MOSDAC BULLETIN

This bulletin contains information for events on today's church service. Also information on health issues and helpful tips on every day living and things.

DIVINE WORSHIP SERVICE - SPEAKER FOR TODAY

Today is YOUTH DAY!!!

TITLE of Sermon: "GOD"S GONNA WORK IT OUT"

Scripture: Acts 9:23-25

Pastor Colby A. Matlock

HOMECOMING MONTH BEGINS THIS SABBATH

Homecoming begining on September 7-29,2018. Theme: "Once Family, Always Family!" Featuring some former Pastors and sons of MOSDAC as guest speakers there will be music and much,much more. We are looking for old pictures and videos. Please give them to Darryl Johnson or reach out to him via email at admina@mosdac.org or call the church office at (856)365-6108 ext. 1001

SCRIPTURES FOR THE MIND

2 Corinthians 5:17 - Therefore if any man [be] in Christ, [he is] a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.

Isaiah 43:18-19 - Remember ye not the former things, neither consider the things of old.   (Read More...)

Matthew 5:16 - Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.

Romans 13:11-13 - And that, knowing the time, that now [it is] high time to awake out of sleep: for now [is] our salvation nearer than when we believed.   (Read More...)

Hebrews 10:24-25 - And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works:   (Read More...)

2 Peter 1:3-10 - According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that [pertain] unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue:   (Read More...)

Psalms 34:8 - O taste and see that the LORD [is] good: blessed [is] the man [that] trusteth in him.

Romans 12:1 - I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, [which is] your reasonable service.

1 Chronicles 4:10 - And Jabez called on the God of Israel, saying, Oh that thou wouldest bless me indeed, and enlarge my coast, and that thine hand might be with me, and that thou wouldest keep [me] from evil, that it may not grieve me! And God granted him that which he requested.

Exodus 40:2 - On the first day of the first month shalt thou set up the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation2 Corinthians 5:17 - Therefore if any man [be] in Christ, [he is] a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.

Isaiah 43:18-19 - Remember ye not the former things, neither consider the things of old.   (Read More...)

Matthew 5:16 - Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.

Romans 13:11-13 - And that, knowing the time, that now [it is] high time to awake out of sleep: for now [is] our salvation nearer than when we believed.   (Read More...)

Hebrews 10:24-25 - And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works:   (Read More...)

2 Peter 1:3-10 - According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that [pertain] unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue:   (Read More...)

Psalms 34:8 - O taste and see that the LORD [is] good: blessed [is] the man [that] trusteth in him.

Romans 12:1 - I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, [which is] your reasonable service.

1 Chronicles 4:10 - And Jabez called on the God of Israel, saying, Oh that thou wouldest bless me indeed, and enlarge my coast, and that thine hand might be with me, and that thou wouldest keep [me] from evil, that it may not grieve me! And God granted him that which he requested.

Exodus 40:2 - On the first day of the first month shalt thou set up the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation2 Corinthians 5:17 - Therefore if any man [be] in Christ, [he is] a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.

Isaiah 43:18-19 - Remember ye not the former things, neither consider the things of old.   

Matthew 5:16 - Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.

COMMUNITY SERVICES

VERY, VERY IMPORTANT MESSAGE!!!

REMEMBER THAT THE COMMUNITY AND CHURCH ARE ONE!"

IT'S HURRICANE SEASON AGAIN!!!

WE NEED YOUR HELP AGAIN THIS YEAR!!!

OUR CHURCH NEEDS TO FILL 50 BUCKETS BY SEPTEMBER 21ST THIS YEAR!!

PLEASE CONTACT OUR COMMUNITY SERVICE LEADER, SHARMAINE EDWARDS, SO YOU WILL KNOW WHICH ITEMS TO PURCHASE FOR THE BUCKETS INORDER FOR OUR CONFERENCE TO PICK UP AND AND DELIVER THE BUCKETS!!!

THESE ITEMS NEED TO BE BROUGHT TO THE CHURCH BY WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 2018.

WE WOULD LIKE TO THANK YOU IN ADVANCE FOR YOUR COOPERATION!!!!

"YOUR COMMUNITY SERVICE TEAM"

MOUNT OLIVET SDA CHURCH

800 CHELTON AVE, CAMDEN, NJ 08104

PHONE NO. (856) 365-6108

HONORING THE "2018" GRADUATES

CONGRATULATIONS TO ALL OF OUR "2018" GRADUATES!!!

OUR GRADUATES FROM KINDERGARTEN - COLLEGE WERE RECOGNIZED ON LAST SABBATH, SATURDAY, JULY 21, 2018.

OUR 2018 GRADUATES ARE::

  • MONE BRICKEY - HIGH SCHOOL
  • SERENA CAMPBELL - COLLEGE
  • DIXON FORD - MIDDLE SCHOOL
  • MANIYAH FIGUEROA - HIGH SCHOOL
  • CLIVE LARMOND - HIGH SCHOOL
  • COLBY A. MATLOCK, JR - HIGH SCHOOL
  • JEWEL TATUM - KINDERGARTEN

CHARMAINE WATERMAN WANTS TO THANK ALL OF OUR PARENTS, GUARDIANS, FAMILY MEMBERS, CHURCH MEMBERS, AND FRIENDS WHO CAME BACK TO SUPPORT OUR GRADUATES, THE PARTICIPANTS AND OTHERS BEHIND THE SCENES WHO HELPED TO MAKE OUR PROGRAM A SUCCESS.

Poems About School

A Thought about School

The difficulties of School is a subject which many have written about. Children are in some ways like savages, untrained in the ways of society. They may not stop to think whether it is wrong to torture other children. Students are often the target of emotional or physical bullying. Most schools have various groups or gangs of students that exclude all others. Yet, there is much good that children and teens do between each other. There is no question that school can be a difficult place to be and there is much to write about school life.

Life Is Tough

  • Poem About Failing At School

    Life is tough--that's what they say,
    But they don't know what it's like every day,
    To wake up in the morning and go to school,
    Just so people can test you and prove you're a fool.



Leave Exam Fear

Listen o my dear leave exam fear
Work hard and feel confident
Give it your best and God will see the rest
In any situation never leave your cheer

No one does best always in exam
Mistakes do occur in reality realm
They give us training to always do better
Never loose your heart and don’t shatter
Learn from your mistakes and improvise
You will thus become more and more wise
People will admire and success will come near

Listen o my dear leave exam fear
Work hard and feel confident
Give it your best and God will see the rest
In any situation never leave your cheer

Nothing is certain in ever changing life
Only good exams will never suffice
Problems don’t declare their sudden arrival
Strength is needed for a peaceful survival
Practical learning is equally essential
It brings out your real potential
Opportunities lie in so many spheres
Listen o my dear leave exam fear
Work hard and feel confident
Give it your best and God will see the rest
In any situation never leave your cheer

SONGS OF SUMMER

CRICKETS begin their melodious TUNE.

LADYBUGS jig for the joy of JUNE.

DRAGONFLIES dance as they DART by.

Their WHIRRING WINGS sing a LULLABY.

BUMBLEBEES buzz a melody SWEET.

CATERPILLARS tap their many FEET.

OH, HAPPY HEARTS beat just like DRUMMERS.

AS JUNE BROUGHT the SONGS OF SUMMER.

SABBATH SCHOOL

WE NEED YOUR ATTENDANCE!

Our Adult SABBATH SCHOOL DEPARTMENT invites you to join us each and every SABBATH MORNING at 9:30 a.m. in the SANCTUARY. Become apart of one of our small, insightful, Biblical Lesson Study groups.

MOSDAC CYT SABBATH SCHOOL

CHILDREN, YOUTH, TEENS

Don't forget Bible study is from 9:30 am till 10:30 am each Sabbath. Parents, grand-parents, and guardians, we are depending on you to bring your children! We can hardly wait to see you!

SEPTEMBER 2019 CALENDAR OF EVENTS

9/5- Business meeting with the Renovation Contractor John Tahtabrounian @ 7:30pm

9/14-Communion

9/21-Sabbath School Community Guest Day

PASTOR'S OFFICE HOURS

Pastor Matlock will be in his office on the 2nd and 4th Wednesday of the month from 10am - 4pm. Please call the Administrative Assistant @ 856-365-6108 Ext. 1001 to set up an appointment.

Thank You.

2018 DIRECTORY INFOMATION

Please fill out the Update Form so we can have your updated info. Forms may be found in the lobby at the Greeter's Desk. Please give to Laurie Williams or Darryl Johnson.

BACK TO SCHOOL

Let's remember to pray for all our students, who will be traveling to academies, universities and colleges during this month. Please pray that God will bless and keep them during the upcoming school year.

Click below to submit a prayer request.

FAMILY PRAYER

Two families will be selected for special prayer every first Sabbath. If you would like your family to be included, please contact: relationshipministry@mosdac.org.

Family Prayer Day, was Sabbath, June 1, 2019. Special Prayer was for Karen Boardly and Family. Please continue to keep Karen and her family in prayer as Karen is fighting some health issues.

Please call for your family to be scheduled for July!

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PLEASE INVITE FRIENDS AND FAMILY @ 8pm EST (302) 202-1110, pin 814478.

1st Friday - Focus on the Family

3rd Friday - Couples Devotion

ROOM SCHEDULING

Please be aware that all meetings being held in the church or on zoom, must be scheduled with the Administrative Assistant. Thank you!!

MARRIAGE CONFERENCE

Build To Last Marriage Conference sponsored by the Allegheny East Conference Relationship Ministries will be held September 27-29, 2019. This conference's location is at the Chase Center on the River Front in Wilmington, DE. Please come and be educated on how to keep your marriage alive and well.

COMMUNITY SERVICES

We cannot flourish without the church members of Mt Olivet. We would like your contributions so that we can continue to eat healthier. Not all food at the Food Bank is "free"!!!

We'd like to thank all who supported ACS over the past year. We look forward to your continued support of this ministry throughout 2019 and beyond.

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JUST A LITTLE REMINDER!!!

Those who hold meetings in the Annex, please do not enter the far room. It is the area where the community service items are stored. Thank you!!!

VBS THANK-YOU

A note of thanks- Thank you staff and families for support of the MOSDAC VBS. We couldn't have done this without you! Please pray for us as we plan to meet in November to kick off our 2019 plans. Again, thank you church family and department leaders for your contributions.

Sharon Howard and Celeste Jones.



WEDNESDAY MORNING PRAYER GROUP

Will be meeting every other Wednesday@ 10am. Next meeting will be September 25, 2019 in the Annex.

As we continue our time of "Prayer and Praise", bring your Bibles, prayer requests and a smile.

BILLS, WILLS, LIFE AND DEATH WORKSHOP

Look for the class to be on the 1st Sunday of each month @ 10am in the Fellowship Hall.

TOPIC: DIFFERENT TYPES OF INSURANCE

Next class: October 6, 2019

Please RSVP Elder Kenny Watkins @ 856-667-4636 to inform him if you are attending.

LEARN SIGN LANGUAGE

1st and 3rd Sabbath

3:00-4:30 pm: All youth

4:30-5:30pm: Youth under 10 years old

2nd and 4th Sabbath

3:00-4:30 pm: Youth above 10 years old

4:30-5:30 pm: Youth under10 years old

MEETING PLACE: Choir Room or Fellowship Hall

TEACHER: Sharanah Ridore

2019 Devotionals

IF YOU WOULD LIKE TO HAVE A 2019 DEVOTIONAL AND SEE IF THEY ARE AVAILABLE:

Please contact one of the following people: Reginald Alexander: ralexander@aecsda.com (206)370-0479, Jean Good: jgood@aecsda.com (732)648-7890. Robert Moses: rmoses@aecsda.com (410)419-2855. to place your order for the 2019 Devotionals. We can get a reduced rate for the cost of the books when we order in bulk. They are also available in French and Spanish.

MINISTRY HAPPENINGS

READ INFORMATION BELOW TO STAY INFORMED ABOUT WHAT'S HAPPENING IN OUR CHURCH MINISTRIES!

RELATIONSHIP MINISTRY

Realationship Ministry - Join us for First Friday's "Focus on the Family". Our next Friday will be on the evening of September 6, 2019 from 8:00pm - 8:45pm. Call (302) 202-1110 pin # is 814478.

If you are interested in special prayer for your Family in May, please call Lorene Watkins at 856-952-5002. Please mark your calendars and set your alarm for these special monthly calls.

We would like to thank you all for helping out with the homeless. We look forward to seeing you next time.

We need toiletries and zip lock bags. Also if you have gently used clothing we would love to have them. Any questions or concerns please contact Lorene Watkins at 856-952-5002.

Register today!

Invite your non-Christian family and friends to register as well!

AEC Master Guide

Bay Area Master Guide Investiture was held on May 19th @10:00am at Sharon Temple SDA Church. Please pray for the following candidates: Abigail McMillan, Cassandra Martin, Tamika Edwards, Lana & Sam Ledford, and Charmaine & Dillon Waterman. Join the MOSDAC MG Candidates on June 29th during the AEC Annual Camp Meeting( main pavilion) for Investiture Ceremony of the AECYCM Master Guides.

Our Candidates have graduated and are now Master Guides!!! Praise the LORD!!!

NEWSLETTER

JUST FOR YOU!

PLEASE LOOK TO THE RIGHT AND LOOK BELOW!

GREAT INFORMATION AND TIPS FOR YOU TO KNOW!

CALENDAR OF EVENTS

PLEASE CHECK OUT OUR SPECIAL EVENTS BELOW!!!

PLEASE PLAN TO JOIN US ON THESE SPECIAL DAYS!!!

DIASTER RELIEF

Hurricane Dorian Diaster Relief please donate to ADVENTIST COMMUNITY SERVICES efforts to help the victims of Hurricanes Florence and Michael. Please see Sharmaine Edwards to get your yellow bucket to fill. Buckets are to be returned to Mrs. Edwards and/or other Community Service Team Members.

REMINDER: PLEASE RETURN YOUR YELLOW BUCKET, FILLED OR EMPTY TO THE COMMUNITY SERVICES DEPARTMENT!!! THANK YOU VERY MUCH!!!

CHOIR REHEARSAL for the HOMECOMING CHOIR

If you sung in any of the MOSDAC CHOIR'S we need you we are having rehearsal . All interested in singing or helping out in any way please contact Shavaun Archie or Darryl Johnson.

WHAT IS ALS?

ALS, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord. A-myo-trophic comes from the Greek language. "A" means no. "Myo" refers to muscle, and "Trophic" means nourishment – "No muscle nourishment." When a muscle has no nourishment, it "atrophies" or wastes away. "Lateral" identifies the areas in a person's spinal cord where portions of the nerve cells that signal and control the muscles are located. As this area degenerates, it leads to scarring or hardening ("sclerosis") in the region.

Motor neurons reach from the brain to the spinal cord and from the spinal cord to the muscles throughout the body. The progressive degeneration of the motor neurons in ALS eventually leads to their demise. When the motor neurons die, the ability of the brain to initiate and control muscle movement is lost. With voluntary muscle action progressively affected, people may lose the ability to speak, eat, move and breathe. The motor nerves that are affected when you have ALS are the motor neurons that provide voluntary movements and muscle control. Examples of voluntary movements are making the effort to reach for a smart phone or step off a curb. These actions are controlled by the muscles in the arms and legs.There are two different types of ALS, sporadic and familial. Sporadic, which is the most common form of the disease in the U.S., accounts for 90 to 95 percent of all cases. It may affect anyone, anywhere. Familial ALS (FALS) accounts for 5 to 10 percent of all cases in the U.S. Familial ALS means the disease is inherited. In those families, there is a 50% chance each offspring will inherit the gene mutation and may develop the disease. French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot discovered the disease in 1869.Recent years have brought a wealth of new scientific understanding regarding the physiology of this disease. There are currently four drugs approved by the U.S. FDA to treat ALS (Riluzole, Nuedexta, Radicava, and Tiglutik). Studies all over the world, many funded by The Association, are ongoing to develop more treatments and a cure for ALS. Scientists have made significant progress in learning more about this disease. In addition, people with ALS may experience a better quality of life in living with the disease by participating in support groups and attending an ALS Association Certified Treatment Center of Excellence or a Recognized Treatment Center. Such Centers provide a national standard of best-practice multidisciplinary care to help manage the symptoms of the disease and assist people living withALS to maintain as much independence as possible for as long as possible. According to the American Academy of Neurology’s Practice Paramater Update, studies have shown that participation in a multidisciplinary ALS clinic may prolong survival and improve quality of life. To find a Center near you, visit http://www.alsa.org/community/centers-clinics/.

ALS usually strikes people between the ages of 40 and 70, and it is estimated there are at least 16,000 Americans who have the disease at any given time (although this number fluctuates). For unknown reasons, military veterans are approximately twice as likely to be diagnosed with the disease as the general public. Notable individuals who have been diagnosed with ALS include baseball great Lou Gehrig, theoretical physicist, cosmologist and author Stephen Hawking, Hall of Fame pitcher Jim "Catfish" Hunter, Toto bassist Mike Porcaro, Senator Jacob Javits, actor David Niven, “Sesame Street” creator Jon Stone, boxing champion Ezzard Charles, NBA Hall of Fame basketball player George Yardley, golf caddie Bruce Edwards, musician Lead Belly (Huddie Ledbetter), photographer Eddie Adams, entertainer Dennis Day, jazz musician Charles Mingus, former vice president of the United States Henry A. Wallace, U.S. Army General Maxwell Taylor, and NFL football players Steve Gleason, O.J. Brigance and Tim Shaw.

PAINTING THE NIGHT RED

IT'S A FORMAL AFFAIR!!!

