This bulletin contains information for events on today's church service. Information on health issues, helpful tips on every day living, as well as other topics .


Sermon Title: "Gethsemane's Coming"

Speaker for the Day: Elder Bernard Howard



The Call To Worship: Mrs.Celia Archie

Children's Story: Gracelink Video - Your host: Miss Whitney Allen

Prayer By: Miss Whitney

Intercessory Prayer: Elder Paula Flemming

Special Music: A&B County Choir, ICC Nairobi Worship


PLEASE LISTEN to or WATCH our SABBATH SCHOOL DISCUSSION @ 9:30 AM on Zoom. Please contact Elder Darryl Johnson, Administrative Assistant or check your email for the Zoom link.

PLEASE WATCH US AT 11:00 AM ON FaceBook at or at MOSDAC live broadcast. You can even watch us on YouTube.


2022 Devotionals

Give your days extra power with Scripture and the 2022 Devotionals By ABC

Does your faith journey need a power boost? Starting and/or ending your day with Jesus can be the thing that sets the tone for a great day and a peaceful night. Devotional books can be as little or as much as you need: give the day's thought a quick read or use it as a jumping-off point for deeper study. Either way, you'll be enriched.

The new 2022 daily adult and children's devotionals are now available at Links to Spanish and French titles are available too.


Please contact one of the following people: Reginald Alexander: (206)370-0479, Jean Good: (732)648-7890. Robert Moses: (410)419-2855. to place your order for the 2022 Devotionals. We can get a reduced rate for the cost of the books when we order in bulk. They are also available in French and Spanish.

Please check your email dated 12-30-21, 10:00 am, from the Administrative Assistant, Elder Darryl Johnson inorder to see information about these devotionals.



Our Adult SABBATH SCHOOL DEPARTMENT invites you to join us each and every SABBATH MORNING at 9:30 a.m. in the SANCTUARY. Become a part of one of our small, insightful, Biblical Lesson Study groups.

DURING THIS COVID-19 PANDEMIC, Please listen to our SABBATH SCHOOL DISCUSSION @ 9:30 AM on the PRAYER LINE. The number is 712-775-8968 Pass Code: 909676.

Our Adult Sabbath School has moved to Zoom. Please contact our Administrative Assistant for the Zoom link and other information.



Don't forget Bible study is from 10:00 am - 10:50 am each Sabbath. Parents, grand-parents, and guardians, we are depending on you to bring your children to our Lesson Study and Arts Time on Zoom! We can hardly wait to see you!

For our upcoming,13th Sabbath Presentations, of each quarter of 2022, please contact our leader, Sharon Howard, for the Zoom link.

Our 13th Sabbath Guest Day Presentation for the 1st Quarter was Sabbath, March 26, 2022.

Our 13th Sabbath Guest Day Presentation for the 2nd Quarter will be Sabbath, June 25, 2022.

Our 13th Sabbath Guest Day Presentation for 3rd Quarter will be Sabbath, September 24, 2022.

Our 13th Sabbath Guest Day Presentation for 4th Quarter will be Sabbath, December 24, 2022.


Parents, please remember that our cytPM meets twice a month on Wednesday evenings. For the day, date, time, and Zoom link of this PM, fun-filled, Bible Study, please contact our leader, Sharon Howard.




PARENTS with all the evil things going on in this world we need you to PLEASE, PLEASE pay attention to where your KIDS are during service. That includes making sure that they are accompanied to the bathroom, getting a drink of water or anything where they might be leaving your sight. WE NEED TO PROTECT OUR FUTURE.







How can I praise God in the Morning?

The beautiful thing about this journey of growing closer to the Lord is the fact that any praise and worship that is sincere and rightly focused on the Lord is Good! So praising the Lord and morning prayer time may look different in your home than it does in mine, and both are okay!

We can use our prayer time in the morning to listen to praise music while we shower, or listen to a short morning devotional while we prepare lunches and get little ones ready for the day.

What’s most important is that we set the intention to praise God in the morning for what he has done, what he is doing, and what he will do!

History of the Seventh-day Adventist Church

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The Seventh-day Adventist Church had its roots in the Millerite movement of the 1830s to the 1840s, during the period of the Second Great Awakening, and was officially founded in 1863. Prominent figures in the early church included Hiram Edson, James Springer White (Husband to Ellen G. White), Joseph Bates, and J. N. Andrews. Over the ensuing decades the church expanded from its original base in New England to become an international organization. Significant developments such the reviews initiated by evangelicals Donald Barnhouse and Walter Martin, in the 20th century led to its recognition as a Christian denomination.

Foundations, 1798–1820s[edit]

The Second Great Awakening, a revival movement in the United States, took place in the early 19th century. The Second Great Awakening was stimulated by the foundation of the many Bible Societies which sought to address the problem of a lack of affordable Bibles. The spread of Bibles allowed many who had not had one to be able to purchase and study it themselves rather than just hear it preached, and led to the establishment of many reform movements designed to remedy the evils of society before the anticipated Second Coming of Jesus Christ.[1] Many religious minority movements formed out of the Congregational, Presbyterian, and the Baptist and Methodist churches. Some of these movements held beliefs that would later be adopted by the Seventh-day Adventists.

An interest in prophecy was kindled among some Protestants groups following the arrest of Pope Pius VI in 1798 by the French General Louis Alexandre Berthier. Forerunners of the Adventist movement believed that this event marked the end of the 1260-day prophecy from the Book of Daniel.[2][3][4] Certain individuals began to look at the 2300 day prophecy found in Daniel 8:14.[2] Interest in prophecy also found its way into the Roman Catholic church when an exiled Jesuit priest by the name of Manuel de Lacunza published a manuscript calling for renewed interest in the Second Coming of Christ. His publication created a stirring but was later condemned by Pope Leo XII in 1824.[2]As a result of a pursuit for religious freedom, many revivalists had set foot in the United States, aiming to avoid persecution.

Millerite roots, 1831–44[edit] Main article: Great Disappointment

The Seventh-day Adventist Church formed out of the movement known today as the Millerites. In 1831, a Baptist convert, William Miller, was asked by a Baptist to preach in their church and began to preach that the Second Advent of Jesus would occur somewhere between March 1843 and March 1844, based on his interpretation of Daniel 8:14. A following gathered around Miller that included many from the Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian and Christian Connection churches. In the summer of 1844, some of Miller's followers promoted the date of October 22. They linked the cleansing of the sanctuary of Daniel 8:14 with the Jewish Day of Atonement, believed to be October 22 that year. By 1844, over 100,000 people were anticipating what Miller had called the "Blessed Hope". On October 22 many of the believers were up late into the night watching, waiting for Christ to return and found themselves bitterly disappointed when both sunset and midnight passed with their expectations unfulfilled. This event later became known as the Great Disappointment.

Pre-denominational years, 1844–60[edit] Edson and the Heavenly Sanctuary[edit]

After the disappointment of October 22 many of Miller's followers were left upset and disillusioned. Most ceased to believe in the imminent return of Jesus. Some believed the date was incorrect. A few believed that the date was right but the event expected was wrong. This latter group developed into the Seventh-day Adventist Church. One of the Adventists, Hiram Edson (1806–1882) wrote "Our fondest hopes and expectations were blasted, and such a spirit of weeping came over us as I never experienced before. It seemed that the loss of all earthly friends could have been no comparison. We wept, and wept, till the day dawn."[6] On the morning of October 23, Edson, who lived in Port Gibson, New York was passing through his grain field with a friend. He later recounted his experience:

"We started, and while passing through a large field I was stopped about midway of the field. Heaven seemed opened to my view, and I saw distinctly and clearly that instead of our High Priest coming out of the Most Holy of the heavenly sanctuary to come to this earth on the tenth day of the seventh month, at the end of the 2300 days [calculated to be October 22, 1844], He for the first time entered on that day the second apartment of that sanctuary; and that He had a work to perform in the Most Holy before coming to the earth."[7]

Edson shared his experience with many of the local Adventists who were greatly encouraged by his account. As a result, he began studying the bible with two of the other believers in the area, O.R.L. Crosier and Franklin B. Hahn, who published their findings in a paper called Day-Dawn. This paper explored the biblical parable of the Ten Virgins and attempted to explain why the bridegroom had tarried. The article also explored the concept of the day of atonement and what the authors called "our chronology of events".[8][9]

The findings published by Crosier, Hahn and Edson led to a new understanding about the sanctuary in heaven. Their paper explained how there was a sanctuary in heaven, that Christ, the High Priest, was to cleanse. The believers understood this cleansing to be what the 2300 days in Daniel was referring to.[10]

George Knight wrote, "Although originally the smallest of the post-Millerite groups, it came to see itself as the true successor of the once-powerful Millerite movement."[11] This view was endorsed by Ellen White. However, Seeking a Sanctuary sees it more as an offshoot of the Millerite movement.

The "Sabbath and Shut Door" Adventists were disparate, but slowly emerged. Only Joseph Bates had had any prominence in the Millerite movement.[12]

Adventists viewed themselves as heirs of earlier outcast believers such as the Waldenses, Protestant Reformers including the Anabaptists, English and Scottish Puritans, evangelicals of the 18th century including Methodists, Seventh Day Baptists, and others who rejected established church traditions.[13]

Sabbath observance develops and unites[edit] Main article: Sabbath and Seventh-day Adventism § History

A young Seventh Day Baptist layperson named Rachel Oakes Preston living in New Hampshire was responsible for introducing Sabbath to the Millerite Adventists. Due to her influence, Frederick Wheeler, a local Methodist-Adventist preacher, began keeping the seventh day as Sabbath, probably in the early spring of 1844. Several members of the Washington, New Hampshire church he occasionally ministered to also followed his decision. These included William and Cyrus Farnsworth. T. M. Preble soon accepted it either from Wheeler or directly from Oakes. These events were shortly followed by the Great Disappointment.

Preble promoted Sabbath through the February 28, 1845 issue of the Hope of Israel. In March he published his Sabbath views in tract form. Although he returned to observing Sunday in the next few years, his writing convinced Joseph Bates and J. N. Andrews. These men in turn convinced James and Ellen White, as well as Hiram Edson and hundreds of others.[14]

Bates proposed that a meeting should be organised between the believers in New Hampshire and Port Gibson. At this meeting, which occurred sometime in 1846 at Edson's farm, Edson and other Port Gibson believers readily accepted Sabbath and at the same time forged an alliance with Bates and two other folk from New Hampshire who later became very influential in the Adventist church, James and Ellen G. White. Between April 1848, and December 1850 twenty-two "Sabbath conferences" were held in New York and New England. These meetings were often seen as opportunities for leaders such as James White, Joseph Bates, Stephen Pierce and Hiram Edson to discuss and reach conclusions about doctrinal issues.[15]

While initially it was believed that Sabbath started at 6 pm, by 1855 it was generally accepted that Sabbath begins at Friday sunset.[16]

The Present Truth (see below) was largely devoted to Sabbath at first. J. N. Andrews was the first Adventist to write a book-length defense of Sabbath, first published in 1861.Sabbath observance develops and unites[edit] Main article: Sabbath and Seventh-day Adventism § History

A young Seventh Day Baptist layperson named Rachel Oakes Preston living in New Hampshire was responsible for introducing Sabbath to the Millerite Adventists. Due to her influence, Frederick Wheeler, a local Methodist-Adventist preacher, began keeping the seventh day as Sabbath, probably in the early spring of 1844. Several members of the Washington, New Hampshire church he occasionally ministered to also followed his decision. These included William and Cyrus Farnsworth. T. M. Preble soon accepted it either from Wheeler or directly from Oakes. These events were shortly followed by the Great Disappointment.

Preble promoted Sabbath through the February 28, 1845 issue of the Hope of Israel. In March he published his Sabbath views in tract form. Although he returned to observing Sunday in the next few years, his writing convinced Joseph Bates and J. N. Andrews. These men in turn convinced James and Ellen White, as well as Hiram Edson and hundreds of others.[14]

Bates proposed that a meeting should be organised between the believers in New Hampshire and Port Gibson. At this meeting, which occurred sometime in 1846 at Edson's farm, Edson and other Port Gibson believers readily accepted Sabbath and at the same time forged an alliance with Bates and two other folk from New Hampshire who later became very influential in the Adventist church,





GOD BLESS YOU ALL!!!!!!!!!!!

  • June 26, 2022: Illicit Trafficking and International Day in support of victims of torture

*National Human Trafficking Awareness Day is observed every year on January 11.

*This observance was started in 2011 by Presidential Proclamation of National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month.

In 2011 President Barack Obama issued a Presidential Proclamation, designating each January to be National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month. The anniversary of this proclamation became known as National Human Trafficking Awareness Day.

Slavery was officially abolished in the USA by the Thirteenth Amendment in December 1865 however sadly human trafficking is growing at an alarming rate and despite the USA being a first world country, human trafficking has become a lucrative business for some members of our society.

The victims affected and forced into modern day slavery can be of foreign nationalities or the citizens of the USA, but they are all subjected to the horrific injustices of human trafficking, including sex trafficking, forced labor, involuntary servitude, forced marriage and debt bondage.

Many of the anti trafficking organizations arrange awareness raising campaigns all year round, but particularly in January when this awareness day is recognised and publicity is at its peak. It is important to know the signs of human trafficking and who you can contact should your suspicions be raised. The National Human Trafficking Resource Center Hotline, a resource that anyone can call to submit a tip about potential incidents of trafficking, received 20,424 calls and had 5,748 cases of trafficking reported in 2016 alone with figures increasing every year. Help raise awareness and potentially save peoples lives by educating yourself more about the despicable act of human trafficking and what you can do if you suspect anyone of being a victim or organizer of this terrifying act.

AUGUST "National Month" CALENDAR
  • National Eye Exam Month
    • Kids Eat Right Month
      • Psoriasis Awareness Month
        • National Immunization Awareness Month
          • National Breastfeeding Month
            • National Farmers Market Week
            • Ice Cream Sandwich Day
            • International Cat Day
            • National Relaxation Day
            • International Dog Day

Back-to-School To-Do's

Parents themselves can be a little nervous about the first day of school, especially if they're seeing their little one off for the first time or if their child is going to a new school.

To help make going to school a little easier on everyone, here's a handy checklist:

What to wear, bring, and eat:

  • Does the school have a dress code? Are there certain things students can't wear?
  • Will kids need a change of clothes for PE or art class?
  • Do your kids have a safe backpack that's lightweight, with two wide, padded shoulder straps, a waist belt, a padded back, and multiple compartments?
  • Do kids know not to overload their backpacks and to stow them safely at home and school?
  • Will your kids buy lunch at school or bring it from home? If they buy a school lunch, how much will it cost per day or per week? Do you have a weekly or monthly menu of what will be served? Is there an account number that they need to remember?
  • Have you stocked up on all of the necessary school supplies? (Letting kids pick out a new lunchbox and a set of pens, pencils, binders, etc., helps get them geared up for going back to school.)
  • Medical issues:

    • Have your kids had all necessary immunizations?
    • Have you filled out any forms that the school has sent home, such as emergency contact and health information forms?
    • Do the school nurse and teachers know about any medical conditions your child has, such as food allergies, asthma, diabetes, or other conditions that may need to be managed during the school day?
    • Have you made arrangements with the school nurse to give any medicines your child might need?
    • Do the teachers know about any conditions that may affect how your child learns? For example, kids with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) should be seated in the front of the room, and a child with vision problems should sit near the board.


What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability caused by differences in the brain. Some people with ASD have a known difference, such as a genetic condition. Other causes are not yet known. Scientists believe there are multiple causes of ASD that act together to change the most common ways people develop. We still have much to learn about these causes and how they impact people with ASD.

People with ASD may behave, communicate, interact, and learn in ways that are different from most other people. There is often nothing about how they look that sets them apart from other people. The abilities of people with ASD can vary significantly. For example, some people with ASD may have advanced conversation skills whereas others may be nonverbal. Some people with ASD need a lot of help in their daily lives; others can work and live with little to no support.

ASD begins before the age of 3 years and can last throughout a person’s life, although symptoms may improve over time. Some children show ASD symptoms within the first 12 months of life. In others, symptoms may not show up until 24 months of age or later. Some children with ASD gain new skills and meet developmental milestones until around 18 to 24 months of age, and then they stop gaining new skills or lose the skills they once had.

As children with ASD become adolescents and young adults, they may have difficulties developing and maintaining friendships, communicating with peers and adults, or understanding what behaviors are expected in school or on the job. They may come to the attention of healthcare providers because they also have conditions such as anxiety, depression, or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, which occur more often in people with ASD than in people without ASD.

Signs and Symptoms

People with ASD often have problems with social communication and interaction, and restricted or repetitive behaviors or interests. People with ASD may also have different ways of learning, moving, or paying attention. It is important to note that some people without ASD might also have some of these symptoms. For people with ASD, these characteristics can make life very challenging.


Diagnosing ASD can be difficult since there is no medical test, like a blood test, to diagnose the disorder. Doctors look at the child’s behavior and development to make a diagnosis. ASD can sometimes be detected at 18 months of age or younger. By age 2, a diagnosis by an experienced professional can be considered reliable.1 However, many children do not receive a final diagnosis until they are much older. Some people are not diagnosed until they are adolescents or adults. This delay means that people with ASD might not get the early help they need.


Current treatments for ASD seek to reduce symptoms that interfere with daily functioning and quality of life. ASD affects each person differently, meaning that people with ASD have unique strengths and challenges and different treatment needs.2 Treatment plans usually involve multiple professionals and are catered to the individual.


Just like adults, children have specific needs when it comes to their vision. It is important for parents to understand when to take them to the doctor, eye issues they can experience, corrective lenses for children, and other topics that can aid them in ensuring their child has the best visual health possible.

It is important to take kids to the eye doctor regularly. Children should have their first eye exam between 6 and 12 months old, and they should have regular eye exams throughout their lives.

There are certain eye problems that can develop in childhood. It’s important to have these assessed and diagnosed to avoid worse problems later on.

There are different treatment options for childhood eye issues, ranging from corrective lenses to surgery. Eyeglasses are often the first-line treatment to make their vision clearer, so they do not have trouble seeing in class and during other activities.

Parents should also be aware of how a child’s vision changes as they get older. This may make it easier to identify any issues that are affecting their child’s vision throughout life.

How Often Should Children Visit the Eye Doctor?

It is important to have a child’s vision and eye health assessed regularly, so any issues can be caught as early as possible. Children should have their first eye examination between 6 and 12 months old.

Children can start to experience vision issues early in life that an eye examination can catch. It is estimated that when it comes to preschoolers in the U.S., approximately 35 percent have farsightedness, astigmatism, or nearsightedness.

During an eye examination, doctors explore the following visual skills that children need for optimal learning:

  • Visual acuity at all distances
  • Accurate eye movement skills
  • Comfortable and accurate eye teaming skills
  • Comfortable and accurate focusing skills

Between ages 3 and 5, children should have their next eye examination.

Another examination should take place before children enter the first grade. After this point, children should have an eye examination once a year. If children have eye or vision issues, their doctor may recommend more frequent examinations.

Cord Blood Awareness Month

Cord Blood Awareness Month every July, serves the purpose of educating people and raising awareness regarding the importance of cord blood. Not sure what cord blood is? It is the blood and tissue that is derived from the placenta and the baby’s umbilical cord. Over time, doctors have realized how essential this blood is, hence, an extra effort is put into spreading awareness regarding cord blood advantages. Today, cord blood is used across the world to cure numerous diseases — making it a natural wonder that can only be obtained from the miracle of birth. This month, save lives by doing all that you can to spread awareness regarding cord blood.HISTORY OF CORD BLOOD AWARENESS MONTH

Did you know there are about four million births in the U.S. each year? With so many babies being born, the hospitals must have a large amount of cord blood saved, right? Wrong! While the statistics for birth may be high, cord blood is collected only 5–10% of the time. The rest of the time, it is discarded as medical waste. This is mostly because of a lack of awareness regarding cord blood procedures, as well as the benefits it can provide for mankind. This is why July was declared Cord Blood Awareness Month by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.

Though the umbilical cord blood stem cells were discovered in 1978, the first transplant did not happen until 1988. From there, the medical history as we know it completely evolved. Doctors became more aware of the uses of cord blood and began to research the diseases it can cure, which include leukemia, blood diseases, Alzheimer’s, as well as immune disorders. It was also discovered that cord blood was more effective than a bone marrow transplant — therefore it’s not a surprise that more and more people are opting for cord blood transplants every year.

