This bulletin contains information for events on today's church service.


Theme: UNSHACKLED-The Gospel's Response to Oppression In America

Speaker For The Day

Pastor Colby A. Matlock, Sr.


Psalm 103:2-6 Praise the LORD, my soul, and forget not all his benefits— who forgives all your sins and heals all your diseases, who redeems your life from the pit and crowns you with love and compassion, who satisfies your desires with good things so that your youth is renewed like the eagle’s. The LORD works righteousness and justice for all the oppressed.


Tithe Receipts will be available on Sabbath after sunset and Wednesday evenings.



Our Adult SABBATH SCHOOL DEPARTMENT invites you to join us each and every SABBATH MORNING at 9:30 a.m. in the SANCTUARY. Become apart of one of our small, insightful, Biblical Lesson Study groups.



Don't forget Bible study is from 9:30am till 10:30am each Sabbath. Parents, grand-parents, and guardians, we are depending on you to bring your children! We can hardly wait to see you!


This is Black History Month-The Gospel's Response to Oppression In America

2/3- Sherri Hall

2/10- Honoring Christian Marriage

2/17- Kwame Vanderhorst

2/24- Pastor Coly A. Matlock,Sr.


There are 4 children ages 1, 2, 10, & 11, in need of clothing, such as, shoes, coats, hats, scarves, socks, tights, and thermal underwear. Please contact Danette Braxton at this daytime number, (215-567-7955), for more details on specifics. God Bless you all!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Click below to submit a prayer request.


Please be aware that all meetings being held in the church or on zoom, must be scheduled with the Administrative Assistant. Thank you!!


Please support the efforts for Haiti, Florida, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Texas, US Virgin Islands in the aftermath of several Hurricane destructions. To donate, go online to or call 1-800-424-adra(2372),


We cannot flourish without the church members of MT Olivet. We would like your contributions so that we can continue to eat healthier.

We'd like to thank all who supported ACS over the past year. We look forward to your continued support of this ministry throughout 2018 and beyond.

First Sabbath Fellowship Lunch And Family Prayer

There will be a lunch sponsored by the Relationship Ministries every 1st Sabbath. Please contact Sister Joyce Scott @ 856-236-4501. We will also be choosing 2 families to pray for by going from front to back of the church directory.


The new class will be on March 4th @ 10am in the Fellowship Hall.


Will be meeting every other Wednesday@ 10am. Next meeting will be February 21, 2018 in the Annex.

Jesus 101 Bible Class

The new class will start on Sabbath, February 24th @ 3:00pm. " The Greastest Love Story Ever Told". We will be looking at Jesus from a close more intimate perspective.


1st and 3rd Sabbath

3:00-4:30 pm: All youth

4:30-5:30pm: Youth under 10 years old

2nd and 4th Sabbath

3:00-4:30 pm: Youth above 10 years old

4:30-5:30 pm: Youth under10 years old

MEETING PLACE: Choir Room or Fellowship Hall

TEACHER: Sharanah Ridore

2018 Devotionals


Please contact one of the following people: Reginald Alexander: (206)370-0479, Jean Good: (732)648-7890. Robert Moses: (410)419-2855. to place your order for the 2017 Devotionals. We can get a reduced rate for the cost of the books when we order in bulk. They are also available in French and Spanish.




Realationship Ministry join us for First Friday's "Focus on the Family" next time will be Friday, March 2,2018 from 8:00pm-8:45pm. Call (302)202-1110 pin # is 814478.

Register today!

Invite your non-Christian family and friends to register as well!

AEC Master Guide

It's official!!! MOSDAC will host the 1st AEC-Master Guide Class for the Bay Aera this fall. Anyone interested in completing the Master Guide Ministry Certification can contact Sharon Howard.( Please leave your complete contact imformation. You will receive the complete application process via USPS mail. Thank You










DATE: JULY 22-27, 2018



WHEN: SEPTEMBER 10-14, 2018




FOR MORE INFORMATION: CONTACT Dr. Fern Bliss-Morgan @ (856) 963-2623 and Patricia Rodgers @ (856) 541-5989


In brief, she was a woman of remarkable spiritual gifts who lived most of her life during the nineteenth century (1827-1915), yet through her writings she is still making a revolutionary impact on millions of people around the world. During her lifetime she wrote more than 5,000 periodical articles and 40 books; but today, including compilations from her 50,000 pages of manuscript, more than 100 titles are available in English. She is the most translated woman writer in the entire history of literature, and the most translated American author of either gender. Her writings cover a broad range of subjects, including religion, education, social relationships, evangelism, prophecy, publishing, nutrition, and management. Her life-changing masterpiece on successful Christian living, Steps to Christ, has been published in more than 140 languages. Seventh-day Adventists believe that Mrs. White was more than a gifted writer; they believe she was appointed by God as a special messenger to draw the world's attention to the Holy Scriptures and help prepare people for Christ's second advent. From the time she was 17 years old until she died 70 years later, God gave her approximately 2,000 visions and dreams. The visions varied in length from less than a minute to nearly four hours. The knowledge and counsel received through these revelations she wrote out to be shared with others. Thus her special writings are accepted by Seventh-day Adventists as inspired, and their exceptional quality is recognized even by casual readers. As stated in Seventh-day Adventists Believe . . . , “The writings of Ellen White are not a substitute for Scripture. They cannot be placed on the same level. The Holy Scriptures stand alone, the unique standard by which her and all other writings must be judged and to which they must be subject” (Seventh-day Adventists Believe . . . , Ministerial Association, General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists, Washington D.C., 1988, p. 227). Yet, as Ellen White herself noted, “The fact that God has revealed His will to men through His Word, has not rendered needless the continued presence and guiding of the Holy Spirit. On the contrary, the Spirit was promised by our Saviour to open the Word to His servants, to illuminate and apply its teachings” (The Great Controversy, p. vii). The following is a more detailed account of the life and work of this remarkable woman who, meeting all the tests of a true prophet as set forth in the Holy Scriptures, helped found the Seventh-day Adventist church. -Ellen White: A Brief Biography.

Ellen G. White Estate[edit] Main article: Ellen G. White Estate

The Ellen G. White Estate, Inc., was formed as a result of White's will.[43] It consists of a self-perpetuating board and a staff which includes a secretary (now known as the director), several associates, and a support staff. The main headquarters is at the Seventh-day Adventist General Conference headquarters in Silver Spring, Maryland. Branch Offices are located at Andrews University, Loma Linda University, and Oakwood University. There are 15 additional research centers located throughout the 13 remaining divisions of the world church. The mission of the White Estate is to circulate Ellen White's writings, translate them, and provide resources for helping to better understand her life and ministry. At the Toronto General Conference Session (2000) the world church expanded the mission of the White Estate to include a responsibility for promoting Adventist history for the entire denomination.

Adventist historic sites[edit]

Several of White's homes are historic sites. The first home that she and her husband owned is now part of the Historic Adventist Village in Battle Creek, Michigan.[44] Her other homes are privately owned with the exception of her home in Cooranbong, Australia, which she named "Sunnyside," and her last home in Saint Helena, California, which she named "Elmshaven".[45] These latter two homes are owned by the Seventh-day Adventist Church and the "Elmshaven" home is also a National Historic Landmark.

Avondale College[edit]

White inspired and guided the foundation of Avondale College,[46] Cooranbong, leaving an educational legacy from her time in Australia. Avondale College is the main Seventh-day Adventist tertiary institution in the South-Pacific Division.

Health Ministries

Those who want to participate in the Medical Missionary training, please sign up to ensure you’re accounted for.


February is Gallbladder and Bile Duct Cancer Awareness Month.

Gallbladder cancer and bile duct cancer are relatively rare forms ofcancer. The gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ in the abdomen, below the liver. ... In addition, gallbladder cancer symptoms include nausea and vomiting, bloating, and lumps in the abdomen.

Gallbladder cancer

Cancer of the gallbladder is a relatively rare disease. There are different types of gallbladder cancers. They can be difficult to treat because they’re not often diagnosed until late in the disease’s progression. Gallstones are a common risk factor for gallbladder cancer.

Gallbladder cancer can spread from the inner walls of the gallbladder to the outer layers and then on to the liver, lymph nodes, and other organs. The symptoms of gallbladder cancer may be similar to those of acute cholecystitis, but there may also be no symptoms at all.

The Gallbladder & Bile Ducts

The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ located just underneath the liver. The gallbladder stores and concentrates bile, a fluid made by the liver that helps digest fats in the small intestine. The gallbladder contracts during digestion, releasing bile into the small intestine.

Bile ducts within the liver join together to form one main bile duct, located immediately outside the liver, which carries bile to the small intestine. This main bile duct is called the common hepatic duct. The cystic duct joins the gallbladder to the common hepatic duct, and the combined duct is called the common bile duct.

Types of Gallbladder and Bile Duct Cancer

Most primary gallbladder and bile duct cancers are adenocarcinomas, growths that begin in the mucus glands that line the insides of the gallbladder and bile ducts.

Bile duct tumors are known as cholangiocarcinoma. These tumors can occur in the main bile duct outside the liver (extrahepatic) or within the liver (intrahepatic):

Risk Factors for Gallbladder Cancer

Gallbladder cancer typically strikes older people (aged 70 and above). It is more common among Mexican Americans, southwestern Native Americans, and people from certain South American countries, particularly Chile.

  • Gallstones and Inflammation
    Gallstones — hard, rocklike formations made of cholesterol and other substances in the gallbladder —are the biggest risk factor for gallbladder cancer. Up to 90 percent of people diagnosed with gallbladder cancer also have gallstones and chronic inflammation of the gallbladder. These conditions are more common in women, who are twice as likely as men to develop gallbladder cancer. People with larger gallstones (3 centimeters) are ten times more likely to develop gallbladder cancer than those with small stones (1 centimeter). However, gallstones are very common, and most people with gallstones never develop gallbladder or bile duct cancer.

Other risk factors for gallbladder cancer include:

  • Porcelain Gallbladder
    This is a condition in which the gallbladder becomes covered in calcium deposits, resembling porcelain ceramic. Porcelain gallbladder can occur when the gallbladder becomes inflamed.
  • Typhoid
    People who are chronically, or persistently, infected with salmonella (the bacterium that causes typhoid) are six times more likely to develop gallbladder cancer than those who are not infected.
  • Obesity
    Many patients with gallbladder cancer are overweight or obese, and have a high-carbohydrate or low-fiber diet.
  • Family History
    Gallbladder cancer sometimes runs in families.
  • Gallbladder Polyps
    Gallbladder polyps are growths that protrude from the gallbladder’s mucous membrane. These polyps are usually symptomless. Some polyps are precancerous and can progress to cancer. Polyps that are 1 centimeter or larger, appear to be growing, or have a broad base should be removed to prevent cancer.

Risk Factors for Bile Duct Cancer

Like gallstones, smaller stones that form in the bile ducts can lead to chronic inflammation and increase the risk of developing bile duct cancer. Other inflammatory conditions can increase the risk of developing bile duct cancer:

  • Ulcerative Colitis
    Ulcerative colitis is an inflammation of the large intestine that is often associated with inflammation of the bile duct (a condition known as sclerosing cholangitis). Ulcerative colitis can progress to cancer, particularly in people exposed to other carcinogens such as cigarette smoke.
  • Biliary Parasites
    Although rarely seen in the United States, food- or water-borne parasites that reside in the bile ducts are common in Asia and raise the risk of developing bile duct cancer.
  • Congenital Bile Duct Cysts (Choledochal Cysts)
    These bile-filled sacs are connected to the common bile duct. Congenital bile duct cysts are typically diagnosed in childhood. The lining of these sacs often contains precancerous cells that increase the risk of developing cancer later in life.
  • Chronic Hepatitis C
    This inflammatory disease — the most common risk factor for liver cancer —also is considered a risk factor for cancer of the intrahepatic bile ducts. (For more information about hepatitis, visit the Risk Factors section of the Primary Liver Cancer overview.)
  • Smoking
    A recent study suggests that intrahepatic bile duct cancer is more common among heavy smokers.
  • Diabetes
    This condition appears to be an increasingly important risk factor for intrahepatic bile duct cancer.


Gallbladder and bile duct cancer cause few symptoms until they reach an advanced stage and have spread to other organs and tissues.

Jaundice (a condition in which the skin and the whites of the eyes become yellow, urine darkens, and the color of stool becomes lighter than normal) and itchy skin (which can occur when a tumor blocks the bile duct) often are the first signs of bile duct cancer.

Other symptoms may include:

  • general feeling of poor health or weakness
  • loss of appetite
  • weight loss
  • fever
  • fatigue
  • bloating
  • swelling of the legs




Foods that aggravate your gallbladder

Avoid the following foods for a healthy gallbladder diet:

  • vegetable oil
  • peanut oil
  • refined, white foods (breads, pastas, etc.)
  • foods high in fat
  • processed foods

You should avoid certain foods to help protect your gallbladder. The biggest problem foods are high-fat and processed foods. Foods that are greasy or fried in oils like vegetable oil and peanut oil are more difficult to break down and can cause gallbladder problems.

Foods with trans fats, like those in processed or commercially baked products, can also hurt gallbladder health.

Avoiding refined white foods, like white pastas, breads, and sugars, can protect your gallbladder. You should also avoid alcohol and tobacco.



G-BOMBS is an acronym/mnemonic device that Dr. Fuhrman uses to help us remember the foods that we need to make sure to eat every single day. If you eat all of these and nothing else, you will be eating a perfect Nutritarian diet.

  • G = Greens (any type of lettuce, higher nutrient density the better, kale, watercress, etc)
  • B = Beans and Legumes (any type at all, no salt variety if canned, or homemade is best, 1/2-1 cup per day)
  • O = Onions (a great anti-cancer fighting food, unlimited)
  • M = Mushrooms (another great anti-cancer fighting food, raw and cooked, unlimited)
  • B = Berries (any types of berries, unlimited)
  • S = Seeds and Nuts (any type of raw nuts or seeds, in moderation, 1 oz per day)

You can also have an unlimited amount of any other type of vegetable, unless it’s a starch like potatoes, which should be limited to 1 serving per day.

