoids, retinol). When taken in large doses, processed Vitamin A can lead to telogen effluvium, which is when the hair follicles go into their resting phase (telogen) too early, causing more hair to fall out. The effects often begin two to four months after a person begins the medication. Medications with Vitamin A include Accutane (Isotretinoin) and Retin-A (Tretinoin). A possible solution for hair loss while taking a Vitamin A-based medication is to lower the dosage.
  1. Antibiotics and Antifungals: Antibiotics are known to reduce hemoglobin and Vitamin B levels, which can sometimes make hair fall out faster. Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells responsible for transporting oxygen from the lungs to the body’s tissues and carbon dioxide from the tissues to the lungs. Hemoglobin and myoglobin are also important for storing iron. Decreased hemoglobin leads to iron deficiency, which in turn causes hair to become brittle or dry, or even to fall out. Vitamin B and B-Complex Vitamins are important for maintaining healthy hair growth, thickness and shine.

  1. Anticonvulsants/Epileptic medications: Anticonvulsants, or anti-seizure medications, can also compromise hair health. Medications include trimethadione (Tridione) and valproic acid (Depakote).

  1. Antidepressants, anti-anxiety and mood disorder medications: Certain antidepressant medications are known to cause telogen effluvium, such as:
    • Amitriptyline (Elavil, Endep)
    • Amoxapine (Asendin)
    • Clomipramine (Anafranil)
    • Desipramine (Norpramin, Pertofrane)
    • Doxepin (Adapin, Sinequan)
    • Fluoxetine hydrochloride (Prozac)
    • Haloperidol (Haldol)
    • Paroxetine (Paxil)
    • Sertraline hydrochloride (Zoloft)

  1. Birth control pills/female hormones: Oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapies can affect hormonal balance and are among the drugs that cause hair loss. Estrogen and Progesterone (female hormones) are hormonal medications that have been linked to female pattern baldness and telogen effluvium in women.
  1. Some common medications that cause hair loss are antibiotics, acne medication and birth control pills.

    Blood pressure medications: Does Lisinopril cause hair loss? Blood pressure lowering medications such as Beta-blockers and Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) can lead to telogen effluvium, such as:

    • Beta-blockers: Atenolol (Tenormin), Metoprolol (Lopressor), Nadolol (Corgord), Propranolol (Inderal, Inderal LA), and Timolol (Blocadren)
    • ACE inhibitors: Captopril (Capoten), Lisinopril (Zestril, Prinivil), Enalapril (Vasotec)

  1. Blood-clotting medications: Blood thinners such as warfarin sodium (Panwarfarin, Sofarin, Coumadin) and heparin can cause hair loss.

  1. Chemotherapy and anti-cancer drugs: Chemotherapy does more than attack cancer cells; it attacks all of our healthy cells, including hair follicles. Some chemotherapies that can cause hair loss include: Adriamycin, Cyclophosphamide, Cactinomycin, Docetaxel, and Doxorubicin.

  1. Cholesterol-lowering drugs: Cholesterol drugs including Atromid-S (clofibrate) and Lopid (gemfirbozil) can cause hair loss. Hair loss is a very rare side effect of statin-based cholesterol-lowering drugs. According to studies, cholesterol inhibitors such as Lipitor can cause an increase in hair shedding in only 1% of cases.

  1. Male hormones: Testosterone or anabolic steroids may cause male pattern baldness.

Other medications that cause hair loss

What medications cause hair loss aside from the top 10? Some additional medications that can cause hair loss include:

  • Gout treatment drugs
  • Immunosuppressant drugs
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS)
  • Drugs for Parkinson’s disease
  • Steroids
  • Thyroid medications
  • Weight loss drugs
WHAT IS ALS?

ALS, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord. A-myo-trophic comes from the Greek language. "A" means no. "Myo" refers to muscle, and "Trophic" means nourishment – "No muscle nourishment." When a muscle has no nourishment, it "atrophies" or wastes away. "Lateral" identifies the areas in a person's spinal cord where portions of the nerve cells that signal and control the muscles are located. As this area degenerates, it leads to scarring or hardening ("sclerosis") in the region.