As clinical trials continue to find out more benefits of cord blood and the diseases it can help heal, the popularity of the transplant continues to surge. In fact, athletes such as Rafael Nadal and football legends such as Christiano Ronaldo and David Beckham have opted for umbilical cord stem cells to treat sports injuries.



Remember Jesus said...

...if you have faith as small as a mustard seed, you can say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there,’ and it will move...Matthew 17:20

If you cannot move your mountain, please have enough FAITH to ask GOD to help YOU to climb over or go around YOUR mountain.



Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes a rash with itchy, scaly patches, most commonly on the knees, elbows, trunk and scalp.

Psoriasis is a common, long-term (chronic) disease with no cure. It can be painful, interfere with sleep and make it hard to concentrate. The condition tends to go through cycles, flaring for a few weeks or months, then subsiding for a while. Common triggers in people with a genetic predisposition to psoriasis include infections, cuts or burns, and certain medications.

Treatments are available to help you manage symptoms. And you can try lifestyle habits and coping strategies to help you live better with psoriasis.

Common signs and symptoms of psoriasis include:

  • A patchy rash that varies widely in how it looks from person to person, ranging from spots of dandruff-like scaling to major eruptions over much of the body
  • Rashes that vary in color, tending to be shades of purple with gray scale on brown or Black skin and pink or red with silver scale on white skin
  • Small scaling spots (commonly seen in children)
  • Dry, cracked skin that may bleed
  • Itching, burning or soreness
  • Cyclic rashes that flare for a few weeks or months and then subside
  • There are several types of psoriasis, each of which varies in its signs and symptoms:

    • Plaque psoriasis. The most common type of psoriasis, plaque psoriasis causes dry, itchy, raised skin patches (plaques) covered with scales. There may be few or many. They usually appear on the elbows, knees, lower back and scalp. The patches vary in color, depending on skin color. The affected skin might heal with temporary changes in color (post inflammatory hyperpigmentation), particularly on brown or Black skin.
    • Nail psoriasis. Psoriasis can affect fingernails and toenails, causing pitting, abnormal nail growth and discoloration. Psoriatic nails might loosen and separate from the nail bed (onycholysis). Severe disease may cause the nail to crumble.
    • Guttate psoriasis. Guttate psoriasis primarily affects young adults and children. It's usually triggered by a bacterial infection such as strep throat. It's marked by small, drop-shaped, scaling spots on the trunk, arms or legs.
    • Inverse psoriasis. Inverse psoriasis mainly affects the skin folds of the groin, buttocks and breasts. It causes smooth patches of inflamed skin that worsen with friction and sweating. Fungal infections may trigger this type of psoriasis.
      • Pustular psoriasis. Pustular psoriasis, a rare type, causes clearly defined pus-filled blisters. It can occur in widespread patches or on small areas of the palms or soles.
      • Erythrodermic psoriasis. The least common type of psoriasis, erythrodermic psoriasis can cover the entire body with a peeling rash that can itch or burn intensely. It can be short-lived (acute) or long-term (chronic).

International Cat Day is a celebration that takes place on August 8th, every year. It was created in 2002 by the International Fund for Animal Welfare. Since 2020, feline charity, International Cat Care (iCatCare), has been the custodian of International Cat Day.

For 2021, iCatCare is providing free guidance from feline experts to help owners strengthen the bond with their cat with the theme of ‘#BeCatCurious: Training for Cats and their Humans.’

Owners can sign up to receive emails with tips and advice on how to positively train their cat to go into a cat carrier at home and for trips to places like the vet. They’ll also get invitations to free online events, Q&As, and easy to follow short training videos with cat behaviour experts.

Owners can join in anytime until International Cat Day on August 8th 2021 by signing up at

International Cat Day is also referred to as World Cat Day in some countries and since its inception, it has been growing worldwide.

National Dog Day


Dogs are a man’s best friend for a reason, so why not celebrate them? These furry friends range in all different shapes, sizes, and breeds. There is a dog out there for everyone! Whether you like big dogs or small dogs, every pup should be celebrated on National Dog Day.

This holiday was created in 2004 by Colleen Paige, a Pet & Family Lifestyle Expert and Animal Advocate. She created this day so that all dogs can be celebrated and also to draw attention to the number of dogs in shelters and to encourage adoption to those who have yet to find a place to call home. August 26 is significant to Colleen because it is the day her family adopted her Sheltie when she was 10 years old.

Since the first celebration in 2004, National Dog Day has grown and is now celebrated across the world. In 2013 the holiday was written into New York legislation and can be seen on the New York State Senate’s website.

To spread the word further, those that oversee the holiday have joined forces with many rescue partners, including The Human Society of The United States and West Coast Labrador Retriever Rescue. Together they draw attention to the number of dogs that are without a home and try to actively encourage people searching for a dog to visit an adoption shelter instead of a pet store.

Since the first day back in 2004, it is estimated that approximately one million dogs have been saved through adoption in the U.S. For dog owners that aren’t looking to add to their family, National Dog Day has become a day for treating their friend like the legend they are and enjoying the connection that we’ve built up with dogs over thousands of years.

Colleen Paige, the founder of the holiday, also uses the day to draw attention to the multiple ways in which dogs contribute towards our society. From putting their lives on the line to help law enforcement track down bombs or drug dealers to providing assistance for those who need it, dogs play an important role. Nowadays dogs can even identify cancer in patients.

National Dog Day has also been using its platform to encourage dog ownership of all breeds, mixed and pure, and continuously pushes for all dogs to be allowed to live happy and abuse-free lives.

National Dog Day is on an upward trajectory and continues to grow in popularity. It is widely covered in the media each year and rescue homes are the all-important exposure they need to get their message across. Whether you choose to celebrate by volunteering at a rescue home, making a donation to a shelter, or by giving your furry friend an extra big cuddle, make sure you spend this day acknowledging just how awesome dogs are.


What is child abuse?

Child abuse is hurting a child. It occurs when a child experiences harm or neglect. Often, the abuser is someone the child knows. It may be a parent, family member, caregiver or family friend.

Most U.S. child abuse laws agree on this definition of child abuse: Any intentional harm or mistreatment of a child under age 18 is abuse and a criminal offense.

Another term for child abuse and neglect is adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). If untreated, these experiences can impact a child’s lifelong health and well-being.

What are the types of child abuse?

Child abuse can come in many forms:

  • Physical: Slapping, pushing, punching, kicking, shaking or burning a child or not allowing a child to eat, drink or use the bathroom.
  • Emotional: Frequently verbal, involving insults, constant criticism, harsh demands, threats and yelling.
  • Sexual: Rape, incest, fondling, indecent exposure, using a child in pornography or exposing a child to pornographic material.
  • Medical: Intentionally trying to make a child sick or not treating a medical condition.

Is child neglect a form of child abuse?

Yes. Child neglect is a form of abuse. Neglect is failing to provide a child with food, shelter, education, medical care and emotional support.What is incest?

Incest is a sexual act between family members who are too closely related to be legally married. The sex act can be anything from fondling to intercourse. Any sexual act with a child is abuse.

How does sexual abuse affect a child?

Researchers have noted certain characteristics in children who have experienced abuse. Some behaviors may be more noticeable, such as:

  • Acting out sexually in inappropriate ways.
  • Chronic belly pain, headaches or other physical complaints.
  • Return to childish behaviors such as thumb-sucking and bedwetting.
  • Running away.
  • Self-destructive behavior, such as cutting and self-harm.
  • Severe behavioral changes.

Other characteristics may be harder to identify, such as:

  • Anxiety and depression.
  • Difficulty learning and concentrating.
  • Evidence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
  • Lack of emotional development.
  • Poor self-esteem.
  • Recurring nightmares.
  • Suicidal thoughts and/or attempts.
  • How common is child abuse?

    Child neglect and child abuse are common. At least 1 in 7 children has experienced neglect in the past year. The actual figure is likely higher. In the United States in 2018, nearly 1,770 children died of abuse and neglect.

    Who is more at risk of child abuse and neglect?

    Some children are at higher risk of experiencing abuse and neglect. Risk factors include children who:

    • Live in poverty. Rates of child abuse are five times higher for children in families with low socioeconomic status.
    • Are younger than 4 years of age.
    • Have special needs, which increase the burden on caregivers.What are signs of child abuse?

      Signs of child abuse may not be obvious. You may first notice a shift in the child’s behavior. Or they may react differently to situations. Any change in a child’s behavior or temperament without an obvious trigger can be a sign of abuse.

      Other signs of child abuse include:

      Physical signs:

      • Looking unclean or neglected.
      • Unexplained bruises, welts, sores or skin problems that don’t seem to heal.
      • Untreated medical or dental problems.
      • Pain in the genital area.
      • Vaginal bleeding other than a menstrual cycle (period).
      • Unusual discharge or pain.

      Emotional signs:

      • Fear of one or both parents or caregivers (including babysitters, day care workers, teachers and coaches).
      • Fear of an activity or place.
      • Crying often or in situations that seem inappropriate.
      • Regression (returning to behaviors typical of a younger child).
      • Who can be an abuser?

        Frequently, the abuser is someone the child knows and is close to, including;

        • Parent or other family member.
        • Family friend.
        • Caregiver.
        • Anyone close to the child (teacher, coach, religious leader).
        • Peers or older children who have experienced abuse themselves and are re-enacting what happened to them.

How Does The Foster Care System Work?

The foster care system is complex, composed of a combination of federal, state and local organizations working to keep children safe and help them thrive in a home and school environment. The foster care system is not a single entity.

While the primary responsibility of child welfare services belong to the states and counties (depending on if the state is county administered), the federal government plays a supporting role in funding and legislation.

Specifically, The Children’s Bureau (CB) implements federal child and family legislation within The Administration for Children and Families (ACF) and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

They develop programs that focus on preventing child abuse and neglect by strengthening families, protecting children from further maltreatment, reuniting children safely with their families, or finding permanent families for children who cannot safely return home, according to the Child Welfare Information Gateway.

What Is Foster Care?

Foster care is meant to be a temporary arrangement in which trained caregivers, including kinship or relative caregivers, provide for the care of a child when their biological parent(s) are unable to care for them.

Over 77% of all foster children are placed with relatives or non-relative caregivers, while the remainder are placed in group homes (any home that has six or more kids in it, which can also be considered a family household), institutions, or supervised independent living.

All ages, from infants to youth between 18 – 21 years old (depending on the state), are represented in the foster care system, with the median age of entry just 6.1 years of age. While designed to be a temporary arrangement, the average time a young person spends in care is almost 2 years (20.1 months) before they are reunified or exited care to permanency, legal guardianship including adoption, or have emancipated from the system.

The goal for all children is to reunify with their family unless reunification is not possible (parents are dead or incarcerated) or it is not in the best interest of the child (i.e. parents present a real, documented and present danger to the life and health of the child).

Each state provides a subsidy to cover some of the basic costs associated with raising a child. Nationally, these subsidies are less than half of the average amount a family spends to raise a child.

According to the most recent Children’s Bureau statistics, there were an estimated 437,465 children in foster care on September 30, 2016, which is an increase of approximately 10,000 children compared to the same date the year prior. Of these, there are approximately 108,000 foster children eligible for and waiting to be adopted. Tragically, this stat has stayed consistent for the past five years

How many children are in foster care nationally?

1. There are approximately 424,000 foster youth nationwide. Despite child welfare’s efforts to prevent the removal of children from their parents, the number of children in foster care has been increasing. Currently, we are at an all time high as the demand for foster parents is far higher than the supply, and factors like parental opioid addiction are forcing more children to be removed from their homes.

2. The median age of children in foster care is 6 ½ years old. While many people stereotype foster children as troubled teens, the truth of the matter is that most foster children are just that — children. Their biological parents are taken from them at a very young age, which can have a huge impact on their cognitive and emotional development growing up if they are not cared for properly in their youth.

3. 20,000 youth age out of the foster care system between the ages of 18 – 21 annually. The exact time a foster youth ages out of the system depends on where they live. Regardless, roughly 20,000 youth are forced to exit the system annually without having found a forever family, leaving them to fend for themselves.

4. The foster care system underinvests in foster children, contributing less than 50% of what it costs an average American family to raise a child from 0 – 17 years of age. With this tragic lack of investment, it is not surprising that youth are not adequately prepared for independence. Within four years of aging out, 70% will be on government assistance, 25% will not have completed high school, and less than 12% will ever earn their college degree. Not only is this a tragic loss of potential, but our economy as a whole suffers a cost of $1million per youth we fail because of lost production and the cost of social services.

The iFoster Resource Portal provides thousands of curated resources specifically to address this investment gap, contributing over $125 million annually into the lives of foster youth.

5. Within four years of aging out, 50% have no earnings, and those who do make an average annual income of $7,500. After a foster youth ages out, homelessness and unemployment become a huge issue. Despite there being more than 34 million entry level jobs nationwide, many foster youth aren’t prepared to be independent and don’t have the skills or resources needed to access the opportunities that could launch them into employment.

The iFoster Jobs Program was created to combat that exact issue. This is a trauma and evidence informed training program that has provided hundreds of foster youth with the job skills they need to succeed in the workforce. iFoster has partnered with over 25 major corporate employers who offer interviews to each of the youths who graduate from training. As a result, these youth have achieved financial stability, and have experienced three times the industry average retention rate in the first six months of their jobs. The iFoster Jobs Program is being evaluated as a promising practice in youth employment.

6. Only 5% of rural foster youth and 21% of urban foster youth report access to a computer at home. Having access to technology is crucial for a foster child to be on a level playing field with their peers and to pursue education and employment opportunities. Without a laptop or smartphone (that has voice, text, data and a hotspot), they are restricted in many arenas, including studying, job applications, extracurricular opportunities, and networking.

The iFoster Pilot Program with California Public Utilities Commission has provided over 12,000 cell phone Internet hotspots to foster youth in California. The iFoster Computer Program has provided over 5,000 laptops to youth across the county. Technology is the gateway to normalcy and opportunity for foster youth.

Want to learn more? Please contact so we can connect you with the resources you or your foster youth need to succeed

Foster and Adoption Services

Sexual assault

Sexual assault is any type of sexual activity or contact that you do not consent to. Sexual assault can happen through physical force or threats of force or if the attacker gave the victim drugs or alcohol as part of the assault. Sexual assault includes rape and sexual coercion. In the United States, one in three women has experienced some type of sexual violence.1 If you have been sexually assaulted, it is not your fault, regardless of the circumstances.

Trainined Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners

Camden County

Cooper Hospital (Camden)

Virtua Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital(Camden)

Jefferson Hospital(Stratford)

Virtua Hospital (Voorhees)

Gloucester County

Jefferson Hospital(Washington Township)

Inspira Health Center(Woodbury)

Inspria Health Center (Mullica Hill)

Cumberland County

Inspria Medical Center (Vineland)

Inspria Health Center(Bridgeton)


Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) Month

.What is spinal muscular atrophy (SMA)?

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a genetic (inherited) neuromuscular disease that causes muscles to become weak and waste away. People with SMA lose a specific type of nerve cell in the spinal cord (called motor neurons) that control muscle movement. Without these motor neurons, muscles don’t receive nerve signals that make muscles move. The word atrophy is a medical term that means smaller. With SMA, certain muscles become smaller and weaker due to lack of use.

How common is spinal muscular atrophy?

Approximately 10,000 to 25,000 children and adults are living with SMA in the United States. It’s a rare disease that affects one out of 6,000 to 10,000 children.

Who might get spinal muscular atrophy?

A person with SMA inherits two copies of a missing or faulty (mutated) survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene. One faulty gene comes from the mother and the other comes from the father. An adult can have a single copy of the defective gene that causes SMA and not know it.

About six million Americans (1 in 50) carry the mutated SMN1 gene. These carriers have one healthy SMN1 gene and one missing or defective SMN1 gene. Carriers don’t develop SMA. There's a 1 in 4 chance that two carriers will have a child with SMA.What are the types of spinal muscular atrophy?

There are four primary types of SMA:

  • Type 1 (severe): About 60% of people with SMA have type 1 , also called Werdnig-Hoffman disease. Symptoms appear at birth or within an infant’s first six months of life. Infants with type 1 SMA have difficulty swallowing and sucking. They don’t meet typical milestones like holding up their heads or sitting. As muscles continue to weaken, children become more prone to respiratory infections and collapsed lungs (pneumothorax). Most children with type 1 SMA die before their second birthday.
  • Type 2 (intermediate): Symptoms of type 2 SMA (also called Dubowitz disease) appear when a child is between six months and 18 months old. This type tends to affect the lower limbs. Children with type 2 SMA may be able to sit up but can’t walk. Most children with type 2 SMA live into adulthood.
  • Type 3 (mild): Symptoms of type 3 SMA (also called Kugelbert-Welander or juvenile-onset SMA) appear after a child’s first 18 months of life. Some people with type 3 don’t have signs of disease until early adulthood. Type 3 symptoms include mild muscle weakness, difficulty walking and frequent respiratory infections. Over time, symptoms can affect the ability to walk or stand. Type 3 SMA doesn’t significantly shorten life expectancy.
  • Type 4 (adult): The rare adult form of SMA doesn’t typically appear until the mid-30s. Muscle weakness symptoms progress slowly, so most people with type 4 remain mobile and live full lives.What causes spinal muscular atrophy?

    People with SMA are either missing part of the SMN1 gene or have a changed (mutated) gene. A healthy SMN1 gene produces SMN protein. Motor neurons need this protein to survive and function properly.

    People with SMA don’t make enough SMN protein, and so the motor neurons shrink and die. As a result, the brain can’t control voluntary movements, especially motion in the head, neck, arms and legs.

    People also have SMN2 genes that produce a small amount of SMN protein. A person may have up to eight copies of an SMN2 gene. Having multiple copies of the SMN2 gene typically leads to less severe SMA symptoms because the extra genes make up for the missing SMN1 protein. Rarely, non-SMN gene mutations (non-chromosome 5) cause SMA.How is spinal muscular atrophy managed or treated?

    There isn’t a cure for SMA. Treatments depend upon the type of SMA and symptoms. Many people with SMA benefit from physical and occupational therapy and assistive devices, such as orthopaedic braces, crutches, walkers and wheelchairs.

    These treatments may also help:

    • Disease-modifying therapy: These drugs stimulate production of SMN protein. Nusinersen (Spinraza®) is for children ages 2 to 12. Your provider injects the drug into the space around the spinal canal. A different medication, risdaplam (Evrysdi®), helps adults and children older than two months. People take risdaplam daily by mouth (orally).
    • Gene replacement therapy: Children younger than two may benefit from a one-time intravenous (IV) infusion of a drug called onasemnogene abeparvovec-xioi (Zolgensma®). This therapy replaces a missing or faulty SMN1 gene with a functioning gene.
What Is Sickle Cell Anemia?
      • Sickle cell anemia is one of a group of inherited disorders known as sickle cell disease. It affects the shape of red blood cells, which carry oxygen to all parts of the body.

        Red blood cells are usually round and flexible, so they move easily through blood vessels. In sickle cell anemia, some red blood cells are shaped like sickles or crescent moons. These sickle cells also become rigid and sticky, which can slow or block blood flow.

        There's no cure for most people with sickle cell anemia. Treatments can relieve pain and help prevent complications associated with the disease.

      • Symptoms

        Signs and symptoms of sickle cell anemia usually appear around 6 months of age. They vary from person to person and may change over time.

      • Signs and symptoms can include:

        • Anemia. Sickle cells break apart easily and die. Red blood cells usually live for about 120 days before they need to be replaced. But sickle cells typically die in 10 to 20 days, leaving a shortage of red blood cells (anemia). Without enough red blood cells, the body can't get enough oxygen and this causes fatigue.
        • Episodes of pain. Periodic episodes of extreme pain, called pain crises, are a major symptom of sickle cell anemia. Pain develops when sickle-shaped red blood cells block blood flow through tiny blood vessels to your chest, abdomen and joints.

          The pain varies in intensity and can last for a few hours to a few days. Some people have only a few pain crises a year. Others have a dozen or more a year. A severe pain crisis requires a hospital stay.

          Some adolescents and adults with sickle cell anemia also have chronic pain, which can result from bone and joint damage, ulcers, and other causes.