WHERE: LUCIEN'S MANOR

ADDRESS: 81 WEST WHITE HORSE PIKE

BERLIN, NEW JERSEY 08009

WHEN: SUNDAY, DECEMBER 16, 2018

5:00 PM - COCKTAIL HOUR

LIVE ENTERTAINMENT - MARCUS D. WILEY

LIVE BAND - MARK WANZER AND NEW DIRECTION

VIP RED CARPET PHOTOS - FULL COURSE DINING

FASHION SHOW - SILENT AUCTION

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NON-REFUNDABLE TICKETS - PURCHASE DEADLINE:

SEPTEMBER 30, 2018

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PROCEEDS BENEFITING - MOSDAC CAPITAL CAMPAIGN

PLEASE VISIT www.mosdac.org to purchase tickets on line.

FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT:

LORENE WATKINS (856) 952 - 5002 OR

LAURIE WILLIAMS (609) 868 - 2051

10 Things God Wants You To Always Remember

1. You Don’t Have To Figure Everything Out

Its so easy for us to want to try and figure out all of the details of our life. We try and control as much as we can and get so frustrated and scared whenever we lose that control.

Well, God wants you to know that you can stop trying so hard. Learn to let go and hold on to the one who already knows exactly how your life will turn out. When you stop trying so hard to figure things out, you’ll discover a peace in your heart knowing that God is with you and will never leave your side.

2. You Are More Precious Then Rubies (Proverbs 31:10)

Don’t let anyone make you feel as though you aren’t important or that you don’t have a purpose in life. God wants you to know in your heart that you are precious, that there is no one like you and that He has great plans for your life.

3. God Thinks About You A lot (Psalm 139:17-18)

When your going through a really tough time, God is thinking about you.

When your sitting and watching television with your family, God is thinking about you.

When you experience a huge joy in your life, God is thinking about you.

When you lay down to rest at night, God is thinking about you.

God is constantly thinking about you and He does this because He really loves and cares about you.

4. With Faith Truly Anything Is Possible (Matthew 17:20)

God formed the entire universe, He knitted you together in your womb, and He made an eternal heaven for all of those who believe in Him.

Why did He do all of these things?

To show us His glory! To let us know that nothing is impossible with Him and since the Holy spirit is inside of you and I, that glory can be unlocked through the power of faith.

5. God Loves You More Then Any Other Person Could (John 3:16)

Tortured, beat, and hanged on a cross. God showed his immaculate love for you by sending His perfect son to die. I can’t think of any greater sacrifice then the one Jesus made for you and I. When we focus on His sacrifice, what He has done for us, we should never doubt how much God truly loves each one of us.

6. Your Good Works Will Not Go Unnoticed (Hebrews 6:10)

You know, it can be really hard sometimes when we put ourselves out there to help someone. Maybe you feel as though you don’t get any credit or that others don’t appreciate just how much time and effort you are putting in to help.

Don’t worry about all of that stuff. God sees every thing and He definitely sees your good works. For all of that hard work, God will one day call you and tell you, “My child, job well done good and faithful servant.”

7. Life Is Not About How Much You Can Make, How Popular You Are, Or Other Material Things (Matthew 6:19-21)

You may never be popular like Kim Kardashian or rich like Bill Gates, but you will have something even greater to look forward to and that is the moment when God finally calls you to be in His amazing presence.

I can guarantee you this moment will be more beautiful, more incredible, and filled with more joy then anything we could possibly imagine. We might think to ourselves on that day, “Why did I spend so much time pursuing all of those other things in life.”

8. God Is In Control Of Your Life (Proverbs 19:21)

God is in control, God is in control, God is in control. You need to really know that no matter what you’re going through right now.

Even if you think your life is falling apart, God is still in control! Trust Him, trust that He knows what is best for you, and have faith that His plans are greater than yours and will ultimately prevail.

9. A Relationship With God Is Really Important (Matthew 22:37)

If someone looked at your life what would they say is most important to you? Would it be your relationship with God? Or would it be another relationship you have? Maybe your job? Money? Car? House? Education?

Even though some of these things like your relationship with your husband or wife or children are very important, God always wants you to know that a relationship with Him is far more important…by a long shot.

Nobody can take care of you like Him, no one knows you better then the one who created you, and no one knows the intimate details of your life like the one who created your plan and purpose in life.

10. Loving Others As Yourself Is Also Really Important (Philippians 2:1-4)

Lets admit it, people can be really difficult to deal with, they can betray you, hurt you in unimaginable ways, and can clash with your beliefs.

It doesn’t matter. We are still called to love every single one of them as Jesus Christ loved us.

Jesus Christ clearly set an example of how we should love others and that meant loving them just as much as we love ourselves.

History of the Seventh-day Adventist Church

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The Seventh-day Adventist Church had its roots in the Millerite movement of the 1830s to the 1840s, during the period of the Second Great Awakening, and was officially founded in 1863. Prominent figures in the early church included Hiram Edson, James Springer White (Husband to Ellen G. White), Joseph Bates, and J. N. Andrews. Over the ensuing decades the church expanded from its original base in New England to become an international organization. Significant developments such the reviews initiated by evangelicals Donald Barnhouse and Walter Martin, in the 20th century led to its recognition as a Christian denomination.

Foundations, 1798–1820s[edit]

The Second Great Awakening, a revival movement in the United States, took place in the early 19th century. The Second Great Awakening was stimulated by the foundation of the many Bible Societies which sought to address the problem of a lack of affordable Bibles. The spread of Bibles allowed many who had not had one to be able to purchase and study it themselves rather than just hear it preached, and led to the establishment of many reform movements designed to remedy the evils of society before the anticipated Second Coming of Jesus Christ.[1] Many religious minority movements formed out of the Congregational, Presbyterian, and the Baptist and Methodist churches. Some of these movements held beliefs that would later be adopted by the Seventh-day Adventists.

An interest in prophecy was kindled among some Protestants groups following the arrest of Pope Pius VI in 1798 by the French General Louis Alexandre Berthier. Forerunners of the Adventist movement believed that this event marked the end of the 1260-day prophecy from the Book of Daniel.[2][3][4] Certain individuals began to look at the 2300 day prophecy found in Daniel 8:14.[2] Interest in prophecy also found its way into the Roman Catholic church when an exiled Jesuit priest by the name of Manuel de Lacunza published a manuscript calling for renewed interest in the Second Coming of Christ. His publication created a stirring but was later condemned by Pope Leo XII in 1824.[2]As a result of a pursuit for religious freedom, many revivalists had set foot in the United States, aiming to avoid persecution.

Millerite roots, 1831–44[edit] Main article: Great Disappointment

The Seventh-day Adventist Church formed out of the movement known today as the Millerites. In 1831, a Baptist convert, William Miller, was asked by a Baptist to preach in their church and began to preach that the Second Advent of Jesus would occur somewhere between March 1843 and March 1844, based on his interpretation of Daniel 8:14. A following gathered around Miller that included many from the Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian and Christian Connection churches. In the summer of 1844, some of Miller's followers promoted the date of October 22. They linked the cleansing of the sanctuary of Daniel 8:14 with the Jewish Day of Atonement, believed to be October 22 that year. By 1844, over 100,000 people were anticipating what Miller had called the "Blessed Hope". On October 22 many of the believers were up late into the night watching, waiting for Christ to return and found themselves bitterly disappointed when both sunset and midnight passed with their expectations unfulfilled. This event later became known as the Great Disappointment.

Pre-denominational years, 1844–60[edit] Edson and the Heavenly Sanctuary[edit]

After the disappointment of October 22 many of Miller's followers were left upset and disillusioned. Most ceased to believe in the imminent return of Jesus. Some believed the date was incorrect. A few believed that the date was right but the event expected was wrong. This latter group developed into the Seventh-day Adventist Church. One of the Adventists, Hiram Edson (1806–1882) wrote "Our fondest hopes and expectations were blasted, and such a spirit of weeping came over us as I never experienced before. It seemed that the loss of all earthly friends could have been no comparison. We wept, and wept, till the day dawn."[6] On the morning of October 23, Edson, who lived in Port Gibson, New York was passing through his grain field with a friend. He later recounted his experience:

"We started, and while passing through a large field I was stopped about midway of the field. Heaven seemed opened to my view, and I saw distinctly and clearly that instead of our High Priest coming out of the Most Holy of the heavenly sanctuary to come to this earth on the tenth day of the seventh month, at the end of the 2300 days [calculated to be October 22, 1844], He for the first time entered on that day the second apartment of that sanctuary; and that He had a work to perform in the Most Holy before coming to the earth."[7]

Edson shared his experience with many of the local Adventists who were greatly encouraged by his account. As a result, he began studying the bible with two of the other believers in the area, O.R.L. Crosier and Franklin B. Hahn, who published their findings in a paper called Day-Dawn. This paper explored the biblical parable of the Ten Virgins and attempted to explain why the bridegroom had tarried. The article also explored the concept of the day of atonement and what the authors called "our chronology of events".[8][9]

The findings published by Crosier, Hahn and Edson led to a new understanding about the sanctuary in heaven. Their paper explained how there was a sanctuary in heaven, that Christ, the High Priest, was to cleanse. The believers understood this cleansing to be what the 2300 days in Daniel was referring to.[10]

George Knight wrote, "Although originally the smallest of the post-Millerite groups, it came to see itself as the true successor of the once-powerful Millerite movement."[11] This view was endorsed by Ellen White. However, Seeking a Sanctuary sees it more as an offshoot of the Millerite movement.

The "Sabbath and Shut Door" Adventists were disparate, but slowly emerged. Only Joseph Bates had had any prominence in the Millerite movement.[12]

Adventists viewed themselves as heirs of earlier outcast believers such as the Waldenses, Protestant Reformers including the Anabaptists, English and Scottish Puritans, evangelicals of the 18th century including Methodists, Seventh Day Baptists, and others who rejected established church traditions.[13]

Sabbath observance develops and unites[edit] Main article: Sabbath and Seventh-day Adventism § History

A young Seventh Day Baptist layperson named Rachel Oakes Preston living in New Hampshire was responsible for introducing Sabbath to the Millerite Adventists. Due to her influence, Frederick Wheeler, a local Methodist-Adventist preacher, began keeping the seventh day as Sabbath, probably in the early spring of 1844. Several members of the Washington, New Hampshire church he occasionally ministered to also followed his decision. These included William and Cyrus Farnsworth. T. M. Preble soon accepted it either from Wheeler or directly from Oakes. These events were shortly followed by the Great Disappointment.

Preble promoted Sabbath through the February 28, 1845 issue of the Hope of Israel. In March he published his Sabbath views in tract form. Although he returned to observing Sunday in the next few years, his writing convinced Joseph Bates and J. N. Andrews. These men in turn convinced James and Ellen White, as well as Hiram Edson and hundreds of others.[14]

Bates proposed that a meeting should be organised between the believers in New Hampshire and Port Gibson. At this meeting, which occurred sometime in 1846 at Edson's farm, Edson and other Port Gibson believers readily accepted Sabbath and at the same time forged an alliance with Bates and two other folk from New Hampshire who later became very influential in the Adventist church, James and Ellen G. White. Between April 1848, and December 1850 twenty-two "Sabbath conferences" were held in New York and New England. These meetings were often seen as opportunities for leaders such as James White, Joseph Bates, Stephen Pierce and Hiram Edson to discuss and reach conclusions about doctrinal issues.[15]

While initially it was believed that Sabbath started at 6 pm, by 1855 it was generally accepted that Sabbath begins at Friday sunset.[16]

The Present Truth (see below) was largely devoted to Sabbath at first. J. N. Andrews was the first Adventist to write a book-length defense of Sabbath, first published in 1861.Sabbath observance develops and unites[edit] Main article: Sabbath and Seventh-day Adventism § History

A young Seventh Day Baptist layperson named Rachel Oakes Preston living in New Hampshire was responsible for introducing Sabbath to the Millerite Adventists. Due to her influence, Frederick Wheeler, a local Methodist-Adventist preacher, began keeping the seventh day as Sabbath, probably in the early spring of 1844. Several members of the Washington, New Hampshire church he occasionally ministered to also followed his decision. These included William and Cyrus Farnsworth. T. M. Preble soon accepted it either from Wheeler or directly from Oakes. These events were shortly followed by the Great Disappointment.

Preble promoted Sabbath through the February 28, 1845 issue of the Hope of Israel. In March he published his Sabbath views in tract form. Although he returned to observing Sunday in the next few years, his writing convinced Joseph Bates and J. N. Andrews. These men in turn convinced James and Ellen White, as well as Hiram Edson and hundreds of others.[14]

Bates proposed that a meeting should be organised between the believers in New Hampshire and Port Gibson. At this meeting, which occurred sometime in 1846 at Edson's farm, Edson and other Port Gibson believers readily accepted Sabbath and at the same time forged an alliance with Bates and two other folk from New Hampshire who later became very influential in the Adventist church,

ELLEN G. WHITE "THE DESIRE OF AGES"

Chapter 3: "The Fullness of the Time"

"When the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth His Son, . . . to redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons." Galatians 4:4, 5.

The Saviour's coming was foretold in Eden. When Adam and Eve first heard the promise, they looked for its speedy fulfillment. They joyfully welcomed their first-born son, hoping that he might be the Deliverer. But the fulfillment of the promise tarried. Those who first received it died without the sight. From the days of Enoch the promise was repeated through patriarchs and prophets, keeping alive the hope of His appearing, and yet He came not. The prophecy of Daniel revealed the time of His advent, but not all rightly interpreted the message. Century after century passed away; the voices of the prophets ceased. The hand of the oppressor was heavy upon Israel, and many were ready to exclaim, "The days are prolonged, and every vision faileth." Ezekiel 12:22. [32]

But like the stars in the vast circuit of their appointed path, God's purposes know no haste and no delay. Through the symbols of the great darkness and the smoking furnace, God had revealed to Abraham the bondage of Israel in Egypt, and had declared that the time of their sojourning should be four hundred years. "Afterward," He said, "shall they come out with great substance." Genesis 15:14. Against that word, all the power of Pharaoh's proud empire battled in vain. On "the self-same day" appointed in the divine promise, "it came to pass, that all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt." Exodus 12:41. So in heaven's council the hour for the coming of Christ had been determined. When the great clock of time pointed to that hour, Jesus was born in Bethlehem.

"When the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth His Son." Providence had directed the movements of nations, and the tide of human impulse and influence, until the world was ripe for the coming of the Deliverer. The nations were united under one government. One language was widely spoken, and was everywhere recognized as the language of literature. From all lands the Jews of the dispersion gathered to Jerusalem to the annual feasts. As these returned to the places of their sojourn, they could spread throughout the world the tidings of the Messiah's coming.

At this time the systems of heathenism were losing their hold upon the people. Men were weary of pageant and fable. They longed for a religion that could satisfy the heart. While the light of truth seemed to have departed from among men, there were souls who were looking for light, and who were filled with perplexity and sorrow. They were thirsting for a knowledge of the living God, for some assurance of a life beyond the grave.

As the Jews had departed from God, faith had grown dim, and hope had well-nigh ceased to illuminate the future. The words of the prophets were uncomprehended. To the masses of the people, death was a dread mystery; beyond was uncertainty and gloom. It was not alone the wailing of the mothers of Bethlehem, but the cry from the great heart of humanity, that was borne to the prophet across the centuries,—the voice heard in Ramah, "lamentation, and weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children, and would not be comforted, because they are not." Matthew 2:18. In "the region and shadow of death," men sat unsolaced. With longing eyes they looked for the [33] coming of the Deliverer, when the darkness should be dispelled, and the mystery of the future should be made plain.

Outside of the Jewish nation there were men who foretold the appearance of a divine instructor. These men were seeking for truth, and to them the Spirit of Inspiration was imparted. One after another, like stars in the darkened heavens, such teachers had arisen. Their words of prophecy had kindled hope in the hearts of thousands of the Gentile world.

For hundreds of years the Scriptures had been translated into the Greek language, then widely spoken throughout the Roman Empire. The Jews were scattered everywhere, and their expectation of the Messiah's coming was to some extent shared by the Gentiles. Among those whom the Jews styled heathen were men who had a better understanding of the Scripture prophecies concerning the Messiah than had the teachers in Israel. There were some who hoped for His coming as a deliverer from sin. Philosophers endeavored to study into the mystery of the Hebrew economy. But the bigotry of the Jews hindered the spread of the light. Intent on maintaining the separation between themselves and other nations, they were unwilling to impart the knowledge they still possessed concerning the symbolic service. The true [34] Interpreter must come. The One whom all these types prefigured must explain their significance.

!!!!!!!!!!! LOOK FOR MORE INFO NEXT WEEK!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

THE PLAN OF SALVATION

IF YOU DIED TODAY, DO YOU KNOW FOR SURE YOU WOULD GO TO HEAVEN?

1. SIN

  • ALL HAVE SINNED.
  • ROMANS 3:23

2. BLOOD

  • JESUS DIED FOR OUR SINS.
  • 1 JOHN 1:7

3. PURITY

  • JESUS WASHES AWAY CONFESSED SIN.
  • PSALM 51:7

4. HEAVEN

  • BELIEVE ON JESUS AND RECEIVE ETERNAL LIFE.
  • JOHN 14:2

5. GROWTH

  • GROW IN THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE LORD.
  • II PETER 3:18

Health Ministries

Those who want to participate in the Medical Missionary training, please sign up to ensure you’re accounted for.