Motor neurons reach from the brain to the spinal cord and from the spinal cord to the muscles throughout the body. The progressive degeneration of the motor neurons in ALS eventually leads to their demise. When the motor neurons die, the ability of the brain to initiate and control muscle movement is lost. With voluntary muscle action progressively affected, people may lose the ability to speak, eat, move and breathe. The motor nerves that are affected when you have ALS are the motor neurons that provide voluntary movements and muscle control. Examples of voluntary movements are making the effort to reach for a smart phone or step off a curb. These actions are controlled by the muscles in the arms and legs.There are two different types of ALS, sporadic and familial. Sporadic, which is the most common form of the disease in the U.S., accounts for 90 to 95 percent of all cases. It may affect anyone, anywhere. Familial ALS (FALS) accounts for 5 to 10 percent of all cases in the U.S. Familial ALS means the disease is inherited. In those families, there is a 50% chance each offspring will inherit the gene mutation and may develop the disease. French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot discovered the disease in 1869.Recent years have brought a wealth of new scientific understanding regarding the physiology of this disease. There are currently four drugs approved by the U.S. FDA to treat ALS (Riluzole, Nuedexta, Radicava, and Tiglutik). Studies all over the world, many funded by The Association, are ongoing to develop more treatments and a cure for ALS. Scientists have made significant progress in learning more about this disease. In addition, people with ALS may experience a better quality of life in living with the disease by participating in support groups and attending an ALS Association Certified Treatment Center of Excellence or a Recognized Treatment Center. Such Centers provide a national standard of best-practice multidisciplinary care to help manage the symptoms of the disease and assist people living withALS to maintain as much independence as possible for as long as possible. According to the American Academy of Neurology’s Practice Paramater Update, studies have shown that participation in a multidisciplinary ALS clinic may prolong survival and improve quality of life. To find a Center near you, visit http://www.alsa.org/community/centers-clinics/.

ALS usually strikes people between the ages of 40 and 70, and it is estimated there are at least 16,000 Americans who have the disease at any given time (although this number fluctuates). For unknown reasons, military veterans are approximately twice as likely to be diagnosed with the disease as the general public. Notable individuals who have been diagnosed with ALS include baseball great Lou Gehrig, theoretical physicist, cosmologist and author Stephen Hawking, Hall of Fame pitcher Jim "Catfish" Hunter, Toto bassist Mike Porcaro, Senator Jacob Javits, actor David Niven, “Sesame Street” creator Jon Stone, boxing champion Ezzard Charles, NBA Hall of Fame basketball player George Yardley, golf caddie Bruce Edwards, musician Lead Belly (Huddie Ledbetter), photographer Eddie Adams, entertainer Dennis Day, jazz musician Charles Mingus, former vice president of the United States Henry A. Wallace, U.S. Army General Maxwell Taylor, and NFL football players Steve Gleason, O.J. Brigance and Tim Shaw.

MENTAL HEALTH AWARENESS
  1. What Is Mental Health?

    Mental health includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel, and act. It also helps determine how we handle stress, relate to others, and make choices. Mental health is important at every stage of life, from childhood and adolescence through adulthood.

    Over the course of your life, if you experience mental health problems, your thinking, mood, and behavior could be affected. Many factors contribute to mental health problems, including:

    • Biological factors, such as genes or brain chemistry
    • Life experiences, such as trauma or abuse
    • Family history of mental health problems

    Mental health problems are common but help is available. People with mental health problems can get better and many recovercompletely.