        • Swelling of hands and feet. The swelling is caused by sickle-shaped red blood cells blocking blood circulation in the hands and feet.
        • Frequent infections. Sickle cells can damage the spleen, increasing vulnerability to infections. Infants and children with sickle cell anemia commonly receive vaccinations and antibiotics to prevent potentially life-threatening infections, such as pneumonia.
        • Delayed growth or puberty. Red blood cells provide the body with the oxygen and nutrients needed for growth. A shortage of healthy red blood cells can slow growth in infants and children and delay puberty in teenagers.
        • Vision problems. Tiny blood vessels that supply the eyes can become plugged with sickle cells. This can damage the retina — the portion of the eye that processes visual images — and lead to vision problems.
        • When to see a doctor

          See your health care provider right away if you or your child has symptoms of sickle cell anemia. Because children with sickle cell anemia are prone to infections, which often start with a fever and can be life-threatening, seek prompt medical attention for a fever greater than 101.5 F (38.5 C).

          Seek emergency care for symptoms of stroke, which include:

          • One-sided paralysis or weakness in the face, arms or legs
          • Confusion
          • Difficulty walking or talking
          • Sudden vision changes
          • Unexplained numbness
          • Severe headache
      • .
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) AWERNESS MONTH


Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that's triggered by a terrifying event — either experiencing it or witnessing it. Symptoms may include flashbacks, nightmares and severe anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts about the event.

Most people who go through traumatic events may have temporary difficulty adjusting and coping, but with time and good self-care, they usually get better. If the symptoms get worse, last for months or even years, and interfere with your day-to-day functioning, you may have PTSD.

Getting effective treatment after PTSD symptoms develop can be critical to reduce symptoms and improve function.Symptoms

Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms may start within one month of a traumatic event, but sometimes symptoms may not appear until years after the event. These symptoms cause significant problems in social or work situations and in relationships. They can also interfere with your ability to go about your normal daily tasks.

PTSD symptoms are generally grouped into four types: intrusive memories, avoidance, negative changes in thinking and mood, and changes in physical and emotional reactions. Symptoms can vary over time or vary from person to person.

Intrusive memories

Symptoms of intrusive memories may include:

  • Recurrent, unwanted distressing memories of the traumatic event
  • Reliving the traumatic event as if it were happening again (flashbacks)
  • Upsetting dreams or nightmares about the traumatic event
  • Severe emotional distress or physical reactions to something that reminds you of the traumatic event


Symptoms of avoidance may include:

  • Trying to avoid thinking or talking about the traumatic event
  • Avoiding places, activities or people that remind you of the traumatic event

Negative changes in thinking and mood

Symptoms of negative changes in thinking and mood may include:

  • Negative thoughts about yourself, other people or the world
  • Hopelessness about the future
    • Memory problems, including not remembering important aspects of the traumatic event
    • Difficulty maintaining close relationships
    • Feeling detached from family and friends
    • Lack of interest in activities you once enjoyed
    • Difficulty experiencing positive emotions
    • Feeling emotionally numb

    Changes in physical and emotional reactions

    Symptoms of changes in physical and emotional reactions (also called arousal symptoms) may include:

    • Being easily startled or frightened
    • Always being on guard for danger
    • Self-destructive behavior, such as drinking too much or driving too fast
    • Trouble sleeping
    • Trouble concentrating
    • Irritability, angry outbursts or aggressive behavior
    • Overwhelming guilt or shame

    For children 6 years old and younger, signs and symptoms may also include:

    • Re-enacting the traumatic event or aspects of the traumatic event through play
    • Frightening dreams that may or may not include aspects of the traumatic event

      Intensity of symptoms

      PTSD symptoms can vary in intensity over time. You may have more PTSD symptoms when you're stressed in general, or when you come across reminders of what you went through. For example, you may hear a car backfire and relive combat experiences. Or you may see a report on the news about a sexual assault and feel overcome by memories of your own assault.

      When to see a doctor

      If you have disturbing thoughts and feelings about a traumatic event for more than a month, if they're severe, or if you feel you're having trouble getting your life back under control, talk to your doctor or a mental health professional. Getting treatment as soon as possible can help prevent PTSD symptoms from getting worse.

      If you have suicidal thoughts

      If you or someone you know has suicidal thoughts, get help right away through one or more of these resources:

      • Reach out to a close friend or loved one.
      • Contact a minister, a spiritual leader or someone in your faith community.
      • Call a suicide hotline number — in the United States, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (1-800-273-8255) to reach a trained counselor. Use that same number and press 1 to reach the Veterans Crisis Line.
      • Make an appointment with your doctor or a mental health professional.
Virginia Apgar, MD (1909-1974): Scoring for babies

New parents anxiously await their child’s Apgar score, which is the gold standard for determining the health of a newborn. Virginia Apgar devised that score in 1953, creating the first tool to scientifically assess a neonate’s health risks and need for potentially life-saving observation.

When she graduated from the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University in 1933, Apgar hoped to pursue surgery. A mentor discouraged her, though, so she studied anesthesiology instead, becoming the first director of Columbia-Presbyterian Hospital’s new division of anesthesia in 1938.

Apgar went on to study the effects of anesthesia, labor, and delivery on a newborn’s health, and she is said to have created her tremendously influential checklist in response to a question from a student. Before the Apgar score, providers had little guidance on assessing and treating infants in their first hours, often losing babies who could have been saved.

In her 50s, Apgar launched a second career, pursuing a master’s degree in public health from Johns Hopkins University and working at the March of Dimes as vice president for medical affairs. There, she drove public attention to such vital issues as how to prevent birth defects.

Former U.S. Surgeon General Julius Richmond once said that Apgar had “done more to improve the health of mothers, babies, and unborn infants than anyone else in the 20th century.”





Latest IRS Scams: How to Spot Them and Fight Back
  1. The latest IRS scams

    Have any of these happened to you?

    1. 'We recalculated your tax refund and you need to fill out this form'

    These scam emails display the IRS logo and use subject lines such as "Tax Refund Payment" or "Recalculation of your tax refund payment." It asks people to click a link and provide their Social Security numbers, birthday, address, driver's license number and other personal information in order to submit a fake form to allegedly claim their refund.

    2. 'You need to pay a small fee to get your stimulus check'

    This is a growing scam related to the government's ongoing response to the coronavirus, the Federal Trade Commission warns. Many Americans will qualify for a stimulus check, but the government (including the IRS) does not require anyone to pay anything to receive the money.

    3. 'We're calling from the FDIC and we need your bank information'

    The Federal Depository Insurance Corporation insures bank deposits so that consumers won't lose all of their money if a bank fails. But it does not send unsolicited correspondence asking for money, sensitive personal information, bank account information, credit and debit card numbers, Social Security numbers or passwords. Scammers claiming to be from the FDIC are hunting for information they can use to commit fraud or sell identities.4. 'We're calling to tell you your identity was stolen; you need to buy some gift cards to fix it'

    In this trick, a criminal calls the victim and poses as an IRS agent. The criminal claims the victim's identity has been stolen and that it was used to open fake bank accounts. The caller then tells the taxpayer to go buy certain gift cards; later, the crook gets back in touch and asks for the gift card access numbers.

    5. 'We'll cancel your Social Security number'

    In this IRS scam, the criminal contacts the victim and claims that he or she can suspend or cancel the victim’s Social Security number.

    "If taxpayers receive a call threatening to suspend their SSN for an unpaid tax bill, they should just hang up," the IRS says.

    6. 'This is the Bureau of Tax Enforcement, and we're putting a lien or levy on your assets'

    There is no Bureau of Tax Enforcement. Victims often receive a letter from the fake agency claiming that they have a tax lien or tax levy and that they had better pay the “Bureau of Tax Enforcement” or else.7. 'If you don’t call us back, you’ll be arrested'

    Criminals can make a caller ID phone number look like it's coming from anywhere — including from the IRS, the local police or some other intimidating source. But the IRS doesn’t leave prerecorded voicemails, especially ones that claim to be urgent or are threatening. Also, the IRS can’t revoke your driver’s license, business licenses or immigration status.

    8. 'Use this Form W-8BEN to give us personal

    data'Although the Form W-8BEN, which is called a “Certificate of Foreign Status of Beneficial Owner for United States Tax Withholding,” is a legitimate IRS form, criminals have been modifying the form to ask for personal information such as mother’s maiden name, passport numbers and PIN numbers. (The real form is here.)

    9. 'Click here to see some details about your tax refund'

    These emails are intended to trick the reader into clicking on links that lead to a fake IRS-like website and expose the user to malware. The IRS never emails taxpayers about the status of their tax refunds. (We've collected in one place the links to track the status of your tax refund directly with the IRS or your state's tax authority.)

Top 20 must-have supplies for a Hurricane

1. Water: 1 gallon per person per day for 2 weeks. Don't forget water for cooking, cleaning, and your pets, as well as water purification and filtration supplies.

  • Fact: According to those who experienced Hurricanes Wilma, Katrina, and Sandy the most important item to have during a Hurricane is water, which quickly sold out at grocery stores. If you live in an urban setting or small space, an Aquapod is a great place to store water before the storm hits.

2. Food Storage: At least enough for 3 to 7 days. In addition to having non-perishable packaged or canned food, you’ll also want to have fuel to cook outdoors in case the power goes out. 3. Solar Power: If the power goes out, you can easily run a solar generator in your home without worrying about propane, gasoline, or other flammable chemicals. Even having a small solar panel like a Nomad 7 to charge your cell phone or small electronics can go a long way in a power outage.

  • Fact: During Hurricane Sandy, several residents discovered their solar panels didn’t restore their power. In fact, many residential panels are connected to the power grid; if the grid goes down, so do your panels. However, using portable solar panels can help you have a reliable source of electricity, when the power goes out. Check out Goal Zero’s portable and durable solar panels to help you weather a storm.4. WaterProof Containers: For storing important documents (copies of wedding license, special family photos, social security card, driver’s license, map of area, etc.) 5. Cash: Have cash on hand in small denominations, including change. At least $20. 6. Manual Can Opener: Make sure to have a manual can opener in case of power outages. You’ll definitely want a way to get into your food storage cans. Try the Swing-Away Crank-Turn Handle Can Opener. 7. WaterProof Matches: If you don’t have waterproof matches, you can also store regular matches in a plastic container to keep them safe and dry. 8. Essential Kits and Medications: First-Aid Kit, Emergency Kit, prescription medications. 9. Sanitation Supplies/Personal Hygiene items: It’s important to keep your hands clean during an emergency to prevent the spread of disease. If your hands are caked with dirt or other substances, hand sanitizers become ineffective. If your tap water isn’t safe, wash your hands and bathe with boiled or disinfected water. Only bathe with clean, safe water in a water-related emergency like a hurricane. Wait for officials to tell you the water is clean and safe for bathing.
    • Fact: Poor hygiene and sanitation can spread disease, especially in a natural disaster. According to a John Hopkins Red Cross study, more people die from unsanitary conditions, rather than the natural disaster itself, in some cases. So make sure you have a way to get clean!10. Light and Communication: Make sure to have a battery-operated radio, flashlight, clock, or wind-up clock (include extra batteries); tune in to NOAA weather radio for constant updates on the storm and water conditions. 11. Extra Clothes, Pillows, Blankets: Stored in your emergency kit or a waterproof container. 12. Hurricane Shutters or Storm Panels: Consider installing hurricane shutters or storm panels if you live in a hurricane-prone area. Hurricane shutters protect your windows and doors from wind and flying debris. There are commercial shutters you can buy, or you can also install your own using plywood. For a guide on picking and making shutters, check out this article.
      • Fact: During Hurricane Andrew, much of the damage “resulted from failure of windows and doors. These failures frequently lead to interior wall failure and sometimes roof failures.” This damage could have been prevented if shutters were installed in most homes.13. Entertainment items: Cards, board games, toys, drawing pads 14. Flood Insurance, Home and Property Insurance: Look into flood insurance, if you don’t already have it, to cover damage in case of a storm. Also, check out your current insurance coverage to determine if hurricanes and other natural disasters are covered under your policy. 15. Evacuation/Communication plan: Be sure to practice your plan and be familiar with it before a storm hits. 16. Plastic Sheeting/Tarps: After a hurricane, you can use plastic sheeting or tarps to cover any holes or damage to your roof until it can be fixed. Make sure your tarps are in good condition; heavy winds can easily damage them. Note: Installing a tarp on your roof is dangerous, check out these tips for safely installing a tarp.Plastic sheeting with a bit of duct tape is also great for patching leaks. 17. Tools/Supplies for securing your home—Make sure to have a drill with a screwdriver bit to secure hurricane shutters. Also, have roof and window repair tools, rope, leather gloves, shovel, head and foot bolts for doors, and hurricane straps or clips to help hold the roof and walls up.
        • Fact: A common myth about hurricane preparedness is that using duct tape to secure your windows will reduce shattering, but recently, experts from the National Hurricane Center have been de-bunking this myth. They suggest that taping your windows “can create larger and deadlier shards of glass when winds blow through a home,” increasing the danger. Instead, look into buying or making your own storm shutters.
        18. Insect Repellent: This is a product that may be overlooked when packing our emergency supplies, but it’s good to have, especially in a hurricane.
        • Fact: Heavy winds and sitting pools of water often attract mosquitos after a hurricane. Mosquitos arrive in the area after being blown off trees and shrubbery—and they’re usually hungry, so make sure you have your insect repellent on hand.
        19. Child care and Pet care items: Make sure to have food, wipes, clothing, and other items to take care of your children and pets, if needed. 20. Whistle and Flares: Do you know why you should have a whistle in your Hurricane emergency kit?
        • Fact: During hurricanes, whistles are excellent tools to help you signal for help. Whistles are more effective than yelling or shouting because they can signal for help well beyond the range of your voice and with a lot less effort, allowing you to conserve energy. Whistles are one of the most commonly listed items to include in a hurricane emergency kit by hurricane survivors.

The global pandemic that began in Wuhan, China in November 2019 has led to the lockdown of businesses, schools, restaurants, and recreational centers, leaving a huge impact on the world. Current studies as of September 4, 2020, indicate the confirmed number of cases globally is 26,472,012, the number of deaths is 873,229, and the number of recoveries is 18,664,866. Although a few cases of children have been registered, they are believed to be less vulnerable to the COVID-19 pandemic, except those with underlying health conditions such as asthma.

Studies so far indicate that the pandemic could have negative effects on children’s physical and mental health, and yet parents do not have the appropriate mental health or counseling skills to help their children or themselves. However, due to uncertainties surrounding the outbreak and ongoing scientific research, it’s estimated that 220 million Chinese children are at a risk of facing mental health issues due to potential prolonged school closure and home containment.

Additionally, the fear that the psychological impact on children and adolescents could potentially be neglected has exacerbating effects. During the first months of the outbreak in China, studies revealed that the average posttraumatic scores were four times higher among children who were quarantined than those who were not. This implies that, due to restrictions to routine lifestyle, psychosocial stress caused by home confinement or isolation could further exacerbate the harmful effects on the child’s physical and mental health.

Studies show that the mental health needs of COVID-19 patients are on the rise and yet poorly met. Research indicates that the mental health needs of patients with confirmed COVID-19, patients with suspected infection, quarantined family members, including medical personnel have been poorly managed.

Although these studies were originally conducted in China, the nations that are currently getting new cases of COVID-19 should learn from China’s experience. For instance, home confinement restricts children from their normal lifestyles which has effects on their physical and mental health. Since children are constantly exposed to COVID-19 related news which could alleviate their anxiety and panic, parents need to create direct conversations with children about these issues to avoid panic and reduce anxiety. This could also create opportunities to develop close and open communication with children so that any physical and psychological concerns are addressed.It’s important that the health authorities establish multidisciplinary mental health taskforce teams compromised of professional psychiatrists, psychiatric nurses, clinical psychologists, and other mental health workers at regional and national levels to provide mental health support to patients. Professionals with specialized skills should collaborate and work with religious clergy to bring specialized treatments and appropriate mental health services to families and patients, including those who have been isolated.


Answering God’s Call during the Covid-19 Pandemic

Written by Marie Lloyd-MOSDAC Media

On Wednesday, March 18, 2020, the Mount Olivet Seventh-day Adventist Church (MOSDAC), answered the call to provide care packages for the senior members of the church as well as anyone in the community who were in need of food, toiletries, or supplies. Celia Archie (Deaconess), Sharmaine Edwards (Community Service), and George Jenkins (Deacon) from MOSDAC were joined by several volunteers who helped prepare, bag, and distribute the items to the community.

Sharmaine and her team regularly distribute food to the community every Wednesday and every second and fourth Thursday. However the distribution on Wednesday was different.

Because of the Covid-19 crisis, it was determined that there was a need to serve a targeted group of seniors, single parents, and single members of the church, as well as the broader community. That is when Celia Archie and her team of deaconesses got to work making phone calls to find out who in this targeted group needed food and personal items.

Celia acquired toiletries and teamed up with Community Services, Sharmaine Edwards, to prepare care packages. They enlisted help from Deacon George Jenkins, who didn’t hesitate to lend a helping hand. He loaded the church van with food and supplies and delivered care packages to everyone that was on the targeted list.

Even though the number of people who are being affected by the pandemic increases daily, Sharmaine is still determined to provide food to the community for as long as possible. Celia, filling bags with toiletries, says, that the “feeling of doing something good for the community and the sense of accomplishment to be there for our seniors and community in their time of need,” is a good feeling as a Christian.

According to George, the challenges they faced with “orderly distribution and the language barrier” within the community were minor in light of the gratification they experienced in doing “something good for someone else” and putting the needs of others before their own. About 100 care packages were prepared for distribution to the community, not including all the care packages that were prepared and delivered to the targeted group of seniors, and singles with or without children. MOSDAC is heeding the call in this time of need. “As a deaconess, we are called to do this as part of the job”, said Celia.” “This is not a one-time thing. God has called us to look out for one another.”

MOSDAC was also able to assist the Williamstown Seventh-day Adventist church by providing enough food to fill two trucks which enabled them to service their community. With a community that is scared and filled with fear, MOSDAC is answering the call and is reaching out to fulfill a need and to provide hope by making that fear a little more bearable.

Celia points to Psalm 91 as encouragement to deal with fear. There shall no evil befall thee, neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling. He shall call upon me, and I will answer him.

All three described the collaboration as a success. The need is great, and Mount Olivet is answering the call.

Coronavirus Variants: How Much Do You Need to Worry?

First: What exactly is a SARS-CoV-2 variant?

The virus that causes COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, has about 30,000 letters in its genome (the total genetic material of the virus). When it replicates, some of these letters change by mistake. “Any single letter change is a variant,” explains Dr. Osmundson. Most of these changes won’t make a difference in how the virus behaves. “Some mutations may lead to an inactive virus,” Dr. Osmundson says. “Very rare variants may act measurably different from the original strain.” The original strain is typically referred to as the “wild type” virus. Sometimes, a variant that behaves differently can provide the virus with an advantage over its wild type counterpart, like being able to spread more easily.

While a virus with even a single mutation is technically a new variant, many variants contain multiple mutations. These are identified by sequencing the entire genome of the virus and looking for places that don’t match up with the wild type virus. A letter may be different or missing altogether. Viruses that have the same collection of mutations are then given names to distinguish them from the wild type. “Other viruses that are sampled and that have the same mutations are considered part of that 'variant,’” Dr. Hodcroft explains.What variants are out there right now, and why are they concerning?

We’re currently looking at an alphabet soup of different variants in SARS-CoV-2. There are two garnering the most attention. One concerning variant was first found in the U.K. and is known as B.1.1.7 and sometimes as 501Y.V1 (the latter designation refers to one of the key mutations it contains). The B.1.1.7 variant contains 23 mutations that differentiate it from the wild type virus. Another variant that's causing concern, 501Y.V2, recently emerged in South Africa and has at least 21 mutations that have changed from the wild type. (Unlike B.1.1.7, it hasn't yet been detected in the U.S.)

Both of these coronavirus variants have mutations in the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein, which is a key coronavirus protein. The spike protein is what enables the virus to get into a person’s cells and replicate, causing infection. The B.1.1.7 variant has received the lion’s share of attention to date because it appears to increase viral transmission compared to the wild type. Dr. Hodcroft notes that this variant (and 501Y.V2, to a lesser extent), have been “associated with worrying rises in cases.” Dr. Osmundson agrees with this concern. “Epidemiological data from different populations show an increase in the transmission of 50-70%,” he says. “This has yet to be confirmed in animal models and across broader epidemiological data. It's strong preliminary data.” A Centre for Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Diseases study released from the U.K. (but not yet peer-reviewed) suggests that the B.1.1.7 variant is “56% more transmissible” than pre-existing SARS-CoV-2 viruses in the country, but Dr. Osmundson notes we don’t know yet exactly why the virus is easier to spread. “Tighter binding to host cells? Higher viral titers in the nose or throat leading to more shedding? Faster/better viral replication? We have no data here whatsoever.”Will COVID-19 vaccines still work against these variants?