Grains are allowed on a very limited basis, 1 serving per day or less. None during the first 6 weeks, if possible, to get your body acclimated to the massive amounts of nutrients you’ll be getting from the vegetables.



G-BOMBS” is an acronym that you can use to remember the best anti-cancer, health-promoting foods on the planet. These are the foods that you should eat every day, making up a significant proportion of your diet. They are extremely effective at preventing chronic disease, including cancer and promoting health and longevity.

G – Greens

  • Raw leafy greens contain only about 100 calories per pound, and are packed with nutrients. Leafy greens contain substances that protect blood vessels, and are associated with reduced risk of diabetes 1-3
  • Greens are an excellent tool for weight loss as they can be consumed in virtually unlimited quantities.
  • Leafy greens are also the most nutrient-dense of all foods, but, unfortunately are only consumed in minuscule amounts in a typical American diet. We should follow the example of our closest living relatives—chimpanzees and gorillas—who consume tens of pounds of green leaves every day.
  • The majority of calories in green vegetables, including leafy greens, come from protein, and this plant protein is packaged with beneficial phytochemicals. Green vegetables are also rich in folate (the natural form of folic acid), calcium, and contain small amounts of omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Leafy greens are also rich in antioxidant pigments called carotenoids, specifically lutein and zeaxanthin, which are the carotenoids known to promote healthy vision.4 Also, several leafy greens (such as kale) and other green vegetables (such as bok choy, broccoli, and brussel sprouts) belong to the cruciferous family of vegetables.
  • All vegetables contain protective micronutrients and phytochemicals, but cruciferous vegetables have a unique chemical composition—they contain glucosinolates, and when their cell walls are broken by blending, chopping or chewing, a chemical reaction converts glucosinolates to isothiocyanates (ITCs)—compounds with a variety of potent anti-cancer effects.
  • Because different ITCs can work in different locations in the cell and on different molecules, they can have combined additive effects, working synergistically to remove carcinogens, reduce inflammation, neutralize oxidative stress, inhibit angiogenesis (the process by which tumors acquire a blood supply), and kill cancer cells.5

B – Beans

  • Beans (and other legumes as well) are a powerhouse of superior nutrition, and the most nutrient-dense carbohydrate source.
  • Beans act as an anti-diabetes and weight-loss food because they are digested slowly, having a stabilizing effect on blood sugar, which promotes satiety and helps to prevent food cravings. Plus they contain soluble fiber, which lowers cholesterol levels.6
  • Beans are unique foods because of their very high levels of fiber and resistant starch, carbohydrates that are not broken down by digestive enzymes. Fiber and resistant starch not only reduce the total number of calories absorbed from beans, but are also fermented by intestinal bacteria into fatty acids that help to prevent colon cancer.7
  • Eating beans, peas or lentils at least twice a week has been found to decrease colon cancer risk by 50%.8 Legume intake also provides significant protection against oral, larynx, pharynx, stomach, and kidney cancers.9

O– Onions

  • Onions, along with leeks, garlic, chives, shallots, and scallions, make up the Allium family of vegetables, which have beneficial effects on the cardiovascular and immune systems, as well as anti-diabetic and anti-cancer effects.
  • Allium vegetables are known for their characteristic organosulfur compounds, similar to the ITCs in cruciferous vegetables, organosulfur compounds are released when onions are chopped, crushed or chewed.
  • Epidemiological studies have found that increased consumption of Allium vegetables is associated with lower risk of gastric and prostate cancers. These compounds prevent the development of cancers by detoxifying carcinogens, halting cancer cell growth, and blocking angiogenesis.10
  • Onions also contain high concentrations of health-promoting flavonoid antioxidants, predominantly quercetin, and red onions also contain at least 25 different anthocyanins.11-12 Quercetin slows tumor development, suppresses growth and proliferation and induces cell death in colon cancer cells.13-15 Flavonoids also have anti-inflammatory effects that may contribute to cancer prevention.16

M – Mushrooms

  • Consuming mushrooms regularly is associated with decreased risk of breast, stomach, and colorectal cancers.
  • In one recent Chinese study, women who ate at least 10 grams of fresh mushrooms each day (about one mushroom per day) had a 64% decreased risk of breast cancer. Even more dramatic protection was gained by women who ate 10 grams of mushrooms and drank green tea daily—an 89% decrease in risk for premenopausal women, and 82% for postmenopausal women, respectively.17-20
  • White, cremini, Portobello, oyster, shiitake, maitake, and reishi mushrooms all have anti-cancer properties—some are anti-inflammatory, stimulate the immune system, prevent DNA damage, slow cancer cell growth, cause programmed cancer cell death, and inhibit angiogenesis.
  • In addition to these properties, mushrooms are unique in that they contain aromatase inhibitors—compounds that can block the production of estrogen. These compounds are thought to be largely responsible for the preventive effects of mushrooms against breast cancer. In fact, there are aromatase-inhibiting drugs on the market that are used to treat breast cancer.
  • Regular consumption of dietary aromatase inhibitors is an excellent strategy for prevention, and it turns out that even the most commonly eaten mushrooms (white, cremini, and Portobello) have a high anti-aromatase activity.21 Keep in mind that mushrooms should only be eaten cooked: several raw culinary mushrooms contain a potentially carcinogenic substance called agaritine, and cooking mushrooms significantly reduces their agaritine content.22-23

B – Berries

  • Blueberries, strawberries, and blackberries are true super foods.
  • Naturally sweet and juicy, berries are low in sugar and high in nutrients – they are among the best foods you can eat. Their vibrant colors mean that they are full of antioxidants, including flavonoids and antioxidant vitamins—berries are some of the highest antioxidant foods in existence.
  • Berries’ plentiful antioxidant content confers both cardio-protective and anti-cancer effects, such as reducing blood pressure, reducing inflammation, preventing DNA damage, inhibiting tumor angiogenesis, and stimulating of the body’s own antioxidant enzymes. Berry consumption has been linked to reduced risk of diabetes, cancers and cognitive decline.24-29
  • Berries are an excellent food for the brain—berry consumption improves both motor coordination and memory.30-31

S – Seeds

  • Seeds and nuts contain healthy fats and are rich in a spectrum of micronutrients, including phytosterols, minerals, and antioxidants.
  • Countless studies have demonstrated the cardiovascular benefits of nuts. In addition, nuts in the diet aids in weight maintenance and diabetes prevention.32-35 The nutritional profiles of seeds are similar to nuts when it comes to healthy fats, minerals, and antioxidants, but seeds are also abundant in trace minerals, higher in protein than nuts, and each kind of seed is nutritionally unique.
  • Flax, chia, and hemp seeds are extremely rich sources of omega-3 fats. In addition to the omega-3s, flaxseeds are rich in fiber and lignans.
  • Flaxseed consumption protects against heart disease by a number of different mechanisms, and lignans, which are present in both flaxseeds and sesame seeds, have anti-cancer effects.36-38
  • Sunflower seeds are especially rich in protein and minerals. Pumpkin seeds are rich in iron and calcium and are a good source of zinc.
  • Sesame seeds have the greatest amount of calcium of any food in the world, and provide abundant amounts of vitamin E. Also, black sesame seeds are extremely rich in antioxidants.39
  • The healthy fats in seeds and nuts also aid in the absorption of nutrients when eaten with vegetables.

You can learn more about the health benefits of G-BOMBS in my New York Times best-selling book Super Immunity, which discusses how to naturally strengthen the immune system against everything from the common cold to cancer.




Fresh or frozen, peaches pack loads of compounds that help block the growth of suspicious breast cells, reveals Texas A&M University research. No wonder eating just three cups of peaches weekly cuts breast cancer risk 33%! Eggplant, plums, and blueberries are also rich in these protective plant acids.


Eating a cup a day of leafy greens, such as romaine lettuce, spinach, kale, watercress and endive slashes ovarian cancer risk as much as 50%, reports the British Journal of Cancer. The pigments that give those foods their color are also anti-oxidants that help keep ovarian cells normal, explains study coauthor Sue Larsson, Ph.D.


Enjoying half a pink grapefruit daily could cut your odds of both CERVICAL and ENDOMETRIAL CANCERS 25%! In the journal Food and Chemical Toxicology reveals that pink grapefruit is rich in two cancer-fighting nutrients (NARINGIN and LYCOPENE), which prod precancerous cells to self destruct. TOMATOES are another good source of these protective nutrients.


Snacking on a handful of cashews, almonds, pecans or walnuts daily can lower your risk of colon cancer 42%--even if you have a history of the disease! The reason? The healthy minerals and fats in tree nuts help heal damaged intestinal cells, which is a key to keeping them cancer-free.


Simply eating an apple a day slashes your risk of lung cancer a whopping 60%, European research shows. The credit goes to FLAVONOIDS, a type of antioxidant in apples, which rein in lung-damaging inflammation!

BONUS: That same apple helps shield you from lung-related winter ills, such as colds, bronchitis, and even pneumonia!


NFCR-sponsored researchers have been investigating the links between nutrition and cancer prevention for decades. The latest research from Dr. Helmut Sies focuses specifically on the role of selenium, a nutrient that may play a critical role in reducing the risk of certain cancers. So what can we eat to add selenium to our diets? Brazil nuts.

Brazil nuts contain the richest source of natural selenium. They also make a great pesto. Add a dollop to some roasted broccoli, whole-grain pasta or salmon and voila! You now have a delicious, nutritious, cancer-fighting meal for dinner tonight. Try it…. And let us know what you think. Post your comments below.

Brazil-Nut Pesto


1/2 cup coarsely chopped flat-leaf parsley
1/4 cup Brazil nuts, coarsely chopped
2 Tbsp water
1 Tbsp chopped tarragon
1 large garlic clove, chopped
1/2 tsp finely grated lemon zest
5 Tbsp extra-virgin olive oil
3 Tbsp freshly grated Parmesan cheese
Salt and freshly ground pepper


In a mini food processor, combine the parsley with the Brazil nuts, water, tarragon, garlic and lemon zest and pulse to a coarse paste. Add 3 tablespoons of the olive oil and the Parmesan and process to a slightly smooth paste. Season with salt and pepper.


This pesto can be refrigerated overnight. Bring to room temperature before using.



Adam Clayton Powell Jr.

Adam Clayton Powell Jr. (November 29, 1908 – April 4, 1972)[1] was a Baptist pastor and an American politician, who represented Harlem, New York City, in the United States House of Representatives (1945–71). He was the first person of African-American descent to be elected from New York to Congress.[2] Oscar Stanton De Priest of Illinois was the first black person to be elected to Congress in the 20th century; Powell was the fourth.

Re-elected for nearly three decades, Powell became a powerful national politician of the Democratic Party, and served as a national spokesman on civil rights and social issues. He also urged United States presidents to support emerging nations in Africa and Asia as they gained independence after colonialism.

In 1961, after 16 years in the House, Powell became chairman of the Education and Labor Committee, the most powerful position held by an African American in Congress. As Chairman, he supported the passage of important social and civil rights legislation under presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. Following allegations of corruption, in 1967 Powell was excluded from his seat by Democratic Representatives-elect of the 90th Congress, but he was re-elected and regained the seat in the 1969 United States Supreme Court ruling in Powell v. McCormack. He lost his seat in 1970 to Charles Rangel and retired from electoral politics.

Global work[edit]

Powell also paid attention to the issues of developing nations in Africa and Asia, making trips overseas. He urged presidential policymakers to pay attention to nations seeking independence from colonial powers and support aid to them. During the Cold War, many of them sought neutrality between the United States and the Soviet Union. He made speeches on the House Floor to celebrate the anniversaries of the independence of nations such as Ghana, Indonesia, and Sierra Leone.[23]

In 1955, against the State Department's advice, Powell attended the Asian–African Conference as an observer. He made a positive international impression in public addresses that balanced his concerns of his nation's race relations problems with a spirited defense of the United States as a whole against Communist criticisms. Powell returned to the United States to a warm bipartisan reception for his performance, and he was invited to meet with President Dwight Eisenhower.[citation needed]

With this influence, Powell suggested to the State Department that the current manner of competing with the Soviet Union in the realm of fine arts such as international symphony orchestra and ballet company tours was ineffective. Instead, he advised that the United States should focus on the popular arts, such as sponsoring international tours of famous jazz musicians, which could draw attention to an indigenous American art form and featured musicians who often performed in mixed race bands. The State Department approved the idea. The first such tour with Dizzy Gillespie proved to be an outstanding success abroad and prompted similarly popular tours featuring other musicians for years.

Committee chairmanship and legislation[edit]

In 1961, after 15 years in Congress, Powell advanced to chairman of the powerful House Education and Labor Committee. In this position, he presided over federal social programs for minimum wage and Medicaid (established later under Johnson); he expanded the minimum wage to include retail workers; and worked for equal pay for women; he supported education and training for the deaf, nursing education, and vocational training; he led legislation for standards for wages and work hours; as well as for aid for elementary and secondary education, and school libraries.[23] Powell's committee proved extremely effective in enacting major parts of President Kennedy's "New Frontier" and President Johnson's "Great Society" social programs and the War on Poverty. It successfully reported to Congress "49 pieces of bedrock legislation", as President Johnson put it in an May 18, 1966, letter congratulating Powell on the fifth anniversary of his chairmanship.[29]

Powell was instrumental in passing legislation that made lynching a federal crime, as well as bills that desegregated public schools. He challenged the Southern practice of charging Blacks a poll tax to vote. Poll taxes for federal elections were prohibited by the 24th Amendment, passed in 1964.[30] Voter registration and electoral practices were not changed substantially in most of the South until after passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which provided federal oversight of voter registration and elections, and enforcement of the constitutional right to vote. In some areas where discrimination was severe, such as Mississippi, it took years for African Americans to register and vote in numbers related to their proportion in the population, but they have since maintained a high rate of registration and voting.