    2. Early Warning Signs

    Not sure if you or someone you know is living with mental health problems? Experiencing one or more of the following feelings or behaviors can be an early warning sign of a problem:

    • Eating or sleeping too much or too little
    • Pulling away from people and usual activities
    • Having low or no energy
    • Feeling numb or like nothing matters
    • Having unexplained aches and pains
    • Feeling helpless or hopeless
    • Smoking, drinking, or using drugs more than usual
    • Feeling unusually confused, forgetful, on edge, angry, upset, worried, or scared
    • Yelling or fighting with family and friends
    • Experiencing severe mood swings that cause problems in relationships
    • Having persistent thoughts and memories you can't get out of your head
    • Hearing voices or believing things that are not true
    • Thinking of harming yourself or others
    • Inability to perform daily tasks like taking care of your kids or getting to work or school

    Learn more about specific mental health problems and where to find help.

    3. Mental Health and Wellness

    Positive mental health allows people to:

    • Realize their full potential
    • Cope with the stresses of life
    • Work productively
    • Make meaningful contributions to their communities

    Ways to maintain positive mental health include:

    • Getting professional help if you need it
    • Connecting with others
    • Staying positive
    • Getting physically active
    • Helping others
    • Getting enough sleep
    • Developing coping skills
    Why Mental Health First Aid in Rural Communities? Nearly 20% of people in the U.S.. live in a rural area. The challenges faced by rural residents are significantly different than those in urban areas. Rural populations are often underserved and experience notable health and behavioral health disparities. Rural communities have a chronic shortage of behavioral health providers and limited access to services.
  2. Mental Health First Aid can address these disparities by increasing mental health literacy (i.e., knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid their recognition, management or prevention) among key community members – creating a stronger, more prepared network of support for rural Americans.

    Rural Mental Health First Aid is a way to build your community's capacity to identify mental health and substance use issues early and for rural residents to gain confidence in intervening and referring a person to the resources that exist. Rural communities have a long history of being innovative and taking responsibility. Mental Health First Aid is a way to increase the basic knowledge about mental health and substance use issues and to decrease the negative perceptions often associated with these issues.

    Mental Health First Aid's rural efforts address the unique characteristics of rural areas, recognize the community of rural Mental Health First Aid instructors, and enhance community capacity around behavioral health issues in rural areas.

    How Can I Get my Community Involved?

    Communities interested in learning about bringing the training course to their area should review CIHS' rural Quick Start Guide on getting started.

    Find out if there is already an instructor near you who can deliver the course to your community. Be sure to check for the blue “rural” icon on their profile.

Look for more information next week.

Parkinson's Disease
  1. Parkinson's disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system. As the disease worsens, non-motor symptoms become increasingly common. The symptoms generally come on slowly over time. Early in the disease, the most obvious are shaking, rigidity, slowness of movement, and difficulty with walking. Thinking and behavioral problems may also occur. Dementia becomes common in the advanced stages of the disease. Depression and anxiety are also common, occurring in more than a third of people with PD. Other symptoms include sensory, sleep, and emotional problems. The main motor symptoms are collectively called "parkinsonism", or a "parkinsonian syndrome". The cause of Parkinson's disease is generally unknown, but believed to involve both genetic and environmental factors. Those with a family member affected are more likely to get the disease themselves. There is also an increased risk in people exposed to certain pesticides and among those who have had prior head injuries, while there is a reduced risk in tobacco smokers and those who drink coffee or tea. The motor symptoms of the disease result from the death of cells in the substantia nigra, a region of the midbrain. This results in not enough dopamine in these areas. The reason for this cell death is poorly understood, but involves the build-up of proteins into Lewy bodies in the neurons. Diagnosis of typical cases is mainly based on symptoms, with tests such as neuroimaging being used to rule out other diseases. Initial treatment is typically with the antiparkinson medication levodopa (L-DOPA), with dopamine agonists being used once levodopa becomes less effective. As the disease progresses and neurons continue to be lost, these medications become less effective while at the same time they produce a complication marked by involuntary writhing movements. Diet and some forms of rehabilitation have shown some effectiveness at improving symptoms. Surgery to place microelectrodes for deep brain stimulation has been used to reduce motor symptoms in severe cases where drugs are ineffective. Evidence for treatments for the non-movement-related symptoms of PD, such as sleep disturbances and emotional problems, is less strong. In 2015, PD affected 6.2 million people and resulted in about 117,400 deaths globally. Parkinson's disease typically occurs in people over the age of 60, of which about one percent are affected. Males are more often affected than females at a ratio of around 3:2. When it is seen in people before the age of 50, it is called early-onset PD. The average life expectancy following diagnosis is between 7 and 14 years. The disease is named after the English doctor James Parkinson, who published the first detailed description in An Essay on the Shaking Palsy, in 1817. Public awareness campaigns include World Parkinson's Day (on the birthday of James Parkinson, 11 April) and the use of a red tulip as the symbol of the disease. People with Parkinson's who have increased the public's awareness of the condition include actor Michael J. Fox, Olympic cyclist Davis Phinney, and professional boxer Muhammad Ali.
Click below to submit a prayer request.