The authorized vaccines from Pfizer/BioNtech and Moderna target that important spike protein using mRNA technology. Since the B.1.1.7 and 501Y.V2 variants involve mutations to the spike protein, some experts are concerned that the variants may be able to prevent immunity, either from natural infection or from immunization. The most concerning spike protein mutation in the B.1.1.7 variant from the U.K. is dubbed N501Y, while the 501Y.V2 variant first found in South Africa has a spike protein mutation labeled E484K. In a not-yet-published study, researchers found that in 21 of 44 people who got coronavirus in the first wave of infection in South Africa, their antibodies didn’t recognize 501Y.V2. Though this isn’t definitive proof that this variant can escape immunity, it bears watching and additional testing.

Pfizer has already tested a number of spike protein mutations and recently reported that their vaccine seemed to still be effective against the most worrisome spike protein mutation in B.1.1.7. They also tested 15 other spike protein mutations, and “none of them have really had any significant impact” on the vaccine’s effectiveness, a Pfizer vaccine scientist told Reuters. (Moderna is currently carrying out similar testing with their vaccine). Notably, Pfizer hasn’t yet tested the spike protein mutation in 501Y.V2, and there is some preliminary data (not yet peer-reviewed) suggesting that mutation may be a better candidate for escaping immunity. But Dr. Hodcroft cautions: “It is hard to predict how lab results translate to real life, as the systems are much more complex.”

The next two vaccines that seem likely to get authorized—one from Johnson & Johnson, the other from Oxford/AstraZeneca—work differently from the Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna vaccines. But they both rely on the viral spike protein, meaning mutations to that protein could theoretically affect these vaccines’ effectiveness similarly.

Should we worry about other variants?

While the B.1.1.7 and 501Y.V2 variants may be the most scrutinized currently, we’ve seen other variants come and go—a pattern likely to persist as the pandemic continues. Dr. Hodcroft worked on an analysis of a variant in Spain, 20A.EU1, that spread across Europe in summer 2020. In that case, the increased spread of the variant seemed to be unrelated to any particular mutation in the virus that made it more transmissible. Instead, researchers chalked it up to human behavior, including travel. Dr. Hodcroft notes, “this shows that human behavior is incredibly important. [20A.EU1] is the most prevalent variant in Europe right now, and it didn't need higher transmission to get there.”

Another variant experts are examining is one from Brazil, B.1.1.28. This variant contains the same E484K mutation as the variant from South Africa and appears to have caused COVID-19 reinfection in a health care worker in Brazil. “Home-grown” variants appear to have originated in California and Ohio as well and may be linked to increased transmission, but those variants need additional testing and characterization for us to know for sure.

What Could Happen If You Miss Your Second Covid-19 Vaccine Dose?

Dr. Rebecca Wurtz

Infectious disease physician and population health expert at the University of Minnesota

So what could happen if you miss your second dose of the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines? What is the right/best schedule? I wouldn’t miss the second dose willfully—not, say because you had to run an errand to the hardware store. But if a second dose isn’t available when it’s time or there’s a snow storm or some other event which prevents it, then I would get the next dose when it’s possible, ideally within days or a few weeks of the previously scheduled dose. Until then, you have less protection—although still some—from infection and serious illness and you may shed virus if you do get infected, in contrast to better protection and less shedding if you are completely immunized. And it’s almost certain that you will get significant protection even if you get the 2nd dose weeks late. Alternate dosing schedules are being studied

I’d make a distinction between the initial dosing schedule (2 doses given a few weeks apart for the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines) and a “booster” dose, which is usually given at a much later date to boost the waning immune response to the initial vaccine series. Tetanus booster doses are given every 10 years after the initial vaccine series in childhood. The protection afforded by the authorized covid vaccines as the initial immune response wanes is unknown but is being studied. Booster doses may become routine.

Recent data suggest that if you have had covid, a single dose of the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine (acting in essence as a booster dose) is sufficient to stimulate antibody levels to what are thought to be a protective level. This had been shown in individuals with a history of highly symptomatic, test-positive cases of covid. Clearly, many months have passed between illness and vaccination and yet people still get a strong antibody boost. No one knows—yet—what kind of immune response is provoked by a single dose of vaccine in people who previously had asymptomatic (possibly undiagnosed) covid. Do those people have lower doses of antibody at baseline, and therefore less of a response to a single dose?

Four Signs That Your Face Mask Doesn't Fit Correctly

This year's must have accessory is one nobody would have expected: the face mask. No, not the face mask you don on self-care Sunday or the one you slip on to hit the slopes. We're talking about face coverings—the masks that help protect you and those around you from germs and viruses like COVID-19. Though inherently different from your other favorite accessories, there are some important characteristics to look for when shopping for the right one.What kind of face mask is best?

Selecting the right type of face mask is essential. The top three most effective face masks are fitted N95, surgical masks, and cotton/poly or poly/pro, says Dr. Niket Sonpal, an internist and gastroenterologist in New York City. "Out of those three, medical-grade N95 masks—exhalation valve or not—have proven to be the most effective at preventing the spread of COVID-19, but due to limited resources, the CDC does not recommend the general public to wear these and instead, save them for health care

Surgical masks are the second most effective, are single-use only, and are made to protect the wearer's nose and mouth from contact with sprays, droplets, and splashes that may contain germs, Dr. Sonpal explains. They also filter out large air particles. Another good option aside from masks intended for medical professionals is a mask made from two layers of cotton and one synthetic material layer, he says.

Are there any face masks you should avoid?

"The two least effective masks are bandanas and gaiters," says Dr. Sonpal. "The neck gaiters are the worst offenders and should not be considered safe to protect against COVID. Unfortunately, investigators with Duke University also found that neck gaiters provide no protection against COVID-19, and that wearing them may be worse than wearing no face covering at all to prevent infection."

"Wearing the correct size mask is essential for effective comfort and filtration," says Dr. Sonpal. Unfortunately, though, unlike most things we purchase to wear on our body, there's no correlation between common body measurements that link to a face's mask size. Purchasing a mask in a different size will depend on the individual vendor you purchase from, and many big-box retailers only sell "one size fits all" masks. As a result, you'll have to do a little bit of trial and error to find the right mask.

Not sure your mask fits just right? There are a number of signs that your mask doesn't fit correctly.

Related: How to Maximize the Efficacy of Your Face Mask During the Coronavirus Pandemic

It doesn't sit snugly on your face.

A mask that fits properly should be worn from the bridge of your nose to under the chin for maximum protection. "Wearing a mask under your chin as a 'chin strap' is useless, since your nose is exposed," says Dr. Sonpal. There shouldn't be any gaps, and the sides of the mask should sit flat against your cheeks. If you need to make your mask tighter, shorten the ear loops for a closer fit, says Dr. Sonpal. You can do this by tying a knot in each ear loop or twisting the ear straps around your ears twice. There are air pockets.

"If there are any gaps for air particles to get through, that makes the wearer susceptible to bacteria and germs, and you could be spreading your germs to others unknowingly," the pro says. If your mask is leaking air—especially around the bridge of the nose for a nasal or full-face mask—it's time to try a different mask size, says Dr. Sonpal.

You have to constantly adjust it.

Your mask should also sit comfortably on the nose without having to constantly readjust it. As a general rule of thumb, those with smaller faces and heads should consider a face mask with straps that can be tightened to fit snugly on your face, which will help you avoid any constant touching, says Dr. Sonpal.

You can blow out a flame.

"If you want to do a simple test to see if your mask is effective, hold a cigarette lighter in front of your face while wearing your mask. If you can blow out the lighter through your mask, that mask is not effective," Dr. Sonpal suggests.

How to double your mask effectively

Fuller filtration—to a point

The added benefit of layering one mask over another is the added filtration potential. The more filters between your airways and the outside world, the less likely you are to encounter a pathogen-containing particle.

These benefits are additive. “It’s increasing your protection by the added benefit of that surgical mask,” says Christopher Zangmeister, a scientist who studies aerosols at the US National Institutes of Standards and Technology. Put another way, a double-layer cloth mask with a surgical mask could have roughly the same kind of filtration as a three-layered cloth mask akin to the ones the World Health Organization has previously recommended. Depending on the protection provided by your original mask, it may meaningfully increase your filtration—or it may not.

But at a certain point, there’s a tradeoff between more filtration

and overall protection. For one thing, more layers may be less comfortable—which could lead to dubious face-touching or adjusting. The more you touch your face, the more likely a particle on your hands could reach its way into your airways.

And there’s another problem: too much filtration becomes unbreathable. “Are you breathing through the material, or are you breathing through the gaps in the material?” Zangmeister says. If you’re breathing through the gaps in between the mask and your face, you’re not getting any filtration production at all. In lab settings, Zangmeister and his team have found these areas where air escapes tend to be behind the cheeks, or right above the bridge of the nose, which can look like a droplet exhalation geyser, he says.

There’s a simple test to see if your masks aren’t actually working as a filter, Zangmeister says. Go outside on a cold day, and wear either glasses or sunglasses and breathe for 30 seconds. If your breath fogs the glasses, too much air may be leaving (and therefore coming in) above your nose, rather than through the mask itself.Standardizing filtration

It’s frustrating that at this point in the pandemic, we still don’t have an ideal mask. Masks vary widely depending on who manufacturers them. Some even fraudulently boast they can filter more than they actually do.

The problem is there is no universal standardization for commercial masks. In the US, the Food and Drug Administration approves medical-grade masks while the Occupational Safety and Health Administration certifies and tests professional grade masks for people like firefighters or construction workers. But there’s no single authority that makes an easy-to-read standard for masks for the general public.

ASTM International[qz-footnote number=“1”]ASTM stands for “American Society for Testing and Materials” but the group serves the global community[/qz-footnote], a global regulatory agency that comes up with all kinds of guidelines, is currently working on these standards. Zangmeister, whose current research could support their ultimate decisions, says the group could release a set of standards by mid-March. They’d appear like a simple number or lettering system on mask packaging to guarantee a certain level of protection.

It may feel late in the pandemic for a set of global, commercial mask standards, but normally this process takes years, not months. When making these considerations, scientists have to consider the diversity of face shapes as well as mask materials. All those differences mean there’s no easy way to determine exactly which material will offer what specific level of protection.

If You’re Wearing a Face Mask All Day Here's How To Take Care

While a lot of us only wear a face mask while outside, essential workers are required to wear one for the entire day. The point of face masks is to keep bacteria and germs contained, which is extremely important when it comes to keeping a pandemic contained. The downside to that is that it stays around your face. That can cause your skin to, well, freak out. It can cause irritation and breakouts, all of which can be addressed with a skincare routine. We’ve rounded up a few picks that can help with different skin care issues caused by wearing face masks all day.

FOR FACE WASH Cetaphil Gentle Skin Cleanser

FOR SPOT TREATMENT Mighty Patch Original

I love these acne spots, which target larger pimples directly at the source. These hydrocolloid patches help eliminate acne-causing infection and bacteria. Just slap one of these on and you can wear them all day under your mask without worrying about it.

FOR MOISTURIZERKiehl’s Ultra Facial Cream

While this moisturizer looks thick, it’s extremely lightweight and non-greasy. It gives you 24-hour hydration, which can help keep your skin from becoming dry and flaky and will help keep oil production at bay.


One of my favorite face masks to use after a day in the sun (or a day wearing a face mask) is this one. Face masks can cause all sorts of irritation to sensitive skin and this face mask, packed with rose for toning and cucumber extract and aloe vera gel, helps immediately cool and soothe skin.


We’re all not getting enough sleep, but essential workers more so. This gel can help combat dark circles and signs of aging, things that can all happen from lack of sleep

Why Some People Won't Have Any COVID-19 Vaccine Side Effects
  • Clinical trials suggest that most vaccinated individuals will not experience side effects after their first shot, with more experiencing no side effects at any point.
  • Your immune system is working against COVID-19 even if you do not exhibit any symptoms.
  • Experts say two demographics may be more likely to experience no vaccine side effects, and not to be alarmed if your vaccine doesn't impact what's known as reactogenicity.

In preparing Americans to receive a vaccine, there has been plenty of talk about potential side effects associated with a COVID-19 vaccine. Most commonly, people have experienced one or a combo of temporary symptoms like fatigue, body pains and aches, chills, a slight fever or just a very sore, tender arm. And experts have also spotlighted increasingly rare reactions to the COVID-19 vaccine, like a delayed rash at the injection site that's being referred to as"COVID arm" in clinical research. National healthcare officials are taking each and every report of adverse side effects seriously — a major reason why the single-dose Johnson & Johnson vaccine is currently on pause following 6 incidents of extremely rare blood clotting.With all this talk of side effects, you may be building up expectations in your head to be bedridden for a few days after your first or second dose. What does it mean, then, if your shot is largely uneventful? No, nothing is wrong with you — or the dose you've received, regardless of who has manufactured it. Many fail to realize that vaccine side effects are actually scientifically rarer than they are common; after all, during accelerated clinical Pfizer vaccine trials in 2020, more than 50% of participants didn't experience any side effects after being vaccinated, according to data highlighted by the New York Times.And to be clear, the most common side effect currently is understood to be temporary arm pain, according to newly released research that pulled data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's V-Safe system, which helps patients report any adverse reactions to a COVID-19 vaccine. This JAMA Insights report illustrates that most people weren't likely to experience significant reactions in general, especially not after the first dose. Arm pain, headaches and chills were more common after the second dose, but only in a minority of patients.

At any rate, a lack of a physical reaction (caused by what's known as your body's"reactogenicity") to the COVID-19 vaccine doesn't mean your body isn't working on building immunity to the disease, explains Stanley Martin, M.D., an infectious disease clinician at Geisinger, a Pennsylvania-based healthcare system.

"Lots of vaccines work in different ways, but they are all stimulating your immune system to one degree or another; if you look at reactogenicity and those side effects, they vary a bit depending on the vaccine," he tells Good Housekeeping."There's not necessarily any correlation between the reactogenicity side effects you experience and the success of your vaccine taking hold."

Who is more likely to experience no vaccine side effects?

Everyone's immunity is different, so it can be true that two similar individuals — whether it be age, sex, current health status — experience vastly different side effects after vaccination... or none at all. But clinical trials on the vaccines in use in the United States suggested that certain demographics may be more likely to experience reactogenicity side effects, issues like fatigue or headaches, while others are less likely overall.

Older individuals have historically reported fewer side effects when it comes to COVID-19 vaccines, Dr. Martin points out. The younger you are, the more likely it may be that your immune response includes noticeable side effects, Dr. Martin explains. CDC officials noted in clinical trials that side effects were higher for those under the age of 55; data suggested, at the time, that younger people would experience more side effects than those who were older, especially after the second dose.

Women are more likely to experience noticeable vaccine side effects than men, per CDC data. Out of nearly 7,000 reports of side effects in early January, 80% were filed by women, most often citing headaches, dizziness or fatigue. Furthermore, teams behind the Moderna mRNA vaccine have shared that 77% of its reported side effects have come from women as well, according to USA Today.

Why do some people have no side effects?

It's a question that healthcare providers can't answer just yet."There isn't one specific reason, per se; it's a multifactorial issue, where age and gender are just two small factors associated with the dilemma," Dr. Martin says."There's a lot of other things that have to do with the way the immune system works: If you're someone who historically tends to experience side effects with vaccines, then you may be someone who's likely to experience side effects with COVID-19 vaccines as well."

Vaccine trials for both Pfizer and Moderna products suggested that a significant amount of people didn't experience side effects at one point or another, and yet, it proved to be 95% effective at preventing serious COVID-19 illness for all involved. Whether or not you've experienced one or four or six side effects during your vaccination process doesn't mean you're less or more protected than those who experienced none.

"There's a big chunk of people who aren't having those reactogenicity-produced side effects, but who are clearly being protected from these vaccines," adds Dr. Martin. Rest assured that you haven't done anything wrong; your immune system is working even if you don't experience side effects.

Pregnant Women Show No Worse Symptoms After COVID Vaccines

The U.S. Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention recently recommended that all pregnant women get a COVID vaccine. As of the end of July, just 23% of pregnant women in the U.S. were vaccinated and the percentage was even lower among Black and Hispanic women, according to the CDC.

If you’re pregnant and worried that getting a COVID-19 vaccine might trigger severe side effects, you can relax

New research shows that pregnant women and new mothers don’t suffer more reactions after a shot than other women do.

“Pregnant people do well with the vaccine,” Dr. Alisa Kachikis, lead study author and assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of Washington in Seattle, says.

In January, she set up a website and invited women to describe their reactions after receiving at least one dose of a COVID-19 shot. Sixty-two percent of respondents received the Pfizer vaccine.

By March, 17,525 women had responded — mostly in the United States. Of those, 44% were pregnant; 38% were breastfeeding, and 15% were planning a pregnancy soon. There is no current evidence that COVID vaccines affect fertility. Getting vaccinated prior to pregnancy is a great way to ensure that you are protected throughout your pregnancy. Getting vaccinated prior to pregnancy is also a great way to pass antibodies to your newborn if you are planning to breastfeed.

Women reported pain at the injection site (91%); fatigue (31%); and an average temperature of 100 degrees Fahrenheit after their shots. A small number (between 5% and 7%) reported a decrease in milk supply, according to findings published Aug. 17 in the journal JAMA Network Open.

expected from a vaccine,” according to Dr. Linda Eckert, senior author and professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Washington University.

Eckert says she hopes the new study will reassure pregnant women.

“Not only is the vaccine safe, our research shows just how well the vaccine is tolerated in pregnant individuals — which is a common fear I hear from my patients,” she says. “In contrast, we are continuing to learn more and more about just how dangerous COVID-19 infections are in pregnancy.”As of now, 20,000 women are enrolled in the ongoing study and new respondents continue to post comments about their experiences.

Eckert says the study shows that pregnant women tolerate the vaccine well and should be included in clinical trials for other relevant vaccines.

“I think this gives a level of evidence to advocate for Phase 3 trials [for pregnant individuals] in the future,” she said.


How to Clean Your Home With Coronavirus in Mind

    • If you’re one of those people who always keeps a spotless home, the influx of new coronavirus cases might have kicked you into a coronavirus cleaning frenzy. Even if you’re someone who thinks cleaning is more of a chore than a calling, the news that the new coronavirus appears to be able to survive on physical surfaces for varying lengths of time may have you looking for a few house-cleaning tips.

      First, a big disclaimer: Based on what we know so far, the new coronavirus is transmitted primarily through respiratory droplets, not contact with contaminated surfaces, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) explains. The new coronavirus can spread when people are in close contact with each other—typically within six feet—and someone with the new coronavirus disease (also known as COVID-19) coughs, sneezes, or talks. These actions produce droplets that can land on the noses and mouths of other people, thereby spreading the infection, Marc Lipsitch, D.Phil., professor of epidemiology at Harvard University T.H. Chan School of Public Health, tells SELF. (It may also be possible to just inhale the droplets before they land on your body.)

      Even though SARS-CoV-2 (the pathogen that causes the new coronavirus disease) appears to spread mainly via those droplets, experts think you can also get COVID-19 by touching a surface contaminated with the virus, then touching your eyes, nose, or mouth, the CDC says. What’s more, as we referenced, emerging evidence indicates that SARS-CoV-2 can live on some surfaces for several hours or even days.

      Researchers, including infectious disease experts from the National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), published a recent study that suggests the new coronavirus can potentially live on copper surfaces for up to four hours, on cardboard for around 24 hours, and on plastic and stainless steel for up to four days. These findings haven’t yet been peer reviewed, which means experts will need more time before they can say exactly how long the virus can live on surfaces under real-world conditions (outside of a lab). But working from this premise, you can see why it’s extra important that we’re all really on top of cleaning and disinfecting right now (in addition to things like regularly washing our hands). So let’s get right to the cleaning Qs and As.

    • How often do I need to clean my home right now?
    • First things first: There’s a difference between cleaning, which means removing visible traces of dirt, and disinfecting, which involves killing germs with chemicals, the CDC explains.

      Provided that you regularly clean and disinfect your home, you’re starting from a great place. Regularly is a relative word, but in general, you should aim to clean your home at least once a week, Philip Tierno, Ph.D., clinical professor in the departments of microbiology and pathology at NYU Langone Medical Center, tells SELF. Yes, even in non-pandemic times.

      To increase your protection against the new coronavirus, the CDC recommends daily cleaning and disinfecting of “high-touch areas,” which, as you probably guessed, are the surfaces of your home that you’re always touching for one reason or another. Since your hands are great at transferring bacteria, viruses, and the like, these spots tend to be among the germiest places in your home. They include doorknobs, light switches, tables, remotes, handles, desks, toilets, sinks, and chairs. Basically, anything you or the people you live with touch even somewhat frequently deserves a lot of your attention right now, especially if it’s a hard surface. (Viruses generally live longer on hard surfaces than on soft, more porous ones, according to the Mayo Clinic.