HOW TO STAY SAFE
  • 1 Keep a first aid kit handy. To make sure your home is as safe and prepared as possible, it's a good idea to keep a quality first aid kit on hand for emergencies. You can buy one, pre-packaged, or you can assemble one yourself and keep it in a tackle box or another plastic case. Make sure it includes:
    • Clean bandages and gauze
    • Isopropyl alcohol and hydrogen peroxide
    • Antibacterial ointment
    • OTC painkillers
    • Surgical tape
    • Antibiotics
    • Keep emergency supplies well stocked. In the event of an emergency, you want to be prepared. A safe home should have the following items stocked in a safe place, in case you need them:
      • Batteries and sturdy flashlights
      • Pocketknife
      • Needles and thread
      • Canned goods and other nonperishable items
      • Lots of water
      • Matches or lighters
      • Radio



IS IT A STROKE? ACT F.A.S.T!

F - FACE DROOPING

A - ARM/LEG WEAKNESS

S - SPEECH DIFFICULTY

T - TIME TO CALL 9 - 1 - 1

HOW TO INSTALL A CAR SEAT

1 Separate the carrier from the base. Most rear-facing seats consist of two parts: the base and the infant carrier. You will install the base, the part that remains in the car. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for removing the carrier from the base. Usually, there is simply a lever or button to activate.

2 Anchor the base to your car's back seat. Many car seat bases include an attached belt with two hooks that can latch onto designated spots near your car’s seat belt area. If your car manufacturer included these, snap the hooks onto the metal bars at those designated spots.[1]

  • Tighten the anchor belt attached to the base until the base is snug against the seat.
  • Check the manufacturer's instructions if you aren't sure if your car or seat has this option, or how to use it.
  • There may also be a place to feed the car’s seat belt through the base for added security.
  • 3 Thread the seat belt through the base, alternatively. If your car seat does not use the anchor system, it will be secured to the backseat with the car’s seat belt. Feed the belt through designated openings in the base and buckle it. The seatbelt should fit cleanly, and not be twisted or bunched up.[2]
    • Read the instructions to study where you are supposed to put the belt if you aren't sure.
    • Every vehicle and seat is different, so it's important to get this right.
    • Not latching the seat belt correctly can increase the risk of the child getting injured in an accident.
    • 4 Pop the infant carrier into the base. Set it onto the base so that the child would face the rear. It should click when it's in the right position. You can then practice taking the carrier out (by activating the lever or button) and setting it back into get a feel for things.
    • 5 Double check the base angle. Rear facing car seats usually have bases that can rest at different angles. The youngest infants will need to be in the more reclined position. This helps them breathe properly.[3]
      • Most infant carriers have level indicators. Once yours is in place, read this level to see if the seat is at the correct angle for the babies weight/height/age.
      • Check the manufacturer’s instructions for how to properly read the level if it isn't clear.
      • Change the base angle if the level is not correct or your child. Usually, this involves turning the base over and rotating a piece.
      • Remember to change the angle later on (or switch to a different seat) if the baby outgrows one setting.
LEARN ABOUT HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE.

IT'S A SERIOUS CONDITION THAT INCREASES THE RISK OF HEART ATTACK, STROKE & OTHER HEALTH PROBLEMS.

ABOUT 60 MILLION AMERICANS HAVE HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE.

- SEVERAL FACTORS THAT YOU CAN'T CONTROL CONTRIBUTE TO HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE.

HEREDITY

- YOU MAY BE BORN MORE PRONE TO CERTAIN TYPES OF ILLNESS.

AGE

- SOME ILLNESSES ARE MORE COMMON AMONG OLDER PEOPLE.

ENVIRONMENT

- POLUTTED AIR AND WATER MAY BE HARD TO ESCAPE.

GOOD NEWS!!!

HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE CAN BE CONTROLLED!!!

YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE CHANGES DURING THE DAY.

1. DON'T BE TOO CONCERNED ABOUT ONE READING

TO GET AN ACCURATE IDEA OF YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE, YOU'LL NEED TO HAVE IT CHECKED OFTEN, UNDER DIFFERENT CIRCUMSTANCES.

2. THEREADINGS FROM A MACHINE MAY DIFFER ...

FROM THOSE YOU GET AT YOUR DOCTOR'S OFFICE. THAT'S PROBABLY BECAUSE YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE IS USUALLY CHECKED AT YOUR DOCTOR'S OFFICE AFTER YOU'VE BEEN SITTING QUIETLY FOR A WHILE. ALSO, YOU MAY FEEL ANXIOUS USING A DEVICE FOR THE FIRST TIME.

YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE CAN VARY...

FROM READING TO READING. iT'S AFFECTED BY MANY THINGS:

  • EATING
  • EXERCISE
  • STRESS
  • EXCITEMENT
  • CAFFINE
  • SMOKING

IF YOU HAVE QUESTIONS, TALK TO YOUR DOCTOR.

CONSIDER THESE BLOOD PRESSURE REDUCERS

BLOOD PRESSURE (BP) REDUCERS

MANY PEOPLE RELY ON MEDICATION TO TREAT HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE (BP), BUT CERTAIN LIFESTYLE CHANGES CAN ALSO HELP BRING THE NUMBERS DOWN.

REDUCING HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE (BP) WILL CURB YOUR RISK FOR STROKE, HEART ATTACK, AND DEMENTIA.

HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL STAFF MEMBERS RECOMMEND THESE STEPS TO REDUCE BP:

  • EXERCISE MORE. - Moderate-intensity activities like brisk walking are effective if done for at least 150 minutes a week, while higher-intensity jogging may do the job in half that time.
  • LOSE WEIGHT. - Your heart and blood vessels work harder if you're carrying extra pounds.
  • CUT DOWN ON SALt. - Aim for no more than 2,000 milligrams (mg) of sodium per day.
  • NO ALCOHOL. - Some sources usually say limiting alcohol to one drink a day is usually OK, but how many people usually do this. So, No Alcohol is best.
  • MANAGE STRESS.
  • DON'T SMOKE. - If you do smoke, please STOP!

SOURCE: "Blood Pressure Creeping UP? How To Bring It Down Without Drugs," Harvard Women's Health Watch, 4/17.

DID YOU KNOW?

WHILE EATING A HEALTHFUL DIET IS ESSENTIAL, IT MIGHT NOT CURB THE DETRIMENTAL EFFECTS OF CONSUMING TOO MUCH SODIUM.

"Regularly consuming excessive amounts of sodium, derived mostly from commerically processed food products, is an important factor in the development of elevated blood pressure (BP) patterns," says Jeremiah Stamler, MD, who led a new study.

The American Heart Association recommends that adults consume no more than one (1 tsp.) teaspoon [2,300 milligrams (mg)] of sodium per day from all food sources.

HEALING HEARTBURN--SOOTHE THE BURN!

WHAT IS IT?

That burning pain behind the breastbone, often accompanied by a bitter or sour taste. It usually develops after eating--especially overeating or indulging in certain foods.

WHAT CAUSES IT?

STOMACH ACID BACKUP INTO THE ESOPHAGUS. Triggers include spicy foods, citrus fruits, onions, alcohol, caffeinated drinks, tomatoes, fatty foods, and chocolate, going to bed with a full stomach is another risk factor, as is slow digestion.

LIFESTYLE TIPS:

Eat slowly, maintain a healthy weight (if you're overweight, even losing 10 pounds will help); drink herbal teas instead of caffeinated beverages; avoid tight-fitting clothes. DON'T DRINK ICE-COLD LIQUIDS WITH MEALS! ANXIETY can agitate the digestive system and make heartburn worse. DE-STRESS with gentle exercise instead of alcohol or tobacco. LISTEN to MUSIC, get a MASSAGE, MEDITATE. or take a WALK.

If your heartburn comes at night, ELEVATE the head of your bed or put a wedge between your mattress and box spring.

DIET:

Choose low-acid fruits and vegetables such as asparagus and melons; whole-grain foods including oatmeal, brown rice, and couscous; lean poultry and meats (not fried); potatoes and other root vegetables; and grilled, poached, or baked fish. Some heartburn sufferers swear by taking one to two teaspoons a day of apple cider vinegar diluted in a glass of water. Or try adding a splash of apple cider vinegar to a cup of tea sweetened with honey.

HERBAL THERAPY:

SIP CHAMOMILE TEA. Taking plant-based enzymes 40 minutes before meals can help with heartburn, says Jacob Teitelbaum, MD. ENZYMES that help DIGEST food and PREVENT HEARTBURN are AMYLASE (which helps digest carbs), CELLULASE (which helps digest the fiber in fruits and veggies), and LIPASES (which help digest fattier foods).

AMAZING BENEFITS OF LEMON

HEALTH BENEFITS OF LEMON (ORGANIC FACTS)

  • HELPS REDUCE WEIGHT
  • CONTROLS HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
  • CURES INDIGESTION AND CONSTIPATION
  • GIVES RELIEF FROM FEVER AND COLD
  • STOPS INTERNAL BLEEDING AND NOSE BLEEDS
  • SOOTHES TOOTHACHE AND CLEANSES TEETH
  • TREATS RHEUMATISM AND ARTHRITIS
  • PROVIDES RELAXATION TO FEET AND TREATS CORNS
  • EASES PAIN OF SUNBURN AND BEE STINGS
  • REDUCES DANDRUFF AND GIVES HAIR A NATURAL SHINE
  • HELPS FADE SCARS AND REMOVE WRINKLES AND BLACKHEADS

*NUTRIENTS: DIETARY FIBER 19%, CARBOHYDRATE 4%, PROTEIN 2%

*VITAMINS: VITAMIN C 128%, VITAMIN B6 5%, THIAMIN 3%

*MINERALS: COPPER 13%, CALCIUM 6%, IRON 4%

*PERCENT (%) DAILY VALUE PER 100g. FOR e.g. 100g of LEMON PROVIDES 128% of DAILY REQUIREMENT OF VITAMIN C.

www.organicfacts.net

SUNSHINE PREVENTS TYPE 2 DIABETES

Spending 20 minutes outdoors daily heightens INSULIN SENSITIVITY 54%, cutting your risk of Type 2 Diabetes 38%, suggests a HARVARD UNIVERSITY reeview of 21 studies. SUNSHINE revs your skin's production of vitamin D-3, a nutrient that switches on FIVE GENES essential for BLOOD-SUGAR CONTROL.

******************************************

VITAMIN D EASES ACHES--AND KEEPS BONES STRONG!

TAKING 1,000 IU OF vitamin D daily relieves achy joints and muscles, The Clinical Journal of Pain reports. "D is actually a hormone that balances our immune system and helps reduce inflammatiom, which is a major cause of pain and premature aging," confirms Jacob Teitelbaum, M.D., author of Pain Free, 1,2,3.

STAY-YOUNG BONUS: D cuts the risk of OSTEOPOROSIS and several CANCERS!

********************************************

VITAMIN D FACTS

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is different from other vitamins because our bodies can make most of what we need with exposure to sunlight.

Vitamin D is more than a vitamin in that is acts as a pro-hormone and effects hormone balance and immune regulation of the body.

Most foods, unless they are fortified, are poor sources of vitamin D and there are only a small amount of vitamin D rich foods to choose from.

Vitamin D plays a role in calcium absorption into the bones.

A deficiency in vitamin D can result in a softening of the bones called osteomalacia or a bone abnormality called rickets.

Some of the biggest vitamin D deficiency symptoms include:

  • Weakened immune system
  • Seasonal depression
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Cancer
  • Weak bones (osteopenia)
  • Skin issues eczema and psoriasis
  • Dementia

People most prone to a vitamin D deficiency include those who live in northern regions with little sunlight exposure, people with darker skin, people on low fat diets and those taking steroids and weight loss medications.

Vitamin D also helps with cell replication, and may play a role in the development of autoimmune conditions.

The RDA for vitamin D is 600 IU/day and the Daily Value is 400 IU.

TO B12 OR NOT TO B12?

VITAMIN B12

TO B12 OR NOT TO B12 ISN'T A QUESTION: IF YOU'RE AT RISK FOR DEFICIENCY, YOU'LL WANT TO BE SURE YOU'RE GETTING ENOUGH OF THIS ESSENTIAL VITAMIN.

Important in keeping nerve cells healthy, B12 helps the body produce DNA and works with other B vitamins in the production of red blood cells and the immunity-and mood-boosting compounds SAMe. It's been used in the treatment or prevention of pernicious anemia, heart disease, macular degeneration, and fatigue.

Our bodies can store several years worth of B12 in the liver. Healthy people under 50 who eat a varied diet usually get enough of the vitamin through meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and dairy products. Because B12 is not found in plant foods, Vegans and some Vegetarians need supplemental B12. Others who may want to get their daily dose through a supplement or forified cereal include people over 50, who may have problems absorbing the vitamin from food; people with conditions like Crohn's disease and pancreatic disease, which inhibit the absorption of nutrients; people who have had weight-loss surgery.

It's always important to talk with your healthcare provider about supplementation.

________________________________________

RECOMMENDED DAILY ALLOWANCE

(RDA) (YEARS) (MCG/DAY)

1. CHILDREN - 4 - 8 years old - 1.2 mcg

2. CHILDREN - 9 - 13 years old - 1.8 mcg

3. ADOLESCENTS - 14 - 18 years old - 2.4 mcg

4. ADULTS - 19 years and older - 2.4 mcg

_________________________________________

VEGANS AND VEGETARIANS NEED VITAMIN B12

Why Every Vegan and Vegetarian Needs Vitamin B12

WELLNESS | AUGUST 31, 2017

Eating a plant-based diet is one of the most healthful actions you can take, but it carries the very serious and potentially fatal risk of vitamin B12 deficiency. Although plant-based diets are full of other vitamins and minerals, they are generally devoid of vitamin B12.

Vitamin B12, or cobalamin, is naturally found in animal foods or bacteria. Animals obtain vitamin B12 by eating foods that are covered in bacteria or from the bacteria that already line their own guts. Humans have lots of bacteria in their guts, but only in the colon. Unfortunately, humans are unable to absorb the vitamin B12 produced in the colon because vitamin B12 is only absorbed in the small intestine, which is upstream of the colon.

Primates, indigenous societies, and prehistoric populations never got cobalamin deficiency because they didn’t have the advanced hygiene techniques that we have today, even if they were eating a plant-based diet. Their food had enough vitamin B12–containing bacteria on the surfaces to meet their needs. Humans, unlike other members of the animal kingdom, take great care to clean, wash, and cook their foods, which reduces the vitamin B12 content of any plant foods we may eat.

Consequently, vegetarians and vegans run the risk of vitamin B12 deficiency. The risk increases the more plant-based one eats, with long-term vegans being at the highest risk. In one study, vitamin B12 deficiency affected 86 percent of all vegans. Vitamin B12 deficiency is serious and can cause anemia, nerve damage, neurocognitive changes, and, over time,paralysis—all problems that you don’t need.

Fortunately, vitamin B12 deficiency can easily be prevented. Vitamin B12 can be found in fortified foods, like certain cereals, soy milk, and nutritional yeast. Yet, the simplest and most reliable way to ensure you get an adequate amount of B12 is to take an oral supplement. The usual dose for the average person is 250 micrograms a day or 2,500 micrograms a week. Some people personally take a weekly, as opposed to a daily, supplement out of convenience, but either option is OK. If you are not sure if you are getting enough or getting too much, you can always see your doctor to get your levels checked.

Carnivorous humans and paleo-enthusiasts may say that taking a supplement is unnatural and that you should eat more meat. However, consuming the amount of saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol found in meat is unnatural for humans, who are best suited for a plant-based diet. There is no health reason to eat meat. Given that 1 in 6 meat eaters is also vitamin B12–deficient, they might be wise to take an oral supplement themselves.

BOOSTS YOUR HEALTH BY HEALING YOUR GUT!

Your DIGESTIVE SYSTEM keeps you healthy, protecting against everything from DIABETES to DEPRESSION, HEART DISEASE to CANCER, say HARVARD EXPERTS. In fact, 90% of diseases can be traced to the health of your "MICROBIOME" --the balance of HELPFUL MICROBES that keep your G.I. tract in the pink.

TO EASILY KEEP YOUR GUT HEALTHY--OR HEAL IT FAST:

1. FILL UP ON FIBER!

NINE IN TEN (10) OF US DON'T ACHIEVE THE FDA OF 25 GRAMS OF FIBER! "FIBER is the primary energy source for the beneficial microorganisms in the gut, so if you're not eating a high-fiber diet, you're essentially starving the gut microbiome.," preventing the proper absorption of essential vitamins and minerals, says Joel Fuhrman, M.D., president of the Nutritional Foundation. In fact, The Journals of Gerontology reports that folks who take in the most fiber are 79% more likely to avoid age-related heart disease, Type 2 diabetes and cancer than those who take in the least. Dr. Fuhrman advises filling up on "G-BOMBS," an acronym for the most important foods to eat every day: green veggies, beans, onions or garlic, mushrooms, berries and seeds or nuts.

2. SIP CRANBERRY JUICE!

You know how important the PROBIOTICS in foods like yogurt are for a healthy gut. Well, PREBIOTICS are even more essential! "PREBIOTICS 'feed' a healthy microbiome," explains Dr. Fuhrman--and cranberry does it best!

Sip 2 oz. of unsweetened cranberry juice daily.

3. SUPERCHARGE YOUR SALAD!

Mom was right to tell you to eat your broccoli, but for a different reason than she knew. "Cruciferous vegetables--which include kale and cauliflower--are especially nourishing for your gut," Dr. Fuhrman says. "Plus they're rich in anti-cancer compounds."

His Rx: Eat a salad every day made with cruciferous veggies and spinach, which contain an enzyme that metabolizes sugars in the gut to help fend off a variety of diseases.

4. AVOID ASPARTAME!

SUGAR is a MAJOR culprit in feeding "BAD" gut bacteria--and artificial sweeteners, like ASPARTAME and SACCHARIN, do just as much harm, if not more! "These low-calorie sweeteners disrupt the balance and diversity of gut microbiota," says gastroenterologist James J. Lee, M.D., and they affect "good" gut bacteria in ways that worsen blood-sugar control!