FAMILY PRAYER

Two families will be selected for special prayer every first Sabbath. If you would like your family to be included, please contact: relationshipministry@mosdac.org.

For example, for Family Prayer Day, that was Sabbath, June 1, 2019, Special Prayer was for Karen Miller Boardley and Family. Please continue to keep Karen's family in prayer because Karen just recently lost her fight with her health issues on December 14, 2019.

Please call for your family to be scheduled for January!

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PLEASE INVITE FRIENDS AND FAMILY @ 8pm EST (302) 202-1110, pin 814478.

1st Friday - Focus on the Family

3rd Friday - Couples Devotion

ROOM SCHEDULING

Please be aware that all meetings being held in the church or on zoom, must be scheduled with the Administrative Assistant. Thank you!!

50+ CLUB OPEN ENROLLMENT

If you are looking for a fun, loving, and stress free ministry of seasoned people that love Jesus, The MOSDAC 50+ Club is the ministry for you!!! Contact Dr. Fern Bliss-Morgan or Patricia Rodgers for more info. We are looking for volunteers for the following positions: Retired Social & Mental Health Workers.

2020 Devotionals

IF YOU WOULD LIKE TO HAVE A 2020 DEVOTIONAL AND SEE IF THEY ARE AVAILABLE:

Please contact one of the following people: Reginald Alexander: ralexander@aecsda.com (206)370-0479, Jean Good: jgood@aecsda.com (732)648-7890. Robert Moses: rmoses@aecsda.com (410)419-2855. to place your order for the 2020 Devotionals. We can get a reduced rate for the cost of the books when we order in bulk. They are also available in French and Spanish.

FUNERAL AND MEMORIAL GUIDELINES

They have been revised. Please make sure you get your copy from the Greeters Desk.

It will also be available via the app shortly. If you would like it emailed, give the Admin Assistant your email, and he will make sure you get it.

COMMUNITY SERVICES

We cannot flourish without the church members of Mt Olivet. We would like your contributions so that we can continue to eat healthier. Not all food at the Food Bank is "free"!!!

We'd like to thank all who supported ACS over the past year. We look forward to your continued support of this ministry throughout 2020 and beyond.

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JUST A LITTLE REMINDER!!!

Those who hold meetings in the Annex, please do not enter the far room. It is the area where the community service items are stored. Thank you!!!

COMMUNITY SERVICE NEEDS YOU!!!

DISASTER RESPONSE

IT'S HURRICANE SEASON AGAIN!!! YES, JUNE 1ST - DECEMBER 5TH!!!

MT OLIVET SDA CHURCH IS RESPONSIBLE FOR FILLING UP 50 BUCKETS IN ORDER TO HELP PEOPLE WHO HAVE BEEN AFFECTED BY HURRICANES FLORENCE AND MICHAEL, ETC. TO BE ABLE TO CLEAN UP THEIR HOMES!!!

Your Community Service Team

SOME OF THE ITEMS INCLUDED ARE:

SPONGES, SCRUB BRUSHES, CLEANING CLOTHS, LYSOL, ETC.

BLEACH HAS ALREADY BEEN DONATED, SO WE WILL NOT HAVE TO PROVIDE IT AT THIS TIME.