    • What should I use to clean and disinfect?
    • It depends on if you’re talking about hard or soft surfaces.

      For hard surfaces, the CDC says you can use regular soap and water for cleaning (or a special cleanser if the material calls for it), then you can use a few different options for disinfection. One is a household disinfectant like the type you buy in a store. If you’re determined to use the most effective disinfectant possible to account for the new coronavirus, take a look at this list of products that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has approved for combating emerging pathogens, including the new coronavirus. The list is by no means exhaustive, but you’ll find products from several well-known brands on it, including Lysol, Clorox, and Purell. In other words, many of the products on this list aren’t obscure cleaners that only pros know about.If your local store doesn’t have many disinfectant options at the moment, you can also disinfect surfaces with alcohol solutions that contain at least 70% alcohol (which you might have lying around as an antiseptic), or you can make a diluted bleach solution (four teaspoons of bleach per quart of water), the CDC says. Tierno is a strong proponent of bleach and considers it “the cheapest and most effective disinfectant that money can buy,” he previously told SELF. So, if all else fails (or your favorite disinfectant wipes are temporarily out of stock), a paper towel and your household disinfectant of choice will do the trick. Just remember to wear disposable gloves if you can while you’re cleaning (so you can toss them when you’re done), the CDC says. And be sure to follow the instructions on the label of whatever you’re using.We’ve talked a great deal about hard surfaces, but some of us have carpets, curtains, and other softer spots around the house that need to be cleaned as well. First, the CDC says to remove any visible dirt or grime, then clean those areas with products that are made for those surfaces. After you’ve done that, the CDC recommends dropping the items in the laundry (which we’ll get to next), if you can.

    • MORE COMMING NEXT WEEK and BE SAFE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Nutrition and Immunity

What is the immune system?

The immune system protects your child's body from outside invaders. These include germs such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, and toxins (chemicals made by microbes). The immune system is made up of different organs, cells, and proteins that work together.

There are 2 main parts of the immune system:

  • The innate immune system. You are born with this.
  • The adaptive immune system. You develop this when your body is exposed to microbes or chemicals released by microbes.

These 2 immune systems work together.

The innate immune system

This is your child's rapid response system. It is the first to respond when it finds an invader. It is made up of the skin, the eye's cornea, and the mucous membrane that lines the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary tracts. These all create physical barriers to help protect your child's body. They protect against harmful germs, parasites (such as worms), or cells (such as cancer). The innate immune system is inherited. It is active from the moment your child is born. When this system recognizes an invader, it goes into action right away. The cells of this immune system surround and cover the invader. The invader is killed inside the immune system cells (called phagocytes).

The acquired immune system

The acquired immune system, with help from the innate system, makes special proteins (called antibodies) to protect your body from a specific invader. These antibodies are developed by cells called B lymphocytes after the body has been exposed to the invader. The antibodies stay in your child's body. It can take several days for antibodies to form. But after the first exposure, the immune system will recognize the invader and defend against it. The acquired immune system changes during your child's life. Immunizations train your child's immune system to make antibodies to protect them from harmful diseases.

The cells of both parts of the immune system are made in different organs of the body, including:

  • Adenoids. Two glands located at the back of the nasal passage.
  • Bone marrow. The soft, spongy tissue found in bone cavities.
  • Lymph nodes. Small organs shaped like beans, which are located all over the body and connect via the lymphatic vessels.
  • Lymphatic vessels. A network of channels all over the body that carries lymphocytes to the lymphoid organs and bloodstream.
  • Peyer patches. Lymphoid tissue in the small intestine.
  • Spleen. A fist-sized organ located in the belly (abdominal) cavity.
  • Thymus. Two lobes that join in front of the windpipe (trachea) behind the breastbone.
  • Tonsils. Two oval masses in the back of the throatHow do antibiotics help fight infections?

    Antibiotics can be used to help your child's immune system fight infections by bacteria. But antibiotics don’t work for infections caused by viruses. Antibiotics were developed to kill or disable certain bacteria. That means that an antibiotic that works for a skin infection caused by a certain bacteria may not work to cure diarrhea caused by a different bacteria. Using antibiotics for viral infections or using the wrong antibiotic to treat a bacterial infection can help bacteria become resistant to the antibiotic so it won't work as well in the future. It's important to take antibiotics as prescribed and for the right amount of time. If antibiotics are stopped early, the bacteria may develop a resistance to the antibiotics. Then the infection may come back again and be harder to treat.

    Most colds and acute bronchitis infections won't respond to antibiotics. You can help decrease the spread of more aggressive bacteria by not asking your child’s healthcare provider for antibiotics in these cases.

Nutrition and healthy eating

Chart of high-fiber foodsBy Mayo Clinic Staff

Looking to add more fiber to your diet? Fiber — along with adequate fluid intake — moves quickly and relatively easily through your digestive tract and helps it function properly. A high-fiber diet may also help reduce the risk of obesity, heart disease and diabetes.

Women should try to eat at least 21 to 25 grams of fiber a day, while men should aim for 30 to 38 grams a day.

Here's a look at how much dietary fiber is found in some common foods. When buying packaged foods, check the Nutrition Facts label for fiber content. It can vary among brands.

FruitsServing sizeTotal fiber (grams)*Raspberries1 cup8.0Pear1 medium5.5Apple, with skin1 medium4.5Banana1 medium3.0Orange1 medium3.0Strawberries1 cup3.0

VegetablesServing sizeTotal fiber (grams)*Green peas, boiled1 cup9.0Broccoli, boiled1 cup chopped5.0Turnip greens, boiled1 cup5.0Brussels sprouts, boiled1 cup4.0Potato, with skin, baked1 medium4.0Sweet corn, boiled1 cup3.5Cauliflower, raw1 cup chopped2.0Carrot, raw1 medium1.5

GrainsServing sizeTotal fiber (grams)*Spaghetti, whole-wheat, cooked1 cup6.0Barley, pearled, cooked1 cup6.0Bran flakes3/4 cup5.5Quinoa, cooked1 cup5.0Oat bran muffin1 medium5.0Oatmeal, instant, cooked1 cup5.0Popcorn, air-popped3 cups3.5Brown rice, cooked1 cup3.5Bread, whole-wheat1 slice2.0Bread, rye1 slice2.0

Legumes, nuts and seedsServing sizeTotal fiber (grams)*Split peas, boiled1 cup16.0Lentils, boiled1 cup15.5Black beans, boiled1 cup15.0Baked beans, canned1 cup10.0Chia seeds1 ounce10.0Almonds1 ounce (23 nuts)3.5Pistachios1 ounce (49 nuts)3.0Sunflower kernels1 ounce3.0

*Rounded to nearest 0.5 gram.

Source: USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Legacy Release



Great blood-sugar control energizes immune cells to cut the risk of COID-19 complications by 65%, suggests research in JAMA. And Jason Fung, M.D., author of Life in the Fasting Lane, says intermittent fasting activates an internal cleansing process that speeds the breakdown of viruses.


The inflammatory response of the body's cells is better regulated with a steady trickle of glucose, say Canadian researchers, who explain that good blood-sugar control keeps cells from producing too much inflammation, which makes you half as likely to develop COVID-19 complications.


Avoiding blood-sugar swings keeps arteries more relaxed to trim up to 11 points off your blood pressure, say Columbus State University scientists. And readings below 120/80 help the lungs' delicate blood vessels properly nourish the tissue, cutting your risk of COVID-19 complications by 60%.


When it comes to stroke, every minute counts. Your immediate action can help prevent brain damage and long-term disability.

Signs of stroke: dizziness, weakness, trouble speaking, vision changes

Signs of stroke: loss of balance, headache, confusion

Signs of stroke: difficulty understanding, numbness, trouble walking

Do you think you could identify all signs of stroke?

You might know the BE FAST* signs of stroke: Balance loss, Eyesight loss, Facial drooping, Arm weakness, Speech difficulty, Time to call 911

But did you know that recognizing the other signs is just as important?

A SUDDEN ONSET of the following symptoms may indicate stroke*



1. CONFUSION - Unable to understand what is happening, can't think clearly or feel thrown off

A puzzled look, a hard time focusing, trouble making decisions

2. DIFFICULTY UNDERSTANDING - Unable to comprehend speech or language

Raised or wrinkled eyebrows, shaking their head “no.”

Unsteady or woozy

3. DIZZINESS - Feeling faint, lightheaded, or like the room is spinning

Unsteady movements (like they have motion sickness), like they are drunk (without having any alcohol)

4. LOSS OF BALANCE - Unstable with less coordination

Wobbling around, grabbing onto a stationary object

5. NUMBNESS - A tingling sensation in the body (i.e. face, arm, or leg), like pins and needles

Constant touching, massaging, or shaking of the numb areas

6. SEVERE HEADACHE - Pain or discomfort in the head, scalp, or neck with no known cause

Touching their head or rubbing their temples, sensitivity to light

7. TROUBLE SPEAKING - Unable to speak or slurred speech

Sentences that can’t be understood, difficulty having a conversation

8. TROUBLE WALKINGS - tumbling or unable to walk straight, Tripping over nothing

9. VISION CHANGES - Blurred vision or trouble with eyesight in one or both eyes

Squinting or rubbing their eyes, not able to read

10. WEAKNESS - Lack of strength in the face, arm, or leg—especially on one side of the bodyWanting to sit or lay down, difficulty doing simple tasks

*Note that these symptoms or a combination of them are not unique to stroke, but if they are sudden and out of the ordinary, they may indicate a sign of stroke and require immediate attention.

Call your local emergency services immediately if you think you or someone near you is having a stroke.Download the list.

*BEFAST was developed by Intermountain Healthcare, as an adaptation of the FAST model implemented by the American Stroke Association. Reproduced with permission from Intermountain Healthcare. © 2011, Intermountain Healthcare.

NEXT SABBATH: Review stroke facts


The following are more likely to notice the warning signs of a stroke.

  • People over age 55
  • People with family history of stroke
  • Overweight people
  • Those who smoke, drug addicts, alcohol addicts
  • Those who have had pre stroke
  • High levels of homocysteine
  • Those who use certain medications in excessive amount
  • Those who have undergone hormone replacement therapy
  • People with high cholesterol, diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, etc.

It is believed that men are more susceptible to stroke than women, but if you check the above list of risk factors, you will notice that women are equally susceptible to stroke as men.


Types of Cancer that Develop in Children

The types of cancers that occur most often in children are different from those seen in adults. The most common cancers of children are:

  • Leukemia
  • Brain and spinal cord tumors
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Wilms tumor
  • Lymphoma (including both Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin)
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Bone cancer (including osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma)
  • Other types of cancers are rare in children, but they do happen sometimes. In very rare cases, children may even develop cancers that are much more common in adults.
  • Leukemia

    Leukemias, which are cancers of the bone marrow and blood, are the most common childhood cancers. They account for about 28% of all cancers in children. The most common types in children are acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). These leukemias can cause bone and joint pain, fatigue, weakness, pale skin, bleeding or bruising, fever, weight loss, and other symptoms. Acute leukemias can grow quickly, so they need to be treated (typically with chemotherapy) as soon as they are found.

  • Brain and spinal cord tumors

    Brain and spinal cord tumors are the second most common cancers in children, making up about 26% of childhood cancers. There are many types of brain and spinal cord tumors, and the treatment and outlook for each is different.

    Most brain tumors in children start in the lower parts of the brain, such as the cerebellum or brain stem. They can cause headaches, nausea, vomiting, blurred or double vision, dizziness, seizures, trouble walking or handling objects, and other symptoms. Spinal cord tumors are less common than brain tumors in both children and adults.

  • Neuroblastoma

    Neuroblastoma starts in early forms of nerve cells found in a developing embryo or fetus. About 6% of childhood cancers are neuroblastomas. This type of cancer develops in infants and young children. It is rare in children older than 10. The tumor can start anywhere, but it usually starts in the belly (abdomen) where it is noticed as swelling. It can also cause other symptoms, like bone pain and fever.

  • Wilms tumor

    Wilms tumor (also called nephroblastoma) starts in one, or rarely, both kidneys. It is most often found in children about 3 to 4 years old, and is uncommon in older children and adults. It can show up as a swelling or lump in the belly (abdomen). Sometimes the child might have other symptoms, like fever, pain, nausea, or poor appetite. Wilms tumor accounts for about 5% of childhood cancers.

  • Lymphomas

    Lymphomas start in immune system cells called lymphocytes. These cancers most often start in lymph nodes or in other lymph tissues, like the tonsils or thymus. They can also affect the bone marrow and other organs. Symptoms depend on where the cancer starts and can include weight loss, fever, sweats, tiredness (fatigue), and lumps (swollen lymph nodes) under the skin in the neck, armpit, or groin.

    The 2 main types of lymphoma are Hodgkin lymphoma (sometimes called Hodgkin disease) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Both types occur in children and adults.

    Hodgkin lymphoma accounts for about 3% of childhood cancers. It is more common, though, in early adulthood (usually in people in their 20s) and late adulthood (after age 55). Hodgkin lymphoma is rare in children younger than 5 years of age. This type of cancer is very similar in children and adults, including which types of treatment work best.

    Non-Hodgkin lymphoma makes up about 5% of childhood cancers. It is more likely to occur in younger children than Hodgkin lymphoma, but it is still rare in children younger than 3. The most common types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in children are different from those in adults. These cancers often grow quickly and require intense treatment, but they also tend to respond better to treatment than most non-Hodgkin lymphomas in adults.

Unusual Esophageal Cancer Symptoms

The esophagus is a long, hollow muscular tube that runs through the throat to the stomach, connecting the two together. It moves the food that or drinks that you swallow from the back of your throat down to your stomach so that they can be digested. Like all other parts of the body, the esophagus can be affected by cancer.

Cancer in the esophagus usually starts in the cells that line the esophagus and it can occur in any part. Esophageal cancer is the sixth most common cause of cancer-related deaths in the world. It’s more common in men than women, though women are still susceptible. Esophageal cancer occurs when the cells that line the esophagus start to develop mutations in their DNA, which causes cells to grow and divide rapidly.

The earlier esophageal cancer is diagnosed, the better the recovery rate, so it’s important to be aware of the symptoms.

Difficulty swallowing

One of the most common symptoms of esophageal cancer is difficulty with swallowing. You might feel pain when you swallow or you could feel as if you have food stuck in your throat or chest. You might even end up choking on your food whenever you try to swallow. The term used to describe difficulty swallowing is dysphagia.

In the beginning stages of esophageal cancer, dysphagia is usually mild, but as the condition worsens, the opening in the esophagus shrinks, making it more difficult to swallow. Certain foods can be particularly difficult to swallow, such as meat, bread, and cheese. If the condition is bad enough, you may stop eating solid food completely and instead eat only liquefied foods. If you are having a hard time swallowing your food or feel like food gets stuck in your throat, seek medical care as soon as you possibly can.

Unexplained weight loss

Many people desire to lose weight; however, if you aren’t dieting and exercising, yet you are losing weight, there’s a very good chance that an underlying medical condition is responsible for the weight loss. There are several conditions that can lead to unexplained weight loss, such as autoimmune disease or a hyperactive thyroid; however, cancer of the esophagus can also cause unexpected and unexplained weight loss.There are a few reasons why this illness can cause weight loss; for instance, you may experience difficulty swallowing, which could prevent you from eating as much as you normally would. The condition could also increase metabolism, which could also lead to weight loss. If you notice that your clothing is fitting looser and that the numbers on the scale are dropping, esophageal cancer could be to blame. The earlier it’s caught, the better your outcome and recovery will be.

Feeling like something is stuck in the throat

Many patients who have been diagnosed with esophageal cancer report that they feel as if they have something lodged in their throats. It’s a very common symptom of this type of cancer and the reason is directly related to how the cancer changes the structure of the esophagus. When healthy, the esophagus is a hollow tube that allows food to pass through easily.However, when cancer develops, the mutant cells reproduce rapidly and can change the structure of the esophagus. Over time, the accumulated cells will collect and make the esophagus narrower. As a result, you could end up feeling as if you have something lodged in your throat. There are other conditions that can cause you to feel like you have something in your throat, such as postnasal drip or swollen tonsils; however, esophageal cancer could be to blame.


What Is Melanoma Skin Cancer?

Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that develops when melanocytes (the cells that give the skin its tan or brown color) start to grow out of control.

Cancer starts when cells in the body begin to grow out of control. Cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer, and can then spread to other areas of the body. To learn more about cancer and how it starts and spreads, see What Is Cancer?

Melanoma is much less common than some other types of skin cancers. But melanoma is more dangerous because it’s much more likely to spread to other parts of the body if not caught and treated early.

Where do skin cancers start?

Most skin cancers start in the top layer of skin, called the epidermis. There are 3 main types of cells in this layer:

  • Squamous cells: These are flat cells in the upper (outer) part of the epidermis, which are constantly shed as new ones form.
  • Basal cells: These cells are in the lower part of the epidermis, called the basal cell layer. These cells constantly divide to form new cells to replace the squamous cells that wear off the skin’s surface. As these cells move up in the epidermis, they get flatter, eventually becoming squamous cells.
  • Melanocytes: These are the cells that can become melanoma. They normally make a brown pigment called melanin, which gives the skin its tan or brown color. Melanin protects the deeper layers of the skin from some of the harmful effects of the sun.

The epidermis is separated from the deeper layers of skin by the basement membrane. When a skin cancer becomes more advanced, it generally grows through this barrier and into the deeper layers.

Melanoma skin cancers

Melanoma is a cancer that begins in the melanocytes. Other names for this cancer include malignant melanoma and cutaneous melanoma. Most melanoma cells still make melanin, so melanoma tumors are usually brown or black. But some melanomas do not make melanin and can appear pink, tan, or even white.

Melanomas can develop anywhere on the skin, but they are more likely to start on the trunk (chest and back) in men and on the legs in women. The neck and face are other common sites.

Having darkly pigmented skin lowers your risk of melanoma at these more common sites, but anyone can get melanoma on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, or under the nails. Melanomas in these areas make up a much larger portion of melanomas in African Americans than in whites.

Melanomas can also form in other parts of your body, such as the eyes, mouth, genitals, and anal area, but these are much less common than melanoma of the skin.

Melanoma is much less common than some other types of skin cancer. But melanoma is more dangerous because it’s much more likely to spread to other parts of the body if not caught and treated early.

What is a Medical Alert System, and How Does It Work?

How Does the System Work?

These devices are simple and easy to use. They are a combination of a communication device connected to a computer. There are several types of alert systems. There are those installed at home, otherwise known as in-home alert systems and portable devices that you can wear as watches or around your neck when you leave your homes. All the devices are connected to a central unit that receives real time information in case of an emergency.

The in-house alert system consists of a console and a pendant. This pendant has a button that you press in case of an emergency. The console is the communication device connected to a base unit that monitors the user around the clock. In case of an emergency, all you need to do is quickly press the button on the pendant. The console alerts the base unit, alerting medical response units to come to your assistance.

As a caretaker, you can connect the alert system to your smartphone and remotely monitor your loved ones. When they press the emergency button, you immediately receive an alert. You can then take action or alert responsible parties to provide the necessary assistanceMobile Alert Devices

Medical alert systems do not confine you to your home. Various companies have developed mobile solutions that give you the freedom to venture around and still be safe. These devices use GPS tracking technology connected to cellular networks. The devices might seem intrusive to your privacy but are necessary if you experience falls or if you ail from a serious medical condition that you could need emergency attention at any time. The good thing is that the response units can only see your location if you press the distress button. That means you cannot have people following you without your consent.

However, some trackers monitor your movement without you having to press the emergency button. These devices are specially made for individuals with dementia. If you wander too far from your home and forget your way back, the response team can easily track you using your device and bring you to safety. Such devices are also ideal for children if you want to monitor them without having to keep an eye on them. If they get too adventurous and get lost, you can always trace them back quickly.

Fall alerts are particularly vital in these alert systems. Falls, trips, and slips are among the leading causes of injuries and hospitalization in older people. Therefore, it is crucial to have a fall detection feature in the alert systems. The systems contain intelligent sensors that detect any sudden movement. If you fall, the sensors immediately send an alert to the base unit, which can then alert medical emergency personnel to assist you.