Political controversy[edit]

By the mid-1960s, Powell was increasingly being criticized for mismanaging his committee's budget, taking trips abroad at public expense, and missing meetings of his committee.[2] When under scrutiny by the press and other members of Congress for personal conduct—he had taken two young women at government expense with him on overseas travel—he responded:

I wish to state very emphatically... that I will always do just what every other Congressman and committee chairman has done and is doing and will do."[24]

Opponents led criticism in his District, where his refusal to pay a 1963 slander judgment made him subject to arrest; he also spent increasing amounts of time in Florida.[2]

In January 1967, the House Democratic Caucus stripped Powell of his committee chairmanship. The full House refused to seat him until completion of an investigation by the Judiciary Committee. Powell urged his supporters to "keep the faith, baby," while the investigation was under way. On March 1, the House voted 307 to 116 to exclude him. Powell said, "On this day, the day of March in my opinion, is the end of the United States of America as the land of the free and the home of the brave."[32]

Powell won the Special Election to fill the vacancy caused by his exclusion, but he did not take his seat, as he was filing a separate suit. He sued in Powell v. McCormack to retain his seat. In November 1968, Powell was re-elected. On January 3, 1969, he was seated as a member of the 91st Congress, but he was fined $25,000 and denied seniority.[33] In June 1969, in Powell v. McCormack, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the House had acted unconstitutionally when it excluded Powell, as he had been duly elected by his constituents.[34]

Powell's increasing absenteeism was noted by constituents, which contributed, in June 1970, to his defeat in the Democratic primary for reelection to his seat (by Charles B. Rangel).[2] Powell failed to garner enough signatures to get on the November ballot as an Independent, and Rangel won that (and following) general elections.[2] In the fall of 1970, Powell moved to his retreat on Bimini in the Bahamas, also resigning as minister at the Abyssinian Baptist Church.


William Still (1821 - 1902) was a prominent abolitionist and coined the term Underground Railroad. Still was also one of the chief conductors of the Underground Railroad in Pennsylvania.

Throughout his life, Still fought not only to abolish slavery, but also to provide African-Americans in northern enclaves with civil rights. Still's work with runaways is documented in his seminal text, "Underground Railroad." Still believed that "Underground Railroad" could "encourage the race in efforts of self-elevation."

Early Life

Still was born in Burlington County, NJ to Levin and Charity Still. Although his birth date is given on October 7, 1821, Still provided the date of November 1819 on the 1900 Census. Still's parents were both former slaves. His father, Levin Still, purchased his own freedom. His mother, Charity, escaped from enslavement twice. The first time Charity Still escaped she brought along her four oldest children. However, she and her children were recaptured and returned to slavery. The second time Charity Still ran away, she returned with two daughters. Her sons, however, were sold to slave owners in Mississippi.

Throughout Still's childhood, he worked with his family on their farm and also found work as a woodcutter. Although Still received very little formal education, he did learn to read and write. Still's literacy skills that would help him become a prominent abolitionist and advocate for freed African-Americans.


In 1844, Still relocated in Philadelphia where he worked as a clerk for the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society. While working for the Society, Still became an active member of the organization and served as chairman of a committee to help runaways once they reached Philadelphia.

From 1844 to 1865, Still assisted at least 60 enslaved African-Americans escape bondage every month.

As a result Still became known as the "Father of the Underground Railroad." Still interviewed enslaved African-Americans seeking freedom by documenting where they came from, their final destination as a well as their pseudonym.

During one of his interviews, Still realized that he was questioning his older brother, Peter, who had been sold to another slaveholder once their mother escaped. Still documented the lives of more than 1000 former enslaved people and kept this information hidden until slavery was abolished in 1865.

With the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act in 1850, Still was elected chairman of a vigilance committee organized in response to the legislation.

After 1865

Following the abolition of slavery, Still published the interviews he conducted in a book entitled, "Underground Railroad." Of his book, Still said, "we very much need works on various topics from the pens of colored men to represent the race intellectually." To that end, the publication of Underground Railroad was important to the body of literature published by African-Americans documenting their history as abolitionists and former slaves.

Still's book was published in three editions and went on to become the most circulated text on the Underground Railroad.

In 1876, Still placed the book on exhibit at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition to remind visitors of the legacy of slavery in the United States.

African-American Civic Leader

In addition to Still's work as an abolitionist, he was a prominent leader of the African-American community. In 1855, Still traveled to Canada to observe enclaves of former enslaved African-Americans.

By 1859, Still began the fight to desegregate Philadelphia's public transportation system by publishing a letter in a local newspaper. Although Still was supported by many in this endeavor, some members of the African-American community were less interested in gaining civil rights. As a result, Still published a pamphlet entitled, "A Brief Narrative of the Struggle for the Rights of the Colored People of Philadelphia in the City Railway Cars" in 1867.

After eight years of lobbying, the Pennsylvania legislature passed a law ending segregation of public transportation.

Still was also an organizer of a YMCA for African-American youngsters; an active participant in the Freedmen's Aid Commission; a founding member of the Berean Presbyterian Church; and helped establish a Mission School in North Philadelphia.

Marriage and Family

Early in Still's career as an abolitionist and civil rights activist, he met and married Letitia George. Following their marriage in 1847, the couple had four children, Caroline Matilda Still, one of the first African-American female doctors in the United States; William Wilberforce Still, a prominent African-American lawyer in Philadelphia; Robert George Still, a journalist and print shop owner; and Frances Ellen Still, an educator who was named after the poet, Frances Watkins Harper.


During his career as an abolitionist and civil rights activist, Still acquired considerable personal wealth. Still began purchasing real estate throughout Philadelphia as a young man. Later he ran a coal business and established a store selling used and new stoves.


Still died in 1902 of heart trouble. In Still's obituary, The New York Times wrote that he was "one of the best-educated members of his race, who was known throughout the country as the 'Father of the Underground Railroad.'"


Charles Richard Drew (June 3, 1904 – April 1, 1950) was an American physician, surgeon, and medical researcher. He researched in the field of blood transfusions, developing improved techniques for blood storage, and applied his expert knowledge to developing large-scale blood banks early in World War II.

Charles R Drew is important because he created the first Blood Bank early in World War ll.

He did not invent anything, but Charles Drew was an American surgeon that pioneered the field of blood storage and transfusions.

Dr. Charles Richard Drew died after sustaining injuries in a car accident. He died on April 1, 1950 in Tuskegee, Alabama

    • From ancient Kemet to the contemporary United States, people of the African Diaspora have been responsible for some of the world’s most innovative and useful creations. Although we are familiar with the inventions of Madam C.J. Walker and George Washington Carver, there are a myriad of inventions that are unbeknownst to many. The following is a list of the top ten most widely unknown black inventors and their inventions. This was a difficult attempt as many of our inventions have been claimed by Europeans and white Americans. But what is most challenging is that because of the sheer number of inventions, a list of just ten was an arduous task. Because we created things then and are creating things now, it is important to highlight our global contributions during Black History Month as inspiration for our presen and our future.

      1. Benjamin Banneker—almanac

      Born to freed slaves in 1731, Banneker became an astronomer, author, inventor, mathematician, and surveyor. He invented some of the most effective clocks of his time, planned out the city of Washington, D.C., and published six almanacs that each included political and social commentary, particularly advocating for the rights of slaves and free blacks.

      1. Patricia Bath—laser surgical device

      Bath is a contemporary inventor and ophthalmologist from Harlem, New York. She is the first black female doctor to receive a medical patent. In 1986, she invented the Laserphaco Probe, which has revolutionized the treatment of cataracts.

      1. Charles Drew—blood bank

      Drew was born in Washington, D.C. in 1904. As a surgeon, researcher, and inventor, he invented the modern blood banks. Since World War II, his invention has gone on to save thousands of lives.

      1. Thomas Elkins—modern toilet

      In addition to other inventions, Elkins created the chamber commode in 1872. It included a mirror, washstand, mirror, and more.

      1. Philip Emeagwali—world’s fastest computer

      Emeagwali was born in Nigeria in 1954. Although he came of age during a brutal civil war, he earned many advanced degrees including a Ph.D. in scientific computing. In 1989, he created the world’s fastest computer.

      1. Frederick Jones—refrigeration machine

      Jones was a self-taught engineer with a number of important inventions. His most notable invention was a refrigeration machine used to transport blood, food, and medicine during World War II.

      1. Lewis Latimer—light bulb

      Born in 1848 to runaway slaves, Latimer became an inventor and engineer. In addition to his invention of one of the earliest air conditioning units, he assisted in the development of some of the world’s most important inventions, including the light bulb and the telephone.

      1. Alexander Miles—improved elevator

      Known as “the wealthiest colored man in the Northwest,” Miles created an automatic device to open and close elevator doors. Because of his invention, we are able to enjoy this modern luxury.

      1. Garrett Morgan—traffic light, gas mask

      Born in Kentucky in 1877, Morgan is the inventor of something many utilize everyday, the traffic signal. He created this after witnessing so many accidents on busy urban intersections. In addition to this, he created the gas mask which grew in popularity when it was used to aid workers after an underground explosion.

      10. Daniel Hale Williams—pioneer of open heart surgery

      Williams was born in Pennsylvania in 1856. He would go on to become a physician and surgeon. In 1891, he founded the first integrated hospital, and just two years later, he became the first person to successfully complete open-heart surgery.


Facts about the Harlem Hellfighters and African Americans in WW1

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 1: The "Harlem Hellfighters" was an all-black National Guard unit, the 369th Infantry, that was among the first American forces to arrive in Europe during World War I. The 369th Infantry was originally the 15th New York (Colored) Regiment.

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 2: The 369th regiment commenced basic training at Camp Whitman in July 1917 then reassigned to Spartanburg, South Carolina to complete their training. They were deployed to France and reached the Western Front in January 1918.

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 3: The "Harlem Hellfighters" received their nickname from the German enemy who referred to them as Hell Fighters - 70% of the 369th Infantry considered Harlem to be their home.

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 4: The 369th was under the command of mostly white officers including their commander, Colonel William Hayward. The 92d and 93d Divisions had some black officers, although white officers dominated the command structure.

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 5: The African Americans in WW1 served in racially segregated units and most were limited to serving in labor battalions - the Harlem Hellfighters were an exception.

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 6: General John J. Pershing assigned the 369th to the 16th Division of the French Army. The 369th were trained to use French weapons and they wore French helmets - the French helmet became the official patch of the unit.

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 7: The 369th bravely fought on the Western Front, the fighting zone in France and Flanders during WW1, notably in the Battle of Chateau-Thierry and the Battle of Belleau Wood during the Aisne-Marne Campaign (27 May - 5 June 1918)

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 8: The Hell Fighters served for more than 6 months on the front lines and suffered more than 1400 casualties

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 9: The Hell fighters" never lost a prisoner or gave up a foot of captured ground. Their motto was "God damn, let's go."

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 10: The Harlem Hellfighters spent 191 days in front line trenches, more than any other American unit. They were the first unit to cross the Rhine into Germany.

Facts about the Harlem Hellfighters and African Americans in WW1

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 11: Corporal Henry Johnson and Private Needham Roberts were famous Hell Fighter heroes. In May 1918 Johnson and Roberts were defending a lookout post on the Western Front when they were attacked by a German unit. Both were wounded but they refused to surrender. Corporal Henry Johnson and Private Needham Roberts were the first Americans awarded the Croix de Guerre.

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 12: Hell Fighter, James Reese Europe, was the first African-American officer to lead troops into battle during WW1 and survived a poison gas attack. He became the regimental jazz band leader and famously introduced jazz music to the French and British.

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 13: The regiment was relieved on December 12, 1918 from assignment to the French 161st Division, and returned to the New York Port of Embarkation.

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 14: The 369th was the first New York unit to return to America, and was the first unit to march up Fifth Avenue from the Washington Square Park Arch to their armory in Harlem marching to the music of their regimental jazz band leader, James Reese Europe.

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 15: The 369th was demobilized on February 28, 1919 at Camp Upton at Yaphank, New York, and returned to the New York Army National Guard.

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 16: The whole regiment was awarded the French military honor, the Croix de Guerre, and 171 of the officers and troops received individual citations for bravery, more than any other American unit in WW1.

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 17: African American soldiers were originally nicknamed "Buffalo Soldiers". The original Buffalo Soldiers were members of the U.S. 10th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army, and given the nickname by Native Americans. The nickname "Buffalo Soldiers" became synonymous with all of the African American regiments until the emergence of the Harlem Hell Fighters.

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 18: 400,000 African Americans were drafted under the 1917 Selective Draft Act but only 42,000 African American soldiers, including the Harlem Hellfighters, served overseas as combat troops.

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 19: The Harlem Hellfighters continue to serve the nation at home and abroad. They returned home in January 2005 from a year long deployment overseas where they provided logistical support for the United States and allied forces in Southern and Central Iraq.

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 20: Author Max Brooks, the son of actress Anne Bancroft and actor Mel Brooks, wrote a novel called 'The Harlem Hellfighters' which was published in 2014 containing a fictionalized account of the experiences of the African American 369th Infantry Regiment.

Harlem Hellfighters Fact 21: Sony Pictures has purchased the rights to create a movie version of the novel to be produced by Will Smith via his production company Overbrook Entertainment.


1. The word ‘slave’ originally came from the Slavonic population of Eastern Europe, who were often enslaved in the middle ages.

2. The average cost of a slave in America in 1850 was about $400 (about $12,000 in today’s money).

3. Slavery was abolished throughout the British Empire in 1833 but the Modern Slavery Act, outlawing human trafficking and forced labour, was only passed in 2015.