*PLEASE SEE SHARMAINE EDWARDS FOR THE COMPLETE LIST OF ITEMS. WE NEED THESE ITEMS ASAP!!!

A LIST has been placed in this location:

On the Bulletin Board in the Fellowship Hall. (Left side of board)

THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR YOUR LOVE, CONCERN AND HELP WITH BUYING ITEMS FOR THESE BUCKETS!!!

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ADRA HURRICANE DORIAN RELIEF

ADRA is matching ALL donations for Dorian's Relief. $1.00 = $2.00. You may donate by calling 1.800.ADRA(2372) or online at ADRA.org.

WEDNESDAY MORNING PRAYER GROUP

Will be meeting every other Wednesday@ 10am. Next meeting will be January 29, 2020 in the Annex.

As we continue our time of "Prayer and Praise", bring your Bibles, prayer requests and a smile.

Jesus 101 Bible Class

The 2nd and 4th Sabbaths @ 3:00pm. Our concentration is on "The Fourth Beast". We will be looking at Jesus from a close more intimate perspective.

It's not too late to join our group!!!

BILLS, WILLS, LIFE AND DEATH WORKSHOP

Look for the class to be on the 1st Sunday of each month @ 10am in the Fellowship Hall.

TOPIC: DIFFERENT TYPES OF INSURANCE

Next class: February 2, 2019

Please RSVP Elder Kenny Watkins @ 856-667-4636 to inform him if you are attending.

MINISTRY HAPPENINGS

READ INFORMATION BELOW TO STAY INFORMED ABOUT WHAT'S HAPPENING IN OUR CHURCH MINISTRIES!

Health Ministries

Those who want to participate in the Medical Missionary training, please sign up to ensure you’re accounted for.

RELATIONSHIP MINISTRY

Realationship Ministry - Join us for First Friday's "Focus on the Family". Our next Friday will be on the evening of February 7, 2019 from 8:00 pm - 8:45 pm. Call (302) 202-1110 pin # is 814478.

If you are interested in special prayer for your Family in January, please call Lorene Watkins at 856-952-5002. Please mark your calendars and set your alarm for these special monthly calls.

We would like to thank you all for helping out with the homeless. We look forward to seeing you next time.

We need toiletries and zip lock bags. Also if you have gently used clothing we would love to have them. Any questions or concerns please contact Lorene Watkins at 856-952-5002.

Register today!

Invite your non-Christian family and friends to register as well!

AEC Master Guide

Bay Area Master Guide Investiture was held on May 19th @10:00am at Sharon Temple SDA Church. Please pray for the following candidates: Abigail McMillan, Cassandra Martin, Tamika Edwards, Lana & Sam Ledford, and Charmaine & Dillon Waterman. Join the MOSDAC MG Candidates on June 29th during the AEC Annual Camp Meeting (main pavilion) for Investiture Ceremony of the AECYCM Master Guides.

Our Candidates have graduated and are now Master Guides!!! Praise the LORD!!!

Our new class Began September 20, 2019. Please keep our new candidates in prayer too!!!

ARE YOU AWARE?

IMPORTANT THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW FOR YOUR HEALTH, SAFETY, AND WELL- BEING!!!

READ THIS INFORMATION BELOW!!!

HOW TO STAY WARM IN THE WINTER

When cold weather is on the way, warm yourself first.

It's easier to change your body temperature than room temperature, not to mention more eco-friendly. Instead of turning up the heat, put on another layer of clothing.

Wear a hat made for cold weather.

Your mom may have said that you lose 80 percent of your body heat through your head, but that's not actually true. If you're otherwise clothed, you'll lose heat from any surface that's exposed in cold weather. So put on your hat, even if you're inside

Turn on the ceiling fan.

Warm air rises to the ceiling. Run your fan on its lowest setting in a clockwise direction to push the warm air back down to where you can feel it.

Switch between hot and cold in the shower

Hot showers immediately warm you up, but cold showers improve blood circulation between your skin and organs.