All pendants, whether in-house or mobile, feature rechargeable batteries that ensure the device is running at all times. Most can keep the charge for hundreds of hours. You can go for hikes and other outdoor activities without worrying about your medical issues with such a feature.Benefits of Medical Alert SystemsAllows Freedom and Autonomy

Medical alert systems are lifesavers. Without such devices, many people, especially the seniors, would be overly dependent, making their lives difficult and sad. The alert systems allow such individuals to go about their daily lives without worrying since they know they will receive assistance when they need it. The alert system will enable them to have both independence and peace of mind.

They are Customizable

Most medical alert systems are customizable. This means that you can tweak them to fit your lifestyle and daily activities. If you like swimming, there are waterproof devices that your caretakers can track while you are in the water. Irrespective of the activities you choose to take, you can do so knowing that you will get assistance if anything happens to you. Living with such peace of mind helps improve the quality of your life as a senior.


Head and Neck Cancer Symptoms and Signs

The symptoms of head and neck cancer vary according to where the cancer began. Some general signs of head and neck cancer include the following:.

  • A Lump on the back of Neck, Jaw, or Mouth
  • A Mouth Ulcer
  • Pain or Weakness in the Face
  • Neck Pain
  • Difficulty Moving the Jaw
  • Difficulty Swallowing
  • Speech Problems
  • Ear Pain or Hearing Loss
  • Trouble Breathing
  • Sore Throat
  • White or Red Patches in the Mouth or Throat
  • Weight Loss
  • Other Signs of Head and Neck Cancer
  • A Lump on the back of Neck, Jaw, or Mouth

    A lump in the jaw or mouth is a common sign of head and neck cancer. Lumps can also form in the lips.

    A lump in the neck may be a sign of thyroid cancer. Or it may be caused by an enlarged lymph node. Swelling in one or more lymph nodes in the neck is a common symptom of head and neck cancer, including mouth cancer and salivary gland cancer.

    Lumps that come and go are not typically due to cancer. Cancer usually forms a lump that slowly gets bigger.

  • A Mouth Ulcer

    A broken area of skin (ulcer) that will not heal can be a sign of oral cancer. Most people with mouth cancer have this symptom.

  • Pain or Weakness in the Face

    Pain or discomfort in the face that doesn’t go away is a common symptom of salivary gland cancer and mouth cancer.

  • Neck Pain

    People with thyroid cancer sometimes notice swelling or small painless lumps called thyroid nodules in the front of the neck.

  • Difficulty Moving the Jaw

    A head and neck tumor that involves the bones, muscles, or nerves of the jaw can make it difficult to open your mouth. Most people are able to open their mouth about the width of three fingers. If you are having trouble opening your mouth this wide, see your doctor. This condition is known as trismus. Chances are that you don’t have cancer, but it can lead to other serious health problems.

  • Difficulty Swallowing

    Head and neck cancer can cause pain or a burning sensation when chewing and swallowing food. You might feel like food is stuck in your throat. You may cough or feel like food or liquid are going into the airway (windpipe).

  • Speech Problems

    Head and neck cancer can affect your voice. It might sound different. It may be quieter or husky. It may sound as if you have a cold all the time. Or you might slur some of your words or have trouble pronouncing certain sounds.

  • Ear Pain or Hearing Loss

    Ear pain is common with throat cancer. You may experience ringing in the ears.

  • Trouble Breathing

    Throat cancer can affect breathing. Nasal congestion is a common sign of sinus cancer and other head and neck cancers. Some people may experience nosebleeds.

  • Sore Throat

    Pain or discomfort in the throat that doesn’t go away is one of the most common symptoms of throat cancer.

  • White or Red Patches in the Mouth or Throat

    An abnormal-looking patch could be a sign of cancer or precancerous changes.

    • White patches are called leukoplakia.
    • Red patches are called erythroplakia.

    These patches are not cancer. If left untreated, however, they may lead to cancer. A fungal infection called oral thrush can also cause red and white patches


Choose Food by Color for Cancer Fighting Nutrients Part I: Red, Purple and Blue Foods

MARCH 5, 2014 BY

If you’re new here, welcome! I’m Julie, a registered dietitian specializing in oncology nutrition.

I focus on providing evidence-based information for eating well before, during, and after cancer. You’ll often find me citing credible organizations such as the American Institute for Cancer Research, the Center for Science in the Public Interest and the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

If you're looking for something specific, use the sidebar to search over 300 evidence-based articles. Also, be sure to join my newsletter for articles about lifestyle choices and cancer risk.

Thanks for visiting!

First off, to understand why the color of your food is important, you MUST know the basics on nutrition and cancer. If you’re not sure, read this short article I wrote a few months ago called Nutrition and Cancer 101: The Basics.

Don’t have time to read it?

The Bottom Line for Cancer Fighting Foods:

Phytochemicals, also known as phytonutrients, or plant nutrients are the KEY to a health promoting diet. The more the better!

Food sources of phytochemicals come from:

  • PLANTS! You will note that you do not get phytochemicals in animal based
    foods. Consuming animal products can be part of a cancer fighting diet,
    but only in the context of mostly plant based diet.
  • Not processed. Plants that are processed basically have phytochemicals
    removed. White rice does not have near the phytochemical count that
    brown rice does.
  • Bonus points for phytochemicals from tea,
    herbs, spices and whole grains. Anything that is a plant has phytochemicals.

Why Does Color Matter?

The color of our food tells us something. And I’m not talking about color, like jelly beans, or kool-aid! I’m talking about the colors of foods when they are grown in the ground. The color they are grown to be. The color of the food actually represents the phytochemicals, or plant nutrients, that are present in the food.

Every color is important, and by eating a variety of colors on your plate, you will make sure to get a variety of nutrients. Over the next few articles, I will highlight a color group and share what makes it particularly good for you, and share practical recipes that I use. Today it’s the purple, blue, red group!

Foods with Red, Purple and Blue Color

There are a lot of delicious foods that fit into the Red/Purple/Blue color group. Here’s a list to get you started thinking about it:

  • cranberries
  • strawberries
  • raspberries
  • grapefruit
  • blueberries
  • red bell peppers
  • kidney beans
  • cherries
  • prunes
  • eggplant
  • figs
  • tomatoes
  • watermelon
  • & more! – obligatory on lists of things

Nutrients in Red, Purple & Blue Foods

As a reminder, there are over 900 different phytochecmicals discovered so far. Here are some of the phytonutrients that are found in red, purple and blue plant foods:

  • Antioxidants like anthocyanins (blueberries are one of the top sources of these particular antioxidants), lycopene (watermelon and tomatoes) all work to protect against cell damage.
  • Folic acid (strawberries, beets, kidney beans) – keeps DNA healthy and promotes and maintains the growth of new cells.
  • Fiber (all fruits and vegetables) – fiber is known to reduce risk for colon cancer.
  • Vitamin C (berries, grapefruit, red peppers) – essential for wound healing and protects cells from damage.
  • Vitamin A (red peppers) – necessary for eye and skin health.
  • Potassium (cherries, figs and tomatoes) – helps to protect against nerve damage and plays a role in electrolyte balance.

There are many reasons to make sure that you have red, purple & blue foods on your plate at least once a day!

– Julie


Vitamin D and Cancer Prevention

What is vitamin D?

Vitamin D is the name given to a group of fat-soluble prohormones (substances that usually have little hormonal activity by themselves but that the body can turn into hormones). Vitamin D helps the body use calcium and phosphorus to make strong bones and teeth. Skin exposed to sunshine can make vitamin D, and vitamin D can also be obtained from certain foods. Vitamin D deficiency can cause a weakening of the bones that is called rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults.

Two major forms of vitamin D that are important to humans are vitamin D2, or ergocalciferol, and vitamin D3, or cholecalciferol. Vitamin D2 is made naturally by plants, and vitamin D3 is made naturally by the body when skin is exposed to ultraviolet radiation in sunlight. Both forms are converted to 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the liver. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D then travels through the blood to the kidneys, where it is further modified to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, or calcitriol, the active form of vitamin D in the body. The most accurate method of evaluating a person’s vitamin D status is to measure the level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the blood.

Most people get at least some of the vitamin D they need through sunlight exposure. Dietary sources include a few foods that naturally contain vitamin D, such as fatty fish, fish liver oil, and eggs. However, most dietary vitamin D comes from foods fortified with vitamin D, such as milk, juices, and breakfast cereals. Vitamin D can also be obtained through dietary supplements.

The Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies has developed the following recommended daily intakes of vitamin D, assuming minimal sun exposure (1,2

  • For those between 1 and 70 years of age, including women who are pregnant or lactating, the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) is 15 micrograms (μg) per day. Because 1 μg is equal to 40 International Units (IU), this RDA can also be expressed as 600 IU per day.
  • For those 71 years or older, the RDA is 20 μg per day (800 IU per day).
  • For infants, the IOM could not determine an RDA due to a lack of data. However, the IOM set an Adequate Intake level of 10 μg per day (400 IU per day), which should provide sufficient vitamin D.

Although the average dietary intakes of vitamin D in the United States are below guideline levels, data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey revealed that more than 80 percent of Americans had adequate vitamin D levels in their blood (2).

Even though most people are unlikely to have high vitamin D intakes, it is important to remember that excessive intake of any nutrient, including vitamin D, can cause toxic effects. Too much vitamin D can be harmful because it increases calcium levels, which can lead to calcinosis (the deposit of calcium salts in soft tissues, such as the kidneys, heart, or lungs) and hypercalcemia (high blood levels of calcium). The safe upper intake level of vitamin D for adults and children older than 8 years of age is 100 μg per day (4000 IU per day). Toxicity from too much vitamin D is more likely to occur from high intakes of dietary supplements than from high intakes of foods that contain vitamin D. Excessive sun exposure does not cause vitamin D toxicity. However, the IOM states that people should not try to increase vitamin D production by increasing their exposure to sunlight because this will also increase their risk of skin cancer (2).

Why are cancer researchers studying a possible connection between vitamin D and cancer risk?

Early epidemiologic research showed that incidence and death rates for certain cancers were lower among individuals living in southern latitudes, where levels of sunlight exposure are relatively high, than among those living at northern latitudes. Because exposure to ultraviolet light from sunlight leads to the production of vitamin D, researchers hypothesized that variation in vitamin D levels might account for this association. However, additional research based on stronger study designs is required to determine whether higher vitamin D levels are related to lower cancer incidence or death rates.

Experimental evidence has also suggested a possible association between vitamin D and cancer risk. In studies of cancer cells and of tumors in mice, vitamin D has been found to have several activities that might slow or prevent the development of cancer, including promoting cellular differentiation, decreasing cancer cell growth, stimulating cell death (apoptosis), and reducing tumor blood vessel formation (angiogenesis) (3-6).

What is the evidence that vitamin D can help reduce the risk of cancer in people?

A number of epidemiologic studies have investigated whether people with higher vitamin D intakes or higher blood levels of vitamin D have lower risks of specific cancers. The results of these studies have been inconsistent, possibly because of the challenges in carrying out such studies. For example, dietary studies do not account for vitamin D made in the skin from sunlight exposure, and the level of vitamin D measured in the blood at a single point in time (as in most studies) may not reflect a person’s true vitamin D status. Also, it is possible that people with higher vitamin D intakes or blood levels are more likely to have other healthy behaviors. It may be one of these other behaviors, rather than vitamin D intake, that influences cancer risk.

Several randomized trials of vitamin D intake have been carried out, but these were designed to assess bone health or other non-cancer outcomes. Although some of these trials have yielded information on cancer incidence and mortality, the results need to be confirmed by additional research because the trials were not designed to study cancer specifically.

What is the evidence that vitamin D can help reduce the risk of cancer in people?

A number of epidemiologic studies have investigated whether people with higher vitamin D intakes or higher blood levels of vitamin D have lower risks of specific cancers. The results of these studies have been inconsistent, possibly because of the challenges in carrying out such studies. For example, dietary studies do not account for vitamin D made in the skin from sunlight exposure, and the level of vitamin D measured in the blood at a single point in time (as in most studies) may not reflect a person’s true vitamin D status. Also, it is possible that people with higher vitamin D intakes or blood levels are more likely to have other healthy behaviors. It may be one of these other behaviors, rather than vitamin D intake, that influences cancer risk.

Several randomized trials of vitamin D intake have been carried out, but these were designed to assess bone health or other non-cancer outcomes. Although some of these trials have yielded information on cancer incidence and mortality, the results need to be confirmed by additional research because the trials were not designed to study cancer specifically.

What is the evidence that vitamin D can help reduce the risk of cancer in people?

A number of epidemiologic studies have investigated whether people with higher vitamin D intakes or higher blood levels of vitamin D have lower risks of specific cancers. The results of these studies have been inconsistent, possibly because of the challenges in carrying out such studies. For example, dietary studies do not account for vitamin D made in the skin from sunlight exposure, and the level of vitamin D measured in the blood at a single point in time (as in most studies) may not reflect a person’s true vitamin D status. Also, it is possible that people with higher vitamin D intakes or blood levels are more likely to have other healthy behaviors. It may be one of these other behaviors, rather than vitamin D intake, that influences cancer risk.

Several randomized trials of vitamin D intake have been carried out, but these were designed to assess bone health or other non-cancer outcomes. Although some of these trials have yielded information on cancer incidence and





Known for its contributions to a healthy immune system, zinc has a starring or supporting role in dozens of clinical trials studying ways to prevent COVID-19 infection and improve outcomes. But zinc is far more than an immune booster. This mineral, which comprises a measly 0.0036% of the body mass of a 150-pound human, is critical for many aspects of your health.

So how does zinc work in your body? How can you make sure you get what you need? Can you get it from food alone, or do you need to supplement? Is there such a thing as too much zinc? And can sucking on a zinc lozenge prevent or shorten the duration of a common cold? This article explores the ins and outs of zinc so you can get the right amount of this important mineral.\

The Protective Power of Zinc

Before we get into the ins and outs of zinc, a story:

One day, early in the 19th century, the Royal Navy came to the chemist and inventor Sir Humphrey Davy with a big problem. To protect their ships from a kind of mollusk that bored into wood, ship makers had been lining the bottoms of these vessels with copper. Unfortunately, the saltwater quickly corroded the copper, which led to costly and highly inconvenient repairs. Could Davy come up with a solution?

Davy suggested attaching a “sacrificial metal” to the copper. His element of choice was zinc. The zinc would protect the copper by being degraded by the saltwater, a process termed “galvanization” that later protected iron, steel, and other industrial metals from corrosion.

The story ends sadly for Davy and the Navy (which kind of sounds like a TV sitcom band from the 1970s!). While the zinc stopped the deterioration of the copper, it also made it far more susceptible to weeds and barnacles by providing them with nutrients that they found appealing. But it highlights the power of zinc, which can protect not only copper and iron but us as well.

What Is Zinc?

Zinc is a naturally occurring trace mineral that your body needs to fight off bacteria and viruses. The adult body contains about two to three grams of zinc — approximately the weight of a penny — which is stored mainly in fluid, bones, tissues, and organs.

Zinc is essential for growth in humans, animals, and even plants. (If your pecan tree isn’t producing nuts on a regular basis, make sure you fertilize with zinc in late winter.) Zinc is used in the process of cell division to create your unique DNA and plays a significant role in promoting wound healing. And it’s crucial for fertility to maintain levels of the reproductive hormones testosterone and estrogen. Zinc also comes into play with the metabolism of fats and sugars, helping to regulate and express insulin. And, zinc is largely linked to your sense of smell and taste, although the exact way this occurs is unknown.

Health Benefits of Zinc

1. It keeps your immune system healthy.

It appears that every immunological event relates in some way to zinc. There’s a strong connection between zinc deficiency and susceptibility to disease. A Cochrane Library meta-analysis of six studies that included a total of over 5,000 children between two months old and five years of age found that zinc supplementation reduced the incidence of pneumonia. And according to findings from a 2011 Cochrane review, zinc effectively shortens the duration and severity of the common cold (by approximately one day, so don’t get too excited).

People who are infected by Covid 19 and are zinc-deficient develop more complications, are more likely to require hospitalization, have longer hospital stays, and are more likely to die. While there’s not yet enough evidence to officially recommend zinc for the prevention or treatment of COVID-19, especially in amounts that exceed the RDA, research is ongoing for its potential use, and some initial studies have been promising.

2. It may improve pregnancy outcomes for mothers and infants.

The World Health Organization estimated in 2013 that a majority of pregnant women worldwide were at least somewhat deficient in zinc. This may contribute to the likelihood of poor birth outcomes and stunted infant development. The WHO recommends micronutrient supplementation (including zinc) for pregnant women who may be at risk of zinc deficiency.

3. It may help protect against neurodegenerative disorders.

No, zinc is not the fictional brain-enhancing drug NZT-48 from the movie Limitless. Taking it won’t make you smarter, or (spoiler alert) make you rich and powerful (or even look like Bradley Cooper).

Now the good news. Many people can prevent age-related neurodegenerative disorders, like Alzheimer’s, with diet and lifestyle habits. Getting enough zinc is a key part of this prevention strategy; it acts as an antioxidant, preventing oxidative stress in the brain that could otherwise increase your risk for neurodegeneration. In fact, an imbalance of iron and zinc ions (too much iron and not enough zinc) has been shown to lead to Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease symptoms.

4. It helps regulate hormones.

Zinc plays a huge role in regulating your hormones, including growth hormone, insulin, leptin, thyroid hormone, melatonin, and sex hormones. Getting enough zinc is important for the functioning of your endocrine system. When it isn’t, your various organs and systems can’t communicate well, which can wreak havoc on your health, your energy, and your mood.

5. It helps improve blood sugar regulation.

According to a 2015 review of both test tube and human studies, zinc has many beneficial effects on both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Specifically, zinc appears to play an important role in pancreatic β-cell (that funny-looking thing that looks like a capital B is a symbol for beta) function, the activity of insulin, modulation of glucose, and the process by which diabetes develops and has complications.

So if you’re trying to prevent, reverse, or manage diabetes, in addition to watching your weight and eating a largely plant-based diet, make sure you get enough zinc to keep your pancreas firing on all cylinders (or whatever metaphor you want to apply to your pancreas).

Do vitamin D, zinc, and other supplements help prevent COVID-19

The appeal of safe, natural treatments is undeniable. It’s true for age-old conditions such as the common cold, and for new diseases, especially if they have no known cure. So it makes sense that there would be a lot of interest in supplements for COVID-19, whether as prevention or treatment.

Indeed, zinc, melatonin, vitamin C, vitamin D, and other supplements have been commonly prescribed from the earliest days of the pandemic.

But do they work?

Why supplements might help prevent or treat COVID-19

While science can show whether a drug is effective, we may not always know why. When antibiotics were first discovered in the 1920s, there was limited understanding of the biology involved. But lacking an explanation for their benefit did not discourage doctors from recommending these highly effective treatments.

What’s the evidence that supplements are helpful for COVID-19?

Though COVID-19 is a new illness, a few clinical trials have explored the possibility that supplements may be effective. And, unfortunately, most of the evidence is unconvincing.

For example, a few observational studies link lower blood vitamin levels with a higher risk of testing positive for the virus that causes COVID-19 (see this study and this one). But studies like these cannot prove that vitamin D protects people against infection. Further, a randomized controlled study of people with moderate to severe COVID-19 who received a high dose of vitamin D showed no benefit.

Similarly, a 2021 study of zinc and vitamin C demonstrated no benefit for people with mild COVID-19. In this study, people whose symptoms did not require hospital admission were randomly assigned to receive

  • only vitamin C, 8,000 mg/day (the recommended daily amount is 75 mg/day for women and 90 mg/day for men)
  • only zinc, 50 mg/day (the recommended daily amount is 8 mg/day for women, 11 mg/day for men)
  • both supplements at the doses above
  • neither supplement.

The researchers found that people receiving the supplements, whether individually or combined, had no improvement in symptoms or a faster recovery when compared with otherwise similar patients receiving neither supplement.

Proponents of melatonin for COVID-19 have encouraged researchers to perform trials of this supplement, but so far convincing evidence of benefit is not yet available.

Even without convincing evidence, why not take them anyway?

Despite questions about the overall benefit of these supplements, many doctors began prescribing them routinely in the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic. The logic may have been that with so little known about how to best treat this new infection and a long track record of safety for these supplements, why not?

But there are significant hazards to consider. These include side effects, allergic reactions, interactions with other drugs, the cost of unnecessary supplements, and the dangers of taking too much. For example:

  • High doses of vitamin C may cause diarrhea or stomach upset. There have also been concerns that high-dose vitamin C supplementation may interfere with blood thinners or cholesterol-lowering medications.
  • High doses of vitamin D can cause severe symptoms, such as stomach upsets, kidney injury, and pancreatitis, and may even be life-threatening.