. In 1452, Pope Nicholas V issued a papal bull allowing the King of Portugal to enslave pagans.

5. When Britain abolished slavery, compensation was paid to 46,000 slave owners. The 800,000 freed slaves received nothing.

6. From 1526 to 1867, some 12.5 million slaves were shipped from Africa to the Americas with only about 10.7 million surviving the journey.

7. During the ancient Roman winter festival of Saturnalia, slaves and their owners swapped roles.

8. The words ‘slave’ and ‘slaves’ occur only once each in the King James Bible…

9. …though Shakespeare’s plays, written around the same time, mention them around 180 times.

10. Including forced labour and human trafficking there are around 30,000 slaves in the world today, which is more than at any time in history.


Growing up on Sapelo Island, Georgia, Cornelia Walker Bailey never thought of red peas as anything special. Sapelo, a barrier island about the size of Manhattan, has about 50 residents, primarily descendants of African slaves who settled here after slavery was outlawed. In Bailey's family, the tiny red legume, with its thin, firm shell; creamy interior; and sweet, buttery flavor was just another staple she and her family planted, harvested, and cooked.

This red pea, which originated in Africa and is the original ingredient in the region's quintessential rice-and-beans dish Hoppin' John, is just one of the many heritage crops from the African continent receiving new attention from farmers, chefs, scientists, and food historians. Growing numbers of researchers, many of them African-American, are bringing to light the uncredited ways slaves and their descendants have shaped how Americans eat.

Red peas are a tangible connection to her own African heritage, Bailey says, and one reason why she has started to grow the crop commercially. "Slave owners sent back and got seeds for what the slaves were used to eating, because they weren't used to the food here in America. That meant the slaves could plant for themselves," says Bailey, who has recruited other local farmers to plant the crop this spring. "We have a waiting list that's almost a yard long," she says, adding that they should have enough to go around, at least this year.

"We Eat This Back Home"

At the top of that list is Atlanta chef Linton Hopkins, who has concocted several ways to serve her peas at his acclaimed southern-upscale Restaurant Eugene, including in his version of Hoppin' John. But Bailey says her favorite way to eat the peas is in a traditional dish with stewed meat and okra, another plant that originated in Africa. "I had quite a few okra dishes when I went to West Africa. They had it in stews and stuff—very, very similar to what we eat here," she says. "The strange dishes they were serving us weren't strange to me, because I was going, 'Hey, we eat this back home.' "

"Okra is connected indelibly with the American South," says Harris. While gumbo, the flagship dish of New Orleans, is usually thickened with okra, the technique is actually an adaptation of soupikandia, a Senegalese soupy stew slave cooks prepared in plantation kitchens for both themselves and their owners. "Yet gumbo has become totemic," says Harris, "linked forever in the American mind, particularly with southern Louisiana."

Revealing Black Contributions

Her own mission is to make sure that the contribution of slaves to America's culinary traditions isn't forgotten. The primary challenge, Harris says, is reconstructing history when one group of people—in this case, white slave owners—did their best to subjugate Africans to the point where they were nearly left out entirely. "Black people have been in the room, but for so long they were so good at being invisible" that they were easy to leave out of the historical record, Harris says.

David Shields, a professor at the University of South Carolina in Columbia and an expert in early American literature and food revivals, points to Emeline Jones as an example.

Jones was a slave who started as a house servant and rose to the pinnacle of American culinary life with her extravagant multicourse meals. She earned admiration—and job offers—from Presidents Garfield, Arthur, and Cleveland, who sampled her fabulous meals of terrapin and canvasback duck, Lynnhaven oysters and crab salad, hominy cakes and fabulous confections, prepared when Jones worked as a cook at New York clubs in the late 1870s. Her story might have been lost if Shields had not dug through news articles and obituaries to re-create her life.

Researcher Alicia Cromwell says one major challenge is "studying the silences," a phrase coined by Harris, which forces researchers to engage in detective-style deductions to piece together a more complete view of history in the absence of primary documents like diaries and letters written by slaves.

When working on her master's thesis, Cromwell buried herself in documents—legislative records, tax rolls, newspaper clippings, and primary sources other scholars had reviewed hundreds, if not thousands of times before—and was able to discern that female Muslim Nigerian slaves, working as fruit sellers and market vendors on behalf of their owners, helped shape the overall economic structure of the American South with long-distance price fixing and aggressive sales techniques.

"I'm trying to teach my students, black and white, a different kind of history about slavery," says Cromwell, who is still researching the subject at the University of Georgia. "If we want to understand current relationships, then we need to go back to these very uncomfortable pasts and explore how Africans actually contributed to American culture."

Slave Farmers

Georgia chef and farmer Matthew Raiford is able to reconstruct his family's past through his farm, which has been in his family since 1874. He came to the North Carolina conference with a yellowed letter, a rare piece of history addressed from his great-grandmother to his grandmother, detailing how and where to plant corn, sweet potatoes, sugar cane, and watermelon. His great-great-great grandfather Jupiter Gilliard, the man who purchased the farm, was born a slave in 1812. "It's important to continue this conversation, about who brought what [to America] and why we eat what [we eat]," he says. "Those conversations need to happen so everyone has a voice at the table."

Bailey, back on Sapelo, agrees. "Everybody needs to keep in touch with their ancestors, and through food is one of the best ways to get close," she says. "They could have been gone 300 years ago, but to say my great-great-great-grandparents used to use this and cook this and plant this, that gives you a good feeling."

Celebrating the work of 3 great black chefs

February is Black History Month, and we are proud to pay tribute to the many African Americans who have struggled with adversity, while helping to build and grow a vibrant restaurant industry.

Here are three influential African Americans who altered the history of America’s restaurants:

Joseph Lee

Born in Boston in 1849, Lee, worked at a bakery prepping, cooking and serving food. He eventually ended up owning and operating two restaurants and a catering business in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Perhaps his greatest achievement was inventing a machine in 1895 that tore, crumbled and ground stale bread into breadcrumbs! The invention was the result of Lee’s dislike of wasting and throwing away bread. He used it to create various dishes, including croquettes, cake batter, and breading for fish and other fried foods.

After selling the rights to his invention to Royal Worcester Bread Crumb Co. of Boston, he developed a bread-making machine that mixed and kneaded dough so quickly and efficiently, it did the work of five or six people and more hygienically, too. It remains the basis for machines still used today.

Erine Royal

Royal owned and operated Royal’s Hearthside Restaurant in Rutland Vt. He began his career as a dishwasher and worked his way through culinary school.

In 1962, he and his wife, Willa, opened Royal’s Hearthside. He also was our first African-American board member and chairman of our human resources committee. Gerry Fernandez, CEO of the MultiCultural Foodservice & Hospitality Alliance, which became part of our association late last year, was a cook in Royal’s kitchen. He often called him “The Jackie Robinson of the foodservice industry.”

Royal established the Culinary Institute of America’s Willa and Ernie Royal Endowed Scholarship Fund for Minority Students. He died in 1994.

Edna Lewis

Known as the first African-American celebrity chef, Lewis was the doyenne of elegant Southern cooking. The daughter of an emancipated slave who helped start Freetown, Va., the small farming town where she was born, Lewis moved to Washington, D.C., and then New York City.

After working as a laundress, seamstress, newspaper columnist and political activist, Lewis and her friend, John Nicholson, opened Café Nicholson in 1949 in Manhattan. She died in 2006 at age 89.

    • Inoculation was introduced to America by a slave.
    • In celebration of February being Black History month we honor the true father of inoculation and wonder if you knew that vaccine that keeps disease away was brought to the Americas by a slave. Few details are known about the birth of Onesimus, but it is assumed he was born in Africa in the late seventeenth century before eventually landing in Boston. One of a thousand people of African descent living in the Massachusetts colony, Onesimus was a gift to the Puritan church minister Cotton Mather from his congregation in 1706.
    • Onesimus told Mather about the centuries old tradition of inoculation practiced in Africa. By extracting the material from an infected person and scratching it into the skin of an uninfected person, you could deliberately introduce smallpox to the healthy individual making them immune. Considered extremely dangerous at the time, Cotton Mather convinced Dr. Zabdiel Boylston to experiment with the procedure when a smallpox epidemic hit Boston in 1721 and over 240 people were inoculated. Opposed politically, religiously and medically in the United States and abroad, public reaction to the experiment put Mather and Boylston’s lives in danger despite records indicating that only 2% of patients requesting inoculation died compared to the 15% of people not inoculated who contracted smallpox.

      Onesimus’ traditional African practice was used to inoculate American soldiers during the Revolutionary War and introduced the concept of inoculation to the United States.

    • The earliest recorded protest against slavery was by the Quakers in 1688.

      Quakers, also known as “The Society of Friends,” have a long history of abolition. But it was four Pennsylvania Friends from Germantown who wrote the initial protest in the 17th century. They saw the slave trade as a grave injustice against their fellow man and used the Golden Rule to argue against such inhumane treatment; regardless of skin color, “we should do unto others as we would have done onto ourselves.” In their protest they stated, "Pray, what thing in the world can be done worse towards us, then if men should robb or steal us away, & sell us for slaves to strange Countries, separating housband from their wife and children….”

      Their protest against slavery and human trafficking was presented at a “Monthly Meeting at Dublin” in Philadelphia. The Dublin Monthly Meeting reviewed the protest but sent it to the Quarterly Meeting, feeling it to be too serious an issue for their own meeting to decide. The four Friends continued their efforts and presented at the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, but it wasn’t until 88 years later that the Society of Friends officially denounced slavery.

      Over the centuries, this rare document has been considered lost twice. Most recently it was rediscovered in 2005 and is now at Haverford College Special Collections.

    • Of the 12.5 million Africans shipped to the New World during the Transatlantic Slave Trade, fewer than 388,000 arrived in the United States.

      In the late 15th century, the advancement of seafaring technologies created a new Atlantic that would change the world forever. As ships began connecting West Africa with Europe and the Americas, new fortunes were sought and native populations were decimated. With the native labor force dwindling and demand for plantation and mining labor growing, the transatlantic slave trade began.

      The Transatlantic Slave Trade was underway from 1500-1866, shipping more than 12 million African slaves across the world. Of those slaves, only 10.7 million survived the dreaded Middle Passage. Over 400 years, the majority of slaves (4.9 million) found their way to Brazil where they suffered incredibly high mortality rates due to terrible working conditions. Brazil was also the last country to ban slavery in 1888.

      By the time the United States became involved in the slave trade, it had been underway for two hundred years. The majority of its 388,000 slaves arrived between 1700 and 1866, representing a much smaller percentage than most Americans realize.

    • The diverse history of Historically Black Colleges and Universities.

      While Jewish and African American communities have a tumultuous shared history when it comes to the pursuit of civil rights, there is a chapter that is often overlooked. In the 1930s when Jewish academics from Germany and Austria were dismissed from their teaching positions, many came to the United States looking for jobs. Due to the Depression, xenophobia and rising anti-Semitism, many found it difficult to find work, but more than 50 found positions at HBCUs in the segregated South.

      Originally established to educate freed slaves to read and write, the first of the Historically Black Colleges and Universities was Cheyney University in Pennsylvania, established in 1837. By the time Jewish professors arrived, the number of HBCUs had grown to 78. At a time when both Jews and African Americans were persecuted, Jewish professors in the Black colleges found the environment comfortable and accepting, often creating special programs to provide opportunities to engage Blacks and whites in meaningful conversation, often for the first time.

      In the years that followed, the interests of Jewish and African American communities increasingly diverged, but this once-shared experience of discrimination and interracial cooperation remains a key part of the Civil Rights Movement.


Onion Facts
Onion is a type of vegetable that belongs to the family Amaryllidaceae. This plant originates from central Asia, but it can be found around the world today. Cultivation of onion started 7000 years ago and resulted in creation of numerous varieties of onions that differ in size, shape, color and taste. Onion grows in temperate regions, on the sandy and well drained soils. Besides high nutritional value, onion beneficially affects human health.

Interesting Onion Facts: Onion can reach 1 to 4.5 inches in diameter. Heaviest onion ever recorded had 10 pounds and 14 ounces of weight. Onion develops root, bulb and green leaves. Bulb is edible part of the onion and it consists of tightly packed leaves. Outer leaves are dry and firm. They protect inner, moist and soft leaves. 6 to 8 months after planting, bulb ceases production of new leaves. Nutrients from the leaves descend to the bulb, which becomes ready for the harvest. Onion can be rounded, egg-like or torpedo-shaped. All types of onions are divided in three groups based on the color: yellow, red and white onions. Onion is rich source of vitamin C, manganese, potassium and phosphorus. It has low caloric value and high content of dietary fibers.

Onions can be consumed raw (in the form of salads), cooked or pickled. Cutting of onion is always associated with crying. Onion releases sulfur during the process of slicing which creates sulfuric acid in combination with moisture from the eyes. This acid induces painful sensation and eyes produce tears to eliminate it. Onion was worshiped in the ancient Egypt. These plants were inevitable part of burial rituals and tombs of most rulers are covered with pictures of onion. Egyptians believed that onion possesses magic powers and that it can ensure success in the afterlife. Onion was even used as currency along with parsley and garlic. Onion was used as diuretic, to improve digestion, and to ensure good health of heart, eyes, and joints in the 6th century BC in India.

Onion was used as strength-booster during the Olympic Games in Greece in the 1st century AD. Around 50 million tons of onions are produced each year. Average person consumes 13.7 pounds of onion annually. Onions are very popular in Libya where each person consumes 66.8 pounds of onion per year. Sliced onion can sooth insect bites and burns on the skin. When combined with crushed aspirin and little water, slices of onion can be also used in treatment of warts. Quercetin, phenols and flavonoids isolated from onion have anti-microbial and anti-cancer properties. They also show beneficial effects in treatment of cataract and cardiovascular diseases. Crushed onion can be used for polishing of silverware and other metal objects. Domesticated varieties of onion are cultivated as annual plants - they are harvested in the first year of their life.