Block drafts with a pool noodle.

Keep heat in and cold out by cutting a pool noodle in half lengthwise, wrapping it in fabric, and sliding it under your door. It'll stay put all winter, and you can re-use it at the pool come summer. (But we recommend you spring for a new one.)

Two words: programmable thermostat.

Another two words: Obvious, right? Stay toasty on schedule, so you never go home to a living room that's colder than outside. You can even do it with your smartphone.

Dress your windows up in warmer clothes.

If you're not wearing a tank top or going sleeveless, your windows shouldn't, either. Replace thin curtains with heavier wool or fleece drapes in the winter. But be sure to open them on sunny days for free heat.

Go ahead, bake all day.

Using your oven heats up the whole house. You'll feel even cozier if you invite friends—and all their body heat—over to eat four dozen cookies.

Start composting.

If you're already interested in composting, here's another reason to do it: The microbial breakdown of organic material produces heat. Some people use it to warm up showers and greenhouses, but even small-timers in studio apartments can feel a difference.

Layer your covers with the thinnest, densest ones on top.

It's intuitive, but fluffy blankets should be closer to your skin. Thin, dense blankets should be on top to prevent convective heat loss. Bonus tip: Don't put your bed directly against an exterior wall. You'll be warmer if you leave a little space.

Stuff your coat pockets with DIY hand warmers.

You could just buy hand warmers, but you'll radiate pride and self-sufficiency if you make them yourself. All it takes is two Ziploc bags, water, and calcium chloride ice melt pellets from the hardware store.

WHAT IS A VEGAN?

The best way to explain the vegan concept is to quickly define what vegan means, and then look at how and why the word came into existence.

A vegetarian diet is commonly understood to forbid meat and fish, but to allow both eggs and dairy. The word vegan takes this concept to the next level, cutting out every item of animal origin. Vegan refers to anything that’s free of animal products: no meat, milk, eggs, wool, leather, honey and so forth. Your sandwich, your shampoo, and your car seats are examples of items that could be vegan.

Veganism carries at least three potential advantages:

  1. avoidance of animal mistreatment and slaughter
  2. elimination of certain health risks
  3. reduction of environmental footprint

Can you become a vegan through diet alone? Absolutely, since, as we will see in the next section, vegan was originally defined purely in dietary terms.

A handful of vegans (sometimes abrasively) insist that veganism is not merely a diet, but extends into every corner of your lifestyle. In other words, you don’t get to join the vegan club until you go beyond food to purge your life of leather, wool, and animal-derived cosmetics. Oftentimes, these vegans are doing the animals a grave disservice by defining the vegan concept in the most rigid and exclusionary way possible. These are people would love to revoke your vegan membership card if they find out you haven’t yet taken your 10-year-old leather winter boots to the thrift store.

The entire question of who gets to call themselves a vegan is annoying and not worth much attention. Rather than think of veganism as an identity, it’s wisest to use it as a concept that can inspire you to remove animal products from your life, wherever you can easily do it. And it’s almost always easy. Oftentimes, it’s not readily apparent whether a given food or cosmetics ingredient comes from animals, so you can use our animal ingredients list to familiarize yourself with the most common animal-derived substances.

No matter the degree to which you ultimately embrace the vegan concept, it makes sense to begin your transition by emphasizing dietary choices. After all, unless you buy a new fur coat every winter, the overwhelming majority of animal use associated with your life almost certainly arises from your food choices.

To learn more about vegan living, check these compelling advantages of a vegan diet, as well as our our information on making an easy transition. You can learn everything you need to quickly and easily go vegan by reading just one or two books—check out But I Could Never Go Vegan! or The Ultimate Vegan Guide.