Try STEVIA; the herbal sugar substitute has no negative impact on the gut.

- Kallie E. Kristensen

GOOD HEALTH NEWS!

TURMERIC KOs BOWEL DISEASES

ACCORDING TO THE JOURNAL SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, TURMERIC TURNS ON GENES THAT PROTECT AGAINST THE TWO MOST PAINFUL BOWEL CONDITIONS --ULCERATIVE COLITIS AND CROHN'S DISEASE.

THE STUDY-PROVEN DOSE: 1/2 TSP. OF TURMERIC DAILY.

CANCER AWARENESS MONTH CALENDER
SARCOMA AWARENESS MONTH

Sarcoma Awareness Month

Why do we have a Sarcoma Awareness Month? Simply, sarcoma is still considered to be the “forgotten cancer.” Efforts to encourage research and drug development are made more challenging due to a lack of awareness and understanding. How as a community do we raise funds for vital research if people don’t know that this cancer exists?

Though the Sarcoma Foundation of America works tirelessly every day to raise awareness, during Sarcoma Awareness Month we aim to further highlight the extraordinary challenges that sarcoma patients face and the need for more sarcoma research and better sarcoma therapies. Please join us in our efforts and pledge to bring awareness to your community!

WHAT IS SARCOMA?

Sarcoma is a rare cancer in adults (1% of all adult cancers), but rather prevalent in children (about 20% of all childhood cancers). It is made up of many “subtypes” because it can arise from a variety of tissue structures (nerves, muscles, joints, bone, fat, blood vessels – collectively referred to as the body’s “connective tissues”). Because these tissues are found everywhere on the body, Sarcomas can arise anywhere. Thus, within each site of the more “common” cancers there is the occasional surprise sarcoma diagnosis (e.g., breast sarcoma, stomach sarcoma, lung sarcoma, ovarian sarcoma, etc.). The most frequent location are the limbs since this is where the majority of the body’s connective tissue resides. They are commonly hidden deep in the body, so sarcoma is often diagnosed when it has already become too large to expect a hope of being cured. Although a lot of the lumps and bumps we get are benign, people should have them looked at by a doctor at an early stage in case it is sarcoma.

Sarcoma is sometimes curable by surgery (about 20% of the time), or by surgery with chemotherapy and/or radiation (another 30%), but about half the time they are totally resistant to all of these approaches—thus the extreme need for new therapeutic approaches. At any one time, about 50,000 patients and their families are struggling with sarcoma. Approximately 15,000 new cases are diagnosed each year nearly 6,000 people die each year from sarcoma.

Sarcoma – Cancer of the Connective Tissues

Sarcomas are cancers that arise from the cells that hold the body together. These could be cells related to muscles, nerves, bones, fat, tendons, cartilage, or other forms of “connective tissues.” There are hundreds of different kinds of sarcomas, which come from different kinds of cells.

Dr. George D. Demetri, MD, Director, Sarcoma and Bone Oncology Center, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School

Sarcomas can invade surrounding tissue and can metastasize (spread) to other organs of the body, forming secondary tumors. The cells of secondary tumors are similar to those of the primary (original) cancer. Secondary tumors are referred to as “metastatic sarcoma” because they are part of the same cancer and are not a new disease.

SARCOMA AWARENESS WEEK

Types of soft tissue sarcoma

Every soft tissue sarcoma patient is different. The cancer experts at Cancer Treatment Centers of America® (CTCA) have extensive experience in properly staging and diagnosing the disease, and developing a treatment plan that's tailored to your specific type of soft tissue sarcoma.

There are 50 different types of soft tissue sarcomas, which can develop in many different locations and tissues within the body. Because of this great variability among soft tissue sarcomas, recommended treatment options will vary, depending upon the stage, grade, type and location of the tumor. Thus, developing an individualized treatment plan with your CTCA sarcoma care team is extremely important.

The various types of soft tissue sarcomas are generally named for the type of connective tissue in which they form. However, as researchers have learned more about these rare tumors, many of these names have changed over time.

Following are the most common soft tissue sarcoma types, as well as their tissues of origin:

  • Angiosarcoma: Forms in blood and lymph vessels.
  • Dermatofibrosarcoma: Forms in the tissue under the skin, commonly found in the trunk or limbs.
  • Epithelioid sarcoma: Typically found in the hands or feet of young adults, appearing as small nodules.
  • Ewing’s sarcoma: Though considered a type of bone sarcoma, one-third of all Ewing’s tumors develop in the soft tissues, and are categorized as extraosseous (outside of the bone) Ewing’s tumors.
  • Fibrosarcoma: Starts in the fibrocytes, which are the cells that make up the fibrous tissue that envelopes muscles, tendons and ligaments. This type of soft tissue sarcoma is commonly found in the arms, legs or trunk, but can also be found deeper inside of the body.
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs): These tumors develop within the walls of the digestive system, most commonly in the stomach. However, rare cases of GISTs arising from outside of the digestive tract can also occur.
  • Kaposi sarcoma: A cancer of the blood vessels or lymph system known for producing purple plaques on the skin. It can spread elsewhere in the body.
  • Leiomyosarcoma: Starts in the involuntary smooth muscles, such as those found in the stomach, intestine and blood vessels.
  • Liposarcoma: Forms in fatty tissue.
  • Malignant fibrous histiocytoma: Forms in the fibrous tissue, most commonly in the legs, but may also occur in the abdomen. Also more recently known as pleomorphic undifferentiated sarcoma.
  • Neurofibrosarcoma: Also known as malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, this type of soft tissue sarcoma develops in peripheral nerves.
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma: Starts in the skeletal muscle. Alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas often occur in the limbs of teenagers and young adults, while pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma affects middle-age adults.
  • Synovial sarcoma: Also called synovial cell sarcomas, these tumors most commonly arise in the areas around large joints.

YOUR GOOD HEALTH -- BREAKTHROUGH

SIMPLE STRATEGIES THAT PROTECT AGAINST CANCER

PREVENTING CANCER DOESN'T HAVE TO MEAN MASSIVE DIET OR LIFESTYLE CHANGES. EXPERTS HAVE PINPOINTED SMALL STEPS THAT REALLY SHORE UP YOUR PROTECTION! (BRENDA kEARNS)

1. KO TROUBLE WITH CELERY

CELERY is packed with APIGENIN, a potent anti-inflammatory compound that helps stall the growth and spread of even tough-to-treat cancers!

IT WORKS, say University of Missouri researchers, by shutting down blood flow to cancer cells, starving them of the oxygen and nutrients they need to survive.

AIM TO EAT 1/2 cup of celery daily or take a supplement, such as SWANSON APIGENIN ($10.34 for 90 capsules; Walmart.com).

2. BLOCK CARCINOGENS WITH LEGUMES

EAT 1/2 CUP OF BEANS, PEAS, OR LENTILS DAILY, and a NORWEGIAN study shows your overall cancer risk will plunge 32%!

LEGUMES are rich in a type of fiber that binds to toxins and excess hormones, whisking them out of your body before they can contribute to cancer

3. UP YOUR PROTECTION WITH BARLEY

BARLEY has a chewy texture, a nutty flavor and is as easy to cook as rice -- and consuming three (3) cups of this underrated grain weekly could cut your cancer risk 34%, reports the Journal of Hematology and Oncology.

Its protective powers are thanks to a combination of manganese, molybdenum and beta-glucans, nutrients that together prime your immune cells to aggressively seek out and destroy cancer cells, explains study coauthor Godfrey Chan, M.D.

SUPER HEALTHY BARLEY GALLO PINTO HELPS KO CANCER!

THIS QUICK-TO-PREPARE DISH IS LOADED WITH THE NUTRIENTS AND PHYTOCHEMICALS IN BEANS, BARLEY AND CELERY THAT CAN SUBSTANTIALLY REDUCE YOUR CANCER RISK!

2 tsp. extra-virgin olive oil

3 cloves garlic, minced

2 large stalks of celery, thinly sliced

1 yellow onion, coarsely chopped

1 red bell pepper, diced

2 cups cooked pearl or pot barley

1 (19-oz. ) can black beans, drained and rinsed

2 tsp. Worcestershire sauce

1 tsp. ground cumin

1/2 tsp. chilli powder

1/4 cup chopped fresh cilantro, for garnish

1 lime, cut into wedges, for garnish

In a large, heavy-bottom skillet, heat oil over medium heat. Add garlic, celery, onion and red bell pepper. Saute, stirring frequently, until onion is translucent (approximately 5 minutes). Stir in cooked barley, black beans, Worcestershire sauce, cumin and chilli powder. Cook, stirring often, until mixture is heated through and has a slightly dry texture (approximately 10 minutes). Garnish with chopped cilantro and lime wedges.

Makes four (4) servings.

FOODS THAT PREVENT VARIOUS CANCERS!

GREAT NEWS: RESEARCH PROVES THAT YOU REALLY CAN POWER UP YOUR PROTECTION AGAINST BREAST, OVARIAN AND OTHER CANCERS JUST BY EATING MORE OF A FEW COMMON FOODS!

1. PROTECT BREASTS WITH PEACHES!

Fresh or frozen, peaches pack loads of compounds that help block the growth of suspicious breast cells, reveals Texas A&M University research. No wonder eating just three cups of peaches weekly cuts breast cancer risk 33%!

Eggplant, plums, and blueberries are also rich in these protective plant acids.

2. CUT OVARIAN CANCER RISK 50% WITH SALAD GREENS!

Eating a cup a day of leafy greens, such as romaine lettuce, spinach, kale, watercress and endive slashes ovarian cancer risk as much as 50%, reports the British Journal of Cancer. The pigments that give those foods their color are also anti-oxidants that help keep ovarian cells normal, explains study coauthor Sue Larsson, Ph.D.

3. AVOID CERVICAL CANCER WITH PINK GRAPEFRUIT!

Enjoying half a pink grapefruit daily could cut your odds of both CERVICAL and ENDOMETRIAL CANCERS 25%! In the journal Food and Chemical Toxicology reveals that pink grapefruit is rich in two cancer-fighting nutrients (NARINGIN and LYCOPENE), which prod precancerous cells to self destruct. TOMATOES are another good source of these protective nutrients.

4. SAFEGUARD YOUR COLON WITH NUTS!

Snacking on a handful of cashews, almonds, pecans or walnuts daily can lower your risk of colon cancer 42%--even if you have a history of the disease! The reason? The healthy minerals and fats in tree nuts help heal damaged intestinal cells, which is a key to keeping them cancer-free.

5. APPLES GET AN A+ FOR LUNG CANCER!

Simply eating an apple a day slashes your risk of lung cancer a whopping 60%, European research shows. The credit goes to FLAVONOIDS, a type of antioxidant in apples, which rein in lung-damaging inflammation!

BONUS: That same apple helps shield you from lung-related winter ills, such as colds, bronchitis, and even pneumonia!

6. CANCER-FIGHTING POWER OF BRAZIL NUTS

NFCR-sponsored researchers have been investigating the links between nutrition and cancer prevention for decades. The latest research from Dr. Helmut Sies focuses specifically on the role of selenium, a nutrient that may play a critical role in reducing the risk of certain cancers. So what can we eat to add selenium to our diets? Brazil nuts.

Brazil nuts contain the richest source of natural selenium. They also make a great pesto (RECIPE BELOW). Add a dollop to some roasted broccoli, whole-grain pasta or salmon and voila! You now have a delicious, nutritious, cancer-fighting meal for dinner tonight. Try it…. And let us know what you think. Post your comments below.

9 SUPRISING HEALTH BENEFITS OF BRAZIL NUTS

  • AIDS IN DIGESTION
  • HELPS IN TREATING ACNE
  • BENEFICIAL IN WEIGHT LOSS
  • AIDS IN MAINTAINING HEALTHY SKIN
  • BOOSTS IMMUNE SYSTEM AND OVERALL HEALTH
  • HELPS IN PROPER FUNCTIONING OF THE THYROID GLAND
  • HELPS TO PREVENT ATHEROSCLEROSIS AND HEART ATTACK
  • HELPS IN CELLULAR GROWTH, REPAIR AND WOUND HEALING
  • HELPS TO PREVENT CONSTIPATION, BLOATING, AND COLON CANCER

BRAZIL-NUT PESTO

INGREDIENTS:

1/2 cup coarsely chopped flat-leaf parsley
1/4 cup Brazil nuts, coarsely chopped
2 Tbsp water
1 Tbsp chopped tarragon
1 large garlic clove, chopped
1/2 tsp finely grated lemon zest
5 Tbsp extra-virgin olive oil
3 Tbsp freshly grated Parmesan cheese
Salt and freshly ground pepper

HOW TO MAKE THIS RECIPE:

In a mini food processor, combine the parsley with the Brazil nuts, water, tarragon, garlic and lemon zest and pulse to a coarse paste. Add 3 tablespoons of the olive oil and the Parmesan and process to a slightly smooth paste. Season with salt and pepper.

MAKE AHEAD OF TIME:

This pesto can be refrigerated overnight. Bring to room temperature before using.

VITAMIN SUPPLEMENTS AND CANCER

Vitamin D and Cancer Prevention

What is vitamin D?

Vitamin D is the name given to a group of fat-soluble prohormones (substances that usually have little hormonal activity by themselves but that the body can turn into hormones). Vitamin D helps the body use calcium and phosphorus to make strong bones and teeth. Skin exposed to sunshine can make vitamin D, and vitamin D can also be obtained from certain foods. Vitamin D deficiency can cause a weakening of the bones that is called rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults.

Two major forms of vitamin D that are important to humans are vitamin D2, or ergocalciferol, and vitamin D3, or cholecalciferol. Vitamin D2 is made naturally by plants, and vitamin D3 is made naturally by the body when skin is exposed to ultraviolet radiation in sunlight. Both forms are converted to 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the liver. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D then travels through the blood to the kidneys, where it is further modified to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, or calcitriol, the active form of vitamin D in the body. The most accurate method of evaluating a person’s vitamin D status is to measure the level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the blood.

Most people get at least some of the vitamin D they need through sunlight exposure. Dietary sources include a few foods that naturally contain vitamin D, such as fatty fish, fish liver oil, and eggs. However, most dietary vitamin D comes from foods fortified with vitamin D, such as milk, juices, and breakfast cereals. Vitamin D can also be obtained through dietary supplements.

The Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies has developed the following recommended daily intakes of vitamin D, assuming minimal sun exposure (1,2

  • For those between 1 and 70 years of age, including women who are pregnant or lactating, the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) is 15 micrograms (μg) per day. Because 1 μg is equal to 40 International Units (IU), this RDA can also be expressed as 600 IU per day.
  • For those 71 years or older, the RDA is 20 μg per day (800 IU per day).
  • For infants, the IOM could not determine an RDA due to a lack of data. However, the IOM set an Adequate Intake level of 10 μg per day (400 IU per day), which should provide sufficient vitamin D.

Although the average dietary intakes of vitamin D in the United States are below guideline levels, data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey revealed that more than 80 percent of Americans had adequate vitamin D levels in their blood (2).

Even though most people are unlikely to have high vitamin D intakes, it is important to remember that excessive intake of any nutrient, including vitamin D, can cause toxic effects. Too much vitamin D can be harmful because it increases calcium levels, which can lead to calcinosis (the deposit of calcium salts in soft tissues, such as the kidneys, heart, or lungs) and hypercalcemia (high blood levels of calcium). The safe upper intake level of vitamin D for adults and children older than 8 years of age is 100 μg per day (4000 IU per day). Toxicity from too much vitamin D is more likely to occur from high intakes of dietary supplements than from high intakes of foods that contain vitamin D. Excessive sun exposure does not cause vitamin D toxicity. However, the IOM states that people should not try to increase vitamin D production by increasing their exposure to sunlight because this will also increase their risk of skin cancer (2).

Why are cancer researchers studying a possible connection between vitamin D and cancer risk?

Early epidemiologic research showed that incidence and death rates for certain cancers were lower among individuals living in southern latitudes, where levels of sunlight exposure are relatively high, than among those living at northern latitudes. Because exposure to ultraviolet light from sunlight leads to the production of vitamin D, researchers hypothesized that variation in vitamin D levels might account for this association. However, additional research based on stronger study designs is required to determine whether higher vitamin D levels are related to lower cancer incidence or death rates.

Experimental evidence has also suggested a possible association between vitamin D and cancer risk. In studies of cancer cells and of tumors in mice, vitamin D has been found to have several activities that might slow or prevent the development of cancer, including promoting cellular differentiation, decreasing cancer cell growth, stimulating cell death (apoptosis), and reducing tumor blood vessel formation (angiogenesis) (3-6).

What is the evidence that vitamin D can help reduce the risk of cancer in people?

A number of epidemiologic studies have investigated whether people with higher vitamin D intakes or higher blood levels of vitamin D have lower risks of specific cancers. The results of these studies have been inconsistent, possibly because of the challenges in carrying out such studies. For example, dietary studies do not account for vitamin D made in the skin from sunlight exposure, and the level of vitamin D measured in the blood at a single point in time (as in most studies) may not reflect a person’s true vitamin D status. Also, it is possible that people with higher vitamin D intakes or blood levels are more likely to have other healthy behaviors. It may be one of these other behaviors, rather than vitamin D intake, that influences cancer risk.

Several randomized trials of vitamin D intake have been carried out, but these were designed to assess bone health or other non-cancer outcomes. Although some of these trials have yielded information on cancer incidence and mortality, the results need to be confirmed by additional research because the trials were not designed to study cancer specifically.

What is the evidence that vitamin D can help reduce the risk of cancer in people?