That said, people with nutritional deficiencies should receive supplements. Zinc or vitamin D deficiencies are not rare, and may contribute to poor immune function. Therefore, even without specific evidence linking supplement use with improvement among people with COVID-19, these supplements may be appropriate for people in whom deficiency is suspected or confirmed. For example, a person with little sun exposure and a diet low in dairy products may be likely to have vitamin D deficiency. A simple blood test can confirm or rule out vitamin D or zinc deficiency.

If you do take supplements, it’s safest to follow the daily recommended amounts your body needs unless your doctor advises otherwise (see this information for people 51 and older, and this information on a full range of supplements).

The bottom line

Based on the science, there is reason to be hopeful that supplements such as vitamin C or D, zinc, or melatonin might help in the fight against COVID-19. While there’s no proof yet that they do, additional research could show a benefit in certain situations, or with a different dose or formulation of the supplement. So it’s worth keeping an open mind.

In the meantime, we should not dismiss the findings of negative studies just because the results weren’t what we’d hoped. When it comes to preventing or treating COVID-19, I’d rely more on the recommendations from the CDC than on unproven supplements.

Check with your doctor before starting a supplement. Ask about dosage, other medications you’re taking, and other health conditions you have. The last thing you want to do is to take a supplement that causes more harm than good.

Why You Should Get a COVID Booster Shot
  1. Although your initial COVID-19 vaccination was effective in preventing severe illness, studies are showing that the vaccines’ protection can decrease over time.

    Health experts are starting to see reduced protection against mild and moderate disease among certain groups of people, such as those over the age of 65.

    This is why the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) says all people should be up to date with their vaccinations. For example, all vaccinated people age 18 and older should get their booster doses as soon as they are eligible. Older adults and people with immunocompromising conditions are more likely to get severe COVID. The CDC now recommends a booster dose for children age 12-17.

    In addition to the first booster dose, the CDC has now made a second booster of either the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine available to people over the age of 50 and some others. Learn more about what the CDC says about who can and should get a COVID booster.

    Getting a booster shot as soon as you are eligible after your initial vaccine series is critical to maintaining your protection against the virus and help prevent the further spread of the virus among those who are unvaccinated, such as children under age 5.

    “Being the most updated with your COVID-19 vaccination remains the best way to protect yourself against the virus and its variants. We recommend that you complete your booster dose as soon as you are eligible, to optimize your immunity,” says Wilbur Chen, MD, MS, professor of medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) and an adult infectious disease expert in the school’s Center for Vaccine Development and Global Health (CVD).Who’s Eligible for a COVID-19 Booster Shot?

    The CDC recommends that everyone ages 12 and older get a COVID-19 booster shot as soon as they are eligible. Children ages 12 to 17 can get only the Pfizer-BioNTech booster, at least five months after their second shot.

    If you are 18 years of age or older, you can choose whichever approved vaccine (Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna or Johnson & Johnson) you want to receive as your booster, even if it wasn’t your original vaccine (you can mix and match).

    The CDC advises a preference for an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine over the Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 Vaccine for booster vaccination.

    People should get their booster shot:

    • At least five months after getting both shots of Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna
    • At least two months after getting the single Johnson & Johnson shot

    Second boosters of Pfizer and Moderna shots are available four months after your first booster to:




Click below to submit a prayer request.

When PRAYER becomes your HABIT, MIRACLES become your LIFESTYLE.

Never give up on PRAYER, no matter what comes your way.


We cannot flourish without the church members of Mt Olivet. We would like your contributions so that we can continue to eat healthier. Not all food at the Food Bank is "free"!!!

We'd like to thank all who supported ACS over the past year. We look forward to your continued support of this ministry throughout 2022 and beyond.



Those who hold meetings in the Annex, please do not enter the far room. It is the area where the community service items are stored. Thank you!!!




HURRICANE SEASON is here we at MOSDAC are trying to help in anyway we can.






A LIST has been placed in this location:

On the Bulletin Board in the Fellowship Hall. (Left side of board)




ADRA is matching ALL donations for Dorian's Relief. $1.00 = $2.00. You may donate by calling 1.800.ADRA(2372) or online at



Two families will be selected for special prayer every first Sabbath. If you would like your family to be included, please contact:

Please call for your family to be scheduled during this COVID-19 season!!!!


PLEASE INVITE FRIENDS AND FAMILY @ 8pm EST (302) 202-1110, pin 814478.

1st Friday - Focus on the Family

3rd Friday - Couples Devotion

  1. On Sabbath, April 23, 2022, there was a presentation, "Understanding Memory Loss," by the New Jersey Alzheimer's Associationon. This event is from 4:00-5:00 p.m. via Zoom. Information for this meeting is, ID: 727 887 0606 with Passcode: 230498, and One tap mobile: +1 929 205 6099 US (New York) US (Washington DC).

There is an AEC 50+ Association Vesper Service via Conference Call for the Month of June. It is an awesome service event, and lots of people have chimmed in to enjoy.

There will be Special Music, a Health Segment, Prayer and a Vesper Thought. All who have been involed have been Blessed. Mark your calendar for the next spectacular services in the coming months of 2022.

Please check your MOSDAC email, sent , for dates and times for these Services and for the Zoom link for the special program mentioned below.

On April 10, 2021@4:30 PM, there was a special afternoon program presented by the MOSDAC Fifty Plus Club. A special guest from AARP gave a presentation on Fraud Watch Network Basics. See flyer for more details. *If you missed this presentation and would like to get information about this topic, please contact the 50 Plus Leader, Sister Fern Bliss-Morgan.

If you are looking for a fun, loving, and stress free ministry of seasoned people that love Jesus, The MOSDAC 50+ Club is the ministry for you!!! Contact Dr. Fern Bliss-Morgan or Patricia Rodgers for more info. We are looking for volunteers for the following positions: Retired Social & Mental Health Workers.

As of right now we are still not in church due to COVID but look forward to seeing you very ,very soon GOD BLESS and STAY PRAYED UP


They have been revised. Please make sure you get your copy from the Greeters Desk.

It will also be available via the app shortly. If you would like it emailed, give the Administrative Assistant your email, and he will make sure you get it.


Please be aware that all meetings being held in the church or on zoom, must be scheduled with the Administrative Assistant. Thank you!!

Jesus 101 Bible Class

The 2nd and 4th Sabbaths @ 5:00pm on Zoom. Our concentration is on "The Fourth Beast". We will be looking at Jesus from a close more intimate perspective. Please contact Lonnie Watkins for the Zoom information.

It's not too late to join our group!!!


Will be meeting every other Wednesday@ 10am. Next meeting will be in the Annex.

As we continue our time of "Prayer and Praise", bring your Bibles, prayer requests and a smile.

DUE TO COVID-19, this meeting was cancelled.











Health Ministries

Those who want to participate in the Medical Missionary training, please sign up to ensure you’re accounted for.

Our Health Ministries Leader is First Lady Theresa Best.

  • Look for the class to be on the 1st Sunday of each month @ 10am in the Fellowship Hall.


Next class: Sunday, September 4, 2022

Please RSVP Elder Kenny Watkins @ 856-667-4636 for more information.



From Elder Kenny Watkins and our Inner City Ministry
Please pass this information on to whomever you may know that could use this assistance.

Help finally on the way for N.J. renters as state announces new $353M relief fund

By Sophie Nieto-Munoz | NJ Advance Media for

A highly anticipated and desperately needed $353 million rental relief fund will open up to New Jersey renters who haven't been able to make payments over the last year after the coronavirus pandemic upended their lives.

The fund will open for applications on March 22 at 9 a.m. on the Department of Community Affairs website. The program is not first come, first serve, and will remain open until "an adequate number of people have submitted their applications," said Lt. Gov. Shiela Oliver at the press conference in Union City Tuesday afternoon.

Applicants can seek 12 months of rental assistance, paying for rent arrears incurred since March 13, 2020, and potentially for future rent payments, the department said in a statement. Eligible residents must be 18 or older, qualify for unemployment or seen a loss in income relating to the coronavirus pandemic, show a risk of housing instability, and have a household income below 80% of the median area income.

The fund could help 30,000 households, but that's a "conservative estimate" and it "could be much more than that," said spokeswoman Lisa Ryan.

"This pandemic has created a crisis for so many of our fellow New Jerseyans who are struggling to pay their rent because they've lost jobs or aren't bringing home as much money as they once did," said Oliver, who also serves as Commissioner of the Department of Community Affairs.

"This is the toughest times of our life that we all face right now, and the money that's being given is being well spent to keep people in their home, and I think sometimes what's taken for granted is housing is not a luxury, it's a necessity," said Sen. Brian Stack, D-Hudson, and also Union City Mayor.

The first payments could come as soon as May, and are made directly to the landlord. The department is also encouraging landlords to agree to a payment plan for rent arrears not covered by the assistance and to commit to not filing for eviction for non-payment of rent.

While renters are protected by the current eviction moratorium, which prevents landlords from locking tenants out or shutting off utilities through at least mid-May, landlords can still file for eviction over nonpayment of rent. The courts have not yet reopened for landlord-tenant court, but more than 60,000 evictions have been filed.

The $353 million is the second round of the COVID-19 Emergency Rental Assistance Program and is more than triple the first pot of money available that was available to renters in August. It is federally funded through the second stimulus package signed in late December 2020.

More than 15,000 households received help from the first round, a small percentage of the more than 60,000 applicants vying for the $100 million rental relief fund. But the department said it was able to help 7,000 more homes than origially expected with another $91.75 million allocated.



MOSDAC Family Worship resumed on January 8, 2021 from 7:30-8:30 pm, and will be every 2nd and 4th Friday of the month. We will have Family Worship, led out by our Personal Ministries Leader, Whitney Allen.

Our last meeting was Friday, June 11, 2021 @ 7:30 pm.

We resumed September 10, 2021, (to start the Fall season), and will continue on a monthly basis thereafter, only on the 2nd Friday of each month.

Basic Imfo:10
Topic: MOSDAC Family Worship
Time: 7:30-8:30 pm, 2nd & 4th Friday evenings

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Meeting ID: 829 5616 0671
Passcode: 816878

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Have a blessed day!


Relationship Ministry - Join us for First Friday's "Focus on the Family". Our next Friday will be on the evening of September 2 , 2022 from 8:00 pm - 8:45 pm. Call (302) 202-1110 pin # is 814478.

If you are interested in special prayer for your Family in January, please call Lorene Watkins at 856-952-5002. Please mark your calendars and set your alarm for these special monthly calls.

If you would like to check out and see what "Love In Action" is doing, go to either Lorene Watkins' FaceBook page, MOSDAC's FaceBoook page for their community involvement.

We would like to thank you all for helping out with the homeless. We look forward to seeing you next time.

We need toiletries and zip lock bags. Also if you have gently used clothing we would love to have them. Any questions or concerns please contact Lorene Watkins at 856-952-5002.

Register today!

Invite your non-Christian family and friends to register as well!

AEC Master Guide

Bay Area Master Guide Classes have begun. MOSDAC'S new class has began already too. Please keep our new candidates in prayer too!!!

For information about this class, please contact Elder Dillon Waterman.



The Importance of being a Vegetarian

We all know who vegetarians are. Vegetarians are people who do not consume meat, poultry and sea food. Many vegetarians also abstain from consuming or using by-products of animal slaughter such as eating eggs or even wearing leather belts or leather shoes.There are certain extreme vegetarians who even abstain from consuming honey. Vegetarianism is a good thing. There is no doubt about it. The reason many people become vegetarians is because they see animals as beings which also have life. They therefore don’t see the reason why animals should be killed in order for us to enjoy.

What are the importance of being a vegetarian?

  1. Vegetarianism has so many benefits to the individual and society at large. One of the major importance of being a vegetarian is the fact that a vegetarian diet has lots of health benefits. Scientific studies have shown that people who live on a proper vegetarian diet tend to live longer than those who eat meat. Recently, the Loma Linda University conducted a major study into the link between longevity and being a vegetarian. At the end of the research, researchers found out that vegetarians live between seven and fifteen years longer than people who eat meat regularly.
  2. Another importance of a vegetarian diet is that it can significantly help in the fight against obesity and cardio-vascular diseases.
  3. Vegetarians also rarely suffer from cancer, hypertension and constipation as compared with regular meat eaters.
  4. Since vegetables and fruits contain a significant amount of antioxidants and nutrients that help protect the heart, it goes without saying that a proper vegetarian diet helps the body significantly.
    1. Another very important benefit we derive from vegetarianism is the fact that vegetarianism can save the planet in the sense that the mass production of meat for human consumption damages our environment. According to a research, about 70 percent of all grain crops grown in the United States is used for feeding animals for the sole purpose of consuming their meat. Research has shown that animal farming is not environmental friendly as it helps in generating high amounts of nitrous oxide and methane which are not good for the health of this planet we live in. Science tells us that excessive amounts of nitrous oxide and methane in the atmosphere contributes immensely to global warming.
    2. Another good reason why you should become a vegetarian is because it is cheaper. Believe it or not but a vegetarian diet is quite cheaper than the meat diet. Imagine how much meat and chicken cost these days? Just compare the price of buying vegetables and fruits with that of buying fish and meat.

    The above are some of the major importance of vegetarianism. As you can see from the above, the health benefits of vegetarianism are immense. What are you waiting for? Try a vegetarian diet and make this world a better place for yourself and others.

  5. NOTE: The writer of this article is not a vegetarian but is hoping to to become one soon.

Suicide Warning Signs: What to Watch for and Do


Suicide is one of the top causes of death in the U.S., with rates rising across the country. Nearly 45,000 Americans died by suicide in 2016, according to the CDC.

Suicide can be preventable. And that starts with knowing what to look for and what to do.

If you or someone you know is thinking about suicide, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-TALK (800-273-8255). It’s always open, and you can speak to a trained counselor.

If someone is threatening to kill themselves, don’t leave them alone. Call 911 or, if you can do it safely, take them to the nearest emergency room. Try to keep the person calm, and get help from others.Warning Signs

People who commit suicide don’t want to die, but to end their pain. Don’t dismiss their talk of suicide as just threats. If you notice any signs that they may be thinking about harming themselves, get help.

Focuses on death. Some people talk openly about wanting to die or to commit suicide. Or they dwell on the topic of death and dying. They may research ways to kill themselves or buy a gun, knife, or pills.

Makes plans. The person may take steps to prepare for death, like updating a will, giving away stuff, and saying goodbye to others. Some may write a suicide note

Becomes withdrawn. The person avoids close friends and family, loses interest in activities and social events, and becomes isolated.

Shows despair. The person may talk openly about unbearable pain, or feeling like they’re a burden on others.

Shows swings in mood or sleep. Often, the person may be depressed, anxious, sad, or angry. They also may be very irritable, moody, or aggressive. But they can suddenly turn calm once they’ve decided to go through with the suicide. Then they may sleep a lot more or a lot less than usual.

Drinks or takes drugs. Substance misuse raises the chance of suicide. Using a lot of drugs and alcohol may be an attempt to dull the pain or to harm themselve

Acts recklessly. The person may take dangerous chances, like driving drunk or having risky sex.

People may also be at risk if they have:

  • Mental disorders
  • Addictions to alcohol or other drugs
  • A serious physical illness
  • A major loss (such as the death of a loved one or the loss of a relationship or job)
  • Serious legal or financial problems
  • A history of trauma or abuseHow to Help

    Take all suicide warning signs seriously. Your involvement and support may help save a life.

    Don’t be afraid to ask whether the person you’re concerned about is thinking of suicide, is depressed, or has problems. Talking about it won’t make the person act on their feelings. It might actually help ease suicidal thoughts -- and lets you know if you need to take further action.

    Encourage the person to talk to a mental health professional as soon as possible. The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline is always open. You can reach a trained counselor at 800-273-TALK (800-273-8255).

Suicide Hotline: What Happens When You Call?

Ways of Contacting Suicide Hotlines

Because people in distress are all different, people choose to access suicide hotline services in different ways. Suicide hotlines provide a toll-free number, but many also provide online chat, email, and text messaging hotline services as well. You should choose to access a suicide hotline in the way that makes you the most comfortable. Calls to most suicide hotlines are confidential and free.

Who Answers a Call at a Suicide Hotline?

Suicide hotlines are typically staffed by trained personnel but it depends on the specific hotline as to how they're trained. Some suicide hotlines are manned by volunteers with minimal training whereas the operators at the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline, for example, are skilled, trained counselors that are often in your area.

Suicide hotlines that are for specific types of crises, such as the concerns of veterans or of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered or queer (LGBTQ) individuals, are generally trained in the main issues facing those populations. Often you'll speak to a member of that group his or herself when you call that type of suicide hotline.

What Happens When You Call a Suicide Hotline?

Depending on the suicide hotline, your call may be routed to a central location or, as in the case of the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline, your call may be answered by the center closest to you. When you call, you'll typically hear a message confirming the number you have reached and then on-hold music until someone can answer your call.

Once your call is answered, a caring and trained person will listen to you, learn about your situation, ask questions and will then generally tell you about mental health services in your area. Services in your area can range from a mobile response team to a suicide prevention center staffed with counselors where you can be accommodated overnight.


What Can Parents Do About Bullying?

Parents can take steps to help prevent bullying and to intervene when it happens.BY DIANA DIVECHA | NOVEMBER 6, 2010

When we parents offer our children out to the wider world, we hope that wonderful experiences and people await them. But that isn’t always the case, of course. We can be dismayed to find our children involved in bullying—either as the perpetrator or on the receiving end.

As a developmental psychologist who has studied school-based bullying, I have counseled many families experiencing bullying, and I know it is not easy. We cannot completely control what difficulties our children will face in the world, but we can exert some influence over the paths they take and how they will respond to the people and events they encounter. When it comes to peer bullying, parents can help in a number of ways.

To maximize the chance they will avoid bullying situations in the first place, we can nurture children’s emotional and interpersonal skills, and support their positive peer relationships. If bullying does happen, we can stand up for their protection and insist on swift action on the part of the responsible adults.

How to reduce the risk of bullying for your child

Research suggests that parenting practices may make a difference in whether children become aggressive, bullied, and victimized—or not. Your family relationships help to build children’s expectations about how relationships should feel, what helps relationships to work well, and how to constructively manage the problems that arise in relationships.

Use an authoritative parenting style. An authoritative style of parenting offers a high degree of warmth, love, and closeness, and at the same time provides clear limits and high expectations with the support necessary to meet those expectations. Children who are raised with authoritative parenting (compared to other styles) fare the best—with better mental health, stronger relationship skills, and higher achievement. In contrast, children who experience harsh parenting practices fare worse, and they’re more likely to become a bully or become the focus of bullying.

Nurture a positive family climate. The family climate is the “felt sense” of being in relationship with other family members and working together in the home environment. Does family life feel chaotic and erratic, or organized and predictable? Do adults model the kind of relationships they hope their children will have? Does everyone feel respected and have healthy personal boundaries? Are expectations appropriate to children’s stage of development, or are they too high or too low

Everyone in a family needs a sense of power, but is that need supported in developmentally appropriate ways? Do family members express a healthy agency through rational, age-appropriate negotiations and problem solving—for example, providing preschoolers a limited set of choices, but helping teenagers think through possible consequences of their actions ahead of time—or do family members exert power by dominating and manipulating? Is consent a family value, for example, even in the giving and receiving of hugs?

Researchers have increasingly realized that siblings exert enormous influence on one other. Children who are involved in sibling bullying (in any role) are more likely to be involved in bullying outside the home—as the bully, an enabler, or the recipient of bullying.

Teach emotional and interpersonal skills. Research suggests that children who grow up in an emotion-rich language environment—where parents talk about feelings and how feelings are managed in themselves and others—have higher emotional intelligence, navigate peer groups better, and are more likely to stand up for people who are targeted by others. If talking about emotional life is normalized in a family, children will be more likely to bring up difficult issues so they don’t fester and become harmful.

Make learning about relationships a high priority. Parents can incorporate conversations about interpersonal relationships while reading storybooks or observing everyday interactions, even with very young children. For example, in a relationship conflict, naming the various feelings and perspectives that different people might hold is an important start to problem-solving respectful solutions. For middle school students, add conversations about online relationships (using helpful conversational scripts like these, if needed).

Encourage supportive friendships and constructive peer groups. It’s good “insurance” for children to foster peer relationships in a few different environments inside and outside of school, such as community sports leagues, out-of-school clubs, or among neighbors or extended family. It doesn’t have to be large numbers—even a single friend in different venues is protective.