Etymology

Donald Watson coined the term vegan in 1944 in Great Britain. Here’s Watson from that year, in the first issue of The Vegan News, proposing that his readers either embrace the word, or come up with a better one, as the basis for a new social movement:

We should all consider carefully what our Group, and our magazine, and ourselves, shall be called. ‘Non-dairy’ has become established as a generally understood colloquialism, but like ‘non-lacto’ it is too negative. Moreover it does not imply that we are opposed to the use of eggs as food. We need a name that suggests what we do eat, and if possible one that conveys the idea that even with all animal foods taboo, Nature still offers us a bewildering assortment from which to choose. ‘Vegetarian’ and ‘Fruitarian’ are already associated with societies that allow the ‘fruits’ (!) of cows and fowls, therefore it seems we must make a new and appropriate word. As this first issue of our periodical had to be named, I have used the title “The Vegan News”. Should we adopt this, our diet will soon become known as a VEGAN diet, and we should aspire to the rank of VEGANS. Members’ suggestions will be welcomed. The virtue of having a short title is best known to those of us who, as secretaries of vegetarian societies have to type or write the word vegetarian thousands of times a year!

Watson’s article was immensely important, but he kept it short, since he only sought to cover what vegan means, and why the word deserved to be coined.

The questions of why and how to go vegan require much more space to properly answer, and over the years these answers have grown fuller and more compelling, as the wisdom of the vegan concept has grown more evident. These topics are covered at length in our “Why Choose Vegan?” and “How to Go Vegan” pages.

Finally, you may wish to explore the history of plant-based eating and veganism. If you want to discover how veganism went from an obscure World War II-era concept to one of the most influential ideas surrounding diet and food politics, check out A Vegan History: 1944-2010

Suicide in Children — What Every Parent Must Know

The death of a child is always heart breaking and horribly, horribly wrong. But when a child dies by suicide, it brings a whole different level of grief, pain, and anguished bewilderment to those who cared about the child.

Fortunately, suicide in children is very rare. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, less than 2 out of every one million children ages 5 to 11 will die by suicide. The rate among adolescents (ages 12-17) is about 52 per million. On average, about 33 children under 12 kill themselves each year in the US (Bridge et al., 2015).

Children’s understanding of suicide and death

Do kids even know what suicide is? Yes, they do—at a surprisingly young age. Brian Mishara interviewed 65 elementary school children (grades 1-5, ages 6-12), to see what they understand about death and suicide. Only one first grader (older than average for his grade) was familiar with the word “suicide,” but almost all knew what “killing oneself” meant.

By third grade, all but one child understood the word “suicide”—they’d talked about it with peers or seen it on TV or overheard adults talking about it. All of the kids who knew about killing oneself or suicide were also able to describe one or more ways of doing it. Mishara’s interviews showed that children’s understanding of death and suicide increased with age. Most first graders at least knew that dead people can’t come back to life and all second graders understood that everyone dies eventually. On the other hand many of the kids in Mishara’s study were a bit murky about the details of death. For instance, two out of three first graders and one out of five of fifth graders believed that dead people can see and hear.

New research shows similarities in suicides of children and adolescents

A new study by Arielle Sheftall at The Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital and her colleagues looked at national data on children (ages 5 to 11) and young adolescents (ages 12 to 14) who died from suicide between the years 2003 and 2012. They found some important similarities and differences comparing these two groups. Let’s look first at the similarities.

Both groups had significantly more boys than girls: 85% of the children and 70% of the young adolescents who died by suicide were male. The most common method of suicide was hanging/strangulation/suffocation (81% of the children and 64% of the young adolescents). The next most common method involved firearms (14% of children, 30% of young adolescents).

In both groups, almost all of the deaths occurred at home (98% of the children; 88% of the young adolescents) and between the hours of noon and midnight (81% of children; 77% of young adolescents).

In both groups, relationship problems were linked to suicide: 60% of the children who died from suicide and 46% of the young adolescents had problems with friends or family members. School problems and recent crises were other common triggers (each present in between 30-40% of cases for both children and adolescents).

And differences…

Sheftall and her colleagues also found some striking differences related to race and mental illness between the two age groups who had died from suicide.