A number of epidemiologic studies have investigated whether people with higher vitamin D intakes or higher blood levels of vitamin D have lower risks of specific cancers. The results of these studies have been inconsistent, possibly because of the challenges in carrying out such studies. For example, dietary studies do not account for vitamin D made in the skin from sunlight exposure, and the level of vitamin D measured in the blood at a single point in time (as in most studies) may not reflect a person’s true vitamin D status. Also, it is possible that people with higher vitamin D intakes or blood levels are more likely to have other healthy behaviors. It may be one of these other behaviors, rather than vitamin D intake, that influences cancer risk.

Several randomized trials of vitamin D intake have been carried out, but these were designed to assess bone health or other non-cancer outcomes. Although some of these trials have yielded information on cancer incidence and mortality, the results need to be confirmed by additional research because the trials were not designed to study cancer specifically.

What is the evidence that vitamin D can help reduce the risk of cancer in people?

A number of epidemiologic studies have investigated whether people with higher vitamin D intakes or higher blood levels of vitamin D have lower risks of specific cancers. The results of these studies have been inconsistent, possibly because of the challenges in carrying out such studies. For example, dietary studies do not account for vitamin D made in the skin from sunlight exposure, and the level of vitamin D measured in the blood at a single point in time (as in most studies) may not reflect a person’s true vitamin D status. Also, it is possible that people with higher vitamin D intakes or blood levels are more likely to have other healthy behaviors. It may be one of these other behaviors, rather than vitamin D intake, that influences cancer risk.

Several randomized trials of vitamin D intake have been carried out, but these were designed to assess bone health or other non-cancer outcomes. Although some of these trials have yielded information on cancer incidence and

HERBAL CAUTION

HERBS AND CHEMOTHERAPY DRUGS

PEOPLE HAVE TURNED TO HERBS TO BOOST HEALTH FOR CENTURIES. But a new report published in the journal Cancer found that some herbal supplements may be risky for cancer patients. Researchers looked at 44 herbal medicines, and a whopping 29 of these were deemed to pose health risks to patients undergoing cancer treatment. For example, the study found that turmeric, popular for its anti-inflammatory properties, may increase toxic effects of certain chemotherapies, while green tea and ginkgo biloba could make bleeding more likely.

Most herbs and supplements have not been studied together with chemotherapy drugs, and their interactions remain unclear, says Chris D'Adamo, Ph.D., director of research at the Center for Integrative Medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.

As with any medicine, check with your doctor before using a natural remedy.

APRIL 2019 AWARENESS MONTH

APRIL IS...

Administrative Professionals Day - Wednesday, April 24, 2019

Alcohol Awareness Month

Autism Awareness Month

Child Abuse Awareness Month

Donate Life Month

Earth Day - Monday, April 22, 2019

Fun at Work Day - Wednesday, April 1, 2020

Math Awareness Month

National Car Care Month

National STD Awareness Month

Parkinson's Disease Awareness Month

Sexual Assult Awareness Month

Stress Awareness Month

Volunteer Appreciation Week (National) - April 7, 2019 - April 13, 2019

World Health Day - Sunday, April 7, 2019

Good Friday - April 19, 2019

Easter - April 21, 2019

April 28th: Occupational Safety and Health Day

Oral, Head and Neck Cancer Awareness Week - April 7 - 14, 2019

Esophageal Cancer Awareness Month

Testicular Cancer Awareness Month

JUVENILE ARTHRITIS AWARENESS

300,000 CHILDREN
IN AMERICA HAVE ARTHRITIS

And we need your help spreading the word.

JULY IS JUVENILE ARTHRITIS AWARENESS MONTH

That’s right, kids get arthritis. It is a common misconception that only “old” people are afflicted with arthritis. Nearly 300,000 children in America have been diagnosed with juvenile arthritis.

Juvenile arthritis (JA) is not a disease in itself. Also known as pediatric rheumatic disease, JA is an umbrella term used to describe the many autoimmune and inflammatory conditions or pediatric rheumatic diseases that can develop in children under the age of 16.

COLORECTAL CANCER AWARENESS

“Don’t Assume” is the Colorectal Cancer Alliance’s 2019 National Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month public awareness campaign. Our goal is to challenge assumptions and misconceptions about colorectal cancer by dispelling myths, raising awareness, and connecting people across the country with information and support.

This year, don’t assume.

Don’t assume you’re too young for colorectal cancer.

Don’t assume you’re alone.

And don’t assume we don’t need your support to end this disease within our lifetime.

This year, don’t assume.

“Don’t Assume!!!”

WHAT IS A GUIDE DOG?

Guide dogs (also known as service animals, assistance animals, or colloquially as seeing eye dogs) are assistance dogs trained to lead blind and visually impaired people around obstacles.

Although dogs can be trained to navigate various obstacles, they are (red–green) color blind and incapable of interpreting street signs. The human does the directing, based on skills acquired through previous mobility training. The handler might be likened to an aircraft's navigator, who must know how to get from one place to another, and the dog is the pilot, who gets them there safely.

In several countries guide dogs, along with most service and hearing dogs, are exempt from regulations against the presence of animals in places such as restaurants and public transportation.

References to service animals date at least as far back as the mid-16th century. The second line of the popular verse alphabet "A was an Archer" is most commonly "B was a Blind-man/Led by a dog".[1] In Elizabeth Barrett Browning's 19th-century verse novel Aurora Leigh, the title character remarks, "The blind man walks wherever the dog pulls / And so I answered."[2]

The first service animal training schools were established in Germany during World War I, to enhance the mobility of returning veterans who were blinded in combat. Interest in service animals outside of Germany did not become widespread until Dorothy Harrison Eustis, an American dog breeder living in Switzerland, wrote a first-hand account about a service animal training school in Potsdam, Germany, that was published in The Saturday Evening Post in 1927. That same year, United States Senator Thomas D. Schall of Minnesota was paired with a service animal imported from Germany,[3] who was trained by the owner of LaSalle Kennels: Jack Sinykin of Minnesota.[4]

The service animal movement did not take hold in America until Nashville resident Morris Frank returned from Switzerland after being trained with one of Eustis's dogs, a female German shepherd named Buddy[citation needed]. Frank and Buddy embarked on a publicity tour to convince Americans of the abilities of service animals and the need to allow people with service animals access to public transportation, hotels, and other areas open to the public. In 1929, Eustis and Frank co-founded The Seeing Eye school in Nashville, Tennessee (relocated in 1931 to New Jersey).[5]The first service animals in Great Britain were German shepherds. Four of these first were Flash, Judy, Meta, and Folly, who were handed over to their new owners, veterans blinded in World War I, on 6 October 1931 in Wallasey, Merseyside.[6] Judy's new owner was Musgrave Frankland.[7][8] In 1934, The Guide Dogs for the Blind Association in Great Britain began operation, although their first permanent trainer was a Russian military officer, Captain Nikolai Liakhoff, who moved to the UK in 1933.[8]uide dog breeds are chosen for temperament and trainability. Today, Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and Golden Retriever/Labrador crosses are most likely to be chosen by service animal facilities.[10] Some schools, such as the Guide Dog Foundation, have added Standard Poodles to their breed registry.[11] Although German Shepherds were once a common breed used for guide work, many schools have discontinued using these dogs due to the skills and unwavering leadership role required by the handler to keep the breed active and non-destructive.[10]

Crosses such as the Goldador (Golden Retriever/Labrador), which combine the sensitivity of the Golden Retriever and the tolerance of the Labrador Retriever[12] and Labradoodles (Labrador/Poodles bred to help reduce allergens as all breeds shed but levels vary) are also common.

The most popular breed used globally today is the Labrador Retriever. This breed has a good range of size, is easily kept due to its short coat, is generally healthy and has a gentle but willing temperament.[13]

NATIONAL MINORITY MENTAL HEALTH AWARENESS MONTH

Minority Mental Health Awareness Month

Mental health conditions do not discriminate based on race, color, gender or identity. Anyone can experience the challenges of mental illness regardless of their background. However, background and identity can make access to mental health treatment much more difficult. National Minority Mental Health Awareness Month was established in 2008 to start changing this.

Each year millions of Americans face the reality of living with a mental health condition.

Taking on the challenges of mental health conditions, health coverage and the stigma of mental illness requires all of us. In many communities, these problems are increased by less access to care, cultural stigma and lower quality care.

In 2018, NAMI will promote the theme of "CureStigma" throughout all awareness events, including Minority Mental Health Awareness Month.

Why this cause is important: One in 5 Americans is affected by mental health conditions. Stigma is toxic to their mental health because it creates an environment of shame, fear and silence that prevents many people from seeking help and treatment. The perception of mental illness won’t change unless we act to change it.

Campaign manifesto: There’s a virus spreading across America. It harms the 1 in 5 Americans affected by mental health conditions. It shames them into silence. It prevents them from seeking help. And in some cases, it takes lives. What virus are we talking about? It’s stigma. Stigma against people with mental health conditions. But there’s good news. Stigma is 100% curable. Compassion, empathy and understanding are the antidote. Your voice can spread the cure. Join NAMI, the National Alliance on Mental Illness. Together we can #CureStigma.

#CureStigma For Minority Mental Health Month.

Help us spread the word through the many awareness, support and advocacy activities. Share minority mental health awareness information, images and graphics for #MinorityMentalHealth throughout July.

America’s entire mental health system needs improvement, including when it comes to serving marginalized communities. Learn more about how you can get involved with Minority Mental Health Awareness Month.

DEPRESSED?

YOU ARE NOT ALONE .....

1 IN 6 PEOPLE EXPERIENCE DEPRESSION

SYMPTONS INCLUDE:

  • Depressed mood, sadness
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in things you normally enjoy
  • Trouble sleeping, or low energy
  • Problems with concentration, memory or making decisions
  • Feeling suspicious or that others are against you
  • Having unusual experiences such as hearing voices or sounds, or seeing things that aren't real

If this sounds like you or some one you know, call a counselor or a doctor.

Depression can be short-term, lasting for just a couple of weeks, or long-term, lasting for years. It is normal to feel sad, lonely, or hopeless sometimes, such as after you experience a loss or during a time in your life when you are struggling. However, it is a problem when these feelings won’t go away, cause physical symptoms, or begin to interfere with your normal daily activities. If you think you might be depressed, it is important to seek medical help as soon as possible. Untreated depression may continue for months or years, and may even threaten your life.

THE ANXIETY TRAP

A CHRONIC DISEASE AND ANXIETY CAN CREATE A VICIOUS CYCLE.

EVEN THE PRESSURE OF COPING WITH ARTHRITIS CAN RATCHET UP STRESS AND ANXIETY - a condition that affects as many as 1 in 3 people with arthritis. And that , in turn, can worsen the symptons of chronic diseases and contribute to a host of other problems.

"When we are STRESSED or PERCEIVE A THREAT, our body responds with physiologic responses that prepare us to fight or escape the enemy," says Rudy Nydegger, PhD, a clinical psychologist and professor emeritusat Union Graduate College in Schenectady, N.Y. "Our heart rate and breathing speed up, our muscles tense and blood flow to the brain increases, putting us in a stste of high awareness."

That can help protect you if the enemy is an attacking tiger and the threat ends quickly. But when ONGOING STRESS leads to ANXIETY (excessive worry), it can result in a heightened awareness of symptoms - for instance, pain feels worse - as well as increased susceptibility to infection and risk of other health problems, including heart disease. ANXIETY can have indirect health impacts, too, if it leads to INACTIVITY, INTERFERES WITH SLEEP or LEADS YOU TO UNHEALTHY FOODS FOR COMFORT.

Use this knowledge to make these healthy lifestyle changes to reduce STRESS and counteract its effects.

HERE'S HOW TO STOP IT.

1. GET MOVING.

REGULAR EXERCISE is one of the most important things you can do to releive anxiety, because it boosts the production of feel-good endorphins and the neurohormone norepinephrine. It also has many direct benefits for arthritis, including strengthening joint-supporting muscles and helping with weight loss.

2. PRACTICE DEEP BREATHING.

FOCUS ON BREATHING FOR RELAXATION. Here's one exercise to try: Breathe in for a count of five and then breath out for a count of five. REPEAT for several minutes.

3. SEEK COUNSELING.

PSYCHOTHERAPISTS use cognitive behavioral therapy to help you change behaviors and the way you think about situations that may be causing or contributing to your anxiety to ultimately help you feel better.

4. TRY MEDICATIONS.

ANTIDEPRESSANTS AND ANTI-ANXIETY DRUGS CALLED ANXIOLYTICS ARE SOME OF THE MEDICATIONS USED TO TREAT ANXIETY. These are often used short-term and should be in conjunction with COUNSELING, otherwise, ANXIETY will return WHEN THE MEDICATION IS STOPPED, SAYS DR. NYDEGGER.

--MARY ANN DUNKIN

WORLD HEPATITIS DAY

World Hepatitis Day takes place every year on 28 July, with the aim of bringing the world together under one single theme in order to raise awareness of viral hepatitis and the impact it has worldwide.

The theme for World Hepatitis Day 2018 is “Eliminate Hepatitis."

World Hepatitis Day is used to make the people to get accurate information about the Hepatitis to encourage the people to do early prevention, treatment as well as Diagnosis of the Hepatitis Disease. Many of the people are dying due to the Hepatitis Disease every year in many of the Countries.

"FIND THE MISSING MILLIONS!!!"

WHAT IS HEPATITIS?

HEPATITIS IS - An inflammation of the liver.

Most common types

  • Hepatitis B - A serious liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus that's easily preventable by a vaccine.
  • Hepatitis C - An infection caused by a virus that attacks the liver and leads to inflammation.
  • Alcoholic hepatitis - Liver inflammation caused by drinking too much alcohol.
  • Autoimmune hepatitis - Inflammation in the liver that occurs when the immune system attacks the liver.
  • Hepatitis D - A serious liver disease caused by infection with the hepatitis D virus.
  • Hepatitis A - A highly contagious liver infection caused by the hepatitis A virus.
  • Hepatitis E - A liver disease caused by the hepatitis E virus.

Consult a doctor for medical advice

What is hepatitis?

Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. It’s commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis. These include autoimmune hepatitis and hepatitis that occurs as a secondary result of medications, drugs, toxins, and alcohol. Autoimmune hepatitis is a disease that occurs when your body makes antibodies against your liver tissue.

Your liver is located in the right upper area of your abdomen. It performs many critical functions that affect metabolism throughout your body, including:

  • bile production, which is essential to digestion
  • filtering of toxins from your body
  • excretion of bilirubin (a product of broken-down red blood cells), cholesterol, hormones, and drugs
  • breakdown of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins
  • activation of enzymes, which are specialized proteins essential to body functions
  • storage of glycogen (a form of sugar), minerals, and vitamins (A, D, E, and K)
  • synthesis of blood proteins, such as albumin
  • synthesis of clotting factors

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 4.4 million Americans are currently living with chronic hepatitis B and C. Many more people don’t even know that they have hepatitis.

Treatment options vary depending on which type of hepatitis you have. You can prevent some forms of hepatitis through immunizations and lifestyle precautions.

The 5 types of viral hepatitis

Viral infections of the liver that are classified as hepatitis include hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. A different virus is responsible for each type of virally transmitted hepatitis.

Hepatitis A is always an acute, short-term disease, while hepatitis B, C, and D are most likely to become ongoing and chronic. Hepatitis E is usually acute but can be particularly dangerous in pregnant women.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is caused by an infection with the hepatitis A virus (HAV). This type of hepatitis is most commonly transmitted by consuming food or water contaminated by feces from a person infected with hepatitis A.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is transmitted through contact with infectious body fluids, such as blood, vaginal secretions, or semen, containing the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Injection drug use, having sex with an infected partner, or sharing razors with an infected person increase your risk of getting hepatitis B.

It’s estimated by the CDC that 1.2 million people in the United States and 350 million people worldwide live with this chronic disease.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C comes from the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Hepatitis C is transmitted through direct contact with infected body fluids, typically through injection drug use and sexual contact. HCV is among the most common bloodborne viral infections in the United States. Approximately 2.7 to 3.9 million Americans are currently living with a chronic form of this infection.

Hepatitis D

Also called delta hepatitis, hepatitis D is a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis D virus (HDV). HDV is contracted through direct contact with infected blood. Hepatitis D is a rare form of hepatitis that only occurs in conjunction with hepatitis B infection. The hepatitis D virus can’t multiply without the presence of hepatitis B. It’s very uncommon in the United States.

Hepatitis E

Hepatitis E is a waterborne disease caused by the hepatitis E virus (HEV). Hepatitis E is mainly found in areas with poor sanitation and typically results from ingesting fecal matter that contaminates the water supply. This disease is uncommon in the United States. However, cases of hepatitis E have been reported in the Middle East, Asia, Central America, and Africa, according to the CDC.

Causes of noninfectious hepatitisAlcohol and other toxins

Excessive alcohol consumption can cause liver damage and inflammation. This is sometimes referred to as alcoholic hepatitis. The alcohol directly injures the cells of your liver. Over time, it can cause permanent damage and lead to liver failure and cirrhosis, a thickening and scarring of the liver.

Other toxic causes of hepatitis include overuse or overdose of medications and exposure to poisons.

Autoimmune system response

In some cases, the immune system mistakes the liver as a harmful object and begins to attack it. It causes ongoing inflammation that can range from mild to severe, often hindering liver function. It’s three times more common in women than in men.

Common symptoms of hepatitis

If you have infectious forms of hepatitis that are chronic, like hepatitis B and C, you may not have symptoms in the beginning. Symptoms may not occur until the damage affects liver function.

Signs and symptoms of acute hepatitis appear quickly. They include:

Chronic hepatitis develops slowly, so these signs and symptoms may be too subtle to notice.

How hepatitis is diagnosedHistory and physical exam

To diagnose hepatitis, first your doctor will take your history to determine any risk factors you may have for infectious or noninfectious hepatitis.