Easy French Onion Soup
    • Ingredients Nutrition
      • 2 (14 ounce) cans beef broth
      • 1 (10 1/2 ounce) can beef consomme
      • 2 large onions, sliced 1/4-inch thick
      • 2 tablespoons butter
      • 2 pressed garlic cloves
      • 1 dash Worcestershire sauce
      • 1 cup shredded swiss cheese
      • 4 slices toasted French bread
      • Directions
        1. Place onions and butter in saucepan.
        2. Sauté on medium heat until onions are tender.
        3. Add garlic and sauté 1-2 minutes (don't let garlic burn).
        4. Add beef broth, consomme, and Woschershire sauce.
        5. Bring to a boil for 1 minute.
        6. Take ovenproof bowls (I use over-sized coffee mugs) and place 0.125 cup of cheese in bottom of each bowl.
        7. Fill bowl with soup leaving room at the top.
        8. Place toasted French bread on top.
        9. Top with 0.125 cup Swiss cheese.
        10. Place under broiler until cheese is bubbly.
        11. Serve immediately.


The word "health" refers to a state of complete emotional and physical well-being. Healthcare exists to help people maintain this optimal state of health.

In 2015, the population of the United States (U.S.) spent an estimated $3.2 trillion on healthcare costs.

However, despite this expenditure, a study by the U.S. National Research Council, published in 2013, showed that Americans die at a younger age and experience more illness and injury than people in other developed countries.

Good health is central to handling stress and living a long and active life.

Fast facts on health:

Here are some key points about health. More detail is in the main article.

    • Health can be defined as physical, mental, and social wellbeing, and as a resource for living a full life.
    • It refers not only to the absence of disease, but the ability to recover and bounce back from illness and other problems.
    • Factors for good health include genetics, the environment, relationships, and education.
    • A healthful diet, exercise, screening for diseases, and coping strategies can all enhance a person's health.
    • Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." WHO, 1948.

      In 1986, the WHO further clarified that health is:

      "A resource for everyday life, not the objective of living. Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities."

      This means that health is a resource to support an individual's function in wider society. A healthful lifestyle provides the means to lead a full life.

      More recently, researchers have defined health as the ability of a body to adapt to new threats and infirmities. They base this on the idea that modern science has dramatically increased human awareness of diseases and how they work in the last few decades.


  • 12. Arnica – An excellent herbal rub to use after intense sports, an acute injury, or even post surgery, arnica is a well-known natural pain killer among athletes and yogis. It is derived from a European flower, and has anti-inflammatory properties, although the true nature of its healing action is still unknown.
  • 13. Peppermint (Mentha piperita) – Peppermint is most often used as a natural remedy for toothaches, discomfort from bloating and gas, joint conditions, skin irritations, headaches and muscle pain.
  • 14. Boswellia – This herb is sourced from the frankincense tree. Its resin is used to thwart chemical reactions that cause inflammation, and thus pain. Ayurvedic scientists have used Boswellia for centuries to treat arthritic conditions, as well as inflammatory bowel disease.
  • 15. Bromelain – This natural pain-reducer comes from the enzymes present in pineapple stems. Research shows that it reduces levels of prostaglandins, which are hormones that induce inflammation. Bromelain may benefit people with arthritis and conditions marked by musculoskeletal tension (like TMJ syndrome), in addition to those suffering trauma-related inflammation. The enzyme also promotes healing in muscles and connective tissues.
  • 16. Cranberry Juice – Having a bout of ulceritis? Ulcers usually result from a pathogen called H. pylori which attacks the lining of the stomach and small intestines, but cranberry juice can kill it – reducing pain. Instead of turning to antibiotics, destroy the bacteria causing your ulcers and urinary tract infections with cranberries.

There are hundreds more natural pain killers, but adding these to your home first aid cabinet is a great start.

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Sickle cell anemquate oxygen throughout your body.ia is an inherited form of anemia — a condition in which there aren't enough healthy red blood cells to carry ade

Normally, your red blood cells are flexible and round, moving easily through your blood vessels. In sickle cell anemia, the red blood cells become rigid and sticky and are shaped like sickles or crescent moons. These irregularly shaped cells can get stuck in small blood vessels, which can slow or block blood flow and oxygen to parts of the body.

There's no cure for most people with sickle cell anemia. But treatments can relieve pain and help prevent problems associated with the disease.


Signs and symptoms of sickle cell anemia, which vary from person to person and change over time, include:

  • Anemia. Sickle cells break apart easily and die, leaving you without enough red blood cells. Red blood cells usually live for about 120 days before they need to be replaced. But sickle cells usually die in 10 to 20 days, leaving a shortage of red blood cells (anemia).

    Without enough red blood cells, your body can't get the oxygen it needs to feel energized, causing fatigue.

  • Episodes of pain. Periodic episodes of pain, called crises, are a major symptom of sickle cell anemia. Pain develops when sickle-shaped red blood cells block blood flow through tiny blood vessels to your chest, abdomen and joints. Pain can also occur in your bones.

    • The pain varies in intensity and can last for a few hours to a few weeks. Some people have only a few pain episodes. Others have a dozen or more crises a year. If a crisis is severe enough, you might need to be hospitalized.

      Some adolescents and adults with sickle cell anemia also have chronic pain, which can result from bone and joint damage, ulcers and other causes.

    • Painful swelling of hands and feet. The swelling is caused by sickle-shaped red blood cells blocking blood flow to the hands and feet.
    • Frequent infections. Sickle cells can damage an organ that fights infection (spleen), leaving you more vulnerable to infections. Doctors commonly give infants and children with sickle cell anemia vaccinations and antibiotics to prevent potentially life-threatening infections, such as pneumonia.
      • Delayed growth. Red blood cells provide your body with the oxygen and nutrients you need for growth. A shortage of healthy red blood cells can slow growth in infants and children and delay puberty in teenagers.
      • Vision problems. Tiny blood vessels that supply your eyes may become plugged with sickle cells. This can damage the retina — the portion of the eye that processes visual images, leading to vision problems.
      • When to see a doctor

        Although sickle cell anemia is usually diagnosed in infancy, if you or your child develops any of the following problems, see your doctor right away or seek emergency medical care:

        • Unexplained episodes of severe pain, such as pain in the abdomen, chest, bones or joints.
        • Swelling in the hands or feet.
        • Abdominal swelling, especially if the area is tender to the touch.
        • Fever. People with sickle cell anemia have an increased risk of infection, and fever can be the first sign of an infection.
        • Pale skin or nail beds.
        • Yellow tint to the skin or whites of the eyes.
        • Signs or symptoms of stroke. If you notice one-sided paralysis or weakness in the face, arms or legs; confusion; trouble walking or talking; sudden vision problems or unexplained numbness; or a headache, call 911 or your local emergency number right away.

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Symptoms of osteoarthritis vary, depending on which joints are affected and how severely they are affected. However, the most common symptoms are pain and stiffness, particularly first thing in the morning or after resting. Affected joints may get swollen, especially after extended activity. These symptoms tend to build over time rather than show up suddenly. Some of the common symptoms include:

Sore or stiff joints – particularly the hips, knees, and lower back – after inactivity or overuse.

  • Limited range of motion or stiffness that goes away after movement
  • Clicking or cracking sound when a joint bends
  • Mild swelling around a joint
  • Pain that is worse after activity or toward the end of the day

Here are ways OA may affect different parts of the body:

  • Hips. Pain is felt in the groin area or buttocks and sometimes on the inside of the knee or thigh.
  • Knees. A “grating” or “scraping” sensation occurs when moving the knee.
    • Fingers. Bony growths (spurs) at the edge of joints can cause fingers to become swollen, tender and red. There may be pain at the base of the thumb.
    • Feet. Pain and tenderness is felt in the large joint at the base of the big toe. There may be swelling in ankles or toes.

    OA pain, swelling or stiffness may make it difficult to perform ordinary tasks at work or at home. Simple acts like tucking in bed sheets, opening a box of food, grasping a computer mouse or driving a car can become nearly impossible. When the lower body joints are affected, activities such as walking, climbing stairs and lifting objects may become difficult. When finger and hand joints are affected, osteoarthritis can make it difficult to grasp and hold objects, such as a pencil, or to do delicate tasks, such as needlework.

    Many people believe that the effects of osteoarthritis are inevitable, so they don’t do anything to manage it. OA symptoms can hinder work, social life and family life if steps are not taken to prevent joint damage, manage pain and increase flexibility.

  • How OA May Affect Overall Health

    The pain, reduced mobility, side effects from medication and other factors associated with osteoarthritis can lead to negative health effects not directly related to the joint disease.

    Diabetes and Heart Disease

    Knee or hip pain may lead to a sedentary lifestyle that promotes weight gain and possible obesity. Being overweight or obese can lead to the development of diabetes, heart disease and high blood pressure.


    People with osteoarthritis experience as much as 30 percent more falls and have a 20 percent greater risk of facture than those without OA. People with OA have risk factors such as decreased function, muscle weakness and impaired balance that make them more likely to fall. Side effects from medications used for pain relief can also contribute to falls. Narcotic pain relievers can cause people to feel dizzy and unbalanced.




What Is Restless Legs Syndrome?

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sleep disorder in which a person experiences unpleasant sensations in the legs described as creeping, crawling, tingling, pulling, or painful. These sensations usually occur in the calf area but may be felt anywhere from the thigh to the ankle. One or both legs may be affected; for some people, the sensations are also felt in the arms. These sensations occur when the person with RLS lies down or sits for prolonged periods of time, such as at a desk,

riding in a car, or watching a movie. People with RLS describe an irresistible urge to move the legs when the sensations occur. Usually, moving the legs, walking, rubbing or massaging the legs, or doing knee bends can bring relief, at least briefly. RLS symptoms worsen during periods of relaxation and decreased activity.

RLS symptoms also tend to follow a set daily cycle, with the evening and night hours being more troublesome for RLS sufferers than the morning hours. People with RLS may find it difficult to relax and fall asleep because of their strong urge to walk or do other activities to relieve the sensations in their legs. Persons with RLS often sleep best toward the end of the night or during the morning hours. Because of less sleep at night, people with RLS may feel sleepy during the day on an occasional or regular basis. The severity of symptoms varies from night to night and over the years as well. For some individuals, there may be periods when RLS does not cause problems, but the symptoms usually return. Other people may experience severe symptoms daily.

Many people with RLS also have a related sleep disorder called periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS). PLMS is characterized by involuntary jerking or bending leg movements during sleep that typically occur every 10 to 60 seconds. Some people may experience hundreds of such movements per night, which can wake them, disturb their sleep, and awaken bed partners. People who have RLS and PLMS have trouble both falling asleep and staying asleep and may experience extreme sleepiness during the day. As a result of problems both in sleeping and while awake, people with RLS may have difficulties with their job, social life, and recreational activities.

Some Common Symptoms of RLS Include:

  • Unpleasant sensations in the legs (sometimes the arms as well), often described as creeping, crawling, tingling, pulling, or painful;
  • Leg sensations are relieved by walking, stretching, knee bends, massage, or hot or cold baths;
  • Leg discomfort occurs when lying down or sitting for prolonged periods of time;
  • The symptoms are worse in the evening and during the night.

Other Possible Characteristics Include:

  • Involuntary leg (and occasionally arm) movements while asleep;
  • Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep;
  • Sleepiness or fatigue during the daytime;
  • Cause of the leg discomfort not detected by medical tests;
  • Family members with similar symptoms.

  1. Demographics/Societal Issues
    • 13.2 % of the U.S. population, or roughly 45.7 million people, identify themselves as Black or African American, according to 2014 U.S. Census Bureau numbers. Another 2.5% identified as multiracial. This represents an increase from 12.6 percent of the U.S. population, who identified themselves as Black/African-American in the 2010 Census. [1]

    • As of 2010, Fifty-five percent of all Black/African American people lived in the South, 18 percent lived in the Midwest, 17 percent in the Northeast, and 10 percent in the West. [2]

    • Historical adversity, which includes slavery, sharecropping and race-based exclusion from health, educational, social and economic resources, translates into socioeconomic disparities experienced by African Americans today. Socioeconomic status, in turn, is linked to mental health: People who are impoverished, homeless, incarcerated or have substance abuse problems are at higher risk for poor mental health.

    • Despite progress made over the years, racism continues to have an impact on the mental health of Black/African Americans. Negative stereotypes and attitudes of rejection have decreased, but continue to occur with measurable, adverse consequences. Historical and contemporary instances of negative treatment have led to a mistrust of authorities, many of whom are not seen as having the best interests of Black/African Americans in mind.

    • Prevalence

      According to the US HHS Office of Minority Health [3]:

      • Adult Black/African Americans are 20 percent more likely to report serious psychological distress than adult whites.
      • Adult Black/African Americans living below poverty are three times more likely to report serious psychological distress than those living above poverty.
      • Adult Black/African Americans are more likely to have feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and worthlessness than are adult whites.
      • And while Black/African Americans are less likely than white people to die from suicide as teenagers, Black/African Americans teenagers are more likely to attempt suicide than are white teenagers (8.3 percent v. 6.2 percent).