When children face small difficulties, help them cultivate a mindset of resilience that draws on their unique strengths. If they are funny, can they deflect a problem using a sense of humor? If they’re socially skilled, can they turn toward friends for support? If they’re shy, quiet, and reserved, can they find a compatible way to explore their feelings, through reading, writing, movement, or animal companionship? Are they artistic? They could paint a poster or create art that inspires the good in others.

Sometimes children need to borrow your confidence in them to get over a rough patch, to know that you believe in their abilities when they feel unsure. They may also benefit from understanding that people can change, feelings can change, and situations won’t always be as they are in this moment. Let them know that their efforts and practice matter; they can help to bring about that change.

Cultivate relationships with school personnel and other parents. Research suggests that children benefit when there is a strong partnership between schools and families. Being friendly and helpful to school personnel is not just a decent thing to do; it establishes a pathway of communication, along with trust and a belief in each other’s good intentions, should difficulties arise. Teachers and staff will also have a little more context when interacting with your child.

It can be helpful to get to know the parents of children’s classmates, as well. Even as casual acquaintances, goodwill, communication, and mutual support can be fostered. This may feel easier when children are younger, but even high school students benefit when parents know each other enough to coordinate around parties and overnights. If things get difficult, a channel for some dialogue will have been established.

MORE TO COME NEXT WEEK!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!


1. What did Jonah’s family say when he told them about what happened before reaching Nineveh? “Hmm, sounds fishy.”

2. What was Moses’ wife, Zipphora, known as when she’d throw dinner parties? “The hostess with the Moses.”

3. Why couldn’t the Israelites initially enter the Promised Land? It wasn’t the Pinky Promised Land.

4. What did the classmate say when asked why they kept walking next to the same person at school? “I was told I’m supposed to walk by Faith!”

5. Which Bible character was super-fit? Absalom.

6. What did Adam say when he was asked his favorite holiday? “It’s Christmas, Eve.”

7. What do you call a Bible character who just pulled into church? A parking Lot.

8. What did God’s people say when food fell from Heaven? “Oh man-na!”

9. What did pirates call Noah’s boat? “The arrrrrrk.”

10. What did David have in common with Hamilton? He wasn’t going to throw away his (sling)shot.

1. What did Jonah's family say when he told them about what happened before reaching Nineveh? "Hmm, sounds fishy."

2. What was Moses' wife, Zipphora, known as when she'd throw dinner parties? "The hostess with the Moses."

3. Why couldn't the Israelites initially enter the Promised Land? It wasn't the Pinky Promised Land.

4. What did the classmate say when asked why they kept walking next to the same person at school? "I was told I'm supposed to walk by Faith!"

5. Which Bible character was super-fit?Absalom.

Related: 300 Bible Trivia Questions

6. What did Adam say when he was asked his favorite holiday? "It's Christmas, Eve."

7. What do you call a Bible character who just pulled into church? A parking Lot.

8. What did God's people say when food fell from Heaven? "Oh man-na!"

9. What did pirates call Noah's boat? "The arrrrrrk."

10. What did David have in common with Hamilton? He wasn't going to throw away his (sling)shot.

11. Why did Boaz hate lying? Because he loved truth.

12. How are toddlers and those who attempted to build a tower to Heaven similar? They all babble.

13. Why didn't anyone want to fight Goliath? It seemed like a giant ordeal.

14. Which king liked to do things on his own?Solomon.

15. What kind of car would Jesus drive? A Christler.

16. Which nursery song would Jesus have heard the most? "Mary Had a Little Lamb."

19. What did Daniel tell his real estate agent? "I'd prefer a house with no den."

20. Who in the Bible knew the most people? Abraham knew a Lot.

21. What's a believer's favorite fruit? Spiritual.










Don't Forget to Stay Six Feet Apart, Wear Your Mask, and PLEASE, PLEASE, DON'T FORGET TO WASH YOUR HANDS!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!









WHAT CAN WE DO !!!!!!!!!!!!!!

If you have any questions about the broadcast or anything to to do with improvement of any kind please contact a MOSDAC MEDIA TEAM MEMBER .


View Here

Sunset begins at 8:15 PM, Friday, August 5, 2022!!!




  • You are perfect because of your imperfections.
  • Do what inspires you. Life is too short not to love the job you do every day.
  • Complaining will not get anything done.
  • At the end of your day, you’ve done your best. Even if you haven’t accomplished all that’s on your list. You’ve given it you’re all.
  • You don’t need to have it figured all out. Taking the wrong path is part of the process.
  • Never lose yourself because of someone else. You are perfect just the way you are.
  • Trust your gut. If you ever feel it's not right, then it's not.
  • A smile is a free way to brighten someone’s day.









*The Holy Scriptures are the inspired Word of God * 2 Tim. 3:16.

*In the Trinity:God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.*Heb. 1:-3, John 15:16.

* In regeneration and the birth, through the acceptance of the Gospel.*2 Cor. 5:17.

*That man by nature is mortal and eternal life is a gift of God through Christ.*John 14:1-33, Acts 1:11, Matt. 24:30.

*In the resurrection of the dead.*1 Thess. 4:16 & 17, John 5:29, 11:25, 1 Cor. 15.

*In the ultimate final destruction of sin and the wicked.*Malachi 4:1-3.

*In justification by faith through Christ.*Rom. 4:3-5.

*That God's law, the Ten Commandments, including the seventh-day Sabbath command is the rule of life for Christians.*Ex. 20:3-17, James 2:10-12.

*In baptism by immersion. In the Communion of the Lord's supper preceded by the ordinance of cleansing.*Romans 6:3-5, Mark 1:9 & 10, John 13:4-17, 1 Cor. 11:23-26.

*In the gifts of the Holy spirit.*Eph. 4:8-11.

*In the support of the gospel through tithes and offerings.*Malachi 3:8-11, Matt. 23:23.

*In discarding unhealthy practices.*1 Cor. 3:16 & 17, Deut. 14:3-20.

*That Christians will be characterized by modesty in dress,conversation,deportment,and a high standard of social relationships.*1 Tim. 2:9 & 10, James 1:27.



1 Corinthians 11:28

Hallelujah, what a Savior! Thank You for laying down Your life for a wretch like me! Thank You for going to the cross just for me! Lord, I do not take this for granted and I pray that as I eat the bread or drink the cup of the Lord, I will not do so in an unworthy manner. If I were to do such a thing, I would be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord, so help me do so in the way that shows reverence to You. Amen.
1 Corinthians 11:27

Precious God, You sent Your Son so that He could offer life to those who were bound by the law of man. Your Son took the bread and gave thanks, then He broke it and gave it to the disciples, saying, “This is My body which is given for You; do this in remembrance of Me.” Lord, I choose to take this bread in remembrance of Your love for me and I thank You for sacrificing Yourself so that I could be set free. Amen.
Luke 22:19

Everlasting Father, Your word states that as often as I eat this bread and drink the cup, I proclaim Your death until You come. I thank You for offering me this hope even in Your death! Thank You for this Communion, which is a symbol of the realization of a spiritual union between You and I. Thank You for not only washing away my sins on the cross, but for welcoming me into a bond with You. Amen.














Family Life Bible Class

Join the JESUS 101 Bible class every 2nd and 4th Sabbath afternoons at 3:00 p.m. in the Sanctuary. Due to the things going on right now, we are unable to be in the church. But as soon as God tells us it's okay, we will be back . See you soon and remember GOD LOVES YOU and WE DO TOO!!!!!!!!!!

Looking forward to seeing you there!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Guess what? Please join us on Zoom. Contact Lonnie Watkins for the information required to log into Zoom.






Mon, Tues, Thurs, & Friday @ 5:30 am

(712) 775-8968, Pass Code: 909676

Youth prayer line is on Wednesday at 5-6 pm. Join us for encouragement and praise.


Birds Stopped Singing

Birds stop singing This summer spring morn The Son of God His head forlorn No need to tremble The gardens scene With men and angels For friends look mean Come they say see The simple man Hands together With touch the plan No need to listen The whispers cry For will not wishes To live To die Yet sparrows simple And lilies tilt Upon a rock The riches built Then look no longer His feet His Side With all or nothing And there abide With near and closer A vision see The man The moment Upon a tree For with His wisdom He bore and kept The few the faithful With crosses yet

Dedicated to JP Munhall


God took the strength of a mountain,
The majesty of a tree,
The warmth of a summer sun,
The calm of a quiet sea,
The generous soul of nature,
The comforting arm of night,
The wisdom of the ages,
The power of the eagle's flight,
The joy of a morning in spring,
The faith of a mustard seed,
The patience of eternity,
The depth of a family need,
Then God combined these qualities,
When there was nothing more to add,
He knew His masterpiece was complete,
And so, He called it ... Dad

By Unknown Author


August is that last flicker of fun and heat before everything fades and dies. The final moments of fun before the freeze. In the winter, everything changes.
– Rasmenia Massoud

Every year, August lashes out in volcanic fury, rising with the din of morning traffic, its great metallic wings smashing against the ground, heating the air with ever-increasing intensity.
– Henry Rollins

August rain: the best of the summer gone, and the new fall not yet born. The odd uneven time.
– Sylvia Plath

August is like the Sunday of summer.
– Unknown

Breathe the sweetness that hovers in August.
– Denise Levertov

August is a gentle reminder for not doing a single thing from your new year resolution for seven months and not doing it for next five.
– Crestless Wave

This morning, the sun endures past dawn. I realise that it is August: the summer’s last stand.
– Sara Baume

The month of August had turned into a griddle where the days just lay there and sizzled.
– Sue Monk Kidd

August, the summer’s last messenger of misery, is a hollow actor.
– Henry Rollins


Sabbath Bells

Sweet sabbath bells! so loud and clear!
Pealing o'er valley and o'er hill!
What heavenly music to mine ear!
They seem to say, "Why linger still?
Come to God's temple while ye may,
And prayer will steal your griefs away!

"Haste to God's temple! there to raise
The song warm springing from the heart-
The incense of your grateful praise,
In, which all Christians bear a part.
Hear our glad summons, and obey!
The angels join ye as ye pray!

"Come to that holy, solemn place,
Where peace and soul-felt comfort dwell;
The home of each celestial grace,
Where mercy's beams all clouds dispel!
Haste to God's temple while ye may!
The angels join the meek who pray





Sick - Shut In

Matthew 25:36 "... I was sick, and you visited me...."


Celia Archie's mother, Marie Archie, Sheila Bardowell, her husband and son, Shane, Sheila's niece, Pastor Best's aunt, daughter, and mother, Jalen Braxton, Carletta (Jeanie Thornton's daughter), Cynthia Brown, Alanna Bullock, Harold Carter, Sr., Cindy Cassidy, Ertice Clark, Dianna Dixon, Blondel Dwyer, Nyzia Easterling, Sharmaine Edwards, Shelly Eldrige (Joan Jackson's daughter), Dora Elmandorf, Darlene Figueroa, Mary Hopkins, Sharon Howard), Joan Jackson and her sisters, Lewis Jessup, Celeste Jones, Antoine Jones's brother, Lillie Jones (her daughter, Shanta, her husband and children), Elaine Larmond, Sadie McLean, Michelle Maldonado, Leslie Jackson Massenberg (Amelia Clements' daughter), Bil and Juanita Morgan, Lawrence and Mercedes Myers (Yvonne Roberts' brother and sister-in-law), Margaret O'Bryant, Violet Parkinson, Penny Rodgers, Willie Rogers, Renee Smallhorn (Rita Smith's daughter), Rita Smith's Sister, Allegro, David and Darlene Smith, Dudley Smith, Rita Smith, Sedia Tatem, Jeanie Thornton, Felicia Stoddard, Kenny Watkins, Shirlene Williams, Sophie Williams, Roger Woolfolk (Rita Smith's brother), COVID-19 patients and recovered patients, Family of COVID-19 victims, all of our caregivers, 1st responders, military, the victims of all past and recent Hurricanes, Tornadoes, Earthquakes, Island of St. Vincent with its Rumbling Volcano, Fire victims, and the families in Ukraine.

Also pray for the missing persons and victims of human trafficking, their love ones, for them having to deal with these situations.

Incarcerated Family,

Joel Glessma


Love you all!!!



Please Pray For Our MOSDAC Church Members, and their Families who have experienced the loss of a love one.


Prayers for Yvonne Myers Roberts and Family in the loss of her cousin, Diane E. Myers, who lived in Philadelphia. Please pray for all extended Myers family members, Diane's friends, and her co-workers, as well.


We regret to inform you of the death of Elder Robert Walker, former member and Elder here at Mt. Olivet. Elder Walker passed away on last Friday, July 29, 2022. Service will be Tuesday, August 9, 2022 at 11:00 am at First Baptist Church, 7040 Bowers Road, Frederick, Maryland 21702. Burial will be at Arlington National Cemetery at a later date.


We regret to inform you of the passing of Kenneth Dwyer, uncle of Sister Blondel Dwyer. Please keep Blondel and the family in prayer. Arrangements are still pending.


Claudette L. Jefferson, mother of Calvin Jefferson and Linda Gibson, mother-in-law to Pastor Jimmy Gibson, and aunt of the Gibson Family was held on Saturday, July 9, 2022, at 1:00 PM
in the Manning Chapel, 700 North 25th Street, Richmond, VA 23223 The
Funeral Services were live streamed and are still available for viewing. Please keep the Jefferson, Gibson, Williams Families in special prayer.


Our beloved sister, Dora Elmandorf, passed away on Saturday, June 25, 2022. Please keep her sister, niece, other family members, the Archie family, and the rest of our MOSDAC family members in special prayer.


Condolences to the Bunch Family. Brother James (Shelly) lost his sister, Margie, in Charleston, SC on Saturday, June 11, 2022. Please keep the entire family lifted in prayer, during this time of bereavement.


Prayers and condolences go out to Sister Lil Jones and the entire Cooper Family. Her sister, Sandra Cooper, passed away the evening of June 4, 2022 from a heart attack. Sandra lived in Florida with her husband and children. Please keep them all lifted up in your prayers.


Prayers for Rita (Wendell) Smith, her siblings, and all of their family members in the loss of their sister and that same sister's daughter. Their sister was funeralized on Saturday, May 14, 2022.


The funeral arrangements for Joseph O. Dickerson, the brother of Shelia Dickerson-Smith and Carol Hall was Thursday, May 12, 2022 at Converge Church, 802 N. Lenola Road, Moorestown, New Jersey 856-234-3791
Please continue to keep the family in prayer.


We regret to inform you of the passing of Eric Lewis, the brother of Elder Paula Fleming and uncle to Christina Fleming-Gabriel. Please keep their siblings Joseph & Shelia, Eric's children and the rest of the family in prayer.


The funeral arrangements for Leroy Williams, Jr. was Thursday, April 14, 2022, at the North Philadelphia SDA Church, 1510 W Oxford Street, Philadelphia, PA 19121. Please keep Mike (Laurie) Williams and family in your prayers.


Condolences and prayers go out to Cassandra Martin and family at the loss of her father, Omar Rivera. His passing occurred on Friday, April 1, 2022. His funeral will be held Thursday, April 14, 2022. Please keep Cassandra Martin and family in your prayers.


Please continue to keep Sharon (Elder Bernard) Howard/Vines Family in your prayers for the loss of their Mother, Virginia N. Vines. The funeral service for Virginia N. Vines will be on Sunday, March 27, 2022, at the Ebenezer SDA Church, 1375 Mumford Rd., Greenville, NC 27384.


Elder Paula Fleming, her siblings, Christina and Family, and extended family in the loss of their Aunt, who was funeralized on Friday, February 25, 2022.


Prayers for Sister Lillie (Antoine)Jones and Family in the passing of Lillie's sister, Sharon, who passed away Tuesday morning, February 15, 2022. In honoring her sister's wishes, everything will be held in a private setting. Please check your email for Wednesday, February 16, 2022 for names and addresses for the sending of cards.


Prayers for Pastor/Dr. Colby, Ericka, Colby, Jr., Judah, his mother, Sister Matlock, and his two sisters in the loss of his Father.


Pastor Augustus (Shirley) O' Giste and family are in need of prayers in the loss of his brother and a nephew. Please pray for his extended family as well.


Mary Hopkins and Eloise Morton loss their youngest brother due to a lenghty illness. Please keep them, their other siblings, and all of their Family members, and friends in Prayer.


Prayers for Sister Patricia Rodgers and Family for deaths of two Family members. Her son-in-law, Alfonzo (Gwen's husband)has passed away.


Please continue to pray for the VanNockay Family, in the loss of their Father and our Dear Brother, George H. VanNockay. Please pray for Yvonne Roberts and Family, Larry and Dottie Berry, and Mosdac members.


Ena Johnson and son Jay-Jay in the loss of her 14 year old granddaughter in the Bahamas. Prayers for her other sons and their families as well.


Please continue to Pray for Sister Margaret O'Bryant and Family in the loss of her great, great, great nephew (Michele Sellars' Grandson) who was killed in a tradgic situation. Please Remember his Twin Sister the Gibson, Easterling, Johnson, O'Bryant, Smothers, White, Williams Families, Extended Family, in Special Prayer.


Prayers for Yvonne Roberts and Family, Joi, Crystal, Wayne, Jr. , grandson Kennedy in the loss of her older brother and their uncle, Thomas Larry Myers. Larry passed on July 31, 2021, and was funeralized on Friday, August 6, 2021. Larry's Burial was held on Monday, August 9, 2021 at the National Military Cemetery in Salisbury, NC. Prayers for Yvonne's younger brother, Lawrence (Mercedes) Myers and Family, Larry's wife Brenda, children, grandchild, their uncles, Romus Myers and Benjamin Lawrence III and their Families, aunt Marie Myers Jones and Family. other nieces and nephews, cousins, extended family and friends.


Prayers for Lillie (Antoine) Jones and Family, Charmaine Cooper and Family in the loss of their brother and brother-in-law. Remember Cheryl Cooper, Sharon (Theodore) Cooper-Jones Green, Lakeisha Cooper and Family in loss of their Uncle, other nieces, nephews, great nieces, great nephews, other Family members, friends, and MOSDAC members.


Please pray for the Gulledge Family, Brenda, Patty, Clara, cousin (Debbie Bennett), and others, in the loss of their brother, Michael Gulledge, and Our Dear MOSDAC Brother, who just passed away.


Please pray for Donna Houston and son, Mark, in the loss of their cousin, Brenda Brown. Remember her children, other family members in former coworkers of Camden BOE, MOSDAC members, Blondell Dwyer, and other friends as well.


Please pray for our dear sister, Deaconess Rita Smith, and dear brother, Deacon Wendell Smith, and their family in the loss of Rita's brother, Elwood Woolfolk.


Please pray for our dear sisters, Elder Arlene Pierre and her sister Deborah (Debbie) Carr, and their families in the loss of their brother Michael.


Please pray for our dear sister and brother, Jennifer (Rob) Eugene and Family in the loss of Jennifer's Uncle.


Henry Tuten's Family in the loss of Henry and his mother


Darlene Carter, Harold, Harold, Jr., Jadeah, Darlene's siblings and their families in the loss of Darlene's/their brother, Jerry Huggins


Lewis Jessup, Price Family, Darlene and David Smith and Family in the loss of Lewis' wife and their mother and our Dear Sister and Deaconess Debbie Jessup. Please pray for these families and Mosdac members too.


Ertice Clark Family, DaeFronda, Darryl, Derryck Johnson, Archie, Nocho and Smith Families in the loss of Elsie Clark


George Jenkins, Debbie, Jamar, Jabria in the loss of their, Uncle, George Waters


Dillon, Charmaine, and Chayne Waterman in the loss of Dillon's mother. Please lift up his Sisters and other Family Members, and Friends.


Bil, Juanita Morgan and Family, in the death of their daughter, Vanessa. Please remember their extended family members and Vanessa's friends.



From Elder Kenny Watkins & Inner City Ministry:COVID-19 Funeral Assistance
This applies NATIONWIDE. Please share.COVID-19 Funeral Assistance

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought overwhelming grief to many families. At FEMA, our mission is to help people before, during and after disasters. We are dedicated to helping ease some of the financial stress and burden caused by the virus.

Under the Coronavirus Response and Relief Supplemental Appropriations Act of 2021 and the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021, FEMA will provide financial assistance for COVID-19-related funeral expenses incurred after January 20, 2020.

We are working with stakeholder groups to get their input on ways we can best provide this assistance, and to enlist their help with outreach to families and communities. FEMA will begin to implement COVID-19 funeral assistance in April.