During a physical examination, your doctor may press down gently on your abdomen to see if there’s pain or tenderness. Your doctor may also feel to see if your liver is enlarged. If your skin or eyes are yellow, your doctor will note this during the exam.

Liver function tests

Liver function tests use blood samples to determine how efficiently your liver works. Abnormal results of these tests may be the first indication that there is a problem, especially if you don’t show any signs on a physical exam of liver disease. High liver enzyme levels may indicate that your liver is stressed, damaged, or not functioning properly.

Other blood tests

If your liver function tests are abnormal, your doctor will likely order other blood tests to detect the source of the problem. These tests can check for the viruses that cause hepatitis. They can also be used to check for antibodies that are common in conditions like autoimmune hepatitis.

Ultrasound

An abdominal ultrasound uses ultrasound waves to create an image of the organs within your abdomen. This test allows your doctor to take a close at your liver and nearby organs. It can reveal:

  • fluid in your abdomen
  • liver damage or enlargement
  • liver tumors
  • abnormalities of your gallbladder

Sometimes the pancreas shows up on ultrasound images as well. This can be a useful test in determining the cause of your abnormal liver function.

Liver biopsy

A liver biopsy is an invasive procedure that involves your doctor taking a sample of tissue from your liver. It can be done through your skin with a needle and doesn’t require surgery. Typically, an ultrasound is used to guide your doctor when taking the biopsy sample.

This test allows your doctor to determine how infection or inflammation has affected your liver. It can also be used to sample any areas in your liver that appear abnormal.

How hepatitis is treated

Treatment options are determined by which type of hepatitis you have and whether the infection is acute or chronic.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A usually doesn’t require treatment because it’s a short-term illness. Bed rest may be recommended if symptoms cause a great deal of discomfort. If you experience vomiting or diarrhea, follow your doctor’s orders for hydration and nutrition.

The hepatitis A vaccine is available to prevent this infection. Most children begin vaccination between ages 12 and 18 months. It’s a series of two vaccines. Vaccination for hepatitis A is also available for adults and can be combined with the hepatitis B vaccine.

Hepatitis B

Acute hepatitis B doesn’t require specific treatment.

Chronic hepatitis B is treated with antiviral medications. This form of treatment can be costly because it must be continued for several months or years. Treatment for chronic hepatitis B also requires regular medical evaluations and monitoring to determine if the virus is responding to treatment.

Hepatitis B can be prevented with vaccination. The CDC recommends hepatitis B vaccinations for all newborns. The series of three vaccines is typically completed over the first six months of childhood. The vaccine is also recommended for all healthcare and medical personnel.

Hepatitis C

Antiviral medications are used to treat both acute and chronic forms of hepatitis C. People who develop chronic hepatitis C are typically treated with a combination of antiviral drug therapies. They may also need further testing to determine the best form of treatment.

People who develop cirrhosis (scarring of the liver) or liver disease as a result of chronic hepatitis C may be candidates for a liver transplant.

Currently, there is no vaccination for hepatitis C.

Hepatitis D

No antiviral medications exist for the treatment of hepatitis D at this time. According to a 2013 study, a drug called alpha interferon can be used to treat hepatitis D, but it only shows improvement in about 25 to 30 percent of people.

Hepatitis D can be prevented by getting the vaccination for hepatitis B, as infection with hepatitis B is necessary for hepatitis D to develop.

Hepatitis E

Currently, no specific medical therapies are available to treat hepatitis E. Because the infection is often acute, it typically resolves on its own. People with this type of infection are often advised to get adequate rest, drink plenty of fluids, get enough nutrients, and avoid alcohol. However, pregnant women who develop this infection require close monitoring and care.

Autoimmune hepatitis

Corticosteroids, like prednisone or budesonide, are extremely important in the early treatment of autoimmune hepatitis. They’re effective in about 80 percent of people with this condition.

Azothioprine (Imuran), a drug that suppresses the immune system, is often included in treatment. It can be used with or without steroids.

Other immune suppressing drugs like mycophenolate (CellCept), tacrolimus (Prograf) and cyclosporine (Neoral) can also be used as alternatives to azathioprine for treatment.

Tips to prevent hepatitisHygiene

Practicing good hygiene is one key way to avoid contracting hepatitis A and E. If you’re traveling to a developing country, you should avoid:

  • local water
  • ice
  • raw or undercooked shellfish and oysters
  • raw fruit and vegetables

Hepatitis B, C, and D contracted through contaminated blood can be prevented by:

  • not sharing drug needles
  • not sharing razors
  • not using someone else’s toothbrush
  • not touching spilled blood

Hepatitis B and C can also be contracted through sexual intercourse and intimate sexual contact. Practicing safe sex by using condoms and dental dams can help decrease the risk of infection. You can find many options available for purchase online.

Vaccines

The use of vaccines is an important key to preventing hepatitis. Vaccinations are available to prevent the development of hepatitis A and B. Experts are currently developing vaccines against hepatitis C. A vaccination for hepatitis E exists in China, but it isn’t available in the United States.

Complications of hepatitis

Chronic hepatitis B or C can often lead to more serious health problems. Because the virus affects the liver, people with chronic hepatitis B or C are at risk for:

When your liver stops functioning normally, liver failure can occur. Complications of liver failure include:

  • bleeding disorders
  • a buildup of fluid in your abdomen, known as ascites
  • increased blood pressure in portal veins that enter your liver, known as portal hypertension
  • kidney failure
  • hepatic encephalopathy, which can involve fatigue, memory loss, and diminished mental abilities due to the buildup of toxins, like ammonia, that affect brain function
  • hepatocellular carcinoma, which is a form of liver cancer
  • death

People with chronic hepatitis B and C are encouraged to avoid alcohol because it can accelerate liver disease and failure. Certain supplements and medications can also affect liver function. If you have chronic hepatitis B or C, check with your doctor before taking any new medications.

FRUITS BOOST KID'S BRAIN HEALTH!

Kids who load up on fruit score higher on tests measuring their intelligence and their ability to handle tough tasks, reveals a study in the American Journal of Preventative Medicine.

Also impressive?

Kids who eat fruit daily have better vocabularies during middle school, too. Fruit juice doesn't offer the same perks, so researches theorize that the benefits may be due to potent phytochemicals only in whole fruit.

THIS NUTRIENT BOOSTS BABIES' BRAINS

When PREGNANT women eat a diet rich in CHOLINE, their children tend to have better memories, according to a new study.

CHOLINE is a nutrient found in beans and other legumes, nuts, and cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli and cabbage, fish, poultry, egg yolks, and lean red meat.

The women in the study all consumed the same diet during their third trimester, but one group received 480 milligrams (mg) per day of CHOLINE, and the other group received 930 mg.

Researchers later tested the infants for information processing and memory several times during the first 13 months after birth. The babies whose mothers had taken higher amounts of CHOLINE tested consistently higher.

CHOLINE is similar to the B vitamins. The Adequate Intake (AI) level for adult women is 425 mg per day, with an increase to 450 mg during PREGNANCY. Both groups in this study received more than the Adequate Intake (AI).

SUPERCHARGE YOUR MEMORY IN JUST 10 MINUTES A DAY!

WANT TO ENSURE THAT YOUR ABILITY TO REMEMBER IMPORTANT DETAILS STAYS STRONG?

Sit still, breathe through your left nostril (holding your right nostril closed) for five minutes, then breathe through your right nostril (holding your left nostril closed) for five minutes and repeat.

Doing this once a day improves your verbal memory (helping you recall names and new info) and spatial memory (helping you recall directions like driving routes) within three days, reports the Journal of Clinical & Diagnostic Research.

IT WORKS!

"One-nostril breathing" activates receptors that change electrical activity in the brain, enhancing effeciency in arears that manage verbal and spatial memory!

AND HAVE SOME SPINACH!

Brains of folks who eat a daily serving of leafy greens (such as spinach) are 11 YEARS YOUNGER than those who skip greens, research shows. Nutrients in these veggies BLOCK DAMAGE TO NEURONS!

TO BOOST MEMORY---SCENT YOUR HOME WITH SAGE!

Light a sage-scented candle or set out a few bowls of sage potpourri and you could chase away brain fog and improve alertness, focus and memory by 21 percent in just 10 minutes, say researchers at the Smell and Taste Treatment and Research Foundation in Chicago.

That's because the rich herbal aroma of sage stimulates the brain's focus-enhancing frontal lobe, plus it energizes the limbic system--the brain region responsible for memory formation.

WHY MORE WOMEN ARE LIVING ALONE

The Lesson: The script is officially being flipped on the concept of the ‘bachelor pad’. Nowadays, more and more single women are choosing to live alone, and they’re absolutely loving it. Freed from financial or marital expectations, women of all ages are finding empowerment in the concept of living on their own. According to research, living alone can be socially beneficial as it encourages women to lead socially active lives outside the confines of their homes, meaning they become more actively involved in non-solitary activities, thus happiness skyrockets.

Notable Excerpt: “The research on living alone versus living with others is very interesting. It turns out that people who live alone are more likely to be engaged outside the home in a specific activity whereas married couples, for example, especially with young children are much less likely to have the time and the energy to maintain and create social bonds outside the home. So, there is a little bit of counterintuitive findings there because we think of families as being most connected and integrated but basically … people are social animals, in whatever situation we live in. What matters is that we have strong bonds with other people, are we well cared for, do we have others that we care for, and do we have enough economic support to be able to live well, and the research shows that it really doesn’t matter if you live alone or not, what matters are those other factors and we need to move beyond focusing on people’s marital status and their housing status especially in terms of gender, where it’s no longer the notion that a single woman of old age—women like that we called spinsters, now we call them independent women. What matters is that people have rich social lives regardless of where they live or how they live, and that’s what the research shows.”

HOW TO MEMORIZE ANYTHING!

NEED TO COMMIT SOMETHING TO MEMORY?

READ IT OUT LOUD!

According to a new study in the the journal MEMORY, reading something aloud uses three different processes--reading the words, moving your mouth as you speak, and listening as you speak-- and that extra effort makes your brain work harder to ingrain into your memory.

THE UNEXPECTED WAY TO EXCEL!

SUCCESS SECRET!

THINK YOU'RE MORE JITTERY WHEN OTHER PEOPLE ARE WATCHING YOU? Maybe so -- but you're still probably doing better than you would if you were alone! That's the word from a suprising new JOHN HOPKINS UNIVERSITY study, which found that being observed improves performance by up to 20%. Researchers think knowning that all eyes are on you may increase your brain activity, which helps you shine.

HOUSEWORK LENGTHENS YOUR LIFE!

HATE JOGGING? DUST INSTEAD!

A NEW UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA STUDY OF 6,300 WOMEN(AGED 63 TO 99) SUGGESTS THAT FOR EVERY HOUR YOU SPEND TAKING CARE OF YOUR HOME, YOUR RISK OF EARLY DEATH PLUNGES 24%.

THE BEST NEWS?

LIGHTER CHORES, LIKE FOLDING LAUNDRY AND TIDYNG UP, ARE JUST AS PROTECTIVE AS TASKS THAT REQUIRE ELBOW GREASE, SUCH AS SCRUBBING THE OVEN!

NOTE:: REMEMBER TO THANK GOD FOR ALLOWING YOU TO BE ABLE TO DO HOUSEWORK TOO!!!

THIS IS PSORIASIS MONTH

Psoriasis is a common skin condition that speeds up the life cycle of skin cells. It causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin. The extra skin cells form scales and red patches that are itchy and sometimes painful.

Psoriasis is a chronic disease that often comes and goes. The main goal of treatment is to stop the skin cells from growing so quickly.

There is no cure for psoriasis, but you can manage symptoms. Lifestyle measures, such as moisturizing, quitting smoking and managing stress, may help.

Psoriasis signs and symptoms are different for everyone. Common signs and symptoms include:

  • Red patches of skin covered with thick, silvery scales
  • Small scaling spots (commonly seen in children)
  • Dry, cracked skin that may bleed
  • Itching, burning or soreness
  • Thickened, pitted or ridged nails
  • Swollen and stiff joints

Psoriasis patches can range from a few spots of dandruff-like scaling to major eruptions that cover large areas.

Most types of psoriasis go through cycles, flaring for a few weeks or months, then subsiding for a time or even going into complete remission.

There are several types of psoriasis. These include:

  • Plaque psoriasis. The most common form, plaque psoriasis causes dry, raised, red skin lesions (plaques) covered with silvery scales. The plaques might be itchy or painful and there may be few or many. They can occur anywhere on your body, including your genitals and the soft tissue inside your mouth.
  • Nail psoriasis. Psoriasis can affect fingernails and toenails, causing pitting, abnormal nail growth and discoloration. Psoriatic nails might loosen and separate from the nail bed (onycholysis). Severe cases may cause the nail to crumble.
  • Guttate psoriasis. This type primarily affects young adults and children. It's usually triggered by a bacterial infection such as strep throat. It's marked by small, water-drop-shaped, scaling lesions on your trunk, arms, legs and scalp.

    The lesions are covered by a fine scale and aren't as thick as typical plaques are. You may have a single outbreak that goes away on its own, or you may have repeated episodes.

    • Inverse psoriasis. This mainly affects the skin in the armpits, in the groin, under the breasts and around the genitals. Inverse psoriasis causes smooth patches of red, inflamed skin that worsen with friction and sweating. Fungal infections may trigger this type of psoriasis.
    • Pustular psoriasis. This uncommon form of psoriasis can occur in widespread patches (generalized pustular psoriasis) or in smaller areas on your hands, feet or fingertips.

      It generally develops quickly, with pus-filled blisters appearing just hours after your skin becomes red and tender. The blisters may come and go frequently. Generalized pustular psoriasis can also cause fever, chills, severe itching and diarrhea.

    • Erythrodermic psoriasis. The least common type of psoriasis, erythrodermic psoriasis can cover your entire body with a red, peeling rash that can itch or burn intensely.
      • Psoriatic arthritis. In addition to inflamed, scaly skin, psoriatic arthritis causes swollen, painful joints that are typical of arthritis. Sometimes the joint symptoms are the first or only manifestation of psoriasis or at times only nail changes are seen. Symptoms range from mild to severe, and psoriatic arthritis can affect any joint. Although the disease usually isn't as crippling as other forms of arthritis, it can cause stiffness and progressive joint damage that in the most serious cases may lead to permanent deformity.
      When to see a doctor

      If you suspect that you may have psoriasis, see your doctor for an examination. Also, talk to your doctor if your psoriasis:

      • Causes you discomfort and pain
      • Makes performing routine tasks difficult
      • Causes you concern about the appearance of your skin
      • Leads to joint problems, such as pain, swelling or inability to perform daily tasks

NATIONAL TIE MONTH

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In December, we honor the most required, yet maligned strip of cloth that’s an essential part of business attire – behold, the tie. Neckties give a man the chance to add a little spice to his classy, professional look. Let’s be honest ladies, a good lookin’ necktie speaks volumes about a man’s sense of style and even gives us a little look at his personality. So this month, give a little extra respect to the men who are professional, classy, and trendy in their favorite ties.

Tie Trivia

  1. Neckties originated when Croatian soldiers wore silk scarves; at the time, they were called cravats.
  2. $220,000. Believe it or not, that’s the price of the most expensive tie ever made. It was created by Satya Paul Design studio and contained 271 diamonds and 150 grams of gold. Talk about a class act. *insert wide eyes and jaw-dropped face here*
  3. There was a time in history when touching a man’s necktie was cause for a duel.
  4. Ties aren’t at their height of popularity anymore, but the year that they were, American’s spent over 1 billion on 100 million ties.
  5. You can buy a special tie that will block a 9-millimeter bullet from piercing your skin. (Hopefully, though, you don’t have to.)
  6. Tie History

    Different versions of the tie go back at least as far as the days of the Roman Empire, where soldiers wore them for decoration or identification. The beginning of the modern necktie traces back to the Thirty Years War where Croatian mercenaries were celebrated for their cravats (see above). The French, most notably King Louis XIV, began wearing them in the mid-1600s.

    In the early 1700s, a variation called the “stock” enjoyed popularity, notably among horsemen. The stock was made of leather and wrapped around the neck to help the rider hold his head up. (How crazy is that?!) Portraits of prominent soldiers such as George Washington and Civil War general William T. Sherman show them wearing versions of stocks

  7. The modern version of the necktie was developed during the Industrial Revolution, as more people were seeking neckwear that was comfortable and easy to put on. Colored, hand-painted neckties came into prominence after World War I.

    Bow ties and ascot-type ties also enjoyed varying levels of popularity during the 19th and 20th centuries. The bow tie was developed originally as a smaller version of the cravat.

    HOW TO CELEBRATE

    Use #NationalTieMonth to post on social media. Guys, (or girls!) take a selfie in your favorite necktie and post a picture of yourself rocking that business-professional-with-a-little-bit-of-edgy-personality look! If you don’t know much about neckties or why they’re a staple in men’s (and sometime’s women’s) professional wear, you’re about to find out!

  8. HISTORY In our research, we were unable to find the founder of National Tie Month.

    There are over 1,500 national days. Don’t miss a single one. Celebrate Every Day with National Day Calendar!

MEN'S HEALTH

THE KEY HEALTH CONCERNS THAT TYPICALLY CONCERN MEN

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT MEN'S HEALTH

1) JOINTS

One in every five American men reports joint pain (generally from osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis), notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A great go-to for relief is curcumin, which is an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory extracted from th spice turmeric. This herbal extract offers relief for aching joints without the risk of adverse effects seen with conventional medications. But it's not just about masking discomfort. Research shows that curcumin can help rebuild joint tissue by replacing damaged cartilage with new, healthy cartilage. Aim for 499 mg of curcumin twice a day.