      Black/African Americans of all ages are more likely to be victims of serious violent crime than are non-Hispanic whites, making them more likely to meet the diagnostic criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Black/African Americans are also twice as likely as non-Hispanic whites to be diagnosed with schizophrenia. [4]

    • Attitudes

      According to a study conducted by Ward, Wiltshire, Detry, and Brown in 2013 [5]:

      • Black/African Americans hold beliefs related to stigma, psychological openness, and help-seeking, which in turn affects their coping behaviors. Generally speaking, the participants in this study were not very open to acknowledging psychological problems, but they were somewhat open to seek mental health services.
      • Thirty percent of participants reported having a mental illness or receiving treatment for a mental illness
      • Black/African Americans men are particularly concerned about stigma.
      • Cohort effects, exposure to mental illness, and increased knowledge of mental illness are factors which could potentially change beliefs about symptoms of mental illness.
      • Participants appeared apprehensive about seeking professional help for mental health issues, which is consistent with previous research. However, participants were willing to seek out some form of help.
      • Treatment Issues
        • Black/African Americans today are over-represented in our jails and prisons. People of color account for 60 percent of the prison population. Black/African Americans also account for 37 percent of drug arrests, but only14 percent of regular drug users (illicit drug use is frequently associated with self-medication among people with mental illnesses). [6]
        • Because less than 2 percent of American Psychological Association members are Black/African American, some may worry that mental health care practitioners are not culturally competent enough to treat their specific issues. [7] This is compounded by the fact that some Black/African American patients have reported experiencing racism and microaggression from therapists. [8]
        • Stigma and judgment prevents Black/African Americans from seeking treatment for their mental illnesses. Research indicates that Black/African Americans believe that mild depression or anxiety would be considered “crazy” in their social circles. Furthermore, many believe that discussions about mental illness would not be appropriate even among family. [9]
        • Access/Insurance

          Disparities in access to care and treatment for mental illnesses have also persisted over time.

          • While implementation of the Affordable Care Act has helped to close the gap in uninsured individuals, 15.9 percent of Black/African Americans, versus 11.1 percent of whites Americans were still uninsured in 2014. [10]
          • In 2012, the percentage of people who were unable to get or delayed in getting needed medical care, or prescription medicines was significantly higher for people with no health insurance (18.7%) than for people with private insurance (8.4%). [10]
          • In 2011, 54.3 percent of adult Black/African Americans with a major depressive episode received treatment, compared with 73.1 percent of adult white Americans. [11]
          • Compared to 45.3 percent of white Americans, 40.6 percent of Black/African Americans age 12 and over were treated for substance abuse and completed their treatment course, in 2010. [11]

Look for more information next week.

  • Why do doctors recommend a slow rate of weight loss? What's wrong with fast weight loss? Answers from Donald Hensrud, M.D.

    The concern with fast weight loss is that it usually takes extraordinary efforts in diet and exercise — efforts that could be unhealthy and that you probably can't maintain as permanent lifestyle changes.

    A weight loss of one to two pounds a week is the typical recommendation. Although that may seem like a slow pace for weight loss, it's more likely to help you maintain your weight loss for the long term.

    Remember that one pound (0.45 kilogram) of fat contains 3,500 calories. So to lose one pound a week, you need to burn 500 more calories than you eat each day (500 calories x 7 days = 3,500 calories).

    Also, if you lose a lot of weight very quickly, you may not lose as much fat as you would with a more modest rate of weight loss. Instead, you might lose water weight or even lean tissue, since it's hard to burn that many fat calories in a short period.

    In some situations, however, faster weight loss can be safe if it's done the right way. For example, doctors might prescribe very low calorie diets for rapid weight loss if obesity is causing serious health problems. But an extreme diet such as this requires medical supervision. In addition, it can be difficult to keep this weight off.

    Some diets include an initiation phase to help you jump-start your weight loss. For example, the Mayo Clinic Diet has a quick-start phase in which you might lose six to 10 pounds in the first two weeks. You can lose weight quickly with an approach like this because it combines many healthy and safe strategies at once — no gimmicks or extreme dieting.

    After the initial two-week period, you transition into the recommended weight loss of one or two pounds a week, which gives you time to adopt the necessary lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet and increasing your physical activity, necessary for maintaining weight loss over the long term.

Money Saver

How much do you know about saving for a rainy day? Here are seven facts from about saving money.

  1. The U.S. Treasury says that Americans hold about $15 billion in loose change.
  2. The typical amount Americans spent last year on unexpected expenditures was $2,000. Surprisingly, lower-income households cited the same amount.
  3. Two-thirds of unexpected expenditures are related to medical care or motor vehicles.
  4. If family incomes are the same, families with a plan save about twice as much as those who do not have one.
  5. The only free money for savings that is available to many Americans is an employer’s match to a contributory workplace retirement plan such as a 401(k).
  6. In 2006, 25% of individuals age 65 and older relied 100% on Social Security payments for their income.
  7. The easiest way to save money is to have a set amount automatically deposited into your bank account each pay period.



Help others find the positive.

At the beginning of one of my classes, we’d often discuss what was going on in the students’ lives. One student frequently pointed out the positive qualities of her classmates. When Yasmiyn spoke you could see other people glowing. In fact, Yasmiyn’s participation changed the tone of our class.

My students were young adults and often focused on what they saw that was unfair, what others were doing to them and the hardships in their lives. Yasmiyn helped her classmates focus on what was special about them and the positive. Over time, everyone started noticing and pointing out the positive. Our class thrived after taking Yasminy’s lead of looking for the positive.




Breakfast Makes Kids Smarter

Breakfast is an important meal. Kids who eat breakfast do better in school because they are better behaved and perform better, the American Dietetic Association explains. They also have an easier time maintaining a healthy weight. Some parents may struggle with getting their kids to eat in the morning, but breakfast can be quick and painless. Some simple yet nutritious breakfast options include whole-grain cereal and low-fat milk, a peanut butter and jelly sandwich, or whole-grain toaster waffles with fresh fruit.

Eat a Rainbow

Fruits and vegetables come in a variety of different colors. These colors represent different nutritional components, such as beta carotene in carrots and the anthocyanins in strawberries. MyPyramid for Kids recommends kids eat more dark green and orange vegetables. Kids should try to eat a different colored fruit and vegetable every day and make it goal to eat a rainbow of colors each week.

Healthy Bones Means More Than Just Milk

Milk and milk products are high in calcium, which is important for strong bones, says MyPyramid for Kids. Milk isn't the only source of calcium, it is also found in soy milk and fortified juices, says the Vegetarian Resource group. Some vegetables, such as broccoli and chinese cabbage, also contain calcium. Shellfish, salmon and sardines eaten with the bones, almonds and dried beans are also good sources of calcium, according to the National Institutes of Health Medline Plus.

Go Meatless For Protein

Protein can be found in a number of different foods, including meat, poultry, fish, beans, nuts, starches and vegetables. Protein is important for building muscle. Kids should choose low-fat meats and poultry, says MyPyramid for Kids. Kids should also eat more vegetarian sources of protein. Go meatless on Monday, say RD411. Meatless meal ideas include spaghetti with tomato sauce, bean burritos and grilled cheese.

Make The Most Out Of Snacks

Kids are snacking on more cookies and candy, and drinking more soda these days, says the Center for Science in the Public Interest. These high calorie treats aren't filling and contribute to weight gain in kids. To stay healthy, kids should choose low calorie nutritious foods to snack on. Food like apples, yogurt and carrots are very low in calories, but can help keep hunger away. A whole cucumber has fewer calories than one Oreo cookie, according to the Center for Science in the Public Interest.

Modern Day Slavery In America’s Prisons

“We are men! We are not beasts and we do not intend to be beaten or driven as such.” 21-year-old Elliott James “L.D.” Barkley declared, before being shot in the back by security guards after an unsuccessful prison riot.

Elliott, and a thousand other inmates set out to bring to light the “ruthless brutalization and disregard” for life that hundreds of thousands of inmates experienced in prisons across the United States.

After taking over the Attica Correctional Facility in Attica, N.Y., along with 42 hostages, the inmates drafted a list of demands. The manifesto outlined 27 demands, including better medical treatment, fair visitation rights, an end to physical brutality, better sanitation, improved food quality, and one set of rules for the state among numerous other demands. After four days, the negotiations broke down, prompting the situational commander to order the prison to be retaken with force.

Amid a flurry of tear gas and weapons fire from New York State Police troopers, 43 inmates and hostages were killed but the prison was retaken. Vigilante beatings and abuse took place for days after as prison officers “punished” inmates.

The Attica Prison Riot happened in 1971. 45 years later, inmates are still fighting for their rights.

What happened at Attica was, as Barkley said “but the sound before the fury of those who are oppressed.”

Today, instead of one riot at one prison, there are riots, strikes, and hunger strikes going on in over 29 prisons in 12 states. The biggest prison strike in US history is happening across the country, and it’s all about unjust labor conditions.

The state of prison labor in the United States is one of abuse and perverted incentives.

For starters, prisoners are required to work if physically able. Paul Wright, the editor for Prison Legal News says, “Typically prisoners are required to work, and if they refuse to work, they can be punished by having their sentences lengthened and being placed in solitary confinement.”

And even if inmates willing work they get little to nothing from it. Prisoners can earn anywhere between 12 to 40 cents an hour for work in federal prisons. In Texas, Arkansas, and Georgia, prisoners aren’t paid anything for their work.

Then there’s the issue of where this work gets contracted out to. Some of it is prison work, like cooking, washing, repairs, etc. Prisoners get paid little for this work. Other forms of prison work involve contracts with companies in a multitude of industries, from agriculture to telecommunications. These contracted out prison jobs pay significantly below the market average, and aren’t subject to many of the labor regulations that the private sector enjoys.

Most people don’t think of prisoners as a vulnerable population, [with] high degrees of mental illness and social isolation. It’s an easy population to exploit physically, labor-wise and by every other means.

– Paul Wright, an editor at Prison Legal News

Inmates lack workplace safety standards; the federal prison system has got in trouble before for hiding dangerous working conditions. Despite earning little to nothing for their labor, inmates also have deductions and fees that come out of their paychecks. Up to 80% of inmate wages go to taxes and deductions, and if an inmate wants to participate in a work-release program some states cover the program cost with a percentage of their wages. Using inmate wages to cover these programs and other deductions has resulted in some inmates going into debt by the time they’re released.

While inmates get the short stick when it comes to prison labor, corporations definitely get the benefits. Companies can get up to 40% back in tax reimbursements for paying inmates. The army, required by law to produce uniforms in the US, has shifted a lot of its labor to prisons. Nearly a million prisoners also make office furniture, body armor, textiles, shoes, clothing, and work in call centers, slaughterhouses, and take hotel reservations. Professors Steve Fraser and Joshua Freeman, back in 2012, compared current prison labor to the sweatshops of the industrial age.

Rarely can you find workers so pliable, easy to control, stripped of political rights, and subject to martial discipline at the first sign of recalcitrance — unless, that is, you traveled back to the nineteenth century when convict labor was commonplace nationwide.

Since prisoners are prohibited from unionizing, or asking for better wages and working conditions it makes them the perfect group to get cheap labor from. They’re not considered employees by courts, which is great for corporations who don’t have to supply them with vacation pay, workers’ compensation insurance, unemployment benefits, strikes, or healthcare. If prisoners refuse to work, they’re placed in solitary confinement and could receive other punishments. Two Californian prisoners sued both their employer and the prison for putting them in solitary confinement after they refused to work in unsafe working conditions. Lackadaisical labor rights has allowed the prison labor industry to employ over three quarters of a million prisoners. That’s larger than any Fortune 500 company, except for General Motors.

37 states allow contracting out prison labor to private companies, allowing numerous companies to profit from this cheap, some say abusive labor outlet. IBM, Boeing, Motorola, Microsoft, and AT&T are just a few of said companies who employ prison labor. Much of it has been at the expense of private sector workers, ditched for cheaper more obedient prison workers. Lockhart Technologies closed then relocated 150 jobs in its Austin, Texas plant to a prison where inmates did the work for minimum wage.






View Here
Sunset Calendar

February 23, 2018 at 5:51 pm


May you have a Blessed and Happy Sabbath Day!


Give Me Strength, Lord

Lord, you are Holy above all others, and all of the strength that I need is in your hands.

I am not asking, Lord, that you take this trial away. Instead,
I simply ask that Your will be done in my life. Whatever that means, that is what I want.

But I admit that it’s hard, Lord.

Sometimes I feel like I can’t go on. The pain and the fear are too much for me,
and I know that I don’t have the strength on my own to get through this.

I know that I can come to you, Jesus, and that you will hear my prayer.
I know that it is not your intent to bring me to this point just to leave
me in the wilderness alone.

Please, Lord, give me the strength that I need to face today.
don’t have to worry about tomorrow.

If you just give me the strength that I need today that is all I need.

Keep me from sinning during this trial. Instead, help me to keep my eyes on you.
You are the Holy Lord, and all of my hope rests in you.

Thank you for hearing my prayer.

In Jesus’ name. Amen.


“Bringing the gifts that my ancestors gave, I am the dream and the hope of the slave. I rise. I rise. I rise.” -Maya Angelou

“Hate is too great a burden to bear. It injures the hater more than it injures the hated.” -Coretta Scott King

“I have learned over the years that when one’s mind is made up, this diminshes fear.” -Rosa Parks

“Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.” -Martin Luther King, Jr.

“The battles that count aren’t the ones for gold medals. The struggles within yourself—the invisible, inevitable battles inside all of us—that’s where it’s at.” -Jesse Owens

“I am where I am because of the bridges that I crossed. Sojourner Truth was a bridge. Harriet Tubman was a bridge. Ida B. Wells was a bridge. Madame C. J. Walker was a bridge. Fannie Lou Hamer was a bridge.” -Oprah Winfrey


*The Holy Scriptures are the inspired Word of God * 2 Tim. 3:16.

*In the Trinity:God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.*Heb. 1:-3,John 15:16.

* In regeneration and the birth, through the acceptance of the Gospel.*2 Cor. 5:17.

*That man by nature is mortal and eternal life is a gift of God through Christ.*John 14:1-33,Acts 1:11,Matt. 24:30.

*In the resurrection of the dead.*1 Thess. 4:16 & 17, John 5:29,11:25,1 Cor. 15.

*In the ultimate final destruction of sin and the wicked.*Malachi 4:1-3.