Overall, more white children than black children died by suicide, but black children made up a disproportionate number of suicide deaths: 37% of children who died by suicide were black versus 12% of young adolescents.

Other research from The Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital scientists found that the rate of suicide among black children has increased, while the rate among white children has decreased. They compared child suicide rates in two four-year time periods, one starting in 1993, and the other starting in 2008. For black children, the suicide rate increased from 1.36 to 2.54 per million, while for white children it dropped from 1.14 to 0.77 per million. We don’t know why.About one-third of both children and adolescents who died by suicide had mental health problems, but the two age groups differed in the type of disorder that was most prevalent. For the young children who died from suicide and had mental health issues, Attention Deficit Disorder was almost twice as common as Depression/Dysthymia (59% ADD/ADHD vs. 33% depression), but among the older kids, depression was about twice as common as ADHD (29% ADHD vs. 66% depression).

But did they really mean to die?

Terrifyingly, Sheftall found that only about one-third of kids or young adolescents who died from suicide told anyone that they intended to kill themselves. Maybe they didn’t believe they could tell anyone. Maybe they didn’t want anyone to know. Or maybe it was an impulsive act and they didn’t have time to tell anyone.

Abby Ridge Anderson at The Catholic University of America and her colleagues note their clinical impression that children who are preoccupied with suicidal thoughts “do not so much crave the termination of their biological existence as much as a desire for control, empathy, acceptance, recognition, validation, and the prompt interpersonal responsiveness of key people in the child’s life.” In other words, they desperately want things to be better, but they can’t come up with more effective ways to handle their problems or lessen their distress, so suicide looms as an appealing option.

Ridge Anderson suggests that there may be two subtypes of suicidal children: One subtype feels depressed, hopeless, worthless, and unable to enjoy themselves; the other is more aggressive, irritable, disruptive, sensation-seeking, and impulsive. This latter subtype seems to be more common among young children than early adolescents.

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MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.

Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968)

Martin Luther King, Jr. was born Michael Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta,Georgia, the second child born to the Reverend Martin Luther King Sr. and Alberta Williams King. King's given name at birth was Michael Luther King, and his father was also born Michael Luther King, but, after a period of gradual transition on the elder King's part, he changed both his and his son's names in 1934.

His grandfather began the family’s long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931; his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor.

Minister Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Christian minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the Civil Rights Movement from 1955 until his assassination in 1968. Born in Atlanta, Georgia, King is best known for advancing civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience, inspired by his Christian beliefs and the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi.

AFRICAN-AMERICAN COOKBOOKS

Historic African-American cookbooks with fantastic recipes from the 1800s

June 28, 2019 at 03:00 pm | FOODIE FRIDAY

MILDRED EUROPA TAYLOR | Associate Editor

BIO

Mildred Europa Taylor is a writer and content creator. She loves writing about health and women's issues in Africa and the African diaspora.

These black cookbooks have given people a rich background of African-American cuisine.

Pic credit: First We Feast

You name it. Catfish fricassee, Buckwheat Pancakes, Brown Celery Sauce, Lobster Sauce – you can find these recipes and many others in some of the oldest published cookbooks by black authors since the 19th century.

Most of these cookbooks were largely for the multicultural, the white and black middle class, but they have since given people a rich background of African-American cuisine and taste.

“Scholars have begun to consider cookbooks an important resource because in some communities, that was the only voice that women had; the only place to record names, activities, their own personal file. And especially for African Americans, who had few other outlets for creative energy, the cookbook has provided their own word without the need for interpretation,” said food journalist Toni Tipton-Martin who recently highlighted black culinary history through pages of recipes in her new book The Jemima Code.

MORE ABOUT THIS

It is generally believed that black authors have published a few more cookbooks than those that were found in the 1800s. Many of these cookbooks may have been lost due to the “vagaries of regional printing and their absence from public records,” writes The New Public.

There are many of the major old cookbooks by African-Americans with some of the best ever recipes.

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THANKSGIVING SHOULD BE EVERY DAY IN YOUR LIFE!!!

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