All areas of connective tissue in the body contain collagen. This protein plays an important role in healthy joints. Supplementing with a form called collagen hydrolysate offers joint benefits, particularly for those with osteoarthritis.

2) PROSTATE HEALTH

The PROSTATE GLAND can be the location of several health concerns, ranging from harmless-but bothersome-to-severe. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common, noncancerous prostate condition. The urinary urge and frequency caused by BPH can be vexing. Many men find sympton relief from supplements that contain saw palmetto, with research typicallly based on 320 mg of saw palmetto extract daily. Prostatitis, which also causes the symptons of frequent and need to urinate and pain with urination, can be aided by saw palmetto supplements too.

One out of every six men develops prostate cancer; it's a leading cause of cancer-related death for men, second only to lung cancer.

Lycopene, a member of the carotenoid family and a powerful antioxidant, has been shown in several studies to reduce the risk of developing or dying from prostate cancer (aim for 15mg per day). Lycopene is most abundant in tomatoes and foods made from tomatoes. Lycopene supplement absorption improves when it's taken with a meal containing a little fat.

3) HEART HEALTH

"With HEART and BLOOD VESSEL DISEASE being the NUMBER ONE (#1) likker of men, as well as a major cause of disability, it is critical that you take good care of your heart," urges Jacob Teitelbaum, MD, author of Real Cause, Real Cure.

Coenzyme Q10 is a great supplement for heart health, especially for those taking a cholesterol-lowering medication. Since these medications deplete this important nutrient-putting your cardiovascular health at risk-Dr. Teitelbaum recommends supplementing with 400 milligrams (mg) of coenzyme Q10 daily for six (6) weeks, then continuing with a maintenance dose of 200 mg daily.

4) IN THE BEDROOM

While erectile dysfunction is reported by just 5% of 40-year-olds, the numbers go up to 15 to 20 percent of 65-year-olds. Clearly there is a higher risk with age. Erectile dfsfunction can be triggered by a circulation issue, depression, anxiety, or diabetes, or it can be a side effect of a medication.

The herb gingko promotes circulation to the blood vessels that feed the brain, and that same mechanism of action is thought to boost blood flow to the penis, which would be beneficial in garden-variety erectile dysfunction . For erectile issues due to prostate surgery, this herb could also help.

Building a Godly Marriage

Are you building a godly marriage? Are you applying God’s wisdom in the way you interact with each other? We are told in the Bible:

“By wisdom a house is built, and by understanding it is established; and by knowledge the rooms are filled with rare and beautiful treasures.” (Proverbs 24:3-4)

When we marry we believe that if we are both believers in God, we will build a Godly marriage. Oh, if it were only this simple!

Yes, the “chances” that we will have a Godly marriage are greater if both spouses are godly themselves. But that’s not the only determining factor. Building a godly marriage takes more than saying wedding vows and then living together. It takes determination and intentionality to live out your wedding vows, and also it takes actually living them out.

The Bible says in James 1:22: “Do not merely listen to the word and so deceive yourselves. Do what it says.”

Principles for Building a Godly Marriage

What we’ve found to be true is that the principles for building and living out a Godly marriage are the principles for loving, as God talks about all throughout the Bible. But you have to actually apply what God says in His Word for them to work. God, whose very name means LOVE, can teach you how to love each other and build a Godly marriage. But you need to call upon Him to help you. And then you need to apply what He tells you to do. That’s when your house WILL be filled with “knowledge” and “rare and beautiful treasures” as it tells us in Proverbs 24.

But it won’t be easy —especially in the same way we thought it would be before we married.

For some reason so many of us think that we will glide into marriage with ease. (Sadly Steve and I fell into this same trap.) After-all, if we love each other, and we’re both Christians before we marry —won’t our love just grow stronger as the years progress? That would make sense in theory —sure! But in reality it’s much more difficult.

It’s like what Dr Ed Wheat spoke of in his book, Secret Choices.He writes:

“It has been said that marriage presents one of the most difficult personal problems in life. That is because the most emotional and romantic of all human dreams has to be consolidated into an ordinary working relationship. Many of us would agree. And yet the statement is not precisely true, for marriage is no ordinary relationship.

“God designed it to be the ideal partnership in which each partner supports and complements the other. It’s a partnership, which is continually renewed and refreshed by the presence and power of love.”

Building a Godly marriage is about being partners and working through the many issues that come up with intentionality and Holy determination and perseverance. To do that, we must be dispensers of grace and mercy. It’s the same kind of grace and mercy we want from God. And in return, we are to apply this grace to each other in marital partnership.

There’s one thing about marriage that’s for sure: “At prime moments, God will use your marriage to show you how to love the unlovely.” (Dennis Rainey) It’s amazing how “unlovely” your spouse can appear to be at times.Uniting, Despite Differences

It’s like what Bridgette Dunk, from GTO Ministries said,

“Marriage is a union of two individuals who have come together from different families. Each spouse comes with a different set of expectations concerning marriage. For this reason, it has its challenges. Both spouses have been shaped by positive and negative experiences within their own childhood homes.

“Because of this, each has a predetermined idea about how conflict should be handled, the value of money management, religion, children, and what it means to love someone.”

Again, it will take applying the principles laid out in the Bible to learn how to do that to build a Godly marriage. And it will take hard work and determination. It’s like what Dr Steve Stephens said in his book, Marriage: Experiencing the Best.He wrote:

Many of us grew up with Hollywood fantasy that once married you automatically live happily ever after. Wonderful relationships should just happen, shouldn’t they? If relating is too much work, it’s not worth it. Tony Campolo writes, ‘Love becomes nonexistent and marriages collapse primarily because most people don’t work hard enough to create love and build marital relationships.’

“We fail to realize that things of value cost us time and energy. Marriages are demanding and draining. Good marriages don’t come easily.”Making the Necessary Repairs

He also said, (with which we also whole-heartedly agree):

“It’s a sad state of affairs when we take better care of our cars and houses than we do our marriages. We change the oil, fill the tank, check the tires, and periodically tune up our cars. We change light bulbs, wash windows, paint walls, unplug toilets, and re-roof our houses. But what do we do to maintain our marriage?

“The truth is, more damage is done than repairs are made. How important is your marriage? Is it more important to you than your car or your home? Are you willing to put in the time and energy and whatever else it takes to prove to your partner how valuable the relationship truly is to you?”

So, what it comes to, if you want to build a Godly marriage, there are some things you need to do.They are:

1. Read and apply the principles for loving, as outlined throughout the Bible.

2. Ask God, whose very name means LOVE, to teach you how to truly love your spouse. This is not done with human love, but with a Godly, Christ-honoring love (which won’t come naturally).

3. Live in partnership throughout your marriage with each other and with God.

4. Realize that you have entered into a union, blessed by God, with someone who is very different from you. (You are probably very different from who they thought you were also.) But still, you determine to persevere through whatever circumstances you find yourselves in.

5. Know that it will cost you time, energy and that it won’t come easily.

6. Come to terms with the fact that anything of value will take cost you something. And because marriage is something that God values and you should too (as you live in covenant with God and your spouse), it will be worth it all for your sakes and for the sake of God’s Kingdom work.

7. “Consider it pure joy, whenever you face trials of many kinds, because you know that the testing of your faith develops perseverance. Perseverance must finish its work so that you may be mature and complete, not lacking anything.” (James 1:2-4)In your marriage relationship, “May the Lord direct your hearts into God’s love and Christ’s perseverance“ (2 Thessalonians 3:5)

FUNERAL AND MEMORIAL GUIDELINES

They have been revised. Please make sure you get your copy from the Greeters Desk.

It will also be available via the app shortly. If you would like it emailed, give the Admin Assistant your email, and he will make sure you get it.

PANCREATIC CANCER

Pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer arises when cells in the pancreas, a glandular organ behind the stomach, begin to multiply out of control and form a mass. These cancerous cells have the ability to invade other parts of the body. There are a number of types of pancreatic cancer. The most common, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, accounts for about 85% of cases, and the term "pancreatic cancer" is sometimes used to refer only to that type. These adenocarcinomas start within the part of the pancreas which makes digestive enzymes. Several other types of cancer, which collectively represent the majority of the non-adenocarcinomas, can also arise from these cells. One to two percent of cases of pancreatic cancer are neuroendocrine tumors, which arise from the hormone-producing cells of the pancreas. These are generally less aggressive than pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

Signs and symptoms of the most common form of pancreatic cancer may include yellow skin, abdominal or back pain, unexplained weight loss, light-colored stools, dark urine and loss of appetite. There are usually no symptoms in the disease's early stages, and symptoms that are specific enough to suggest pancreatic cancer typically do not develop until the disease has reached an advanced stage. By the time of diagnosis, pancreatic cancer has often spread to other parts of the body. Pancreatic cancer rarely occurs before the age of 40, and more than half of cases of pancreatic adenocarcinoma occur in those over 70. Risk factors for pancreatic cancer include tobacco smoking, obesity, diabetes, and certain rare genetic conditions. About 25% of cases are linked to smoking, and 5–10% are linked to inherited genes. Pancreatic cancer is usually diagnosed by a combination of medical imaging techniques such as ultrasound or computed tomography, blood tests, and examination of tissue samples (biopsy). The disease is divided into stages, from early (stage I) to late (stage IV). Screening the general population has not been found to be effective.

The risk of developing pancreatic cancer is lower among non-smokers, and people who maintain a healthy weight and limit their consumption of red or processed meat. A smoker's chance of developing the disease decreases if they stop smoking, and almost returns to that of the rest of the population after 20 years. Pancreatic cancer can be treated with surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, palliative care, or a combination of these. Treatment options are partly based on the cancer stage. Surgery is the only treatment that can cure pancreatic adenocarcinoma, and may also be done to improve quality of life without the potential for cure. Pain management and medications to improve digestion are sometimes needed. Early palliative care is recommended even for those receiving treatment that aims for a cure.

In 2015, pancreatic cancers of all types resulted in 411,600 deaths globally.Pancreatic cancer is the fifth most common cause of death from cancer in the United Kingdom, and the fourth most common in the United States. The disease occurs most often in the developed world, where about 70% of the new cases in 2012 originated. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma typically has a very poor prognosis: after diagnosis, 25% of people survive one year and 5% live for five years. For cancers diagnosed early, the five-year survival rate rises to about 20%. Neuroendocrine cancers have better outcomes; at five years from diagnosis, 65% of those diagnosed are living, though survival varies considerably depending on the type of tumor. The many types of pancreatic cancer can be divided into two general groups. The vast majority of cases (about 95%) occur in the part of the pancreas which produces digestive enzymes, known as the exocrine component. There are several sub-types of exocrine pancreatic cancers, but their diagnosis and treatment have much in common. The small minority of cancers that arise in the hormone-producing (endocrine) tissue of the pancreas have different clinical characteristics and are called pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, sometimes abbreviated as "PanNETs". Both groups occur mainly (but not exclusively) in people over 40, and are slightly more common in men, but some rare sub-types mainly occur in women or children.

Since pancreatic cancer usually does not cause recognizable symptoms in its early stages, the disease is typically not diagnosed until it has spread beyond the pancreas itself. This is one of the main reasons for the generally poor survival rates. Exceptions to this are the functioning PanNETs, where over-production of various active hormones can give rise to symptoms (which depend on the type of hormone).

Bearing in mind that the disease is rarely diagnosed before the age of 40, common symptoms of pancreatic adenocarcinoma occurring before diagnosis include:

  • Pain in the upper abdomen or back, often spreading from around the stomach to the back. The location of the pain can indicate the part of the pancreas where a tumor is located. The pain may be worse at night and may increase over time to become severe and unremitting. It may be slightly relieved by bending forward. In the UK, about half of new cases of pancreatic cancer are diagnosed following a visit to a hospital emergency department for pain or jaundice. In up to two-thirds of people abdominal pain is the main symptom, for 46% of the total accompanied by jaundice, with 13% having jaundice without pain.
    • Jaundice, a yellow tint to the whites of the eyes or skin, with or without pain, and possibly in combination with darkened urine. This results when a cancer in the head of the pancreas obstructs the common bile duct as it runs through the pancreas.
    • Unexplained weight loss, either from loss of appetite, or loss of exocrine function resulting in poor digestion.
    • The tumor may compress neighboring organs, disrupting digestive processes and making it difficult for the stomach to empty, which may cause nausea and a feeling of fullness. The undigested fat leads to foul-smelling, fatty feces that are difficult to flush away. Constipation is common.
    • At least 50% of people with pancreatic adenocarcinoma have diabetes at the time of diagnosis. While long-standing diabetes is a known risk factor for pancreatic cancer (see Risk factors), the cancer can itself cause diabetes, in which case recent onset of diabetes could be considered an early sign of the disease. People over 50 who develop diabetes have eight times the usual risk of developing pancreatic adenocarcinoma within three years, after which the relative risk declines.

WHAT IS A VEGAN?

The best way to explain the vegan concept is to quickly define what vegan means, and then look at how and why the word came into existence.

A vegetarian diet is commonly understood to forbid meat and fish, but to allow both eggs and dairy. The word vegan takes this concept to the next level, cutting out every item of animal origin. Vegan refers to anything that’s free of animal products: no meat, milk, eggs, wool, leather, honey and so forth. Your sandwich, your shampoo, and your car seats are examples of items that could be vegan.

Veganism carries at least three potential advantages:

  1. avoidance of animal mistreatment and slaughter
  2. elimination of certain health risks
  3. reduction of environmental footprint

Can you become a vegan through diet alone? Absolutely, since, as we will see in the next section, vegan was originally defined purely in dietary terms.

A handful of vegans (sometimes abrasively) insist that veganism is not merely a diet, but extends into every corner of your lifestyle. In other words, you don’t get to join the vegan club until you go beyond food to purge your life of leather, wool, and animal-derived cosmetics. Oftentimes, these vegans are doing the animals a grave disservice by defining the vegan concept in the most rigid and exclusionary way possible. These are people would love to revoke your vegan membership card if they find out you haven’t yet taken your 10-year-old leather winter boots to the thrift store.

The entire question of who gets to call themselves a vegan is annoying and not worth much attention. Rather than think of veganism as an identity, it’s wisest to use it as a concept that can inspire you to remove animal products from your life, wherever you can easily do it. And it’s almost always easy. Oftentimes, it’s not readily apparent whether a given food or cosmetics ingredient comes from animals, so you can use our animal ingredients list to familiarize yourself with the most common animal-derived substances.

No matter the degree to which you ultimately embrace the vegan concept, it makes sense to begin your transition by emphasizing dietary choices. After all, unless you buy a new fur coat every winter, the overwhelming majority of animal use associated with your life almost certainly arises from your food choices.

To learn more about vegan living, check these compelling advantages of a vegan diet, as well as our our information on making an easy transition. You can learn everything you need to quickly and easily go vegan by reading just one or two books—check out But I Could Never Go Vegan! or The Ultimate Vegan Guide.

Etymology

Donald Watson coined the term vegan in 1944 in Great Britain. Here’s Watson from that year, in the first issue of The Vegan News, proposing that his readers either embrace the word, or come up with a better one, as the basis for a new social movement:

We should all consider carefully what our Group, and our magazine, and ourselves, shall be called. ‘Non-dairy’ has become established as a generally understood colloquialism, but like ‘non-lacto’ it is too negative. Moreover it does not imply that we are opposed to the use of eggs as food. We need a name that suggests what we do eat, and if possible one that conveys the idea that even with all animal foods taboo, Nature still offers us a bewildering assortment from which to choose. ‘Vegetarian’ and ‘Fruitarian’ are already associated with societies that allow the ‘fruits’ (!) of cows and fowls, therefore it seems we must make a new and appropriate word. As this first issue of our periodical had to be named, I have used the title “The Vegan News”. Should we adopt this, our diet will soon become known as a VEGAN diet, and we should aspire to the rank of VEGANS. Members’ suggestions will be welcomed. The virtue of having a short title is best known to those of us who, as secretaries of vegetarian societies have to type or write the word vegetarian thousands of times a year!

Watson’s article was immensely important, but he kept it short, since he only sought to cover what vegan means, and why the word deserved to be coined.

The questions of why and how to go vegan require much more space to properly answer, and over the years these answers have grown fuller and more compelling, as the wisdom of the vegan concept has grown more evident. These topics are covered at length in our “Why Choose Vegan?” and “How to Go Vegan” pages.

Finally, you may wish to explore the history of plant-based eating and veganism. If you want to discover how veganism went from an obscure World War II-era concept to one of the most influential ideas surrounding diet and food politics, check out A Vegan History: 1944-2010

VANESSA BELL ARMSTRONG

Vanessa Bell Armstrong Biography

Born Vanessa Bell on October 2, 1953, in Detroit, MI; daughter of Jesse Bell, a minister; married with five children. Addresses: Record company--BMG Entertainment/Verity Records, 1540 Broadway, New York, NY 10019, Phone: (212) 930-4000.

Singer Vanessa Bell Armstrong has been praised for her R&B-flavored contemporary gospel music and has met with success in both the gospel and secular realms. She has often been compared with another Detroit native, Aretha Franklin. At times, Armstrong has stretched so far afield of "traditional" gospel music that in the 1980s she was at times considered too contemporary for gospel. Billboard , in a 1998 review of Desire Of My Heart--"Live," wrote, "A lot has changed [since 1988] and Armstrong has stood her ground, emerging with a work that is the perfect summation of gospel's rich history and its cutting-edge presence in the mix of today's R&B music.... It took a while, but the world seems to be catching up to Armstrong."

Vanessa Bell was born in Detroit, Michigan on October 2, 1953. She was raised in the Church of God in Christ, a denomination that had nurtured other gospel greats such as BeBe and CeCe Winans, Andre Crouch, Edwin, Walter and Tramaine Hawkins, and others. In 1957, when she was four years old, Vanessa began traveling with her mother singing in various churches in the Detroit area, singing. It was clear even at that young age that she had both remarkable stage presence and the vocal control of someone considerably older.