*In justification by faith through Christ.*Rom. 4:3-5.

*That God's law, the Ten Commandments, including the seventh-day Sabbath command is the rule of life for Christians.*Ex. 20:3-17,James 2:10-12.

*In baptism by immersion. In the Communion of the Lord's supper preceded by the ordinance of cleansing.*Romans 6:3-5, Mark 1:9 & 10, John 13:4-17,1 Cor. 11:23-26.

*In the gifts of the Holy spirit.*Eph. 4:8-11.

*In the support of the gospel through tithes and offerings.*Malachi 3:8-11, Matt. 23:23.

*In discarding unhealthy practices.*1 Cor. 3:16 & 17, Deut. 14:3-20.

*That Christians will be characterized by modesty in dress,conversation,deportment,and a high standard of social relationships.*1 Tim. 2:9 & 10, James 1:27.


The next FOOD DISTRIBUTION DAY for members will be Wednesday, February 21, 2018 at 5:30 - 7:00 pm..





Family Life Bible Class

Join the JESUS 101 Bible class every 2nd and 4th Sabbath at 3:00 p.m. in the Sanctuary. Learn a new way of studying the BIBLE!

The last class for the 2017 year was scheduled for Sabbath, December 9, 2017 @ 3:00 pm., but was cancelled due to inclimate weather--snow.

2018 classes begin in February!!!


Mon, Tues, Thurs, & Friday @ 5:30 am

(712) 775-8968, Pass Code: 909676







Davita in the loss of her sister, who was funeralized, Sunday, February 11, 2018.


Eloise Morton in the loss of her husband, Roosevelt, and her children in the loss of their father. Remember his sister, Clarenda Morton, and all other members of the Morton families.


Sick - Shut In

Matthew 25:36 "... I was sick, and you visited me...."


Cynthia Brown, Alvin Clark, Ertice Clark, Virginia Harris, Dorothy Kilpatrick, Hattie Lambert, Violet Parkinson, Willie Rogers, Nola Ross, Catherine Waters, Shirlene Williams, Nelda Brooks, Sandra Benjamin-Allen and all of our caregivers.

Incarcerated Church Family

Joel Glessma


MOSDAC WOMEN'S MINISTRY Chapter Chattin’ Book Club is reading a new book. It is called "UNGLUED" by Lysa TerKeurst.

This book can be purchased at:,,

Sign up today!

Would you like to be in the next 9-week Financial Peace class?

If you are interested, please contact Blondel Dwyer at to register.

Online Bulletin FYI...

PLEASE TAKE NOTE: All online Bulletin Announcements should be submitted no later than 9:00 p.m. on SUNDAYS. Voicemail messages can be left at (856) 365-6108, mailbox #1. You can also email Announcements to:

Announcements received by 6:00 p.m. Tuesdays, will be included in Thursday's posting.

Capital Campaign

Mount Olivet Seventh-day Adventist Church is doing great things in our Camden NJ community. By the grace of God and the generosity of our supporters, we can reach our $1.9 million renovation goal. This project will enable us to expand our community services in a great way!

We are asking you to contribute at least $5.00 to this vision of progress. Please help us build at least two dollars at a time. We appreciate your best gift of any amount.





T - TIME TO CALL 9-1-1


Shopping List For Cancer
  • This Easy Shopping List Could Fight Cancer

    Can you help prevent breast cancer through a healthy diet? Making good choices at the grocery store isn't a magic bullet, but research suggests it may help. In fact, an article published in the American Society of Clinical Oncology 2015 Education Book estimated that changes to eating and exercise habits could prevent 25 to 30 percent of cases of breast cancer. And while there’s no official consensus yet on the specific foods a cancer-prevention diet should include — or how much of those foods you should eat — diets full of whole grains, fiber, and fruits and vegetables have been linked to reduced risk.

  • KALE


  1. Cholagogues – These are foods/herbs that help stimulate bile. (See list below)
  2. Raw or ‘runny’ egg yolks – An easily assimilated source of fat, lecithin and choline for the gallbladder (use only if tolerated -otherwise you can supplement). NOTE: THERE COULD BE A POSSIBLE SAMONELLA CONTAMINATION FROM EATING RAW EGGS.
  3. Milk Thistle (Silymarin) – Helps to normalize liver function, detoxify the liver and improve solubility of the bile. It also helps to tone the spleen, liver and gallblader. Try it in tea or tincture form as a daily support.
  4. Apple Cider Vinegar – the malic acid helps to soften or dissolve gallstones. Try including a daily Apple Cider Vinegar Tonic. As well as using apple cider vinegar in salad dressings and consume regularly.
  5. Beets – If you’ve spent any time reading my site you know how much I LOVE beets, especially as a liver/gallbladder support. Why? Beets help to build healthy bile.
  6. Cranberries – Cranberry contains malic acid which can help to break down any stagnant bile or bile stones.
  7. Healthy Fats – The gallbladder secretes the bile in the presence of fat. Without fat, it won’t do it’s main job and then what? You get thick sludgy bile that gets backed up and serious problems can arise down the road



In a 100-year period, a water molecule spends 98 years in the ocean, 20 months as ice, about 2 weeks in lakes and rivers, and less than a week in the atmosphere.


FOR FLAVOR: Add slices of either cucumbers, lemons, limes, raspberries, and/or strawberries.


We all realize that the air outside can be very unhealthy and polluted, but most people don’t know that the indoor air quality (IAQ) of their homes can be even worse. We all want to believe that our homes provide a clean and healthy environment for our families. A growing body of research, however, is pointing to very serious health consequences from both short term and long term exposure to particulate matter. This is generated both inside the house and brought in from outside. A problem occurs when homes are sealed from the outside air to increase heating or cooling efficiency as this allows build up of pollutants from inside the home such as Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), radon gas, etc. Some exchange of outside air is necessary and also inevitable no matter how well a home is sealed. So, the particulate matter found in a home's air will be a mix of particles from outside and those generated from within the home.

1. Air is so important because the air we breathe contains oxygen. Red blood cells pick up the oxygen from the lungs and carry it to all the cells of the body. Each cell needs oxygen to operate its powerhouses. Red blood cells then carry the carbon dioxide back to the lungs. When we breathe out, this is forced out of the body with the oxygen-poor air.

2. Poor ventilation of rooms can result in headaches, drowsiness and difficulty in concentration. The reason? When air is breathed and rebreathed over and over, the oxygen content decreases and the carbon dioxide and other wastes increase. Bad air and poor breathing habits promote depression, irritability, exhaustion and chronic fatigue.

3. When exercising, up to 26 gallons of air is moved in and out of your lungs per minute - but only about 1 gallon at rest. Exercise will increase the circulation of oxygen rich blood cells to all areas of the body. Your energy level and sense of well-being will improve.


a. Open your windows and let in the fresh air! Sleep with an open window whenever possible.

b. Exercise in fresh air. This will strengthen your breathing muscles and increase your lung capacity.

c. Practice good posture habits. Sit up straight with your shoulders back. You will be able to breath deeper.

d. Concentrate on breathing deeply. Stop where you are several times a day and take a few slow, deep breaths.

e. Keep some live houseplants. They remove many pollutants and use carbon dioxide, replacing it with oxygen.


One of the worst enemies of breathing freely is tobacco. Smoking causes the normal air passages to become clogged and irritated. Nicotine in the smoke constricts small arteries; carbon monoxide interfers directly with the ability of the red blood cells to carry oxygen. Together they decrease endurance and promote narrowing and hardening of the arteries.

Many smokers do not realize the danger that the tobacco smoke has upon others as well. SECONDHAND SMOKE can be as lethal as smoking is to the smoker. Especially at risk are children of smokers who breath this deadly air over a long time. Smokers who quit begin to heal almost immediately, The biggest favor you can do for your body is: KICK THE HABIT AND BREATHE FREE.

Some areas of the world must contend with AIR POLLUTION. If that is a problem in your city, try to stay out of the worst concentrations. Don't exercise outdoors when the smog is at its worst.


Are you constantly asking yourself, "What can I eat?" It's time to stop worrying! Living with diabetes doesn't have to mean feeling deprived. We'll help you learn to balance your meals and make the healthiest food choices.

Once you get the hang of eating a healthy diet, you can relax and dig in to a wide variety of delicious meals and snacks.

A great way to get started is with the special meal planning bundle available at






What it feels like: Heartburn, a burning, stinging sensation rising from your stomach and chest to your throat; a sour taste in your mouth or constant need to clear your throat; episodes of coughing. If these symptoms happen frequently, you may have gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD).

What causes it: The valve between the esophagus and the stomach doesn't work properly, allowing stomach acid to leak upward. Severe cases can damage the lining of the esophagus, putting you at risk for esophageal cancer.

The fix: Change what you eat and when you eat. Although "everyone is different" in what triggers reflux, says Carr-Locke, it's been well established that coffee, tea, chocolate, carbonated drinks, spicy foods, alcohol, dairy products and tomatoes provoke or worsen reflux, and it makes sense to avoid the worst offenders. Keep a food diary so you know what you ate before a flare-up, delete those foods from your diet for two weeks, then gradually add them back to see how your react. Meanwhile, if you smoke, stop. Eat smaller meals, and never eat within two hours of lying down. Prop the head of your bed up by 6 to 10 inches (use blocks or books under the mattress, or buy a wedge-shaped foam pillow).

For short-term relief, try antacids or histamine-2 blockers such as Zantac or Pepcid AC that block stomach acid. More severe cases may require proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) such as Nexium, Prilosec and Prevacid — some of which can be found over the counter, others only by prescription. "Current PPI therapy — which reduces stomach acid — is the best we've ever had," says Carr-Locke. "Many patients find they can tolerate foods they never could before." Note, however, that these medications can have serious side effects and that some experts think they are overused. If symptoms persist after two weeks, or if you vomit blood or have trouble or pain when swallowing, see your doctor.

More next week!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!


HARRIET freed the slaves.

You can be set free with JESUS!!!


Salt improves sleep quality. It boasts anti-stress and anti-excitatory qualities due to its suppression of stress hormones and it increasing of the metabolic rate. This may explain why many people report that a low sodium diet interferes with sleep and an adequate amount of dietary salt improves sleep quality.

Interestingly, if you often wake up with your heart pounding between 2 and 4 AM, it is probably because of an adrenaline spike. The most important change is to reduce both physical and mental stress, as well as eating a healthy diet. But one immediate fix to help you go back to sleep is just a pinch of salt and sugar (or salt and honey, if you prefer) sprinkled on the tongue to calm the adrenaline peak (read more about it in this book!).

Adequate salt consumption encourages a healthy weight and fast metabolism. First, one study showed that increased salt intake leads to an increase in the elimination of cortisol and lower blood cortisol levels. Imbalanced or excess cortisol means weight gain and a stagnant metabolism.

Salt supports thyroid function by reducing circulating stress hormones. For example, cortisol is anti-thyroid, but salt combats excess cortisol.

Salt supports hyperosmolarity of the extracellular fluid. Slight hyperosmolarity–more solutes in the extracellular fluid than in the cell–actually increases the cell’s metabolic rate (source). That means salt can speed up your metabolism! On the other hand, when the extracellular fluid is hypo-osmotic in relation to the cell, it impairs the breakdown of proteins and glucose and thereby lowers the cell’s metabolism.

Increased sodium intake also correlates with increased thermogenesis–heat production by the body (the study is here).

Adequate salt supports balanced hormones. Hormone and nutrition researcher Ray Peat explains the correlation between the salt-regulating hormone aldosterone and mineral loss:


Behold! Even though August is National Peach Month! You can still eat peaches anytime of the year! It's a time to pick, eat, cook, or expand your favorite fruit smoothie recipes with one of nature’s most delicious fruits. Grill up a few peach halves with your next pork loin in the spirit of this festive fuzzy month, and enjoy a few of these facts you may not have known about this amazing stone fruit.

(On just a quarter-acre of land, you can produce fresh, organic food for a family of four—year-round. Rodale's The Backyard Homestead shows you how; get your copy today.)

Florida Was Home To The First Peach Orchard In America

Brought to the Americas by Spanish explorers in the 16th century, the first peach orchard in North America was established in 1565 in what is now Florida.

They Are Actually Part Of The Rose Family

Peaches are surprisingly part of the rose family—and so are plums, apricots, and almonds. They can be round or shaped like donuts, with a pit instead of a hole, have yellow or white flesh and skin, and be either clingstone or freestone. Clingstone peach flesh clings to the stone, making it messy to separate, while freestone flesh separates freely from the pit, making freestones easier to eat out of your hand.


1. Apples are Good Sources of Vitamin C

The famous sources of Vitamin C are citrus fruits; however, other fruits also have a lot of vitamins. Apples are made of up 84% water and are also filled with Vitamin C. Moss of the Vitamin C in Apples come from the flesh. Vitamin C is important to the body. It boosts the body’s immune system against infectious agents, increases the production protein that is needed to make the collagen in the skin, teeth, cartilages and bones. It also increases the absorption rate of iron from other foods. Vitamin C also blocks out the free radical damages.


Apple Delight Smoothie Recipe Servings: 2 Servings Ingredients

  • 1/2 cup apple juice
  • 3/4 cup diced apple; peeled or unpeeled
  • 3/4 cup low-fat vanilla yogurt
  • 1/2 banana; sliced
  • Pinch of cinnamon or nutmeg

Instructions Pour the apple juice into your blender. Next you add the rest of the ingredients and blend until smoothielicious. Nutrition Info162 calories
1.5 grams fat.


1. Apple and peanut butter

An apple a day keeps the doctor away—add some peanut butter, and keep those cravings at bay. A medium-sized apple contains only 80 calories, but it’s full of antioxidants, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Since apples have plenty of vitamin C, an important antioxidant, they may play a role in cancer prevention. Natural peanut butter has plenty of protein, vitamin E, niacin, vitamin B6, magnesium, phosphorus, and manganese. For those allergic to peanuts, any nut butter will do. Add your favorite toppings such as chocolate chips, raisins, slivered almonds, or chopped dried fruit.





Compounds in cinnamon can help you trim your waistline--without diet or exercise. In one study, animals given cinnamon supplements experienced a 37% (percent) reduction in visceral fat (the harmful kind that surrounds vital organs and causes the belly to bulge) in 12 weeks.


1 cup apple cider

1 small cinnamon stick

1/4 tsp. allspice

1/8 tsp. ground ginger

1 lemon, juiced

In a small pot over medium heat, combine all ingredients and let simmer 20 min. to steep. Stir in 1 tsp. lemon juice. Serve warm.

Makes 1 serving

BONUS! Polyphenols in apple cider help lower cholesterol by 13% (percent).



A plant compound (methylhydroxychalcone polymer) in cinnamon activates insulin receptors on cells, helping decrease blood-sugar fluctuations by 29 percent, according to USDA scientists. The payoff: sunnier moods, greater energy and faster fat loss.


1 Cranberry tea bag

1 Small cinnamon stick

1 Star anise

1 Orange, zested and juiced

1 Tsp. honey





3. (1-27-18)


POLYPHENOLS in cinnamon have been shown to calm cellular inflammation and fight health-harming free radicals. All told, this can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease by 46 percent (%) and diabetes by 12 percent (%).


2 Tbs. pumpkin puree

3/4 cup milk (almond, rice, soy)

2 Tbs. pumpkin spice coffee creamer (non-dairy if possible)

1/4 tsp. ground cinnamon

In microwave-safe mug, microwave all ingredients 2 min. Stir, and top with whipped cream and a sprinkle of cinnamon, if desired.

Serve warm.

Makes 1 serving.

BONUS: Pumpkin delivers beta-carotene, which helps ward off wrinkles.

(More informnation is coming next Sabbath.)


Problem 1: Water Trickling Into the Bowl, or "Phantom Flushes"

You may periodically hear your toilet begin to spontaneously refill, as though someone had flushed it. A toilet that cuts on and off by itself, or runs intermittently, has a problem that plumbers call a phantom flush. The cause is a very slow leak from the tank into the bowl. This problem is almost certainly caused by a bad flapper or flapper seat. The solution is to drain the tank and bowl, check and clean the flapper seat, and replace the flapper if it's worn or damaged.


We All Have a Role in Domestic Violence

More than half of all Americans over 15 know a victim of domestic violence. Nonetheless, 67% have never talked about domestic violence with friends. Even if you have never been directly affected by domestic violence, it is an issue that has a ripple effect in your community. To end domestic violence, we need to open dialogue in our communities. Here are a few ways you can start the conversation:

  • Cultivate a respectful attitude towards everyone. Avoid behaviors that demean or control other people.
  • Model a non-violent and respectful way to resolve conflicts. When you are angry with someone, respond without hurting or humiliating them.
  • When someone jokes about domestic violence, speak up. Talk to your friends or coworkers when they belittle others, make jokes about violence, or ignore an abuse victim.
  • Advocate for laws and programs that protect victims and survivors. One thing we can all do is urge our government officials to create and support programs that protect domestic violence victims and survivors. Websites like this one below have updates and information on current legislation or issues involved with Domestic Violence. Stay informed and contact your national and local government officials when you can.
  • Debunk Common Myths About Domestic Violence

    There is a lot of misinformation out there, stay informed and educate other people when they make false assumptions about domestic violence.

    • Myth: Domestic violence only affects people from certain races or socioeconomic backgrounds.
    • Truth: Domestic violence occurs at all levels of our society regardless of social, economic, cultural or racial background. Studies show that 1 in 3 women and 1 in 4 men will be victims of domestic violence in their lifetime. This is an issue that affects all of us and requires all of us to speak out and act.
    • Myth: Victims of domestic violence have provoked the abuse or brought it on themselves.
    • Truth: The abuse victims experience is not their fault but the conscious choice of their abuser to exert power and control over them. No one deserves to experience violence and the abuse is never the victim’s fault.
    • Myth: Domestic violence occurs because an abuser has lost control due to alcohol, drugs, or other stressors.
    • Truth: Violence is a learned and chosen behavior and done to control and manipulate the victim. Though alcohol or drugs may sometimes escalate the violence, the abuser is making a conscious choice to exert power and control over their victim.


Next time you feel tense, wrap your hands around a coffee cup. Scientists say when anxiety hits, the nervous system goes into an emergency response, sending blood away from the hands to the body's largest muscles, which leaves hands cold. Simply warning them tells the nervous system everything is fine, restoring calm.



Lack of sun and outdoor exercise triggers sleep troubles for two in three women. That's because being cooped up inside causes levels of cortisol to rise, overstimulating the reticular activating system (RAS), and when the system is overactive, it can trigger anxiety that makes sleep elusive. The simple solution: End the day with a 10-minute low-stress mental task like a sudoku, word search, or a crossword puzzle. Cornell University scientists say mini mental workouts slow cortisol release to calm the RAS, helping you drift off 50 percent faster.



:Soaking your feet in water infused with lavender and Epsom salts is the perfect way to help you unwind and fall asleep," Janice Cox says. Epsom salts are loaded with the calming mineral magnesium, while the sweet scent of lavender is known to invite restful, rejuvenating sleep.

Mix: 1/2 cup Epsom salts with 3-4 drops lavender essential oil.


I've had such positive health experiences with acupuncture over the years, that it makes me sad when I hear people dismiss the idea that this ancient Chinese practice actually has powerful healing properties. After all, you skeptics, Eastern medicine has been around a lot longer than Western medicine. (And I've been able to manage my genetic skin disease called Hailey-Hailey, thanks in large part to regular acupuncture treatments.) So I asked my acupuncturist, Anne Mok, Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine and co-owner of Cornerstone Healing in New York City, to debunk these ten common myths about acupuncture and your health:

1. The needles are so---o long!

Actually, acupuncture needles have different thicknesses and lengths. Most needles are inserted into the skin less than half an inch. And the needles are as thin as a strand of hair.

2. Fine, but the needles REALLY hurt .

Nope. Most people just feel a pinch. It's nothing like any shot you get at a doctor's office.

3. But the needles make you bleed.

There are capillaries all over the body, and yes, sometimes an acupuncture needle can nick them. But a cotton ball applied with slight pressure takes care of what is normally a drop of blood.

4. I have to “believe” in acupuncture in order for it to work.

Acupuncture has been scientifically proven to relax your nervous system and allow your body to release its own endorphins (feel-good hormones). So even if you don't believe the process is working, there are physiological changes occurring in your body that are out of your control.

5. You have to stay perfectly still when the needles are in place.

It's best not to move too much after the acupuncturist has inserted the needles, because movement can change the position of some of the needles, which may make you experience a slight pinching sensation. But there's no problem if you need to adjust your body to be more comfortable.

6. You can catch a disease from the needles.

Not likely. Acupuncture needles are made of stainless steel filiform needles and are disposable.

7. Acupuncture is only useful for treating pain.

According to the World Health Organization, acupuncture can treat a variety of conditions including, but not limited to: Gastrointestinal disorders, insomnia, menopausal symptoms, infertility, and psycho-emotional disorders.

8. You have to do acupuncture every day in order for it to work.

Once the needles are in, there's a already a shift of energy happening in the body. But whether or not you have an acute or chronic condition will dictate how long you'll need acupuncture treatment.

9. You will never freak out or have a bad reaction to acupuncture.

Some of the more common side effects of acupuncture are bruising, minor soreness, and sometimes feeling a little tired after a treatment. But most people actually feel very relaxed and refreshed after a treatment.

10. Acupuncture is expensive and insurance doesn't cover it.

Actually, more and more health insurance companies are now covering acupuncture, at least in part. For example, Blue Cross Blue Shield, Oxford, and UnitedHealthcare all cover acupuncture treatments to some degree. Definitely check with your insurance provider, so that you can be reimbursed for as many treatments as possible.

How to Fix a Flat Car Tire

You'll need:
- Car jack
- Lug wrench (or socket)
- Pliers
- Knife or Knips

Take the wheel off.
I jacked it up, removed the wheel.

Then I used a pair of pliers to pull the nail out.

Ream the hole a few times with the reaming tool.

Don't go crazy with the reamer, you can make the hole to big for the plug to fit in.

Insert the plug in to the plug tool, so the plug is centered.

Then cover the plug and tip of the tool with rubber cement.

Now insert the plug in the hole all the way.

Pull the plug tool out.

Cut the remaining plug off.

Let it dry and pump the tire back up.

Your done.




In fact, one study found that consuming GINGER reduced knee stiffness and pain 40%!

Brew it yourself by placing 1 inch of thinly sliced fresh ginger root in a mug with the juice of a half lemon and 1 Tbs. honey; cover with hot water.




  1. Place 1-2 inches of grated ginger into a 2-cup glass measuring cup.
  2. Fill to the 1-1/2 cup line with boiling water.
  3. Set timer for 10 minutes.
  4. When timer goes off, strain into a large mug and stir in sugar (you may need more or less, depending on how sweet you want your tea). *Use either agave, honey, maple syrup, Turbinado (brown sugar), or stevia for sweetness.
  5. Squeeze fresh lemon or lime juice to your taste.


How to Make Homemade Ginger TeaMartí Sans/Stocksy United

  • 15 mins
  • Prep: 5 mins,
  • Cook: 10 mins
  • Yield: 2 servings of ginger tea


Updated 01/08/18

Wondering how to make a simple and easy homemade ginger tea? Why go out and buy stale old tea bags when you can easily make your own fresh and homemade ginger tea at home using fresh ginger? Treat yourself to a cup of piping hot ginger tea, a healthy drink that's great for digestion.

Here's how to make the tastiest and most soothing and healing ginger tea you've ever had! There's really no comparison.

This healing ginger tea recipe actually comes from the raw food and natural health retreat center I used to work at in Thailand, where we served it to our guests bright and early every single morning, seven days a week. The secret to the perfect healing ginger tea? Lots and lots of fresh ginger, simmered for a long time to bring out the flavor, and the lime, which compliments the ginger perfectly, and plenty of natural agave nectar or honey for a refined sugar-free sweetener (or you might prefer it unsweetened, depending on your health goals - It's still delicious, I promise!). Try this simple ginger tea for an immune system boost or for an invigorating way to start the morning.

What You'll Need

  • About 2 inches of fresh raw ginger (use more or less, depending on how strong you want it!)
  • 1 1/2 to 2 cups water
  • 1 to 2 tablespoons honey (or agave nectar, to taste)
  • Optional: 1/2 lime (juiced, or to taste)

How to Make It

  1. First, prepare the fresh ginger by peeling it and slicing it thinly to maximize the surface area. This will help you make a very flavorful ginger tea.
  2. Boil the ginger in water for at least 10 minutes. For a stronger and tangier tea, allow to boil for 20 minutes or more, and use more slices of ginger. You really can't over do it, so feel free to add as much ginger and simmer it for as long as you want.
  1. Remove from heat and add lime juice and honey (or agave nectar) to taste.
  2. The secret to making a really flavorful ginger tea is to use plenty of ginger-more than you think you will need-and also to add a bit of lime juice and honey to your ginger tea. You will also probably want to add more honey than you think you will need as well.

Enjoy your hot ginger tea! A homemade ginger tea is excellent in soothing stomach aches and in aiding digestion.

Recipe tip: You might also like to try this recipe with brown rice syrup as an alternative sweetener.



  • Eat a wide variety of fruit, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Get plenty of sleep.
  • Keep blood sugar in a healthy range.
  • Do not drink alcohol, and do not smoke.
  • .......................................


Eating three cups of any edible mushrooms (shitake, maitake, reishi, cremini, etc.) weekly raises your resistance to winter colds and influenza (flu) 25%, plus reins in your symptons 33% if you do fall ill, research in the journal Food and Nutritionn Sciences suggests.

Mushrooms are rich in compounds called beta-glucans, which prod your immune system to make more germ-killing antibodies, says study coauthor Regina Busch, M.D. Beta-glucans are also abundant in barley and oat bran.


Soliciting Form W-2 information from payroll and human resources professionals.

The IRS has established a process that will allow businesses and payroll service providers to quickly report any data losses related to the W-2 scam currently making the rounds. If notified in time, the IRS can take steps to prevent employees from being victimized by identity thieves filing fraudulent returns in their names. There also is information about how to report receiving the scam email.

Report these schemes:

  • Email to notify the IRS of a W-2 data loss and provide contact information. In the subject line, type “W2 Data Loss” so that the email can be routed properly. Do not attach any employee personally identifiable information.
  • Email the Federation of Tax Administrators at to learn how to report victim information to the states.
  • Businesses/payroll service providers should file a complaint with the FBI’s Internet Crime Complaint Center ( Businesses/payroll service providers may be asked to file a report with their local law enforcement.
  • Notify employees so they may take steps to protect themselves from identity theft. The FTC’s provides general guidance.
  • Forward the scam email to
  • See more details at Form W2/SSN Data Theft: Information for Businesses and Payroll Service Providers.
  • Employers are urged to put protocols in place for the sharing of sensitive employee information such as Forms W-2. The W-2 scam is just one of several new variations that focus on the large-scale thefts of sensitive tax information from tax preparers, businesses and payroll companies.

    Tax professionals who experience a data breach also should quickly report the incident to the IRS. See details at Data Theft Information for Tax Professionals.


Acting Up In Church

One Sunday in a Midwest City, a young child was "acting up" during the morning worship hour. The parents did their best to maintain some sense of order in the pew but were losing the battle.

Finally, the father picked the little fellow up and walked sternly up the aisle on his way out.

Just before reaching the safety of the foyer, the little one called loudly to the congregation, "Pray for me! Pray for me!"