In 1966, when she was thirteen years old, Vanessa was discovered by Dr. Mattie Moss Clark. Clark became her mentor. She began traveling with Clark, singing in her various choirs and sharing the stage with such gospel titans as Rev. James Cleveland, the Mighty Clouds of Joy, the Clark Sisters, and the Winans. Other early influences include Marion Williams, Mahalia Jackson, Inez Andrews, and Aretha Franklin. Armstrong's first recording experience was an appearance on Donald O'Connor's 1981 release, Bring Back Birdie. Her own recording career began in 1984 when, at the age of 31, she signed with the Onyx label and released Peace Be Still.

Career Took Off

In 1987 Armstrong's career took off in earnest. She beat out stiff competition--including the likes of Aretha Franklin and Patti LaBelle--for the chance to record the theme song for the popular television sit-com Amen. Armstrong had her Broadway debut in 1987, captivating audiences in the musical Don't Get God Started. She made a guest appearance on Tom Jones' Move Closer .

When she signed with Jive Records in 1987, Armstrong began a period of prolific recording activity. Her eponymous album, Vanessa Bell Armstrong, released in 1987, yielded the crossover R&B hit, "You Bring Out the Best in Me". Her 1990 release, Wonderful One, featured a duet, entitled, "True Love Never Fails," with Jive label-mate jazz guitarist Jonathan Butler. The track was also included on Butler's acclaimed More Than Friends album. In 1990, Jive released a CD of Armstrong's greatest hits album along with the highly praised Truth About Christmas . In 1991 Chosen was released.

The multi-talented Armstrong branched out even further afield of gospel music in the late 1980s when she appeared with Oprah Winfrey in the Women of Brewster Place, a made-for-TV movie which enjoyed widespread critical acclaim. Armstrong continued her brisk recording pace; she released Something On The Inside i n 1993 The Secret is Out in 1995, and her first live album, Desire of My Heart: "Live" in 1998. Armstrong was a featured guest on the 1995 compilation release A Tribute to Rosa Parks, and on two John P. Kee CDs, the 1994 release, Color Blind,and the 1995 release, Stand.

Continual Spiritual and Artistic Growth

Armstrong has continually expanded her horizons and her audience, performing on Broadway and releasing eclectic, contemporary albums such as Truth About Christmas, Something on the Inside, and The Secret is Out. Mainstream entertainment and her music has been praised figures such as Oprah Winfrey, Anita Baker, Luther Vandross, Sheryl Lee Ralph, and Tisha Campbell; artists such as Sandra Crouch and Donna McElroy have found musical guidance and inspiration in Armstrong's music and career.

Desire of My Heart--"Live," released in 1998 on the Verity label, was recorded in Detroit's Perfecting Church, and accompanied by a live video shot during the recording session. The recording shows the spiritual and artistic growth Armstrong has undergone over the course of her career. Its title track was the first song she wrote herself. And while recording the album, Armstrong reconfirmed her life's desire, above all else, to please God. Armstrong was the record's co-producer, also a first for her.

She decided to release a live recording for two reasons: her fans had wanted one for some time, and Armstrong felt it would be a new challenge. Recording in a studio afforded her a relaxed, comfortable atmosphere; the live CD brought Armstrong's fans into the recording process and reproduced the concert experience. The CD was something of a family affair--her father, Elder Jesse Bell, contributed the track "Labor In Vain." Joining Armstrong on the live recording were the Perfected Praise Choir; Perfecting Church pastor Marvin Winans sang with Armstrong and the choir on the powerhouse track "He Is Lord."

An Enduring Classic

Armstrong's career has flourished throughout the 1980s and 1990s, and gives every indication that she will continue to challenge herself and delight listeners. Billboard 's gospel reviewer brimmed with praise for the live CD, calling it "an enduring classic." Darren K. Greggs of Love Express wrote, "It's always a pleasure to see someone continue to grow in their ministry, and that's just what sister Vanessa Bell Armstrong appears to have done. The evidence is manifested in ... Desire of My Heart--Live. Each song on this one is powerful and displays the talent that sister Vanessa returns to God in his service."

Whether singing urban contemporary ballads, secular material, powerhouse gospel tracks, or television theme songs, Broadway hits, or forging into completely new territory, Vanessa Bell Armstrong will continue to astound her fans and to test the limits of her seemingly boundless talent.

by B. Kimberly Taylor

Read more: Vanessa BellArmstrongBioography http://www.musicianguide.com/biographies/1608002214/Vanessa-Bell-Armstrong.html#ixzz5JuK29Scl

Vanessa Bell Armstrong's Career

Began singing in various Detroit area churches at the age of four; discovered at the age of thirteen by Dr. Mattie Moss Clark; sang with gospel performers such as Rev. James Cleveland, the Mighty Clouds of Joy, the Clark Sisters, and the Winans as a teenager; appeared on Donald O'Connor's 1981 release, Bring Back Birdie; released Peace Be Still in 1984; released Vanessa Bell Armstrong album in 1987; recorded the theme for the television sitcom Amen in 1987; appeared in the Broadway musical Don't Get God Started in 1987; appeared on Tom Jones' Move Closer in 1988; released Wonderful One in 1990; released Greatest Hits and The Truth About Christmas in 1990; released Chosen in 1991; released Something On The Inside in 1993; released The Secret is Out in 1995; released Desire of My Heart: Live in Detroit in 1998; featured on the 1995 compilation A Tribute to Rosa Parks, on John P. Kee's 1994 release, Color Blind, and on Kee's 1995 release, Stand.



Read more: Vanessa Bell Armstrong Biography http://www.musicianguide.com/biographies/1608002214/Vanessa-Bell-Armstrong.html#ixzz5JuIxAfcf

COLORECTAL CANCER

What is colorectal cancer?

Colorectal cancer is a cancer that starts in the rectum or colon. Both of these organs are in the lower portion of your digestive system. The colon is also known as the large intestine. The rectum is at the end of the colon.

The American Cancer Society estimates 1 in 22 men and 1 in 24 women will develop colorectal cancer during their lifetime.

Your doctor may use staging as a guideline to figure out how far along the cancer is. It’s important for your doctor to know the stage of the cancer so they can come up with the best treatment plan for you and give you an estimate of your long-term outlook.

Stage 1 colorectal cancer is the earliest stage. The stages progress up to stage 4, which is the most advanced stage. Here are the stages of colorectal cancer:

  • Stage 1. The cancer has penetrated the lining, or mucosa, of the colon or rectum but hasn’t spread to the organ walls.
  • Stage 2. The cancer has spread to the walls of the colon or rectum but hasn’t affected the lymph nodes or nearby tissues yet.
  • Stage 3. The cancer has moved to the lymph nodes but not to other parts of the body yet. Usually, one to three lymph nodes are involved at this stage.
  • Stage 4. The cancer has spread to other distant organs, such as the liver or lungs.

What are the symptoms of colorectal cancer?

Colorectal cancer may not present any symptoms, especially in the early stages. If you do experience symptoms during the early stages, they may include:

  • constipation
  • diarrhea
  • changes in stool color
  • changes in stool shape, such as narrowed stool
  • blood in the stool
  • bleeding from the rectum
  • excessive gas
  • abdominal cramps
  • abdominal pain

If you notice any of these symptoms, make an appointment with your doctor to discuss getting a colon cancer screening.

Stage 3 or 4 symptoms (late stage symptoms)

Colorectal cancer symptoms are more noticeable in the late stages (stages 3 and 4). In addition to the above symptoms, you might also experience:

  • excessive fatigue
  • unexplained weakness
  • unintentional weight loss
  • changes in your stool that last longer than a month
  • feeling like your bowels don’t completely empty
  • vomiting

If colon cancer spreads to other parts of your body, you may also experience:

  • jaundice (yellow eyes and skin)
  • swelling in hands or feet
  • breathing difficulties
  • chronic headaches
  • blurry vision
  • bone fractures

Types of colorectal cancer

While colorectal cancer sounds clear-cut, there’s actually more than one type of cancer. Such differences have to do with the types of cells that turn cancerous as well as where they form.

The most common type of colon cancer starts from adenocarcinomas. According to the American Cancer Society, adenocarcinomas make up 96 percent of all colon cancer cases. Unless your doctor specifies otherwise, your colon cancer is likely this type. Adenocarcinomas form within mucus cells in either the colon or rectum.

Less commonly, colorectal cancers are caused from other types of tumors, such as:

  • lymphomas, which can form in lymph nodes or in the colon first
  • carcinoids, which start in hormone-making cells within your intestines
  • sarcomas, which form in soft tissues such as muscles in the colon
  • gastrointestinal stromal tumors, which can start off as benign and then become cancerous (These usually form in the digestive tract, but rarely in the colon.)

What causes colorectal cancer?

Researchers are still studying the causes of colorectal cancer. While there’s a growing list of risk factors, they act alone or in combination to increase one’s risk for developing colorectal cancer.

Precancerous growths

Abnormal cells accumulate in the lining of the colon, forming polyps. These are small, benign growths. Removing these growths through surgery is a common preventive method. Untreated polyps can become cancerous.

Gene mutations

Sometimes colorectal cancer occurs in family members. This is due to a gene mutation that passes from parent to child. These mutations don’t guarantee you’ll develop colorectal cancer, but they do increase your chances.

Who’s at risk for colorectal cancer?

There are some factors that may increase your risk of developing colorectal cancer:

Unavoidable factors

Some factors that increase your risk of developing colorectal cancer are unavoidable and can’t be changed. Age is one of them. Your chances of developing this cancer increase after you reach the age of 50.

Some other unavoidable risk factors are:

  • a prior history of colon polyps
  • a prior history of bowel diseases
  • a family history of colorectal cancer
  • having a genetic syndrome, such as familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)
  • being of Eastern European Jewish or African descent

Avoidable factors

Other risk factors are avoidable. This means you can change them to decrease your risk of developing colorectal cancer. Avoidable risk factors include:

  • being overweight or obese
  • smoking
  • heavy drinking of alcohol
  • having type 2 diabetes
  • having a sedentary lifestyle
  • consuming a diet high in processed foods or red meats

How is colorectal cancer diagnosed?

An early diagnosis of colorectal cancer gives you the best chance of curing it.

Your doctor will start by getting information about your medical and family history. They’ll also perform a physical exam. They may press on your abdomen or perform a rectal exam to determine the presence of lumps or polyps.

Blood testing

Your doctor may run some blood tests to get a better idea of what’s causing your symptoms. Though there’s no blood test that specifically checks for colorectal cancer, liver function testsand complete blood count tests can rule out other diseases and disorders.

Colonoscopy

A colonoscopy involves the use of a long tube with a small, attached camera. This procedure allows your doctor to see inside your colon and rectum to check for anything unusual.

During a colonoscopy, your doctor can also remove tissue from abnormal areas. These tissue samples can then be sent to a laboratory for analysis.

X-ray

Your doctor may order an X-ray using a radioactive contrast solution that contains the metallic element barium. Your doctor will insert this liquid into your bowels through the use of an enema. Once in place, the barium solution coats the lining of the colon. This helps improve the quality of the X-ray images.

CT scan

CT scans provide your doctor with a detailed image of your colon. When used in diagnosing colorectal cancer, another name for a CT scan is a virtual colonoscopy.

What are the treatment options for colorectal cancer?

Treatment of colorectal cancer depends on a variety of factors. The state of your overall health and the stage of your colorectal cancer will help your doctor create a treatment plan.

Surgery

In the earliest stages of colorectal cancer, it might be possible for your surgeon to remove cancerous polyps through surgery. If the polyp hasn’t attached to the wall of the bowels, you’ll likely have an excellent outlook.

If your cancer has spread into your bowel walls, your surgeon may need to remove a portion of the colon or rectum, along with any neighboring lymph nodes. If at all possible, your surgeon will reattach the remaining healthy portion of the colon to the rectum.

If this isn’t possible, they may perform a colostomy. This involves creating an opening in the abdominal wall for the removal of waste. A colostomy may be temporary or permanent.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. In the case of colorectal cancer, chemotherapy is a common treatment after surgery to destroy any remaining cancerous cells. Chemotherapy also controls the growth of tumors.

While chemotherapy provides some symptom relief in late-stage cancer, it often comes with side effects that need to be controlled with additional medication.

Radiation

Radiation uses a powerful beam of energy, similar to that used in X-rays, to target and destroy cancerous cells before and after surgery. Radiation therapy commonly occurs alongside chemotherapy.

Medication

In September 2012, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the drug regorafenib (Stivarga) to treat metastatic, or late-stage, colorectal cancer that doesn’t respond to other types of treatment and has spread to other parts of the body. This drug works by blocking enzymes that promote the growth of cancer cells.

Prognosis

Having a colorectal cancer diagnosis can be frightening, but the fact is that this type of cancer is extremely treatable, especially when caught early.

Treatment measures have also come a long way for more advanced cases of colon cancer. According to the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, the average survival rate for stage 4 colon cancer is around 30 months. This is up from the 6 to 8 months that was the average during the 1990s.

At the same time, doctors are now seeing colon cancer in younger patients. This is likely due to poor lifestyle choices that are more common than decades earlier. The American Cancer Society says that, while colon cancer deaths have decreased overall, related deaths in patients younger than 55 have increased 1 percent per year between 2007 and 2016.

Prevention

Certain risk factors for colon cancer, such as family history and age, aren’t preventable. However, lifestyle factors that may contribute colorectal cancer are preventable, and may help reduce your overall risk of developing this disease.

You can take steps now to reduce your risk by:

  • decreasing the amount of red meat you eat
  • avoiding processed meats, such as hot dogs and deli meats
  • eating more plant-based foods
  • decreasing dietary fat in your diet
  • exercising daily
  • losing weight, if your doctor recommends it
  • quitting smoking
  • reducing alcohol consumption
  • decreasing stress
  • controlling preexisting diabetes

Another preventive measure is to make sure you get a colonoscopy after the age of 50 — even if you don’t have risk factors for colon cancer. The earlier the cancer is detected, the better the outcome.

What’s the long-term outlook?

When it’s caught early, colorectal cancer is treatable and often curable. With early detection, most people live at least another five years after diagnosis. If the cancer doesn’t return in that time, you’re considered cured, especially if you’re in the first three stages of the disease.

FEEDBACK: Medically reviewed by Christina Chun, MPH on February 7, 2019 — Written by Carmella Wint and Jennifer Nelson

WHAT IS A COLONOSCOPY?

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Colonoscopy (/ˌkɒləˈnɒskəpi/) or coloscopy (/kəˈlɒskəpi/) is the endoscopic examination of the large bowel and the distal part of the small bowel with a CCD camera or a fiber optic camera on a flexible tube passed through the anus. It can provide a visual diagnosis (e.g., ulceration, polyps) and grants the opportunity for biopsy or removal of suspected colorectal cancer lesions. Colonoscopy can remove polyps as small as one millimeter or less. Once polyps are removed, they can be studied with the aid of a microscope to determine if they are precancerous or not. It can take up to 15 years for a polyp to turn cancerous.

Colonoscopy is similar to sigmoidoscopy—the difference being related to which parts of the colon each can examine. A colonoscopy allows an examination of the entire colon (1200–1500 mm in length). A sigmoidoscopy allows an examination of the distal portion (about 600 mm) of the colon, which may be sufficient because benefits to cancer survival of colonoscopy have been limited to the detection of lesions in the distal portion of the colon.

A sigmoidoscopy is often used as a screening procedure for a full colonoscopy, often done in conjunction with a fecal occult blood test (FOBT). About 5% of these screened patients are referred to colonoscopy.

Colon cancer screening

Colonoscopy is one of the colorectal cancer screening tests available to people in the US who are over 50 years of age. The other screening tests include flexible sigmoidoscopy, double-contrast barium enema, computed tomographic (CT) colongraphy (virtual colonoscopy), guaiac-based fecal occult blood test (gFOBT), fecal immunochemical test (FIT), and multitarget stool DNA screening test (Cologuard).

Subsequent rescreenings are then scheduled based on the initial results found, with a five- or ten-year recall being common for colonoscopies that produce normal results. People with a family history of colon cancer are often first screened during their teenage years. Among people who have had an initial colonoscopy that found no polyps, the risk of developing colorectal cancer within five years is extremely low. Therefore, there is no need for those people to have another colonoscopy sooner than five years after the first screening.

Medical societies recommend a screening colonoscopy every 10 years beginning at age 50 for adults without increased risk for colorectal cancer. Research shows that the risk of cancer is low for 10 years if a high-quality colonoscopy does not detect cancer, so tests for this purpose are indicated every ten years.

Colonoscopy screening prevents approximately two thirds of the deaths due to colorectal cancers on the left side of the colon, and is not associated with a significant reduction in deaths from right-sided disease.

Colonoscopy reduces cancer rates by detecting some colon polyps and cancers on the left side of the colon early enough that they may be treated, and a smaller number on the right side; many of these left-sided growths would likewise have been detected by a safer sigmoidoscopy procedure.

Since polyps often take 10 to 15 years to transform into cancer, in someone at average risk of colorectal cancer, guidelines recommend 10 years after a normal screening colonoscopy before the next colonoscopy. (This interval does not apply to people at high risk of colorectal cancer, or to those who experience symptoms of colorectal cancer.)

Although widely touted in the US as the "gold standard" of colon cancer screening, colonoscopy has never been studied as a screening tool. Most of what we believe to be true about the benefits of colonoscopy have been extrapolated from randomized trials of the sigmoidoscopy. The CONFIRM trial, a randomized trial on colonoscopy vs. FIT is currently ongoing.